S. 3442 (111th): Electric Vehicle Deployment Act of 2010

111th Congress, 2009–2010. Text as of May 27, 2010 (Introduced).

Status & Summary | PDF | Source: GPO

II

111th CONGRESS

2d Session

S. 3442

IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

May 27 (legislative day, May 26), 2010

(for himself, Mr. Alexander, and Mr. Merkley) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Finance

A BILL

To promote the deployment of plug-in electric drive vehicles, and for other purposes.

1.

Short title

This Act may be cited as the Electric Vehicle Deployment Act of 2010.

2.

Findings

Congress finds that—

(1)

the United States is the largest consumer of petroleum in the world, consuming 19,500,000 barrels per day of petroleum products during 2008;

(2)

high and volatile international oil prices represent a significant and ongoing threat to the economic and national security of the United States;

(3)

many of the nations on which the United States relies for petroleum supplies or that significantly affect the world petroleum market share neither the national interest nor the values of the United States;

(4)

the United States imports more than 50 percent of the petroleum needs of the country each day;

(5)

in 2008, the net deficit of the United States in petroleum trade amounted to more than $380,000,000,000, or nearly 60 percent of the total trade deficit;

(6)

the transportation sector of the United States accounts for over 2/3 of total national petroleum consumption and is 94 percent reliant on petroleum;

(7)

the electrification of the light-duty vehicle fleet represents a direct pathway to significant reduction in petroleum dependence, because passenger cars and light trucks account for more than 60 percent of the transportation petroleum demand and more than 40 percent of total petroleum demand in the United States;

(8)

the electrification of the light-duty vehicle fleet promotes national energy security because the electric power sector uses a diverse range of domestic electricity generation sources;

(9)

electric drive cars, when running on electric power, produce no tailpipe emissions;

(10)

the deployment of 700,000 plug-in electric drive vehicles would result in a petroleum savings of approximately 10,000,000 barrels per year compared to the annual petroleum consumption as of the date of enactment of this Act;

(11)

in 2030, the United States could feasibly deploy more than 100,000,000 plug-in electric drive vehicles, which would result in a petroleum savings of more than 1,000,000,000 barrels of petroleum per year and greenhouse gas reductions of over 300,000,000 tons of carbon dioxide compared to the annual petroleum consumption and greenhouse gas emissions as of the date of enactment of this Act; and

(12)

a targeted deployment program for plug-in electric drive vehicles that is focused on competitively selected deployment communities—

(A)

represents the best opportunity to introduce plug-in electric drive vehicles to the market; and

(B)

with the information learned from the deployment communities, will—

(i)

inform best practices for the wide-scale deployment of plug-in electric drive vehicles; and

(ii)

substantially reduce the oil consumption of the United States.

3.

Definitions

In this Act:

(1)

Agency

The term agency has the meaning given the term Executive agency in section 105 of title 5, United States Code.

(2)

Charging infrastructure

The term charging infrastructure means any property (not including a building or the structural components of a building) if the property is used for the recharging of motor vehicles propelled by electricity, including electrical panel upgrades, wiring, conduit, trenching, pedestals, and related equipment.

(3)

Committee

The term Committee means the Plug-in Electric Drive Vehicle Technical Advisory Committee established by section 13.

(4)

Deployment community

The term deployment community means a community selected by the Secretary to be part of the targeted plug-in electric drive vehicles deployment communities program under section 5.

(5)

Electric drive vehicle

The term electric drive vehicle means a vehicle that—

(A)
(i)

is—

(I)

a light-duty vehicle (as the term is defined in section 86.1803–01 of title 40, Code of Federal Regulations, as in effect as of the date of enactment of this Act) that draws motive power from a battery with a capacity of at least 4 kilowatt-hours;

(II)

a heavy-duty vehicle (as the term is defined in section 86.1803–01 of title 40, Code of Federal Regulations, as in effect as of the date of enactment of this Act) with a gross vehicle weight rating greater than 8,500 pounds and less than 14,000 pounds that draws motive power from a battery with a capacity of at least 8 kilowatt-hours;

(III)

a heavy-duty vehicle (as the term is defined in section 86.1803–01 of title 40, Code of Federal Regulations, as in effect as of the date of enactment of this Act) with a gross vehicle weight rating greater than 14,000 pounds and less than 33,000 pounds that draws motive power from a battery with a capacity of at least 15 kilowatt-hours; or

(IV)

a heavy-duty vehicle (as the term is defined in section 86.1803–01 of title 40, Code of Federal Regulations, as in effect as of the date of enactment of this Act) with a gross vehicle weight rating greater than 33,000 pounds that draws motive power from a battery with a capacity of at least 20 kilowatt-hours; and

(ii)

can be recharged from an external source of electricity for motive power; or

(B)

is a motor vehicle (as the term is defined in section 216 of the Clean Air Act (42 U.S.C. 7550)) that draws motive power from a fuel cell (as the term is defined in section 803 of the Spark M. Matsunaga Hydrogen Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 16152)).

(6)

Electric utility

The term electric utility has the meaning given the term in section 3 of the Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 2602).

(7)

Federal-aid system of highways

The term Federal-aid system of highways means a highway system described in section 103 of title 23, United States Code.

(8)

Plug-in electric drive vehicle

(A)

In general

The term plug-in electric drive vehicle has the meaning given the term in section 131(a)(5) of the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (42 U.S.C. 17011(a)(5)).

(B)

Inclusions

The term plug-in electric drive vehicle includes—

(i)

a low speed plug-in electric drive vehicles that meet the Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards described in section 571.500 of title 49, Code of Federal Regulations (or successor regulations); and

(ii)

any other motor vehicles that can be recharged from an external source of motive power and that is authorized to travel on the Federal-aid system of highways.

(9)

Prize

The term Prize means the Advanced Batteries for Tomorrow Prize established by section 10.

(10)

Secretary

The term Secretary means the Secretary of Energy.

(11)

Task Force

The term Task Force means the Plug-in Electric Drive Vehicle Interagency Task Force established by section 14.

4.

National Electric Drive Vehicle Deployment Program

(a)

In general

There is established within the Department of Energy a national electric drive vehicle deployment program.

(b)

National plan

(1)

In general

Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall develop a national plan for electric drive vehicle deployment that includes—

(A)

an assessment of the maximum feasible deployment of plug-in electric drive vehicles by 2020 and 2030;

(B)

the establishment of national goals for market penetration of plug-in electric drive vehicles by 2020 and 2030;

(C)

a plan for using the successes and barriers to deployment identified by the deployment communities program established under section 5 to prepare communities across the nation for the rapid deployment of plug-in electric drive vehicles that includes—

(i)

measures that communities not selected as deployment communities should implement to prepare for electric drive vehicle deployment; and

(ii)

any recommendations to the President or Congress on the manner in which the Federal Government can assist communities not selected as deployment communities in preparing for electric vehicle deployment—

(I)

to support national plug-in electric drive vehicle deployment; and

(II)

to benefit from the lessons learned by targeted electric drive vehicle deployment communities;

(D)

a plan for providing technical assistance to communities across the United States to prepare for plug-in electric drive vehicle deployment; and

(E)

in consultation with the Task Force, any recommendations to the President and to Congress for changes in Federal programs (including laws, regulations, and guidelines)—

(i)

to better promote the deployment of plug-in electric drive vehicles; and

(ii)

to reduce barriers to the deployment of plug-in electric drive vehicles.

(2)

Updates

The Secretary shall use market data and information from the targeted electric drive vehicle deployment communities program established under section 5 to regularly update the plan to reflect real world market conditions.

(c)

Technical assistance

(1)

In general

In carrying out this section, the Secretary shall provide, at the request of the applicable local elected official, technical assistance to communities to assist with the deployment of plug-in electric drive vehicles.

(2)

Priority

In providing technical assistance under this subsection, the Secretary shall give priority to—

(A)

communities that—

(i)

applied to participate in the program described in section 5 but were not selected to be deployment communities; and

(ii)

submitted applications that were evaluated as the most worthy of selection based on criteria established by the Secretary;

(B)

communities that have established the most engaged partnerships among stakeholders, including, at a minimum—

(i)

elected and appointed officials from each of the participating State, local, and tribal governments;

(ii)

all relevant generators and distributors of electricity;

(iii)

public utility commissions;

(iv)

departments of public works and transportation;

(v)

owners and operators of property that will be essential to the deployment of a sufficient level of publicly available charging infrastructure (including privately owned parking lots or structures);

(vi)

plug-in electric drive vehicle manufacturers or retailers;

(vii)

third-party providers of charging infrastructure or services;

(viii)

owners of any major fleet that will participate in the program;

(ix)

as appropriate, owners and operators of regional electric power distribution and transmission facilities; and

(x)

other existing community coalitions recognized by the Department of Energy; and

(C)

communities that have best demonstrated that the public is likely to embrace plug-in electric drive vehicles.

(d)

Report

The Secretary shall submit biennially to the appropriate committees of Congress a report on the progress made in implementing the national plan described in subsection (b) that includes—

(1)

a description of the progress made by the technical assistance program under subsection (c); and

(2)

any updated recommendations of the Secretary for changes in Federal programs to promote the purposes of this section.

(e)

Authorization of appropriations

There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section $10,000,000 for fiscal years 2011 through 2016.

5.

Targeted Electric Drive Vehicle Deployment Communities Program

(a)

Establishment

(1)

In general

There is established within the national electric drive deployment program established under section 4 a targeted electric drive vehicle deployment communities program (referred to in this section as the Program).

(2)

Phase 1

(A)

In general

The Secretary shall establish a competitive process to select at least 5 and not more than 15 phase 1 deployment communities for the Program.

(B)

Eligible entities

In selecting participants for the Program under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall only consider applications submitted by State, tribal, or local government entities (or groups of State, tribal, or local government entities).

(C)

Selection

Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall select the phase 1 deployment communities under this paragraph.

(D)

Termination

Phase 1 of the Program shall be carried out for a 5-year period beginning on the date funding under this Act is first provided to the deployment community.

(3)

Phase 2

Not later than 5 years after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report that analyzes the success of phase I and, if, based on the phase I analysis, the Secretary determines that a phase II program is warranted, makes recommendations and describes a plan for phase II, including—

(A)

recommendations regarding—

(i)

the number of additional deployment communities that should be selected;

(ii)

the manner in which criteria for selection should be updated;

(iii)

the manner in which incentive structures for phase 2 deployment should be changed; and

(iv)

whether other forms of onboard energy storage for electric drive vehicles should be included in phase 2; and

(B)

a request for appropriations to implement phase 2 of the Program.

(b)

Goals

The goals of the Program are—

(1)

to facilitate the rapid deployment of plug-in electric drive vehicles, including—

(A)

the deployment of 700,000 plug-in electric drive vehicles in phase 1 in the deployment communities selected under paragraph (2);

(B)

the near-term achievement of significant market penetration in deployment communities; and

(C)

the achievement of significant market penetration nationally;

(2)

to establish models for the rapid deployment of plug-in electric drive vehicles nationally, including for the deployment of residential and publicly available charging infrastructure;

(3)

to increase consumer knowledge and acceptance of plug-in electric drive vehicles;

(4)

to encourage the innovation and investment necessary to achieve mass market deployment of plug-in electric drive vehicles;

(5)

to demonstrate the integration of plug-in electric drive vehicles into electricity distribution systems and the larger electric grid while maintaining grid system performance and reliability;

(6)

to demonstrate protocols and communication standards that facilitate vehicle integration into the grid and provide seamless charging for consumers traveling through multiple utility distribution systems;

(7)

to investigate differences among deployment communities and to develop best practices for implementing vehicle electrification in various communities, including best practices for planning for and facilitating the construction of residential and publicly available infrastructure to support plug-in electric drive vehicles;

(8)

to collect comprehensive data on the purchase and use of plug-in electric vehicles to inform best practices for rapidly deploying plug-in electric drive vehicles in other locations, including for the installation of charging infrastructure; and

(9)

to reduce and displace petroleum use and reduce greenhouse gas emissions by accelerating the deployment of plug-in electric drive vehicles in the United States.

(c)

Phase 1 deployment community selection criteria

(1)

In general

The Secretary shall ensure, to the maximum extent practicable, that selected deployment communities in phase 1 serve as models of deployment for various communities across the United States.

(2)

Selection

In selecting communities under this section, the Secretary—

(A)

shall ensure, to the maximum extent practicable, that—

(i)

the combination of selected communities is diverse in population, demographics, urban and suburban composition, typical commuting patterns, climate, type of utility (including regulated, municipal, cooperative, and vertically integrated utilities), and geography;

(ii)

at least 1 community selected has a population of less than 125,000;

(iii)

each deployment community will achieve significant market penetration; and

(iv)

the deployment communities present a strong opportunity for replication in other communities across the United States;

(B)

is encouraged to select a combination of deployment communities that includes multiple models or approaches for deploying plug-in electric drive vehicles that the Secretary believes are reasonably likely to be effective, including multiple approaches to the deployment of charging infrastructure; and

(C)

in addition to the criteria described in subparagraph (A), may give preference to applicants proposing a greater non-Federal cost share.

(3)

Criteria

(A)

In general

Not later than 120 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall publish criteria for the selection of deployment communities that include requirements that applications be submitted by a State, tribal, or local government entity (or groups of State, tribal, or local government entities).

(B)

Application requirements

The criteria published by the Secretary under subparagraph (A) shall include application requirements that, at a minimum, include—

(i)

goals for—

(I)

the number of plug-in electric drive vehicles to be deployed in the community;

(II)

the expected percentage of light-duty vehicle sales that would be sales of plug-in electric drive vehicles; and

(III)

the adoption of plug-in electric drive vehicles (including medium- or heavy-duty vehicles) in private and public fleets during the 5-year duration of the Program;

(ii)

evidence that—

(I)

the public is likely to embrace plug-in electric drive vehicles; and

(II)

automobile manufacturers and dealers will be able to provide and service the targeted number of plug-in electric drive vehicles in the community for the duration of the program;

(iii)

clearly defined geographic boundaries of the proposed deployment area;

(iv)

a community deployment plan for the deployment of plug-in electric drive vehicles, charging infrastructure, and services in the deployment community;

(v)

assurances that a majority of the vehicle deployments anticipated in the plan will be for personal vehicles authorized to travel on the United States Federal-aid system of highways, but may also include—

(I)

private or public sector plug-in electric drive fleet vehicles;

(II)

medium- and heavy-duty hybrid vehicles;

(III)

low speed plug-in electric drive vehicles that meet Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards described in section 571.500 of title 49, Code of Federal Regulations; and

(IV)

any other plug-in electric drive vehicle authorized to travel on the United States Federal-aid system of highways; and

(vi)

any other merit-based criteria, as determined by the Secretary.

(4)

Community deployment plans

Plans for the deployment of plug-in electric drive vehicles shall include—

(A)

a proposed level of cost sharing in accordance with subsection (d)(2)(C);

(B)

documentation demonstrating a substantial partnership with relevant stakeholders, including—

(i)

a list of stakeholders that includes—

(I)

elected and appointed officials from each of the participating State, local, and tribal governments;

(II)

all relevant generators and distributors of electricity;

(III)

State utility regulatory authorities;

(IV)

departments of public works and transportation;

(V)

owners and operators of property that will be essential to the deployment of a sufficient level of publicly available charging infrastructure (including privately owned parking lots or structures);

(VI)

plug-in electric drive vehicle manufacturers or retailers;

(VII)

third-party providers of charging infrastructure or services;

(VIII)

owners of any major fleet that will participate in the program;

(IX)

as appropriate, owners and operators of regional electric power distribution and transmission facilities; and

(X)

as appropriate, other existing community coalitions recognized by the Department of Energy;

(ii)

evidence of the commitment of the stakeholders to participate in the partnership;

(iii)

a clear description of the role and responsibilities of each stakeholder; and

(iv)

a plan for continuing the engagement and participation of the stakeholders, as appropriate, throughout the implementation of the deployment plan;

(C)

a description of the number of plug-in electric drive vehicles anticipated to be plug-in electric drive personal vehicles and the number of plug-in electric drive vehicles anticipated to be privately owned fleet or public fleet vehicles;

(D)

a plan for deploying residential and publicly available charging infrastructure, including—

(i)

an assessment of the number of consumers who will have access to private residential charging infrastructure;

(ii)

an approach for accommodating residents who are not able to charge vehicles at the place of residence;

(iii)

a plan for ensuring that the charging infrastructure be able to send and receive the information needed to interact with the grid and be compatible with smart grid technologies to the extent appropriate;

(iv)

an estimate of how many charging stations will be needed and where to locate the stations;

(v)

a plan for how much publicly available charging infrastructure will be privately funded or located on private property; and

(vi)

a description of equipment to be deployed, including assurances that, to the maximum extent practicable, equipment to be deployed will meet open, nonproprietary standards for connecting to plug-in electric drive vehicles that are either—

(I)

commonly accepted by industry at the time the equipment is being acquired; or

(II)

meet the standards developed by the Director of the National Institute of Standards and Technology under section 1305 of the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (42 U.S.C. 17385);

(E)

a plan for effective marketing of plug-in electric drive vehicles, charging services, and infrastructure;

(F)

descriptions of updated building codes (or a plan to update building codes before or during the grant period) to include charging infrastructure or dedicated circuits for charging infrastructure, as appropriate, in new construction and major renovations;

(G)

descriptions of updated construction permitting or inspection processes (or a plan to update construction permitting or inspection processes) to allow for expedited installation of charging infrastructure for purchasers of plug-in electric drive vehicles, including a permitting process that allows a vehicle purchaser to have charging infrastructure installed within 3 business days;

(H)

descriptions of updated zoning, parking rules, or other local ordinances as are necessary to facilitate the installation of publicly available charging infrastructure and to allow for access to publicly available charging infrastructure, as appropriate;

(I)

additional incentives, beyond those established by this Act, for the purchasers of plug-in electric drive vehicles, including rebates or reductions in sales taxes or registration fees, preferred parking spaces, and single rider access to high occupancy vehicle lanes for plug-in electric drive vehicles;

(J)

additional incentives, beyond those established by this Act, for the installation of charging infrastructure;

(K)

a proposed plan for making necessary utility and grid upgrades, including economically sound information technology upgrades and a plan for recovering the cost of the upgrades;

(L)

a description of utility, grid operator, or third-party charging service provider, policies and plans for accommodating the deployment of plug-in electric drive vehicles, including—

(i)

rate structures or provisions and billing protocols for the charging of plug-in electric drive vehicles, including, as appropriate—

(I)

accommodation for billing for—

(aa)

charging at a place of residence and at publicly available charging infrastructure; and

(bb)

vehicle owners who cannot charge at home by virtue of the nature of their residence; and

(II)

rate structures or provisions that benefit consumers by facilitating—

(aa)

charging off-peak rates;

(bb)

load management strategies that optimize reliable and economical operation of the grid;

(cc)

utilities, grid operators, or third-party charging services to draw battery charge for use on the grid; or

(dd)

the offer of other benefits to the utility system or the grid;

(ii)

analysis of potential impacts to the grid;

(iii)

plans for using information technology or third-party aggregators to minimize the effects of charging on peak loads;

(iv)

plans for working with smart grid technologies or third-party aggregators for the purposes of smart charging and for allowing 2-way communication and electricity movement; and

(v)

plans for anticipating vehicle-to-grid applications that will allow batteries in cars as well as banks of batteries to be used for grid storage, ancillary services provision, and backup power;

(M)

a deployment timeline;

(N)

a plan for monitoring and evaluating the implementation of the plan, including metrics for assessing the success of the deployment and an approach to updating the plan, as appropriate; and

(O)

a description of the manner in which any grant funds applied for under subsection (d) will be used and the proposed local cost share for the funds.

(d)

Phase 1 applications and grants

(1)

In general

Not later than 120 days after the date of publication by the Secretary of the selection criteria described in subsection (c)(3), any State, tribe, or local government, or group of State, tribe, or local governments may apply to the Secretary to become a deployment community.

(2)

Grants

(A)

In general

In each application, the applicant may request up to $250,000,000 in financial assistance from the Secretary to fund projects in the deployment community.

(B)

Use of funds

Funds provided through a grant under this paragraph may be used to help implement the plan for the deployment of plug-in electric drive vehicles included in the application, including—

(i)

planning for and installing charging infrastructure, including offering additional incentives as described in subsection (c)(4)(J);

(ii)

updating building codes, zoning or parking rules, or permitting or inspection processes as described in subparagraphs (F), (G), and (H) of subsection (c)(4);

(iii)

reducing the cost and increasing the consumer adoption of plug-in electric drive vehicles through incentives as described in subsection (c)(4)(I);

(iv)

workforce training, including training of permitting officials;

(v)

public education described in the proposed marketing plan; and

(vi)

shifting State, tribal, or local government fleets to plug-in electric drive vehicles, at a rate in excess of the existing Federal alternative fleet vehicle requirements.

(C)

Cost-sharing

(i)

In general

A grant provided under this paragraph shall be subject to a minimum non-Federal cost-sharing requirement of 20 percent.

(ii)

Non-Federal sources

The Secretary shall—

(I)

determine the appropriate cost share for each selected applicant; and

(II)

require that not less than 20 percent of the cost of an activity funded by a grant under this paragraph be provided by a non-Federal source.

(iii)

Reduction

The Secretary may reduce or eliminate the cost-sharing requirement described in clause (i), as the Secretary determines to be necessary.

(iv)

Calculation of amount

In calculating the amount of the non-Federal share under this section, the Secretary—

(I)

may include allowable costs in accordance with the applicable cost principles, including—

(aa)

cash;

(bb)

personnel costs;

(cc)

the value of a service, other resource, or third party in-kind contribution determined in accordance with the applicable circular of the Office of Management and Budget;

(dd)

indirect costs or facilities and administrative costs; or

(ee)

any funds received under the power program of the Tennessee Valley Authority or any Power Marketing Administration (except to the extent that such funds are made available under an annual appropriation Act);

(II)

shall include contributions made by State, tribal, or local government entities and private entities; and

(III)

shall not include—

(aa)

revenues or royalties from the prospective operation of an activity beyond the time considered in the grant, unless from a qualified electric drive vehicle refueling property bond (as defined in section 54G(a) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986);

(bb)

proceeds from the prospective sale of an asset of an activity; or

(cc)

other appropriated Federal funds.

(v)

Repayment of Federal share

The Secretary shall not require repayment of the Federal share of a cost-shared activity under this section as a condition of providing a grant.

(vi)

Title to property

The receipt of Federal funds under this section shall not prohibit the purchaser of a vehicle, equipment, or other property from retaining sole, permanent title to the vehicle, equipment, or property at the conclusion of the program.

(3)

Selection

Not later than 120 days after the application deadline established under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall announce the names of the deployment communities selected under this subsection.

(e)

Reporting requirements

(1)

In general

The Secretary, in consultation with the Committee, shall—

(A)

determine what data will be required to be collected by participants in deployment communities and submitted to the Department to allow for analysis of the deployment communities; and

(B)

develop metrics to determine the success of the deployment communities.

(2)

Provision of data

As a condition of participation in the Program, a deployment community shall provide any data identified by the Secretary under paragraph (1).

(3)

Reports

Not later than 3 years after the date of enactment of this Act and again after the completion of the Program, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report that contains—

(A)

a description of the status of—

(i)

the deployment communities and the implementation of the deployment plan of each deployment community;

(ii)

the rate of vehicle manufacturing deployment and market penetration of plug-in electric drive vehicles; and

(iii)

the deployment of residential and publicly available infrastructure;

(B)

a description of the challenges experienced and lessons learned from the program to date, including the activities described in subparagraph (A); and

(C)

an analysis of the data collected under this subsection.

(f)

Information clearinghouse

The Secretary shall make available to the public, in a timely manner, information regarding the cost, performance, usage data, and technical data regarding the deployment and integration of plug-in electric drive vehicles in the deployment communities.

(g)

Proprietary information

The Secretary shall, as appropriate, provide for the protection of proprietary information and intellectual property rights.

(h)

Authorization of appropriations

There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section $2,002,000,000.

(i)

Conforming amendment

Section 166(b)(5) of title 23, United States Code, is amended—

(1)

in subparagraph (A), by striking Before September 30, 2009, the State and inserting The State; and

(2)

in subparagraph (B), by striking Before September 30, 2009, the State and inserting The State.

6.

Tax credits

(a)

Credit for new qualified plug-In electric drive motor vehicles

(1)

Transferability

(A)

In general

Subsection (c) of section 30D of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

(3)

Refundable personal credit

(A)

In general

For purposes of this title, in the case of a qualified deployment community taxpayer, the credit allowed under subsection (a) for any taxable year (determined after application of paragraph (1) and without regard to paragraph (2)(B)) shall be treated as a credit allowable under subpart C for such taxable year (and not allowed under subsection (a)), and paragraph (2) shall not apply to such credit.

(B)

Qualified deployment community taxpayer

For purposes of subparagraph (A), the term qualified deployment community taxpayer means a taxpayer—

(i)

who purchases a new qualified plug-in electric drive motor vehicle to which paragraph (1) does not apply, and

(ii)

who resides within, and registers such vehicle in, a deployment community selected by the Secretary under the Targeted Electric Vehicles Deployment Communities Program established by the Electric Vehicle Deployment Act of 2010.

For purposes of the preceding sentence, such a deployment community shall only be treated as a deployment community after the date on which such community is so selected (without regard to the date on which any funds under such Act are provided with respect to such community) and before the date on which Phase 1 of such program terminates.
(C)

Refundable credit may be transferred

(i)

In general

A qualified deployment community taxpayer may, in connection with the purchase of a new qualified plug-in electric drive motor vehicle, transfer any refundable credit described in subparagraph (A)—

(I)

to any person who is in the trade or business of selling new qualified plug-in electric drive motor vehicles and who sold such vehicle to the taxpayer, or

(II)

to any person who is in the trade or business of financing the sales of new qualified plug-in electric drive motor vehicles and who financed the taxpayer's purchase of such vehicle.

(ii)

Disclosure

A qualified deployment community taxpayer may transfer a refundable credit described in subparagraph (A) to a person described in clause (i)(I) only if such person clearly discloses to such taxpayer, through the use of a window sticker attached to the new qualified plug-in electric drive motor vehicle—

(I)

the amount of the refundable credit described in subparagraph (A) with respect to such vehicle, and

(II)

a notification that the taxpayer will not be eligible for any credit under any other section of this title with respect to such vehicle unless the taxpayer elects not to have this section apply with respect to such vehicle.

(iii)

Certification

A transferee of a refundable credit described in subparagraph (A) may not claim such credit unless such claim is accompanied by a certification to the Secretary that the transferee reduced the price the taxpayer paid or the balance due to the financier, whichever is applicable, for the new qualified plug-in electric drive motor vehicle by the entire amount of such refundable credit.

(iv)

Consent required for revocation

Any transfer under clause (i) may be revoked only with the consent of the Secretary.

(v)

Special rule for bulk purchasers

A qualified deployment community taxpayer who purchases 10 or more new qualified plug-in electric drive motor vehicles during the taxable year may transfer a refundable credit described in subparagraph (A) to any person.

(vi)

Regulations

The Secretary may prescribe such regulations as necessary—

(I)

to ensure that any refundable credit described in clause (i) is claimed once and not retransferred by a transferee, and

(II)

to provide a mechanism by which the transferee may claim and receive the credit within 3 months of the sale of the new qualified plug-in electric drive motor vehicle.

.

(B)

Display of credit information

Section 32908(b)(1) of title 49, United States Code, is amended—

(i)

by redesignating subparagraphs (E) and (F) as subparagraphs (F) and (G), and

(ii)

by inserting after subparagraph (D) the following new subparagraph:

(E)

the amount of the new qualified plug-in electric drive motor vehicle credit allowable with respect to the sale of the automobile under section 30D of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (26 U.S.C. 30D).

.

(2)

Increased credit for taxpayers in deployment communities

Subsection (f) of section 30D of such Code is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

(8)

Increased credit for taxpayers in deployment communities

In the case of a qualified deployment community taxpayer (within the meaning of subsection (c)(3)(B)), subsection (b)(2) shall be applied by substituting $5,000 for $2,500.

.

(3)

Increased per manufacturer cap

Paragraph (2) of section 30(D)(e) of such Code is amended by striking 200,000 and inserting 300,000.

(4)

Extension and modification of new qualified hybrid motor vehicle credit

(A)

Extension

Paragraph (3) of section 30B(k) of such Code is amended by striking December 31, 2009 and inserting December 31, 2016.

(B)

Qualified incremental hybrid cost

Clause (iii) of section 30B(d)(2)(B) of such Code is amended by striking does not exceed— and all that follows and inserting “does not exceed—

(I)

$15,000, if such vehicle has a gross vehicle weight rating of not more than 14,000 pounds,

(II)

$30,000, if such vehicle has a gross vehicle weight rating of more than 14,000 pounds but not more than 26,000 pounds,

(III)

$60,000, if such vehicle has a gross vehicle weight rating of more than 26,000 pounds but not more than 33,000 pounds, and

(IV)

$100,000, if such vehicle has a gross vehicle weight rating of more than 33,000 pounds.

.

(C)

Applicable percentage for heavy trucks achieving 20 percent increase in city fuel economy

Clause (ii) of section 30B(d)(2)(B) of such Code is amended by redesignating subclauses (I), (II), and (III) as subclauses (II), (III), and (IV), respectively, and by inserting before subclause (II) (as so redesignated) the following new subclause:

(I)

10 percent in the case of a vehicle to which clause (iii)(IV) applies if such vehicle achieves an increase in city fuel economy relative to a comparable vehicle of at least 20 percent but less than 30 percent.

.

(D)

Dollar limitation

Subparagraph (B) of section 30B(d)(2) of such Code is amended by adding at the end the following new clause:

(vi)

Limitation

The amount allowed as a credit under subsection (a)(3) with respect to a vehicle by reason of clause (i) of this subparagraph shall not exceed $24,000.

.

(E)

Heavy electric vehicles

Paragraph (3) of section 30B(d) of such Code is amended by redesignating subparagraphs (B), (C), and (D) as subparagraphs (C), (D), and (E), respectively, and by inserting after subparagraph (A) the following new subparagraph:

(B)

Heavy electric vehicles

In the case of a vehicle with a gross vehicle weight rating of not less than 8,500 pounds, the term new qualified hybrid motor vehicle includes a motor vehicle—

(i)

which draws propulsion energy exclusively from a rechargeable energy storage system, and

(ii)

which meets the requirements of clauses (iii), (v), (vi), and (vii) of subparagraph (A).

.

(F)

Credits may be transferred

Subsection (d) of section 30B of such Code is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

(4)

Transferability of credit

(A)

In general

A taxpayer who places in service any vehicle may transfer the credit allowed under this subsection with respect to such vehicle through an assignment to the seller of such vehicle. Such transfer may be revoked only with the consent of the Secretary.

(B)

Regulations

The Secretary shall prescribe such regulations as necessary to ensure that any credit transferred under subparagraph (A) is claimed once and not reassigned by such other person.

.

(b)

Credit for alternative fuel vehicle refueling property

(1)

Extension of increased credit for electricity

(A)

In general

Paragraph (6) of section 30C(e) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 is amended—

(i)

by striking during 2009 and 2010 in the heading and inserting during certain taxable years,

(ii)

by striking and before January 1, 2011,

(iii)

by inserting , which is placed in service before January 1, 2011 (before January 1, 2017, in the case of property which relates to electricity) after hydrogen in subparagraph (A), and

(iv)

by inserting , which is placed in service before January 1, 2011 after hydrogen in subparagraph (B).

(B)

Extension of credit

Subsection (g) of section 30C of such Code is amended—

(i)

by striking and at the end of paragraph (1),

(ii)

by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (3), and

(iii)

by inserting after paragraph (1) the following new paragraph:

(2)

in the case of property relating to electricity, after December 31, 2016, and

.

(2)

Modification of cost provisions

Subsection (e) of section 30C of such Code is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

(7)

Installation of electricity property

In the case of any qualified alternative fuel vehicle refueling property which relates to electricity, for purposes of subsection (a), the cost of such property shall include the cost of the original installation of such property.

.

(3)

Transferability of credit

Section 30C(e) of such Code, as amended by paragraph (2), is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

(8)

Transferability of credit

(A)

In general

A person who places any qualified alternative fuel vehicle refueling property in service may transfer the credit under this section through an assignment to any other person. Such transfer may be revoked only with the consent of the Secretary.

(B)

Certification

A transferee of a credit described in subparagraph (A) may not claim such credit unless such claim is accompanied by a certification to the Secretary that the transferee reduced the price the transferor paid for the qualified alternative fuel vehicle refueling property by the entire amount of such credit.

(C)

Regulations

The Secretary shall prescribe such regulations as necessary to ensure that the credit transferred under subparagraph (A) is claimed once and not reassigned by such other person.

.

(c)

Effective date

The amendments made by this section shall apply to property placed in service after the date of the enactment of this Act.

7.

Qualified plug-in electric drive motor vehicle refueling property bonds

(a)

In general

Paragraph (1) of section 54A(d) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 is amended—

(1)

by striking or at the end of subparagraph (D),

(2)

by inserting or at the end of subparagraph (E), and

(3)

by inserting after subparagraph (E) the following new subparagraph:

(F)

a qualified plug-in electric drive motor vehicle refueling property bond,

.

(b)

Qualified purpose

Subparagraph (C) of section 54A(d)(2) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 is amended—

(1)

by striking and at the end of clause (iv),

(2)

by striking the period at the end of clause (v) and inserting , and, and

(3)

by adding at the end the following new clause:

(vi)

in the case of a qualified plug-in electric drive motor vehicle refueling property bond, a purpose specified in section 54G(a)(1).

.

(c)

Bonds allowed

Subpart I of part IV of subchapter A of chapter 1 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 is amended by adding at the end the following new section:

54G.

Qualified plug-in electric drive motor vehicle refueling property bonds

(a)

Qualified plug-In electric drive motor vehicle refueling property bond

For purposes of this subpart, the term qualified plug-in electric drive motor vehicle refueling property bond means any bond issued as part of an issue if—

(1)

100 percent of the available project proceeds of such issue are to be used for capital expenditures incurred by a qualified issuer for 1 or more qualified plug-in electric drive motor vehicle refueling properties,

(2)

the bond is issued by a qualified issuer, and

(3)

the issuer designates such bond for purposes of this section.

(b)

Reduced credit amount

Notwithstanding paragraph (2) of section 54A(b), the annual credit determined with respect to any qualified plug-in electric drive motor vehicle refueling property bond is 70 percent of the amount which would (but for this subsection) otherwise be determined under such paragraph with respect to such bond.

(c)

Limitation on amount of bonds designated

The maximum aggregate face amount of bonds which may be designated under subsection (a) by any issuer shall not exceed the limitation amount allocated to such issuer under subsection (e).

(d)

National limitation on amount of bonds designated

There is a national qualified plug-in electric drive motor vehicle refueling property bond limitation of $1,000,000,000.

(e)

Allocations

The Secretary shall make allocations of the amount of the national qualified plug-in electric drive motor vehicle refueling property bond limitation described in subsection (d) among purposes described in subsection (a)(1) in such manner as the Secretary determines appropriate.

(f)

Definitions

For purposes of this section—

(1)

Qualified plug-in electric drive motor vehicle refueling property

The term qualified plug-in electric drive motor vehicle refueling property means any qualified alternative fuel vehicle refueling property (within the meaning of section 30C) which relates to electricity.

(2)

Qualified issuer

(A)

In general

The term qualified issuer means a public power provider, a cooperative electric company, or a governmental body.

(B)

Denial of double benefit

With respect to any issue, the term qualified issuer shall not include any entity to which a credit under section 30C is allowed for the taxable year in which such issue is issued.

(C)

Governmental body

The term governmental body means any State or Indian tribal government, or any political subdivision thereof.

(D)

Public power provider

The term public power provider means a State utility that has a service obligation to end-users or to a distribution utility (within the meaning of section 217 of the Federal Power Act, as in effect on the date of the enactment of this section).

(E)

Cooperative electric company

The term cooperative electric company means a mutual or cooperative electric company described in section 501(c)(12) or an organization described in section 1381(a)(2)(C).

.

(d)

Clerical amendment

The table of sections for subpart I of part IV of subchapter A of chapter 1 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 is amended by adding at the end the following new item:

Sec. 54G. Qualified plug-in electric drive motor vehicle refueling property bonds.

.

(e)

Effective date

The amendments made by subsections (a), (b), (c), and (d) shall apply to obligations issued after the date of the enactment of this Act.

(f)

Loan guarantees

(1)

In general

Section 1705 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 16516) is amended—

(A)

in subsection (a), by adding at the end the following:

(4)

Charging infrastructure and networks of charging infrastructure for plug-in drive electric vehicles, if such charging infrastructure will be operational prior to December 31, 2016.

; and

(B)

by striking subsection (e) and inserting the following:

(e)

Sunset

The authority to enter into guarantees under this section shall expire on September 30, 2011, except that for projects described in subsection (a)(4), the authority to enter into guarantees shall expire on December 31, 2016.

.

8.

Utility planning for plug-in electric drive vehicles

The Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 2601 et seq.) is amended—

(1)

in section 111(d) (16 U.S.C. 2621(d)), by adding at the end the following:

(20)

Plug-in electric drive vehicle planning

(A)

Utility plan for plug-in electric drive vehicles

(i)

In general

Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of this paragraph, each electric utility shall develop a plan to support the use of plug-in electric drive vehicles, including medium and heavy-duty hybrid electric vehicles in the service area of the electric utility.

(ii)

Requirements

A plan under clause (i) shall investigate—

(I)

various levels of potential penetration of plug-in electric drive vehicles in the utility service area;

(II)

the potential impacts that the various levels would have on distribution infrastructure and on the operation of the transmission grid; and

(III)

the role of third parties in providing reliable and economical charging services.

(iii)

Waiver

An electric utility that determines that the electric utility will have no meaningful penetration of plug-in electric drive vehicles during the 5-year period beginning on the date of enactment of this paragraph may petition the Secretary to waive clause (i) for 5 years.

(iv)

Updates

(I)

In general

Each electric utility shall update the plan of the electric utility every 5 years.

(II)

Resubmission of waiver

An electric utility that received a waiver under clause (iii) and wants the waiver to continue after the expiration of the waiver shall be required to resubmit the waiver.

(v)

Exemption

If the Secretary determines that a plan required by a State regulatory authority meets the requirements of this paragraph, the Secretary may accept that plan and exempt the electric utility submitting the plan from the requirements of clause (i).

(B)

Support requirements

Each State regulatory authority (in the case of each electric utility for which the authority has ratemaking authority) and each municipal and cooperative utility shall—

(i)

participate in any local plan for the deployment of recharging infrastructure in communities located in the footprint of the authority or utility;

(ii)

require that charging infrastructure deployed is interoperable with products of all auto manufacturers to the maximum extent practicable; and

(iii)

consider adopting minimum requirements for deployment of electrical charging infrastructure and other appropriate requirements necessary to support the use of plug-in electric drive vehicles.

(C)

Cost recovery

Each State regulatory authority (in the case of each electric utility for which the authority has ratemaking authority) and each municipal and cooperative utility may consider whether, and to what extent, to allow cost recovery for plans and implementation of plans.

(D)

Smart grid integration

The State regulatory authority (in the case of each electric utility for which the authority has ratemaking authority) and each municipal and cooperative utility, in accordance with regulations issued by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission under section 1305(d) of the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (42 U.S.C. 17385), shall—

(i)

establish any appropriate protocols and standards for integrating plug-in electric drive vehicles into an electrical distribution system, including Smart Grid systems and devices as described in title XIII of the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (42 U.S.C. 17381 et seq.);

(ii)

develop, to the maximum extent practicable, the means and methods for appropriate billing settlements between utilities, consumers, and third parties in and across utility territories;

(iii)

identify the smart grid infrastructure and information technology that would likely need to be installed to most efficiently manage plug-in electric vehicles; and

(iv)

in consideration of this section, review the determination made under subsection (a), including whether time-of-use pricing should be employed to enable the use of plug-in electric drive vehicles to contribute to meeting peak-load and ancillary service power needs.

(E)

Determination

Not later than 3 years after the date of enactment of this paragraph, each State regulatory authority (with respect to each electric utility for which the authority has ratemaking authority), and each municipal and cooperative electric utility, shall complete the consideration, and shall make the determination, referred to in subsection (a) with respect to the standard established by this paragraph.

(2)

in section 112(c) (16 U.S.C. 2622(c))—

(A)

in the first sentence, by striking Each State and inserting the following:

(1)

In general

Each State

;

(B)

in the second sentence, by striking In the case and inserting the following:

(2)

Specific standards

(A)

Net metering and fossil fuel generation efficiency

In the case

;

(C)

in the third sentence, by striking In the case and inserting the following:

(B)

Time-based metering and communications

In the case

;

(D)

in the fourth sentence—

(i)

by striking In the case and inserting the following:

(C)

Interconnection

In the case

; and

(ii)

by striking paragraph (15) and inserting paragraph (15) of section 111(d);

(E)

in the fifth sentence, by striking In the case and inserting the following:

(D)

Integrated resource planning, rate design modifications, smart grid investments, smart grid information

In the case

; and

(F)

by adding at the end the following:

(E)

Plug-in electric drive vehicle planning

In the case of the standards established by paragraph (20) of section 111(d), the reference contained in this subsection to the date of enactment of this Act shall be deemed to be a reference to the date of enactment of that paragraph.

; and

(3)

in section 112(d) (16 U.S.C. 2622(d)), in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking (19) and inserting (20).

9.

Federal fleets

(a)

In general

Electricity consumed by Federal agencies to fuel plug-in electric drive vehicles—

(1)

is an alternative fuel (as defined in section 301 of the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (42 U.S.C. 13218)); and

(2)

shall be accounted for under Federal fleet management reporting requirements, not under Federal building management reporting requirements.

(b)

Assessment and report

Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act and at the completion of the Program, the Federal Energy Management Program and the General Services Administration, in consultation with the Task Force, shall complete an assessment of Federal Government fleets, including the Postal Service and the Department of Defense, and submit a report to Congress that describes—

(1)

for each Federal agency, which types of vehicles the agency uses that would or would not be suitable for near-term and medium-term conversion to plug-in electric drive vehicles, taking into account the types of vehicles for which plug-in electric drive vehicles could provide comparable functionality and lifecycle costs;

(2)

how many plug-in electric drive vehicles could be deployed by the Federal Government in 5 years and in 10 years, assuming that plug-in electric drive vehicles are available and are purchased when new vehicles are needed or existing vehicles are replaced; and

(3)

the estimated cost to the Federal Government for vehicle purchases under paragraph (2) for each fiscal year.

(c)

Inventory and data collection

(1)

In general

In carrying out the assessment and report under subsection (b), the Federal Energy Management Program, in consultation with the General Services Administration, shall—

(A)

develop an information request for each agency that operates a fleet of at least 20 motor vehicles; and

(B)

establish guidelines for each agency to use in developing a plan to deploy plug-in electric drive vehicles.

(2)

Agency responses

Each agency that operates a fleet of at least 20 motor vehicles shall—

(A)

collect information on the vehicle fleet of the agency in response to the information request described in paragraph (1); and

(B)

develop a plan to deploy plug-in electric drive vehicles.

(3)

Analysis of responses

The Federal Energy Management Program shall—

(A)

analyze the information submitted by each agency under paragraph (2);

(B)

approve or suggest amendments to the plan of each agency to ensure that the plan is consistent with the goals and requirements of this Act; and

(C)

submit a plan to Congress and the General Services Administration to be used in developing the pilot program described in subsection (e).

(d)

Budget request

Each agency of the Federal Government shall include plug-in electric drive vehicle purchases identified in the report under subsection (b) in the budget of the agency to be included in the budget of the United States Government submitted by the President under section 1105 of title 31, United States Code.

(e)

Pilot program To deploy plug-In electric drive vehicles in the Federal fleet

(1)

In general

The Administrator of General Services shall acquire plug-in electric drive vehicles and the requisite charging infrastructure to be deployed in a range of locations in the Federal fleet during the 5-year period beginning on the date of enactment of this Act.

(2)

Data collection

The Administrator of General Services shall collect data regarding—

(A)

the cost, performance, and use of plug-in electric drive vehicles in the Federal fleet;

(B)

the deployment and integration of plug-in electric drive vehicles in the Federal fleet; and

(C)

the contribution of plug-in electric drive vehicles in the Federal fleet toward reducing the use of fossil fuels and greenhouse gas emissions.

(3)

Report

Not later than 6 years after the date of enactment of this Act, the Administrator of General Services shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a report that—

(A)

describes the status of plug-in electric drive vehicles in the Federal fleet; and

(B)

includes an analysis of the data collected under this subsection.

(4)

Public website

The Federal Energy Management Program shall maintain and regularly update a publicly available website that provides information on the status of plug-in electric vehicles in the Federal fleet.

(f)

Authorization of appropriations

There is authorized to be appropriated for the Federal Government to pay for incremental costs to purchase or lease plug-in electric drive vehicles and the requisite charging infrastructure for Federal fleets $25,000,000.

10.

Advanced batteries for tomorrow prize

(a)

In general

Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, as part of the program described in section 1008 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 16396), the Secretary shall establish the Advanced Batteries for Tomorrow Prize to competitively award cash prizes in accordance with this section to advance the research, development, demonstration, and commercial application of a 500-mile vehicle battery.

(b)

Battery specifications

(1)

In general

To be eligible for the Prize, a battery submitted by an entrant shall be—

(A)

able to power a plug-in electric drive vehicle authorized to travel on the United States Federal-aid system of highways for at least 500 miles before recharging;

(B)

of a size that would not be cost-prohibitive or create space constraints, if mass-produced; and

(C)

cost-effective (measured in cost per kilowatt hour), if mass-produced.

(2)

Additional requirements

The Secretary, in consultation with the Committee, shall establish any additional battery specifications that the Secretary and the Committee determine to be necessary.

(c)

Private funds

(1)

In general

Subject to paragraph (2) and notwithstanding section 3302 of title 31, United States Code, the Secretary may accept, retain, and use funds contributed by any person, government entity, or organization for purposes of carrying out this subsection—

(A)

without further appropriation; and

(B)

without fiscal year limitation.

(2)

Restriction on participation

An entity providing private funds for the Prize may not participate in the competition for the Prize.

(d)

Technical review

The Secretary, in consultation with the Committee, shall establish a technical review committee composed of non-Federal officers to review data submitted by Prize entrants under this section and determine whether the data meets the prize specifications described in subsection (b).

(e)

Third party administration

The Secretary may select, on a competitive basis, a third party to administer awards provided under this section.

(f)

Eligibility

To be eligible for an award under this section—

(1)

in the case of a private entity, the entity shall be incorporated in and maintain a primary place of business in the United States; and

(2)

in the case of an individual (whether participating as a single individual or in a group), the individual shall be a citizen or lawful permanent resident of the United States.

(g)

Award amounts

(1)

In general

Subject to the availability of funds to carry out this section, the amount of the Prize shall be $10,000,000.

(2)

Breakthrough achievement awards

In addition to the award described in paragraph (1), the Secretary, in consultation with the technical review committee established under subsection (d), may award cash prizes in recognition of breakthrough achievements in research, development, demonstration, and commercial application of activities described in subsection (b).

(h)

500-Mile battery award fund

(1)

Establishment

There is established in the Treasury of the United States a fund to be known as the 500-mile Battery Fund (referred to in this section as the Fund), to be administered by the Secretary, to be available without fiscal year limitation and subject to appropriation, to award amounts under this section.

(2)

Transfers to Fund

The Fund shall consist of—

(A)

such amounts as are appropriated to the Fund under subsection (i); and

(B)

such amounts as are described in subsection (c) and that are provided for the Fund.

(3)

Prohibition

Amounts in the Fund may not be made available for any purpose other than a purposes described in subsection (a).

(4)

Annual reports

(A)

In general

Not later than 60 days after the end of each fiscal year beginning with fiscal year 2012, the Secretary shall submit a report on the operation of the Fund during the fiscal year to—

(i)

the Committees on Appropriations of the House of Representatives and of the Senate;

(ii)

the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources of the Senate; and

(iii)

the Committee on Energy and Commerce of the House of Representatives.

(B)

Contents

Each report shall include, for the fiscal year covered by the report, the following:

(i)

A statement of the amounts deposited into the Fund.

(ii)

A description of the expenditures made from the Fund for the fiscal year, including the purpose of the expenditures.

(iii)

Recommendations for additional authorities to fulfill the purpose of the Fund.

(iv)

A statement of the balance remaining in the Fund at the end of the fiscal year.

(5)

Separate appropriations account

Section 1105(a) of title 31, United States Code, is amended—

(A)

by redesignating paragraphs (35) and (36) as paragraphs (36) and (37), respectively;

(B)

by redesignating the second paragraph (33) (relating to obligational authority and outlays requested for homeland security) as paragraph (35); and

(C)

by adding at the end the following:

(38)

a separate statement for the 500-mile Battery Fund established under section 8(h) of the Electric Vehicle Deployment Act of 2010, which shall include the estimated amount of deposits into the Fund, obligations, and outlays from the Fund.

.

(i)

Authorization of appropriations

There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section $10,000,000.

11.

Research and development program

(a)

Research and development program

(1)

In general

The Secretary, in consultation with the Committee, shall establish a program to fund research and development in advanced batteries, electric drive vehicle components, electric drive infrastructure, and other technologies supporting the development, manufacture, and deployment of electric drive vehicles and charging infrastructure.

(2)

Use of funds

The program may include funding for—

(A)

the development of low-cost, smart-charging and vehicle-to-grid connectivity technology;

(B)

the benchmarking and assessment of open software systems using nationally established evaluation criteria; and

(C)

new technologies in electricity storage for vehicles.

(3)

Report

Not later than 4 years after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report describing the status of the program described in paragraph (1).

(b)

Secondary use applications program

(1)

In general

The Secretary, in consultation with the Committee, shall carry out a research, development, and demonstration program that builds upon any work carried out under section 915 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 16195) and—

(A)

identifies possible uses of a vehicle battery after the useful life of the battery in a vehicle has been exhausted;

(B)

assesses the potential for markets for uses described in subparagraph (A) to develop, as well as any barriers to the development of the markets; and

(C)

identifies the potential uses of a vehicle battery—

(i)

with the most promise for market development; and

(ii)

for which market development would be aided by a demonstration project.

(2)

Report

Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress an initial report on the findings of the program described in paragraph (1), including recommendations for stationary energy storage and other potential applications for batteries used in plug-in electric drive vehicles.

(c)

Demonstration projects

(1)

In general

Based on the results of the program described in subsection (b), the Secretary, in consultation with the Committee, shall develop guidelines for projects that demonstrate the secondary uses of vehicle batteries.

(2)

Publication of guidelines

Not later than 30 months after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall—

(A)

publish the guidelines described in paragraph (1); and

(B)

solicit applications for funding for demonstration projects.

(3)

Grant program

Not later than 38 months after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall select proposals for grant funding under this section, based on an assessment of which proposals are mostly likely to contribute to the development of a secondary market for batteries.

(d)

Materials Recycling Study

(1)

In general

The Secretary, in consultation with the Committee, shall carry out a study on the recycling of materials from plug-in electric drive vehicles and the batteries used in plug-in electric drive vehicles.

(2)

Report

Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a report on the findings of the study described in paragraph (1).

(e)

Authorization of appropriations

There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section $1,530,000,000, including—

(1)

$1,500,000,000 for use in conducting the program described in subsection (a) for fiscal years 2011 through 2020;

(2)

$5,000,000 for use in conducting the program described in subsection (b) for fiscal years 2011 through 2016; and

(3)

$25,000,000 for use in providing grants described in subsection (c) for fiscal years 2011 through 2020.

12.

Study on the supply of raw materials

(a)

In general

The Secretary of the Interior, in consultation with the Secretary and the Task Force, shall conduct a study that—

(1)

identifies the raw materials needed for the manufacture of plug-in electric drive vehicles, batteries, and other components for plug-in electric drive vehicles, and for the infrastructure needed to support plug-in electric drive vehicles;

(2)

describes the primary or original sources and known reserves and resources of those raw materials;

(3)

assesses, in consultation with the National Academy of Sciences, the degree of risk to the manufacture, maintenance, deployment, and use of plug-in electric drive vehicles associated with the supply of those raw materials; and

(4)

identifies pathways to securing reliable and resilient supplies of those raw materials.

(b)

Report

Not later than 3 years after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Interior shall submit to Congress a report that describes the results of the study.

(c)

Authorization of appropriations

There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out this subsection $1,500,000.

13.

Plug-in Electric Drive Vehicle Technical Advisory Committee

(a)

In general

There is established the Plug-in Electric Drive Vehicle Technical Advisory Committee to advise the Secretary on the programs and activities under this Act.

(b)

Mission

The mission of the Committee shall be to advise the Secretary on technical matters, including—

(1)

the priorities for research and development;

(2)

means of accelerating the deployment of safe, economical, and efficient plug-in electric drive vehicles for mass market adoption;

(3)

the development and deployment of charging infrastructure;

(4)

the development of uniform codes, standards, and safety protocols for plug-in electric drive vehicles and charging infrastructure; and

(5)

reporting on the competitiveness of the United States in plug-in electric drive vehicle and infrastructure research, manufacturing, and deployment.

(c)

Membership

(1)

Members

(A)

In general

The Committee shall consist of not less than 12, but not more than 25, members.

(B)

Representation

The Secretary shall appoint the members to Committee from among representatives of—

(i)

domestic industry;

(ii)

institutions of higher education;

(iii)

professional societies;

(iv)

Federal, State, and local governmental agencies (including the National Laboratories); and

(v)

financial, transportation, labor, environmental, or other appropriate organizations, as the Secretary determines to be necessary.

(2)

Terms

(A)

In general

The term of a Committee member shall not be longer than 3 years.

(B)

Staggered terms

The Secretary may appoint members to the Committee for differing term lengths to ensure continuity in the functioning of the Committee.

(C)

Reappointments

A member of the Committee whose term is expiring may be reappointed.

(3)

Chairperson

The Committee shall have a chairperson, who shall be elected by and from the members.

(d)

Review

The Committee shall review and make recommendations to the Secretary on the implementation of programs and activities under this Act.

(e)

Response

(1)

In general

The Secretary shall consider and may adopt any recommendation of the Committee under subsection (c).

(2)

Biennial report

(A)

In general

Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of this Act and every 2 years thereafter, the Secretary shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a report describing any new recommendations of the Committee.

(B)

Contents

The report shall include—

(i)

a description of the manner in which the Secretary has implemented or plans to implement the recommendations of the Committee; or

(ii)

an explanation of the reason that a recommendation of the Committee has not been implemented.

(C)

Timing

The report described in this paragraph shall be submitted by the Secretary at the same time the President submits the budget proposal for the Department of Energy to Congress.

(f)

Coordination

The Committee shall hold joint annual meetings with the Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technical Advisory Committee established by section 807 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 16156) to help coordinate the work and recommendations of the Committees.

(g)

Support

The Secretary shall provide to the Committee the resources necessary to carry out this section, as determined to be necessary by the Secretary.

14.

Plug-in Electric Drive Vehicle Interagency Task Force

(a)

In general

Not later than 120 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the President shall establish the Plug-in Electric Drive Vehicle Interagency Task Force, to be chaired by the Secretary and which shall consist of at least 1 representative from each of—

(1)

the Office of Science and Technology Policy;

(2)

the Council on Environmental Quality;

(3)

the Department of Energy;

(4)

the Department of Transportation;

(5)

the Department of Defense;

(6)

the Department of Commerce (including the National Institute of Standards and Technology);

(7)

the Environmental Protection Agency;

(8)

the General Services Administration; and

(9)

any other Federal agencies that the President determines to be appropriate.

(b)

Mission

The mission of the Task Force shall be to ensure awareness, coordination, and integration of the activities of the Federal Government relating to electric drive vehicles, including—

(1)

plug-in electric drive vehicle research and development (including necessary components);

(2)

the development of widely accepted smart-grid standards and protocols for charging infrastructure;

(3)

the relationship of plug-in electric drive vehicle charging practices to electric utility regulation;

(4)

the relationship of plug-in electric drive vehicle deployment to system reliability and security;

(5)

the general deployment of plug-in electric drive vehicles in the Federal, State, and local governments and for private use;

(6)

the development of uniform codes, standards, and safety protocols for plug-in electric drive vehicles and charging infrastructure; and

(7)

the alignment of international plug-in electric drive vehicle standards.

(c)

Activities

(1)

In general

In carrying out this section, the Task Force may—

(A)

organize workshops and conferences;

(B)

issue publications; and

(C)

create databases.

(2)

Mandatory activities

In carrying out this section, the Task Force shall—

(A)

foster the exchange of generic, nonproprietary information and technology among industry, academia, and the Federal Government;

(B)

integrate and disseminate technical and other information made available as a result of the programs and activities under this Act;

(C)

support education about plug-in electric drive vehicles;

(D)

monitor, analyze, and report on the effects of plug-in electric drive vehicle deployment on the environment and public health, including air emissions from vehicles and electricity generating units; and

(E)

review and report on—

(i)

opportunities to use Federal programs (including laws, regulations, and guidelines) to promote the deployment of plug-in electric drive vehicles; and

(ii)

any barriers to the deployment of plug-in electric drive vehicles, including barriers that are attributable to Federal programs (including laws, regulations, and guidelines).

(d)

Agency cooperation

A Federal agency—

(1)

shall cooperate with the Task Force; and

(2)

provide, on request of the Task Force, appropriate assistance in carrying out this section, in accordance with applicable Federal laws (including regulations).

15.

Prohibition on disposing of advanced batteries in landfills

An advanced battery from a plug-in electric drive vehicle shall be disposed of in accordance with the Mercury-Containing and Rechargeable Battery Management Act (42 U.S.C. 14301 et seq.).

16.

Loan guarantees for advanced battery purchases for use in stationary applications

Subtitle B of title I of the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (42 U.S.C. 17011 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following:

137.

Loan guarantees for advanced battery purchases

(a)

Definitions

In this section:

(1)

Qualified automotive battery

The term qualified automotive battery means a battery that—

(A)

has at least 4 kilowatt hours of battery capacity; and

(B)

is designed for use in qualified plug-in electric drive motor vehicles but is purchased for nonautomotive applications.

(2)

Eligible entity

The term eligible entity means—

(A)

an original equipment manufacturer;

(B)

an electric utility;

(C)

any provider of range extension infrastructure; or

(D)

any other qualified entity, as determined by the Secretary.

(b)

Loan guarantees

(1)

In general

The Secretary shall guarantee loans made to eligible entities for the aggregate purchase of not less than 200 qualified automotive batteries in a calendar year that have a total minimum power rating of 1 megawatt and use advanced battery technology.

(2)

Restriction

As a condition of receiving a loan guarantee under this section, an entity purchasing qualified automotive batteries with loan funds guaranteed under this section shall comply with the provisions of the Buy American Act (41 U.S.C. 10a et seq.).

(c)

Regulations

The Secretary shall promulgate such regulations as are necessary to carry out this section.

(d)

Authorization of appropriations

There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section $50,000,000.

.

17.

Model updating building codes, permitting and inspection processes, and zoning or parking rules

(a)

In general

Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall develop and publish—

(1)

model building codes for the inclusion of separate circuits for charging infrastructure, as appropriate, in new construction and major renovations of private residences, buildings, or other structures that could provide publicly available charging infrastructure;

(2)

model construction permitting or inspection processes that allow for the expedited installation of charging infrastructure for purchasers of electric drive vehicles (including a permitting process that allows a vehicle purchaser to have charging infrastructure installed the same day a vehicle is purchased); and

(3)

model zoning, parking rules, or other local ordinances that—

(A)

facilitate the installation of publicly available charging infrastructure; and

(B)

allow for access to publicly available charging infrastructure.

(b)

Optional adoption

An applicant for selection as a deployment community under section 4 shall not be required to use the model building codes, permitting and inspection processes, or zoning, parking rules, or other ordinances described in the report published under subsection (a).

(c)

Smart grid integration

In developing the model codes or ordinances described in subsection (a), the Secretary shall take into account smart grid integration.

(d)

Authorization of appropriations

There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section $1,000,000.

18.

Workforce training

(a)

Maintenance and support

(1)

In general

The Secretary, in consultation with the Committee and the Task Force, shall award grants to institutions of higher education and other qualified training and education institutions for the establishment of programs to provide training and education for vocational workforce development through centers of excellence.

(2)

Purpose

Training funded under this subsection shall be intended to ensure that the workforce has the necessary skills needed to maintain plug-in electric drive vehicles and the infrastructure required to support plug-in electric drive vehicles.

(3)

Scope

Training funded under this subsection shall include training for—

(A)

first responders;

(B)

electricians and contractors who will be installing infrastructure;

(C)

engineers;

(D)

code inspection officials; and

(E)

dealers and mechanics.

(b)

Design

The Secretary shall award grants to institutions of higher education and other qualified training and education institutions for the establishment of programs to provide training and education in designing plug-in electric drive vehicles and associated components and infrastructure to ensure that the United States can lead the world in this field.

(c)

Report

Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report on the implementation of the training programs under this section.

(d)

Authorization of appropriations

There are authorized to be appropriated $250,000,000 to carry out this section.