skip to main content

S. 949 (111th): 21st Century Energy Technology Deployment Act

The text of the bill below is as of Apr 30, 2009 (Introduced).


II

111th CONGRESS

1st Session

S. 949

IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

April 30, 2009

(for himself, Ms. Murkowski, Mr. Dorgan, Mr. Voinovich, Ms. Stabenow, Mr. Lugar, and Mrs. Shaheen) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources

A BILL

To improve the loan guarantee program of the Department of Energy under title XVII of the Energy Policy Act of 2005, to provide additional options for deploying energy technologies, and for other purposes.

1.

Short title

This Act may be cited as the 21st Century Energy Technology Deployment Act.

2.

Purpose

The purpose of this Act is to promote the domestic development and deployment of clean energy technologies required for the 21st century through the improvement of existing programs and the establishment of a self-sustaining Clean Energy Deployment Administration that will provide for an attractive investment environment through partnership with and support of the private capital market in order to promote access to affordable financing for accelerated and widespread deployment of—

(1)

clean energy technologies;

(2)

advanced or enabling energy infrastructure technologies;

(3)

energy efficiency technologies in residential, commercial, and industrial applications, including end-use efficiency in buildings; and

(4)

manufacturing technologies for any of the technologies or applications described in this section.

3.

Definitions

In this Act:

(1)

Administration

The term Administration means the Clean Energy Deployment Administration established by section 6.

(2)

Administrator

The term Administrator means the Administrator of the Administration.

(3)

Advisory Council

The term Advisory Council means the Energy Technology Advisory Council of the Administration.

(4)

Breakthrough technology

The term breakthrough technology means a clean energy technology that—

(A)

presents a significant opportunity to advance the goals developed under section 5, as assessed under the methodology established by the Advisory Council; but

(B)

has generally not been considered a commercially ready technology as a result of high perceived technology risk or other similar factors.

(5)

Clean energy technology

The term clean energy technology means a technology related to the production, use, transmission, storage, control, or conservation of energy—

(A)

that will—

(i)

reduce the need for additional energy supplies by using existing energy supplies with greater efficiency or by transmitting, distributing, or transporting energy with greater effectiveness through the infrastructure of the United States;

(ii)

diversify the sources of energy supply of the United States to strengthen energy security and to increase supplies with a favorable balance of environmental effects if the entire technology system is considered; or

(iii)

contribute to a stabilization of atmospheric greenhouse gas concentrations thorough reduction, avoidance, or sequestration of energy-related emissions; and

(B)

for which, as determined by the Administrator, insufficient commercial lending is available to allow for widespread deployment.

(6)

Cost

The term cost has the meaning given the term in section 502 of the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990 (2 U.S.C. 661a).

(7)

Direct loan

The term direct loan has the meaning given the term in section 502 of the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990 (2 U.S.C. 661a).

(8)

Fund

The term Fund means the Clean Energy Investment Fund established by section 4(a).

(9)

Loan guarantee

The term loan guarantee has the meaning given the term in section 502 of the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990 (2 U.S.C. 661a).

(10)

National Laboratory

The term National Laboratory has the meaning given the term in section 2 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 15801).

(11)

Secretary

The term Secretary means the Secretary of Energy.

(12)

Security

The term security has the meaning given the term in section 2 of the Securities Act of 1933 (15 U.S.C. 77b).

(13)

State

The term State means—

(A)

a State;

(B)

the District of Columbia;

(C)

the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico; and

(D)

any other territory or possession of the United States.

(14)

Technology risk

The term technology risk means the risks during construction or operation associated with the design, development, and deployment of clean energy technologies (including the cost, schedule, performance, reliability and maintenance, and accounting for the perceived risk), from the perspective of commercial lenders, that may be increased as a result of the absence of adequate historical construction, operating, or performance data from commercial applications of the technology.

4.

Improvements to existing programs

(a)

Clean Energy Investment Fund

(1)

Establishment

There is established in the Treasury of the United States a revolving fund, to be known as the Clean Energy Investment Fund, consisting of—

(A)

such amounts as have been appropriated for administrative expenses to carry out title XVII of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 16511 et seq.);

(B)

such amounts as are deposited in the Fund under this Act and amendments made by this Act; and

(C)

such sums as may be appropriated to supplement the Fund.

(2)

Expenditures from Fund

(A)

In general

Notwithstanding section 1705(e) of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 16516(e)), amounts in the Fund shall be available to the Secretary for obligation without fiscal year limitation, to remain available until expended.

(B)

Administrative expenses

(i)

Fees

Fees collected for administrative expenses shall be available without limitation to cover applicable expenses.

(ii)

Fund

To the extent that administrative expenses are not reimbursed through fees, an amount not to exceed 1.5 percent of the amounts in the Fund as of the beginning of each fiscal year shall be available to pay the administrative expenses for the fiscal year necessary to carry out title XVII of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 16511 et seq.).

(3)

Transfers of amounts

(A)

In general

The amounts required to be transferred to the Fund under this subsection shall be transferred at least monthly from the general fund of the Treasury to the Fund on the basis of estimates made by the Secretary of the Treasury.

(B)

Adjustments

Proper adjustment shall be made in amounts subsequently transferred to the extent prior estimates were in excess of or less than the amounts required to be transferred.

(b)

Revisions to loan guarantee program authority

(1)

Definition of commercial technology

Section 1701(1) of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 16511(1)) is amended by striking subparagraph (B) and inserting the following:

(B)

Exclusion

The term commercial technology does not include a technology if the sole use of the technology is in connection with—

(i)

a demonstration project; or

(ii)

a project for which the Secretary approved a loan guarantee.

.

(2)

Specific appropriation or contribution

Section 1702 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 16512) is amended by striking subsection (b) and inserting the following:

(b)

Specific appropriation or contribution

(1)

In general

No guarantee shall be made unless sufficient amounts to account for the cost are available—

(A)

in unobligated balances within the Clean Energy Investment Fund established under section 4(a) of the 21st Century Energy Technology Deployment Act;

(B)

as a payment from the borrower and the payment is deposited in the Clean Energy Investment Fund; or

(C)

in any combination of balances and payments described in subparagraphs (A) and (B), respectively.

(2)

Limitation

The source of payments received from a borrower under paragraph (1)(B) shall not be a loan or other debt obligation that is made or guaranteed by the Federal Government.

(3)

Relation to other laws

Section 504(b) of the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990 (2 U.S.C. 661c(b)) shall not apply to a loan or loan guarantee under this section.

.

(3)

Subrogation

Section 1702(g)(2) of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 16512(g)(2)) is amended—

(A)

by striking subparagraph (B); and

(B)

by redesignating subparagraph (C) as subparagraph (B).

(4)

Fees

Section 1702(h) of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 16512(h)) is amended by striking paragraph (2) and inserting the following:

(2)

Availability

Fees collected under this subsection shall—

(A)

be deposited by the Secretary in the Clean Energy Investment Fund established under section 4(a) of the 21st Century Energy Technology Deployment Act; and

(B)

remain available to the Secretary for expenditure, without further appropriation or fiscal year limitation, for administrative expenses incurred in carrying out this title.

(3)

Adjustment

The Secretary may adjust the amount or manner of collection of fees under this title as the Secretary determines is necessary to promote, to the maximum extent practicable, eligible projects under this title.

.

(5)

Processing

Section 1702 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 16512) is amended by adding at the end the following:

(k)

Accelerated reviews

To the maximum extent practicable and consistent with sound business practices, the Secretary shall seek to consolidate reviews of applications for loan guarantees under this title such that decisions as to whether to enter into a commitment on an application can be issued not later than 180 days after the date of submission of a completed application.

.

(6)

Wage rates

Section 1705(c) of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 16516(c)) is amended by striking support under this section and inserting support under this title.

5.

Energy technology deployment goals

(a)

Goals

Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary, after consultation with the Advisory Council, shall develop and publish for review and comment in the Federal Register near-, medium-, and long-term goals (including numerical performance targets at appropriate intervals to measure progress toward those goals) for the deployment of clean energy technologies through the credit support programs established by this Act (including an amendment made by this Act) to promote—

(1)

sufficient electric generating capacity using clean energy technologies to meet the energy needs of the United States;

(2)

clean energy technologies in vehicles and fuels that will substantially reduce the reliance of the United States on foreign sources of energy and insulate consumers from the volatility of world energy markets;

(3)

a domestic commercialization and manufacturing capacity that will establish the United States as a world leader in clean energy technologies across multiple sectors;

(4)

installation of sufficient infrastructure to allow for the cost-effective deployment of clean energy technologies appropriate to each region of the United States;

(5)

the transformation of the building stock of the United States to zero net energy consumption;

(6)

the recovery, use, and prevention of waste energy;

(7)

domestic manufacturing of clean energy technologies on a scale that is sufficient to achieve price parity with conventional energy sources;

(8)

domestic production of commodities and materials (such as steel, chemicals, polymers, and cement) using clean energy technologies so that the United States will become a world leader in environmentally sustainable production of the commodities and materials;

(9)

a robust, efficient, and interactive electricity transmission grid that will allow for the incorporation of clean energy technologies, distributed generation, and demand-response in each regional electric grid;

(10)

sufficient availability of financial products to allow owners and users of residential, retail, commercial, and industrial buildings to make energy efficiency and distributed generation technology investments with reasonable payback periods; and

(11)

such other goals as the Secretary, in consultation with the Advisory Council, determines to be consistent with the purposes of this Act.

(b)

Revisions

The Secretary shall revise the goals established under subsection (a), from time to time as appropriate, to account for advances in technology and changes in energy policy.

6.

Clean Energy Deployment Administration

(a)

Establishment

(1)

In general

There is established in the Department of Energy an administration to be known as the Clean Energy Deployment Administration, under the direction of the Administrator and the Board of Directors.

(2)

Status

(A)

In general

The Administration (including officers, employees, and agents of the Administration) shall not be responsible to, or subject to the authority, direction, or control of, any other officer, employee, or agent of the Department of Energy other than the Secretary, acting through the Administrator.

(B)

Exemption from reorganization

The Administration shall be exempt from the reorganization authority provided under section 643 of the Department of Energy Reorganization Act (42 U.S.C. 7253).

(C)

Inspector general

Section 12 of the Inspector General Act of 1978 (5 U.S.C. App.) is amended—

(i)

in paragraph (1), by inserting the Administrator of the Clean Energy Deployment Administration; after Export-Import Bank;; and

(ii)

in paragraph (2), by inserting the Clean Energy Deployment Administration, after Export-Import Bank,.

(3)

Offices

(A)

Principal office

The Administration shall—

(i)

maintain the principal office of the Administration in the District of Columbia; and

(ii)

for purposes of venue in civil actions, be considered to be a resident of the District of Columbia.

(B)

Other offices

The Administration may establish other offices in such other places as the Administration considers necessary or appropriate for the conduct of the business of the Administration.

(b)

Administrator

(1)

In general

The Administrator shall be—

(A)

appointed by the President, with the advice and consent of the Senate, for a 5-year term; and

(B)

compensated at the annual rate of basic pay prescribed for level II of the Executive Schedule under section 5313 of title 5, United States Code.

(2)

Duties

The Administrator shall—

(A)

serve as the Chief Executive Officer of the Administration and Chairman of the Board;

(B)

ensure that—

(i)

the Administration operates in a safe and sound manner, including maintenance of adequate capital and internal controls (consistent with section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (15 U.S.C. 7262));

(ii)

the operations and activities of the Administration foster liquid, efficient, competitive, and resilient energy and energy efficiency finance markets;

(iii)

the Administration carries out the purposes of this Act only through activities that are authorized under and consistent with this Act; and

(iv)

the activities of the Administration and the manner in which the Administration is operated are consistent with the public interest;

(C)

develop policies and procedures for the Administration that will—

(i)

promote a self-sustaining portfolio of investments that will maximize the value of investments to effectively promote clean energy technologies;

(ii)

promote transparency and openness in Administration operations;

(iii)

afford the Administration with sufficient flexibility to meet the purposes of this Act; and

(iv)

provide for the efficient processing of applications; and

(D)

with the concurrence of the Board, set expected loss reserves for the support provided by the Administration consistent with section 7(a)(1)(C).

(c)

Board of Directors

(1)

In general

The Board of Directors of the Administration shall consist of—

(A)

the Secretary or the designee of the Secretary, who shall serve as an ex-officio voting member of the Board of Directors;

(B)

the Administrator, who shall serve as the Chairman of the Board of Directors; and

(C)

7 additional members who shall—

(i)

be appointed by the President, with the advice and consent of the Senate, for staggered 5-year terms; and

(ii)

have experience in banking or financial services relevant to the operations of the Administration, including individuals with substantial experience in the development of energy projects, the electricity generation sector, the transportation sector, the manufacturing sector, and the energy efficiency sector.

(2)

Duties

The Board of Directors shall—

(A)

oversee the operations of the Administration and ensure industry best practices are followed in all financial transactions involving the Administration;

(B)

consult with the Administrator on the general policies and procedures of the Administration to ensure the interests of the taxpayers are protected;

(C)

ensure the portfolio of investments are consistent with purposes of this Act and with the long-term financial stability of the Administration;

(D)

ensure that the operations and activities of the Administration are consistent with the development of a robust private sector that can provide commercial loans or financing products; and

(E)

not serve on a full-time basis, except that the Board of Directors shall meet at least quarterly to review, as appropriate, applications for credit support and set policies and procedures as necessary.

(3)

Removal

An appointed member of the Board of Directors may be removed from office by the President for good cause.

(4)

Vacancies

An appointed seat on the Board of Directors that becomes vacant shall be filled by appointment by the President, but only for the unexpired portion of the term of the vacating member.

(5)

Compensation of members

An appointed member of the Board of Directors shall be compensated at a rate equal to the daily equivalent of the annual rate of basic pay prescribed for level III of the Executive Schedule under section 5314 of title 5, United States Code, for each day (including travel time) during which the member is engaged in the performance of the duties of the Board of Directors.

(d)

Energy Technology Advisory Council

(1)

In general

The Administration shall have an Energy Technology Advisory Council consisting of—

(A)

5 members selected by the Secretary; and

(B)

3 members selected by the Board of Directors of the Administration.

(2)

Qualifications

The members of the Advisory Council shall—

(A)

have relevant scientific expertise; and

(B)

in the case of the members selected by the Secretary under paragraph (1)(A), include representatives of—

(i)

the academic community;

(ii)

the private research community;

(iii)

National Laboratories;

(iv)

the technology or project development community; and

(v)

the commercial energy financing and operations sector.

(3)

Duties

The Advisory Council shall—

(A)

develop and publish for comment in the Federal Register a methodology for assessment of clean energy technologies that will allow the Administration to evaluate projects based on the progress likely to be achieved per-dollar invested in maximizing the attributes of the definition of clean energy technology, taking into account the extent to which support for a clean energy technology is likely to accrue subsequent benefits that are attributable to a commercial scale deployment taking place earlier than that which otherwise would have occurred without the support; and

(B)

advise on the technological approaches that should be supported by the Administration to meet the technology deployment goals established by the Secretary pursuant to section 5.

(4)

Term

(A)

In general

Members of the Advisory Council shall have 5-year staggered terms, as determined by the Secretary and the Administrator.

(B)

Reappointment

A member of the Advisory Council may be reappointed.

(5)

Compensation

A member of the Advisory Council, who is not otherwise compensated as a Federal employee, shall be compensated at a rate equal to the daily equivalent of the annual rate of basic pay prescribed for level IV of the Executive Schedule under section 5315 of title 5, United States Code, for each day (including travel time) during which the member is engaged in the performance of the duties of the Advisory Council.

(e)

Staff

(1)

In general

The Administrator, in consultation with the Board of Directors, may—

(A)

appoint and terminate such officers, attorneys, employees, and agents as are necessary to carry out this Act; and

(B)

vest those personnel with such powers and duties as the Administrator may determine.

(2)

Direct hire authority

(A)

In general

Notwithstanding section 3304 and sections 3309 through 3318 of title 5, United States Code, the Administrator may, on a determination that there is a severe shortage of candidates or a critical hiring need for particular positions, recruit and directly appoint highly qualified critical personnel with specialized knowledge important to the function of the Administration into the competitive service.

(B)

Exception

The authority granted under subparagraph (A) shall not apply to positions in the excepted service or the Senior Executive Service.

(C)

Requirements

In exercising the authority granted under subparagraph (A), the Administrator shall ensure that any action taken by the Administrator—

(i)

is consistent with the merit principles of section 2301 of title 5, United States Code; and

(ii)

complies with the public notice requirements of section 3327 of title 5, United States Code.

(D)

Termination of effectiveness

The authority provided by this paragraph terminates effective on the date that is 2 years after the date of enactment of this Act.

(3)

Critical pay authority

(A)

In general

Notwithstanding section 5377 of title 5, United States Code, and without regard to the provisions of that title governing appointments in the competitive service or the Senior Executive Service and chapters 51 and 53 of that title (relating to classification and pay rates), the Administrator may establish, fix the compensation of, and appoint individuals to critical positions needed to carry out the functions of the Administration, if the Administrator certifies that—

(i)

the positions require expertise of an extremely high level in a financial, technical, or scientific field;

(ii)

the Administration would not successfully accomplish an important mission without such an individual; and

(iii)

exercise of the authority is necessary to recruit an individual who is exceptionally well qualified for the position.

(B)

Limitations

The authority granted under subparagraph (A) shall be subject to the following conditions:

(i)

The number of critical positions authorized by subparagraph (A) may not exceed 20 at any 1 time in the Administration.

(ii)

The term of an appointment under subparagraph (A) may not exceed 4 years.

(iii)

An individual appointed under subparagraph (A) may not have been an Administration employee at any time during the 2-year period preceding the date of appointment.

(iv)

Total annual compensation for any individual appointed under subparagraph (A) may not exceed the highest total annual compensation payable at the rate determined under section 104 of title 3, United States Code.

(v)

An individual appointed under subparagraph (A) may not be considered to be an employee for purposes of subchapter II of chapter 75 of title 5, United States Code.

(C)

Notification

Each year, the Administrator shall submit to Congress a notification that lists each individual appointed under this paragraph.

7.

Administration functions

(a)

Operational units

(1)

Direct support

(A)

In general

The Administration may issue direct loans, letters of credit, loan guarantees, insurance products, or such other credit enhancements or debt instruments (including participation as a co-lender or a member of a syndication) as the Administrator considers appropriate to deploy clean energy technologies if the Administrator has determined that deployment of the technologies would benefit or be accelerated by the support.

(B)

Eligibility criteria

In carrying out this paragraph and awarding credit support to projects, the Administrator shall account for—

(i)

how the technology rates based on an evaluation methodology established by the Advisory Council;

(ii)

how the project fits with the goals established under section 5; and

(iii)

the potential for the applicant to successfully complete the project.

(C)

Risk

(i)

Expected loan loss reserve

The Administrator shall establish an expected loan loss reserve to account for estimated losses attributable to activities under this section that is consistent with the purposes of—

(I)

developing breakthrough technologies to the point at which technology risk is largely mitigated;

(II)

achieving widespread deployment and advancing the commercial viability of clean energy technologies; and

(III)

advancing the goals established under section 5.

(ii)

Initial expected loan loss reserve

Until such time as the Administrator determines sufficient data exist to establish an expected loan loss reserve that is appropriate, the Administrator shall consider establishing an initial rate of 10 percent for the portfolio of investments under this Act.

(iii)

Portfolio investment approach

The Administration shall—

(I)

use a portfolio investment approach to mitigate risk and diversify investments across technologies;

(II)

to the maximum extent practicable and consistent with long-term self-sufficiency, weigh the portfolio of investments in projects to advance the goals established under section 5; and

(III)

consistent with the expected loan loss reserve established under this subparagraph, the purposes of this Act, and section 6(b)(2)(B), provide the maximum practicable percentage of support to promote breakthrough technologies.

(iv)

Loss rate review

(I)

In general

The Board of Directors shall review on an annual basis the loss rates of the portfolio to determine the adequacy of the reserves.

(II)

Report

Not later than 90 days after the date of the initiation of the review, the Administrator shall submit to the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources of the Senate and the Committee on Energy and Commerce of the House of Representatives a report describing the results of the review and any recommended policy changes.

(D)

Application review

(i)

In general

To the maximum extent practicable and consistent with sound business practices, the Administration shall seek to consolidate reviews of applications for credit support under this Act such that final decisions on applications can generally be issued not later than 180 days after the date of submission of a completed application.

(ii)

Environmental review

In carrying out this Act, the Administration shall, to the maximum extent practicable—

(I)

avoid duplicating efforts that have already been undertaken by other agencies (including State agencies acting under Federal programs); and

(II)

with the advice of the Council on Environmental Quality and any other applicable agencies, use the administrative records of similar reviews conducted throughout the executive branch to develop the most expeditious review process practicable.

(E)

Wage rate requirements

(i)

In general

No credit support shall be issued under this section unless the borrower has provided to the Administrator reasonable assurances that all laborers and mechanics employed by contractors and subcontractors in the performance of construction work financed in whole or in part by the Administration will be paid wages at rates not less than those prevailing on projects of a character similar to the contract work in the civil subdivision of the State in which the contract work is to be performed as determined by the Secretary of Labor in accordance with subchapter IV of chapter 31 of part A of subtitle II of title 40, United States Code.

(ii)

Labor standards

With respect to the labor standards specified in this section, the Secretary of Labor shall have the authority and functions set forth in Reorganization Plan Numbered 14 of 1950 (64 Stat. 1267; 5 U.S.C. App.) and section 3145 of title 40, United States Code.

(2)

Indirect support

(A)

In general

The Administration shall work to develop financial products and arrangements to both promote the widespread deployment of, and mobilize private sector support of credit and investment institutions for, clean energy technologies through securitization, indirect credit support, or other similar means of credit enhancement.

(B)

Financial products

The Administration—

(i)

in cooperation with Federal, State, local, and private sector entities, shall develop debt instruments that provide for the aggregation of, or directly aggregate, projects for clean energy technology deployments on a scale appropriate for residential or commercial applications; and

(ii)

may purchase, and make commitments to purchase, any debt instrument associated with the deployment of clean energy technologies for the purposes of enhancing the availability of private financing for clean energy technology deployments.

(C)

Disposition of debt or interest

The Administration may acquire, hold, and sell or otherwise dispose of, pursuant to commitments or otherwise, any debt associated with the deployment of clean energy technologies or interest in the debt.

(D)

Pricing

(i)

In general

The Administrator may establish requirements, and impose charges or fees, which may be regarded as elements of pricing, for different classes of sellers, servicers, or services.

(ii)

Classification of sellers and servicers

For the purpose of clause (i), the Administrator may classify sellers and servicers as necessary to promote transparency and liquidity and properly characterize the risk of default.

(E)

Eligibility

The Administrator shall establish—

(i)

eligibility criteria for loan originators, sellers, and servicers seeking support for portfolios of financial obligations relating to clean energy technologies so as to ensure the capability of the loan originators, sellers, and servicers to perform the functions required to maintain the expected performance of the portfolios; and

(ii)

such criteria, standards, guidelines, and mechanisms such that, to the maximum extent practicable, loan originators and sellers will be able to determine the eligibility of loans for resale at the time of initial lending.

(F)

Secondary market support

(i)

In general

The Administration may lend on the security of, and make commitments to lend on the security of, any debt that the Administration has issued or is authorized to purchase under this section.

(ii)

Authorized actions

On such terms and conditions as the Administrator may prescribe, the Administration may, with the concurrence of the Board of Directors—

(I)

borrow;

(II)

give security;

(III)

pay interest or other return; and

(IV)

issue notes, debentures, bonds, or other obligations or securities.

(G)

Lending activities

(i)

In general

The Administrator shall determine—

(I)

the volume of the lending activities of the Administration; and

(II)

the types of loan ratios, risk profiles, interest rates, maturities, and charges or fees in the secondary market operations of the Administration.

(ii)

Objectives

Determinations under clause (i) shall be consistent with the objectives of—

(I)

providing an attractive investment environment for clean energy technologies;

(II)

making the operations of the Administration self-supporting over the long term; and

(III)

advancing the goals established under section 5.

(H)

Exempt securities

All securities issued or guaranteed by the Administration shall, to the same extent as securities that are direct obligations of or obligations guaranteed as to principal or interest by the United States, be considered to be exempt securities within the meaning of the laws administered by the Securities and Exchange Commission.

(b)

Other authorized programs

(1)

In general

The Secretary may delegate to the Administration the provision of financial services and program management for grant, loan, and other credit enhancement programs authorized under any other provision of law.

(2)

Administration

In administering any other program delegated by the Secretary, the Administration shall, to the maximum extent practicable (as determined by the Administrator)—

(A)

administer the program in a manner that is consistent with the terms and conditions of this Act; and

(B)

minimize the administrative costs to the Federal Government.

8.

Federal Credit Authority

(a)

Transfer of functions and authority

(1)

In general

Subject to paragraph (2), on a finding by the Secretary and the Administrator that the Administration is sufficiently ready to assume the functions and that applicants to those programs will not be unduly adversely affected but in no case later than 18 months after the date of enactment of this Act, all of the functions and authority of the Secretary under title XVII of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 16511 et seq.) and authorities established by this Act shall be transferred to the Administration.

(2)

Failure to transfer functions

If the functions and authorities are not transferred to the Administration in accordance with paragraph (1), the Secretary and the Administrator shall submit to Congress a report on the reasons for delay and an expected timetable for transfer of the functions and authorities to the Administration.

(3)

Effect on existing rights and obligations

The transfer of functions and authority under this subsection shall not affect the rights and obligations of any party that arise under a predecessor program or authority prior to the transfer under this subsection.

(4)

Transfer of fund authority

On transfer of functions pursuant to paragraph (1), the Administration shall have all authorities to make use of the Fund reserved for the Secretary before the transfer.

(5)

Use

Amounts in the Fund shall be available for discharge of liabilities and all other expenses of the Administration, including subsequent transfer to the respective credit program accounts.

(6)

Initial investment

(A)

In general

On transfer of functions pursuant to paragraph (1), out of any funds in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, the Secretary of the Treasury shall transfer to the Fund to carry out this Act $10,000,000,000, to remain available until expended.

(B)

Receipt and acceptance

The Fund shall be entitled to receive and shall accept, and shall be used to carry out this Act, the funds transferred to the Fund under subparagraph (A), without further appropriation.

(7)

Authorization of appropriations

In addition to funds made available by paragraphs (1) through (6), there are authorized to be appropriated to the Fund such sums as are necessary to carry out this Act.

(b)

Payments of liabilities

(1)

In general

Any payment made to discharge liabilities arising from agreements under this Act shall be paid out of the Fund or the associated credit program account, as appropriate.

(2)

Security

The full faith and credit of the United States is pledged to the payment of all obligations entered into by the Administration pursuant to this Act.

(c)

Fees

(1)

In general

Consistent with achieving the purposes of this Act, the Administrator shall charge fees or collect compensation generally in accordance with commercial rates.

(2)

Availability of fees

All fees collected by the Administration may be retained by the Administration and placed in the Fund and may remain available to the Administration, without further appropriation or fiscal year limitation, for use in carrying out the purposes of this Act.

(3)

Breakthrough technologies

The Administration shall charge the minimum amount in fees or compensation practicable for breakthrough technologies, consistent with the long-term viability of the Administration, unless the Administration first determines that a higher charge will not impede the development of the technology.

(4)

Alternative fee arrangements

The Administration may use such alternative arrangements (such as profit participation, contingent fees, and other valuable contingent interests) as the Administration considers appropriate to compensate the Administration for the expenses of the Administration and the risk inherent in the support of the Administration.

(d)

Cost transfer authority

Amounts collected by the Administration for the cost of a loan or loan guarantee shall be transferred by the Administration to the respective credit program accounts.

(e)

Supplemental Borrowing Authority

In order to maintain sufficient liquidity for activities authorized under section 7(a)(2), the Administration may issue notes, debentures, bonds, or other obligations for purchase by the Secretary of the Treasury.

(f)

Public debt transactions

For the purpose of subsection (e)—

(1)

the Secretary of the Treasury may use as a public debt transaction the proceeds of the sale of any securities issued under chapter 31 of title 31, United States Code; and

(2)

the purposes for which securities may be issued under that chapter are extended to include any purchase under this subsection.

(g)

Maximum outstanding holding

The Secretary of the Treasury shall purchase instruments issued under subsection (e) to the extent that the purchase would not increase the aggregate principal amount of the outstanding holdings of obligations under subsection (e) by the Secretary of the Treasury to an amount that is greater than $2,000,000,000.

(h)

Rate of return

Each purchase of obligations by the Secretary of the Treasury under this section shall be on terms and conditions established to yield a rate of return determined by the Secretary of the Treasury to be appropriate, taking into account the current average rate on outstanding marketable obligations of the United States as of the last day of the month preceding the purchase.

(i)

Sale of obligations

The Secretary of the Treasury may at any time sell, on terms and conditions and at prices determined by the Secretary of the Treasury, any of the obligations acquired by the Secretary of the Treasury under this section.

(j)

Public debt transactions

All redemptions, purchases, and sales by the Secretary of the Treasury of obligations under this section shall be treated as public debt transactions of the United States.

9.

General provisions

(a)

Immunity from impairment, limitation, or restriction

(1)

In general

All rights and remedies of the Administration (including any rights and remedies of the Administration on, under, or with respect to any mortgage or any obligation secured by a mortgage) shall be immune from impairment, limitation, or restriction by or under—

(A)

any law (other than a law enacted by Congress expressly in limitation of this paragraph) that becomes effective after the acquisition by the Administration of the subject or property on, under, or with respect to which the right or remedy arises or exists or would so arise or exist in the absence of the law; or

(B)

any administrative or other action that becomes effective after the acquisition.

(2)

State law

The Administrator may conduct the business of the Administration without regard to any qualification or law of any State relating to incorporation.

(b)

Use of other agencies

With the consent of a department, establishment, or instrumentality (including any field office), the Administration may—

(1)

use and act through any department, establishment, or instrumentality; or

(2)

use, and pay compensation for, information, services, facilities, and personnel of the department, establishment, or instrumentality.

(c)

Procurement

The Administrator shall be the senior procurement officer for the Administration for purposes of section 16(a) of the Office of Federal Procurement Policy Act (41 U.S.C. 414(a)).

(d)

Financial matters

(1)

Investments

Funds of the Administration may be invested in such investments as the Board of Directors may prescribe.

(2)

Fiscal agents

Any Federal Reserve bank or any bank as to which at the time of the designation of the bank by the Administrator there is outstanding a designation by the Secretary of the Treasury as a general or other depository of public money, may be designated by the Administrator as a depositary or custodian or as a fiscal or other agent of the Administration.

(e)

Jurisdiction

Notwithstanding section 1349 of title 28, United States Code, or any other provision of law—

(1)

the Administration shall be considered a corporation covered by sections 1345 and 1442 of title 28, United States Code;

(2)

all civil actions to which the Administration is a party shall be considered to arise under the laws of the United States, and the district courts of the United States shall have original jurisdiction of all such actions, without regard to amount or value; and

(3)

any civil or other action, case or controversy in a court of a State, or in any court other than a district court of the United States, to which the Administration is a party may at any time before trial be removed by the Administration, without the giving of any bond or security and by following any procedure for removal of causes in effect at the time of the removal—

(A)

to the district court of the United States for the district and division embracing the place in which the same is pending; or

(B)

if there is no such district court, to the district court of the United States for the district in which the principal office of the Administration is located.

(f)

Periodic reports

Not later than 1 year after commencement of operation of the Administration and at least biannually thereafter, the Administrator shall submit to the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources of the Senate and the Committee on Energy and Commerce of the House of Representatives a report that includes a description of—

(1)

the technologies supported by activities of the Administration and how the activities advance the purposes of this Act; and

(2)

the performance of the Administration on meeting the goals established under section 5.

(g)

Audits by the Comptroller General

(1)

In general

The programs, activities, receipts, expenditures, and financial transactions of the Administration shall be subject to audit by the Comptroller General of the United States under such rules and regulations as may be prescribed by the Comptroller General.

(2)

Access

The representatives of the Government Accountability Office shall—

(A)

have access to the personnel and to all books, accounts, documents, records (including electronic records), reports, files, and all other papers, automated data, things, or property belonging to, under the control of, or in use by the Administration, or any agent, representative, attorney, advisor, or consultant retained by the Administration, and necessary to facilitate the audit;

(B)

be afforded full facilities for verifying transactions with the balances or securities held by depositories, fiscal agents, and custodians;

(C)

be authorized to obtain and duplicate any such books, accounts, documents, records, working papers, automated data and files, or other information relevant to the audit without cost to the Comptroller General; and

(D)

have the right of access of the Comptroller General to such information pursuant to section 716(c) of title 31, United States Code.

(3)

Assistance and cost

(A)

In general

For the purpose of conducting an audit under this subsection, the Comptroller General may, in the discretion of the Comptroller General, employ by contract, without regard to section 3709 of the Revised Statutes (41 U.S.C. 5), professional services of firms and organizations of certified public accountants for temporary periods or for special purposes.

(B)

Reimbursement

(i)

In general

On the request of the Comptroller General, the Administration shall reimburse the General Accountability Office for the full cost of any audit conducted by the Comptroller General under this subsection.

(ii)

Crediting

Such reimbursements shall—

(I)

be credited to the appropriation account entitled Salaries and Expenses, Government Accountability Office at the time at which the payment is received; and

(II)

remain available until expended.

(h)

Annual independent audits

(1)

In general

The Administrator shall—

(A)

have an annual independent audit made of the financial statements of the Administration by an independent public accountant in accordance with generally accepted auditing standards; and

(B)

submit to the Secretary the results of the audit.

(2)

Content

In conducting an audit under this subsection, the independent public accountant shall determine and report on whether the financial statements of the Administration—

(A)

are presented fairly in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles; and

(B)

comply with any disclosure requirements imposed under this Act.

(i)

Financial reports

(1)

In general

The Administrator shall submit to the Secretary annual and quarterly reports of the financial condition and operations of the Administration, which shall be in such form, contain such information, and be submitted on such dates as the Secretary shall require.

(2)

Contents of annual reports

Each annual report shall include—

(A)

financial statements prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;

(B)

any supplemental information or alternative presentation that the Secretary may require; and

(C)

an assessment (as of the end of the most recent fiscal year of the Administration), signed by the chief executive officer and chief accounting or financial officer of the Administration, of—

(i)

the effectiveness of the internal control structure and procedures of the Administration; and

(ii)

the compliance of the Administration with applicable safety and soundness laws.

(3)

Special reports

The Secretary may require the Administrator to submit other reports on the condition (including financial condition), management, activities, or operations of the Administration, as the Secretary considers appropriate.

(4)

Accuracy

Each report of financial condition shall contain a declaration by the Administrator or any other officer designated by the Board of Directors of the Administration to make the declaration, that the report is true and correct to the best of the knowledge and belief of the officer.

(5)

Availability of reports

Reports required under this section shall be published and made publicly available as soon as is practicable after receipt by the Secretary.

(j)

Scope and termination of authority

(1)

New obligations

The Administrator shall not initiate any new obligations under this Act on or after January 1, 2029.

(2)

Reversion to Secretary

The authorities and obligations of the Administration shall revert to the Secretary on January 1, 2029.