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S. 952 (111th): Harmful Algal Blooms and Hypoxia Research and Control Amendments Act of 2009

The text of the bill below is as of May 1, 2009 (Introduced).


S 952 IS

111th CONGRESS

1st Session

S. 952

To develop and promote a comprehensive plan for a national strategy to address harmful algal blooms and hypoxia through baseline research, forecasting and monitoring, and mitigation and control while helping communities detect, control, and mitigate coastal and Great Lakes harmful algal blooms and hypoxia events.

IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

May 1, 2009

Ms. SNOWE (for herself, Mr. NELSON of Florida, Ms. CANTWELL, Mr. LEVIN, Mr. VITTER, Mr. CARDIN, Ms. LANDRIEU, and Mrs. BOXER) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation


A BILL

To develop and promote a comprehensive plan for a national strategy to address harmful algal blooms and hypoxia through baseline research, forecasting and monitoring, and mitigation and control while helping communities detect, control, and mitigate coastal and Great Lakes harmful algal blooms and hypoxia events.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS.

    (a) SHORT TITLE- This Act may be cited as the ‘Harmful Algal Blooms and Hypoxia Research and Control Amendments Act of 2009’.

    (b) TABLE OF CONTENTS- The table of contents for this Act is as follows:

      Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents.

      Sec. 2. Amendment of Harmful Algal Bloom and Hypoxia Research and Control Act of 1998.

      Sec. 3. Findings.

      Sec. 4. Purpose.

      Sec. 5. Interagency task force on harmful algal blooms and hypoxia.

      Sec. 6. National harmful algal bloom and hypoxia program.

      Sec. 7. Regional research and action plans.

      Sec. 8. Reporting.

      Sec. 9. Northern Gulf of Mexico Hypoxia.

      Sec. 10 Pilot program for freshwater harmful algal blooms and hypoxia.

      Sec. 11. Interagency financing.

      Sec. 12. Application with other laws.

      Sec. 13. Definitions.

      Sec. 14. Authorization of appropriations.

SEC. 2. AMENDMENT OF HARMFUL ALGAL BLOOM AND HYPOXIA RESEARCH AND CONTROL ACT OF 1998.

    Except as otherwise expressly provided, whenever in this title an amendment or repeal is expressed in terms of an amendment to, or repeal of, a section or other provision, the reference shall be considered to be made to a section or other provision of the Harmful Algal Bloom and Hypoxia Research and Control Act of 1998 (16 U.S.C. 1451 note).

SEC. 3. FINDINGS.

    Section 602 is amended to read as follows:

‘SEC. 602. FINDINGS.

    The Congress finds the following:

      ‘(1) Harmful algal blooms and hypoxia are increasing in frequency and intensity in the Nation’s coastal waters and Great Lakes and pose a threat to the health of coastal and Great Lakes ecosystems, are costly to coastal economies, and threaten the safety of seafood and human health.

      ‘(2) Excessive nutrients in coastal waters have been linked to the increased intensity and frequency of hypoxia and some harmful algal blooms and there is a need to identify more workable and effective actions to reduce the negative impacts of harmful algal blooms and hypoxia on coastal waters.

      ‘(3) The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, through its ongoing research, monitoring, observing, education, grant, and coastal resource management programs and in collaboration with the other Federal agencies, on the Interagency Task Force, along with States, Indian tribes, and local governments, possesses a full range of capabilities necessary to support a near and long-term comprehensive effort to prevent, reduce, and control the human and environmental costs of harmful algal blooms and hypoxia.

      ‘(4) Harmful algal blooms and hypoxia can be triggered and exacerbated by increases in nutrient loading from point and non-point sources, much of which originates in upland areas and is delivered to marine and freshwater bodies via river discharge, thereby requiring integrated and landscape-level research and control strategies.

      ‘(5) Harmful algal blooms and hypoxia affect many sectors of the coastal economy, including tourism, public health, and recreational and commercial fisheries; and according to a recent report produced by NOAA, the United States seafood and tourism industries suffer annual losses of $82 million due to economic impacts of harmful algal blooms.

      ‘(6) Global climate change and its effect on oceans and the Great Lakes may ultimately play a role in the increase or decrease of harmful algal bloom and hypoxic events.

      ‘(7) Proliferations of harmful and nuisance algae can occur in all United States waters, including coastal areas and estuaries, the Great Lakes, and inland waterways, crossing political boundaries and necessitating regional coordination for research, monitoring, mitigation, response, and prevention efforts.

      ‘(8) Following passage of the Harmful Algal Bloom and Hypoxia Research and Control Act of 1998, federally funded and other research has led to several technological advances, including remote sensing, molecular and optical tools, satellite imagery, and coastal and ocean observing systems, that provide data for forecast models, improve the monitoring and prediction of these events, and provide essential decisionmaking tools for managers and stakeholders.’.

SEC. 4. PURPOSE.

    The Act is amended by inserting after section 602 the following:

‘SEC. 602A. PURPOSES.

    ‘The purposes of this Act are--

      ‘(1) to provide for the development and coordination of a comprehensive and integrated national program to address harmful algal blooms and hypoxia through baseline research, monitoring, prevention, mitigation, and control;

      ‘(2) to provide for the assessment of environmental, socio-economic, and human health impacts of harmful algal blooms and hypoxia on a regional and national scale, and to integrate that assessment into marine and freshwater resource decisions; and

      ‘(3) to facilitate regional, State, and local efforts to develop and implement appropriate harmful algal bloom and hypoxia response plans, strategies, and tools including outreach programs and information dissemination mechanisms.’.

SEC. 5. INTERAGENCY TASK FORCE ON HARMFUL ALGAL BLOOMS AND HYPOXIA.

    (a) FEDERAL REPRESENTATIVES- Section 603(a) is amended--

      (1) by striking ‘The Task Force shall consist of the following representatives from--’ and inserting ‘The Task Force shall consist of representatives of the Office of the Secretary from each of the following departments and of the office of the head of each of the following Federal agencies:’;

      (2) by striking ‘the’ in paragraphs (1) through (11) and inserting ‘The’;

      (3) by striking the semicolon in paragraphs (1) through (10) and inserting a period;

      (4) by striking ‘Quality; and’ in paragraph (11) and inserting ‘Quality.’; and

      (5) by striking ‘such other’ in paragraph (12) and inserting ‘Other’.

    (b) STATE REPRESENTATIVES- Section 603 is amended--

      (1) by striking subsections (b) through (i); and

      (2) by inserting after subsection (a) the following:

    ‘(b) STATE REPRESENTATIVES- The Secretary shall establish criteria for determining appropriate States to serve on the Task Force and establish and implement a nominations process to select representatives from 2 appropriate States in different regions, on a rotating basis, to serve 2-year terms on the Task Force.’.

SEC. 6. NATIONAL HARMFUL ALGAL BLOOM AND HYPOXIA PROGRAM.

    The Act is amended by inserting after section 603 the following:

‘SEC. 603A. NATIONAL HARMFUL ALGAL BLOOM AND HYPOXIA PROGRAM.

    ‘(a) ESTABLISHMENT- The President, acting through NOAA, shall establish and maintain a national program for integrating efforts to address harmful algal bloom and hypoxia research, monitoring, prediction, control, mitigation, prevention, and outreach.

    ‘(b) TASK FORCE FUNCTIONS- The Task Force shall be the oversight body for the development and implementation of the national harmful algal bloom and hypoxia program and shall--

      ‘(1) coordinate interagency review of plans and policies of the Program;

      ‘(2) assess interagency work and spending plans for implementing the activities of the Program;

      ‘(3) review the Program’s distribution of Federal grants and funding to address research priorities;

      ‘(4) support implementation of the actions and strategies identified in the regional research and action plans under subsection (d);

      ‘(5) support the development of institutional mechanisms and financial instruments to further the goals of the program;

      ‘(6) expedite the interagency review process and ensure timely review and dispersal of required reports and assessments under this Act; and

      ‘(7) promote the development of new technologies for predicting, monitoring, and mitigating harmful algal blooms and hypoxia conditions.

    ‘(c) LEAD FEDERAL AGENCY- NOAA shall be the lead Federal agency for implementing and administering the National Harmful Algal Bloom and Hypoxia Program.

    ‘(d) RESPONSIBILITIES- The Program shall--

      ‘(1) promote a national strategy to help communities understand, detect, predict, control, and mitigate freshwater and marine harmful algal bloom and hypoxia events;

      ‘(2) plan, coordinate, and implement the National Harmful Algal Bloom and Hypoxia Program; and

      ‘(3) report to the Task Force via the Administrator.

    ‘(e) Duties-

      ‘(1) ADMINISTRATIVE DUTIES- The Program shall--

        ‘(A) prepare work and spending plans for implementing the activities of the Program and developing and implementing the Regional Research and Action Plans;

        ‘(B) administer merit-based, competitive grant funding to support the projects maintained and established by the Program, and to address the research and management needs and priorities identified in the Regional Research and Action Plans;

        ‘(C) coordinate NOAA programs that address harmful algal blooms and hypoxia and other ocean and Great Lakes science and management programs and centers that address the chemical, biological, and physical components of harmful algal blooms and hypoxia;

        ‘(D) coordinate and work cooperatively with other Federal, State, and local government agencies and programs that address harmful algal blooms and hypoxia;

        ‘(E) coordinate with the State Department to support international efforts on harmful algal bloom and hypoxia information sharing, research, mitigation, and control;

        ‘(F) coordinate an outreach, education, and training program that integrates and augments existing programs to improve public education about and awareness of the causes, impacts, and mitigation efforts for harmful algal blooms and hypoxia;

        ‘(G) facilitate and provide resources for training of State and local coastal and water resource managers in the methods and technologies for monitoring, controlling, and mitigating harmful algal blooms and hypoxia;

        ‘(H) support regional efforts to control and mitigate outbreaks through--

          ‘(i) communication of the contents of the Regional Research and Action Plans and maintenance of online data portals for other information about harmful algal blooms and hypoxia to State and local stakeholders within the region for which each plan is developed; and

          ‘(ii) overseeing the development, review, and periodic updating of Regional Research and Action Plans established under section 602C(b);

        ‘(I) convene an annual meeting of the Task Force; and

        ‘(J) perform such other tasks as may be delegated by the Task Force.

      ‘(2) NOAA DUTIES- NOAA shall maintain and enhance--

        ‘(A) the Ecology and Oceanography of Harmful Algal Blooms Program;

        ‘(B) the Monitoring and Event Response for Harmful Algal Blooms Program;

        ‘(C) the Northern Gulf of Mexico Ecosystems and Hypoxia Assessment Program; and

        ‘(D) the Coastal Hypoxia Research Program.

      ‘(3) PROGRAM DUTIES- The Program shall--

        ‘(A) establish--

          ‘(i) a Mitigation and Control of Harmful Algal Blooms Program--

            ‘(I) to develop and promote strategies for the prevention, mitigation, and control of harmful algal blooms;

            ‘(II) to fund research that may facilitate the prevention, mitigation, and control of harmful algal blooms; and

            ‘(III) to develop and demonstrate technology that may mitigate and control harmful algal blooms; and

          ‘(ii) other programs as necessary; and

        ‘(B) work cooperatively with other offices, centers, and programs within NOAA and other agencies represented on the Task Force, States, and nongovernmental organizations concerned with marine and aquatic issues to manage data, products, and infrastructure, including--

          ‘(i) compiling, managing, and archiving data from relevant programs in Task Force member agencies;

          ‘(ii) creating data portals for general education and data dissemination on centralized, publicly available databases; and

          ‘(iii) establishing communication routes for data, predictions, and management tools both to and from the regions, states, and local communities.’.

SEC. 7. REGIONAL RESEARCH AND ACTION PLANS.

    The Act, as amended by section 6, is amended by inserting after section 602A the following:

‘SEC. 602B. REGIONAL RESEARCH AND ACTION PLANS.

    ‘(a) IN GENERAL- The Program shall--

      ‘(1) oversee the development and implementation of Regional Research and Action Plans; and

      ‘(2) identify appropriate regions and sub-regions to be addressed by each Regional Research and Action Plan.

    ‘(b) Regional Panels of Experts-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- In accordance with the schedule set forth in paragraph (2), the Program shall convene a panel of experts for each region identified under subsection (a)(2) from among--

        ‘(A) State coastal management and planning officials;

        ‘(B) water management and watershed officials from both coastal states and noncoastal states with water sources that drain into water bodies affected by harmful algal blooms and hypoxia;

        ‘(C) public health officials;

        ‘(D) emergency management officials;

        ‘(E) nongovernmental organizations concerned with marine and aquatic issues;

        ‘(F) science and technology development institutions;

        ‘(G) economists;

        ‘(H) industries and businesses affected by coastal and freshwater harmful algal blooms and hypoxia;

        ‘(I) scientists, with expertise concerning harmful algal blooms or hypoxia, from academic or research institutions; and

        ‘(J) other stakeholders as appropriate.

      ‘(2) SCHEDULE- The Program shall--

        ‘(A) convene panels in at least 1/3 of the regions within 9 months after the date of enactment of the Harmful Algal Blooms and Hypoxia Research and Control Amendments Act of 2009;

        ‘(B) convene panels in at least 2/3 of the regions within 21 months after such date;

        ‘(C) convene panels in the remaining regions within 33 months after such date; and

        ‘(D) reconvene each panel at least every 5 years after the date on which it was initially convened.

    ‘(c) PLAN DEVELOPMENT- Each regional panel of experts shall develop a Regional Research and Action Plan for its respective region and submit it to the Program for approval and to the Task Force. The Plan shall identify appropriate elements for the region, including--

      ‘(1) baseline ecological, social, and economic research needed to understand the biological, physical, and chemical conditions that cause, exacerbate, and result from harmful algal blooms and hypoxia;

      ‘(2) regional priorities for ecological and socio-economic research on issues related to, and impacts of, harmful algal blooms and hypoxia;

      ‘(3) research needed to develop and advance technologies for improving capabilities to predict, monitor, prevent, control, and mitigate harmful algal blooms and hypoxia;

      ‘(4) State and local government actions that may be implemented--

        ‘(A) to support long-term monitoring efforts and emergency monitoring as needed;

        ‘(B) to minimize the occurrence of harmful algal blooms and hypoxia;

        ‘(C) to reduce the duration and intensity of harmful algal blooms and hypoxia in times of emergency;

        ‘(D) to address human health dimensions of harmful algal blooms and hypoxia; and

        ‘(E) to identify and protect vulnerable ecosystems that could be, or have been, affected by harmful algal blooms and hypoxia;

      ‘(5) mechanisms by which data and products are transferred between the Program and State and local governments and research entities;

      ‘(6) communication, outreach and information dissemination efforts that State and local governments and nongovernmental organizations can undertake to educate and inform the public concerning harmful algal blooms and hypoxia and alternative coastal resource-utilization opportunities that are available; and

      ‘(7) pilot projects, if appropriate, that may be implemented on local, State, and regional scales to address the research priorities and response actions identified in the Plan.

    ‘(d) PLAN TIMELINES; UPDATES- The Program shall ensure that Regional Research and Action Plans developed under this section are--

      ‘(1) completed and approved by the Program within 12 months after the date on which a regional panel is convened or reconvened under subsection (b)(2); and

      ‘(2) updated no less frequently than once every 5 years.

    ‘(e) Funding-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- Subject to available appropriations, the Program shall make funding available to eligible organizations to implement the research, monitoring, forecasting, modeling, and response actions included under each approved Regional Research and Action Plan. The Program shall select recipients through a merit-based, competitive process and seek to fund research proposals that most effectively align with the research priorities identified in the relevant Regional Research and Action Plan.

      ‘(2) APPLICATION; ASSURANCES- Any organization seeking funding under this subsection shall submit an application to the Program at such time, in such form and manner, and containing such information and assurances as the Program may require. The Program shall require any organization receiving funds under this subsection to utilize the mechanisms described in subsection (c)(5) to ensure the transfer of data and products developed under the Plan.

      ‘(3) ELIGIBLE ORGANIZATION- In this subsection, the term ‘eligible organization’ means--

        ‘(A) a nongovernmental researcher or organization; or

        ‘(B) any other entity that applies for funding to implement the State, local, and non-governmental control, mitigation, and prevention strategies identified in the relevant Regional Research and Action Plan.

    ‘(f) INTERMEDIATE REVIEWS- If the Program determines that an intermediate review is necessary to address emergent needs in harmful algal blooms and hypoxia under a Regional Research and Action Plan, it shall notify the Task Force and reconvene the relevant regional panel of experts for the purpose of revising the Regional Research and Action Plan so as to address the emergent threat or need.’.

SEC. 8. REPORTING.

    Section 603, as amended by section 5, is amended by adding at the end thereof the following:

    ‘(c) BIENNIAL REPORTS- Every 2 years the Program shall prepare a report for the Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation and the House of Representatives Committees on Science and Technology and on Natural Resources that describe--

      ‘(1) activities, budgets, and progress on implementing the national harmful algal bloom and hypoxia program;

      ‘(2) the proceedings of the annual Task Force meetings; and

      ‘(3) the status, activities, and funding for implementation of the Regional Research and Action Plans, including a description of research funded under the program and actions and outcomes of Plan response strategies carried out by States.

    ‘(d) QUINQUENNIAL REPORTS- Not less than once every 5 years after the date of enactment of the Harmful Algal Blooms and Hypoxia Research and Control Amendments Act of 2009, the Task Force shall complete and submit a report on harmful algal blooms and hypoxia in marine and freshwater systems to the Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation and the House of Representatives Committees on Science and Technology and on Natural Resources. The report shall--

      ‘(1) evaluate the state of scientific knowledge of harmful algal blooms and hypoxia in marine and freshwater systems, including their causes and ecological consequences;

      ‘(2) evaluate the social and economic impacts of harmful algal blooms and hypoxia, including their impacts on coastal communities, and review those communities’ efforts and associated economic costs related to event forecasting, planning, mitigation, response, and public outreach and education;

      ‘(3) examine and evaluate the human health impacts of harmful algal blooms and hypoxia, including any gaps in existing research;

      ‘(4) describe advances in capabilities for monitoring, forecasting, modeling, control, mitigation, and prevention of harmful algal blooms and hypoxia, including techniques for, integrating landscape- and watershed-level water quality information into marine and freshwater harmful algal bloom and hypoxia prevention and mitigation strategies at Federal and regional levels;

      ‘(5) evaluate progress made by, and the needs of, Federal, regional, State, and local policies and strategies for forecasting, planning, mitigating, preventing, and responding to harmful algal blooms and hypoxia, including the economic costs and benefits of such policies and strategies;

      ‘(6) make recommendations for integrating, improving, and funding future Federal, regional, State, and local policies and strategies for preventing and mitigating the occurrence and impacts of harmful algal blooms and hypoxia; and

      ‘(7) describe communication, outreach, and education efforts to raise public awareness of harmful algal blooms and hypoxia, their impacts, and the methods for mitigation and prevention.’.

SEC. 9. NORTHERN GULF OF MEXICO HYPOXIA.

    Section 604 is amended to read as follows:

‘SEC. 604. NORTHERN GULF OF MEXICO HYPOXIA.

    (a) TASK FORCE ANNUAL PROGRESS REPORTS- For each of the years from 2009 through 2013, the Mississippi River/Gulf of Mexico Watershed Nutrient Task Force shall complete and submit to the Congress and the President an annual report on the progress made by Task Force-directed activities toward attainment of the Coastal Goal of the Gulf Hypoxia Action Plan 2008.

    (b) Task Force 5-Year Progress Report- In 2013, that Task Force shall complete and submit to Congress and the President a 5-year report on the progress made by Task Force-directed activities toward attainment of the Coastal Goal of the Gulf Hypoxia Action Plan 2008. The report shall assess progress made toward nutrient load reductions, the response of the hypoxic zone and water quality throughout the Mississippi/Atchafalaya River Basin, and the economic and social effects. The report shall include an evaluation of how current policies and programs affect management decisions, including those made by municipalities and industrial and agricultural producers, evaluate lessons learned, and recommend appropriate actions to continue to implement or, if necessary, revise this strategy.

SEC. 10. PILOT PROGRAM FOR FRESHWATER HARMFUL ALGAL BLOOMS AND HYPOXIA.

    The Act, as amended by section 7, is amended by inserting after section 603B the following:

‘SEC. 603C. PILOT PROGRAM FOR FRESHWATER HARMFUL ALGAL BLOOMS AND HYPOXIA.

    ‘(a) PILOT PROGRAM- The Secretary shall establish a collaborative pilot program with the Environmental Protection Agency and other appropriate Federal agencies to examine harmful algal blooms and hypoxia occurring in freshwater systems, including the Great Lakes. The pilot program shall--

      ‘(1) assess the issues associated with, and impacts of, harmful algal blooms and hypoxia in freshwater ecosystems;

      ‘(2) research the efficacy of mitigation measures, including measures to reduce nutrient loading; and

      ‘(3) recommend potential management solutions.

    ‘(b) REPORT- The Secretary of Commerce, in consultation with other participating Federal agencies, shall conduct an assessment of the effectiveness of the pilot program in improving freshwater habitat quality and publish a report, available to the public, of the results of the assessment.’.

SEC. 11. INTERAGENCY FINANCING.

    The Act is amended by inserting after section 604 the following:

‘SEC. 604A. INTERAGENCY FINANCING.

    ‘The departments and agencies represented on the Task Force are authorized to participate in interagency financing and share, transfer, receive, obligate, and expend funds appropriated to any member of the Task Force for the purposes of carrying out any administrative or programmatic project or activity under this Act, including support for the Program, a common infrastructure, information sharing, and system integration for harmful algal bloom and hypoxia research, monitoring, forecasting, prevention, and control. Funds may be transferred among such departments and agencies through an appropriate instrument that specifies the goods, services, or space being acquired from another Task Force member and the costs of the same.’.

SEC. 12. APPLICATION WITH OTHER LAWS.

    The Act is amended by inserting after section 606 the following:

‘SEC. 607. EFFECT ON OTHER FEDERAL AUTHORITY.

    ‘Nothing in this title supersedes or limits the authority of any agency to carry out its responsibilities and missions under other laws.’.

SEC. 13. DEFINITIONS.

    (a) IN GENERAL- The Act is amended by inserting after section 605 the following:

‘SEC. 605A. DEFINITIONS.

    ‘In this Act:

      ‘(1) ADMINISTRATOR- The term ‘Administrator’ means the Administrator of the NOAA.

      ‘(2) HARMFUL ALGAL BLOOM- The term ‘harmful algal bloom’ means marine and freshwater phytoplankton that proliferate to high concentrations, resulting in nuisance conditions or harmful impacts on marine and aquatic ecosystems, coastal communities, and human health through the production of toxic compounds or other biological, chemical, and physical impacts of the algae outbreak.

      ‘(3) HYPOXIA- The term ‘hypoxia’ means a condition where low dissolved oxygen in aquatic systems causes stress or death to resident organisms.

      ‘(4) NOAA- The term ‘NOAA’ means the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.

      ‘(5) PROGRAM- The term ‘Program’ means the Integrated Harmful Algal Bloom and Hypoxia Program established under section 603A.

      ‘(6) REGIONAL RESEARCH AND ACTION PLAN- The term ‘Regional Research and Action Plan’ means a plan established under section 602B.

      ‘(7) SECRETARY- The term ‘Secretary’ means the Secretary of Commerce, acting through NOAA.’.

      ‘(8) TASK FORCE- The term ‘Task Force’ means the Interagency Task Force established by section 603(a).

      ‘(9) UNITED STATES COASTAL WATERS- The term ‘United States coastal waters’ includes the Great Lakes.’.

    (b) CONFORMING AMENDMENT- Section 603(a) is amended by striking ‘Hypoxia (hereinafter referred to as the ‘Task force’).’ and inserting ‘Hypoxia.’.

SEC. 14. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    Section 605 is amended to read as follows:--

‘SEC. 605. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    ‘(a) IN GENERAL- There are authorized to be appropriated to NOAA to implement the Program under this title $40,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2010 through 2014, of which up to $10,000,000 shall be allocated each fiscal year to the creation of Regional Research and Action Plans required by section 602B.

    ‘(b) EXTRAMURAL RESEARCH ACTIVITIES- The Secretary shall ensure that a substantial portion of funds appropriated pursuant to subsection (a) that are used for research purposes are allocated to extramural research activities.

    ‘(c) PILOT PROGRAM- In addition to any amounts appropriated pursuant to subsection (a), there are authorized to be appropriated to NOAA such sums as may be necessary to carry out the pilot program established under section 603C.’.