GovTrack’s Bill Summary
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The resolution’s title was written by its sponsor. H.Con.Res. stands for House concurrent resolution.
This resolution was introduced in a previous session of Congress and was passed by the House on November 1, 2011 but was never passed by the Senate.
Last updated Nov 02, 2011.
|Referred to Committee|
|Reported by Committee|
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No summaries available.
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H.Con.Res. 13--112th Congress: Reaffirming “In God We Trust” as the official motto of the United States and supporting .... (2011). In www.GovTrack.us. Retrieved March 8, 2014, from http://www.govtrack.us/congress/bills/112/hconres13
“H.Con.Res. 13--112th Congress: Reaffirming “In God We Trust” as the official motto of the United States and supporting ....” www.GovTrack.us. 2011. March 8, 2014 <http://www.govtrack.us/congress/bills/112/hconres13>
|title=H.Con.Res. 13 (112th)
|accessdate=March 8, 2014
|author=112th Congress (2011)
|date=January 26, 2011
|quote=Reaffirming “In God We Trust” as the official motto of the United States and supporting ...
We don’t have a summary available yet.
The summary below was written by the Congressional Research Service, which is a nonpartisan division of the Library of Congress.
The summary below was written by the House Republican Conference, which is the caucus of Republicans in the House of Representatives.
This summary can be found at http://www.gop.gov/bill/112/1/hconres13.
The bill includes the following:
Whereas “In God We Trust” is the official motto of the United States;
Whereas the sentiment, “In God We Trust”, has been an integral part of United States society since its founding;
Whereas in times of national challenge or tragedy, the people of the United States have turned to God as their source for sustenance, protection, wisdom, strength, and direction;
Whereas the Declaration of Independence recognizes God, our Creator, as the source of our rights, “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these are life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness”;
Whereas the national anthem of the United States says “praise the power that hath made and preserved us a nation . . . and this be our motto: in God is our trust.”;
Whereas the words ‘In God We Trust’ appear over the entrance to the Senate Chamber and above the Speaker’s rostrum in the House Chamber;
Whereas the oath taken by all Federal employees, except the President, states “I will well and faithfully discharge the duties of the office on which I am about to enter. So help me God.”;
Whereas John Adams said, “Statesmen may plan and speculate for Liberty, but it is Religion and Morality alone, which can establish the Principles upon which Freedom can securely stand.”;
Whereas if religion and morality are taken out of the marketplace of ideas, the very freedom on which the United States was founded cannot be secured;
Whereas as President Eisenhower said and President Ford later repeated, “Without God, there could be no American form of government, nor, an American way of life.”; and
Whereas President John F. Kennedy said, “The guiding principle and prayer of this Nation has been, is now, and ever shall be ‘In God We Trust.’.”
H. Con. Res. 13 would resolve by the House of Representatives (the Senate concurring), that Congress reaffirms “In God We Trust” as the official motto of the United States and supports and encourages the public display of the national motto in all public buildings, public schools, and other government institutions.
The Congressional Budget Office (CBO) has not authored a cost analysis for H. Con. Res. 13.
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