< Back to H.R. 1171 (112th Congress, 2011–2013)

Text of the Marine Debris Act Amendments of 2012

This bill was introduced in a previous session of Congress and was passed by the House on August 1, 2012 but was never passed by the Senate. The text of the bill below is as of Mar 17, 2011 (Introduced).

This is not the latest text of this bill.

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Source: GPO

I

112th CONGRESS

1st Session

H. R. 1171

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

March 17, 2011

(for himself, Mr. Young of Alaska, Mr. Rohrabacher, Ms. Bordallo, Mrs. Christensen, and Mr. Pierluisi) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure, and in addition to the Committee on Natural Resources, for a period to be subsequently determined by the Speaker, in each case for consideration of such provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of the committee concerned

A BILL

To reauthorize and amend the Marine Debris Research, Prevention, and Reduction Act.

1.

Short title

This Act may be cited as the Marine Debris Act Reauthorization Amendments of 2011.

2.

Purposes

Section 2 of the Marine Debris Research, Prevention, and Reduction Act (33 U.S.C. 1951) is amended to read as follows:

2.

Purposes

The purposes of this Act are—

(1)

to address the adverse impacts of marine debris to the marine environment, navigation safety, and the economy through investigation and source identification, assessment, reduction, removal, and prevention;

(2)

to continue the Interagency Marine Debris Coordinating Committee; and

(3)

to develop and maintain the Federal marine debris information clearinghouse.

.

3.

NOAA Marine Debris Program

Section 3 of the Marine Debris Research, Prevention, and Reduction Act (33 U.S.C. 1952) is amended by striking so much as precedes subsection (c) and inserting the following:

3.

NOAA Marine Debris Program

(a)

Establishment of program

There is established, within the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, a Marine Debris Program to—

(1)

investigate, identify sources of, assess, reduce, remove, and prevent the occurrence of marine debris; and

(2)

address, and where practicable prevent, adverse impacts of marine debris on the marine environment, navigation safety, and the economy.

(b)

Program components

(1)

Investigations and assessment

The Administrator shall, in consultation with relevant Federal agencies, undertake marine debris investigation and assessment efforts, with a focus on marine debris posing a threat to the marine environment, navigation safety, and the economy, including—

(A)

investigation, analysis, and assessment of derelict fishing gear;

(B)

investigation, analysis, and assessment of plastics, as pertains to the health of the marine environment;

(C)

the establishment of a process for maintaining an inventory of marine debris types and their impacts found in the navigable waters of the United States and the United States exclusive economic zone, including impacts on the marine environment, navigation safety, and the economy; and

(D)

measures to identify the source, location, and projected movement of marine debris within United States navigable waters, the United States exclusive economic zone, and the high seas, including the use of oceanographic, atmospheric, satellite, and remote sensing data.

(2)

Prevent, reduce, and remove occurrence and impacts

The Administrator shall improve efforts to prevent, reduce, and remove marine debris, including activities to address the adverse impacts of derelict fishing gear, including—

(A)

working with other Federal agencies to address land-based sources of marine debris;

(B)

developing fishing gear modifications or alternatives to conventional fishing gear posing a threat to the marine environment;

(C)

developing effective nonregulatory measures and incentives to cooperatively reduce the volume of lost and discarded fishing gear and to aid in its recovery; and

(D)

developing and implementing strategies, methods, priorities, and a plan for preventing and removing marine debris in or likely to enter United States navigable waters or the United States exclusive economic zone, including development of local or regional protocols for removal of derelict fishing gear and other marine debris.

(3)

National and regional coordination

The Administrator shall undertake national and regional coordination to assist States, Indian tribes, and regional organizations to address marine debris issues that are particular to their areas, including—

(A)

facilitating information exchange within and among States and Indian tribes on issues relating to marine debris investigation and assessment, prevention, reduction, and removal activities; and

(B)

serving as an expert resource to State, tribal, and local governments, nongovernment organizations, fishing communities, industry, and other entities with an interest in marine debris.

(4)

Development of tools and products

The Administrator shall develop tools and products to improve efforts to address marine debris, and make these available to researchers, the marine debris community, and the general public. The tools and products may include—

(A)

best practices;

(B)

protocols for monitoring marine debris;

(C)

technology; and

(D)

reporting methods.

(5)

International cooperation

The Administrator, acting through the Marine Debris Program, may lead the development and implementation of a strategy, in coordination with other relevant programs, that may be pursued by the United States with other nations and in appropriate international and regional forums, to promote international action to reduce the incidence of marine debris, including—

(A)

the adoption of effective marine debris prevention and removal measures in international and regional agreements, including fisheries agreements and maritime agreements;

(B)

the development of standardized national reporting and information guidelines that will assist in improving information collection and identification and monitoring of marine debris;

(C)

consistent with the information clearinghouse established under section 6, the promotion of best practices to address marine debris;

(D)

the establishment of public-private partnerships and funding sources for pilot programs that will assist in implementation of marine debris prevention and removal measures in international agreements and guidelines;

(E)

when appropriate, provision of assistance to the responsible Federal agency in bilateral and multilateral efforts to effectively address marine debris prevention; and

(F)

actions to implement the relevant recommendations of the National Research Council report entitled ‘Tackling Marine Debris in the 21st Century’ and dated 2008.

.

4.

Global Marine Debris Coordination Conference

The Marine Debris Research, Prevention, and Reduction Act (33 U.S.C. 1951 et seq.) is amended by redesignating sections 7, 8, and 9 in order as sections 8, 9, and 10, and by inserting after section 6 the following new section:

7.

Global Marine Debris Coordination Conference

The Administrator, in coordination with representatives of the domestic and nondomestic marine debris community, shall host a Global Marine Debris Coordination Conference not less often than every four years, beginning in 2015. The Conference shall be developed with a steering committee composed of domestic and nondomestic marine debris experts, led by the Administrator.

.

5.

Definition of marine debris

Section 8 of the Marine Debris Research, Prevention, and Reduction Act, as redesignated by section 4 of this Act, is amended—

(1)

by moving paragraph (3) (relating to the definition of United States exclusive economic zone) to appear as the last paragraph of the section;

(2)

by moving paragraph (6) (relating to the definition of territorial sea) to appear immediately before such last paragraph, as so moved;

(3)

by amending the paragraphs after paragraph (2) as paragraphs (4) through (10);

(4)

by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (3);

(5)

by inserting after paragraph (1) the following new paragraph:

(2)

Indian tribe

The term Indian tribe has the meaning given that term in section 4 of the Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 450b).

; and

(6)

by inserting after paragraph (3), as so redesignated, the following new paragraph:

(4)

Marine debris

The term marine debris means any man-made object that—

(A)

intentionally or unintentionally, is discarded, disposed of, or abandoned; and

(B)

enters the coastal or marine environment—

(i)

directly from a vessel, a facility, or shore; or

(ii)

indirectly, by being carried via a river, stream, or storm drain or by other means.

.

6.

Authorization of appropriations

Section 10 of the Marine Debris Research, Prevention, and Reduction Act, as redesignated by section 4 of this Act, is amended by striking for each fiscal year 2006 through 2010 and inserting for each of fiscal years 2012 through 2016.