Text of the New Philadelphia, Illinois, Study Act

This bill was introduced on April 14, 2011, in a previous session of Congress, but was not enacted. The text of the bill below is as of Apr 14, 2011 (Introduced).

Download PDF

Source: GPO



1st Session

H. R. 1563


April 14, 2011

(for himself, Mr. Jackson of Illinois, Mr. Thompson of Mississippi, Mr. Johnson of Illinois, Mr. Quigley, Mr. Cummings, Mr. Davis of Illinois, Mr. Clay, and Mr. Meeks) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Natural Resources


To authorize the Secretary of the Interior to conduct a special resource study of the archeological site and surrounding land of the New Philadelphia town site in the State of Illinois, and for other purposes.


Short title

This Act may be cited as the New Philadelphia, Illinois, Study Act.



Congress finds that—


Frank McWorter, an enslaved man, bought his freedom and the freedom of 15 family members by mining for crude niter in Kentucky caves and processing the mined material into saltpeter;


New Philadelphia, founded in 1836 by Frank McWorter, was the first town planned and legally registered by a free African-American before the Civil War;


the first railroad constructed in the area of New Philadelphia bypassed New Philadelphia, which led to the decline of New Philadelphia; and


the New Philadelphia site—


is a registered National Historic Landmark;


is covered by farmland; and


does not contain any original buildings of the town or the McWorter farm and home that are visible above ground.



In this Act:



The term Secretary means the Secretary of the Interior.


Study Area

The term Study Area means the New Philadelphia archeological site and the surrounding land in the State of Illinois.


Special resource study



The Secretary shall conduct a special resource study of the Study Area.



In conducting the study under subsection (a), the Secretary shall—


evaluate the national significance of the Study Area;


determine the suitability and feasibility of designating the Study Area as a unit of the National Park System;


consider other alternatives for preservation, protection, and interpretation of the Study Area by—


Federal, State, or local governmental entities; or


private and nonprofit organizations;


consult with—


interested Federal, State, or local governmental entities;


private and nonprofit organizations; or


any other interested individuals; and


identify cost estimates for any Federal acquisition, development, interpretation, operation, and maintenance associated with the alternatives considered under paragraph (3).


Applicable law

The study required under subsection (a) shall be conducted in accordance with section 8 of Public Law 91–383 (16 U.S.C. 1a–5).



Not later than 3 years after the date on which funds are first made available for the study under subsection (a), the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Natural Resources of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources of the Senate a report containing—


the results of the study; and


any conclusions and recommendations of the Secretary.