H. R. 3211
IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
October 14, 2011
Mr. Bass of New Hampshire (for himself, Mr. Rogers of Michigan, Mr. Lance, Mrs. Blackburn, Mr. Guthrie, Mr. Paulsen, Mr. Latta, and Mr. Shimkus) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Energy and Commerce
To amend the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act to improve humanitarian device regulation.
This Act may be cited as the
Humanitarian Device Reform Act of
Congress finds as follows:
The humanitarian device exemption (HDE) approval pathway, administered by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), is intended to accelerate the availability of innovative medical technologies to treat rare diseases or conditions, by allowing sponsors of such devices to demonstrate the safety and probable benefit to patients of medical devices to treat or diagnose a disease or condition that affects fewer than 4,000 patients in the United States per year.
Since the inception of the humanitarian device exemption, only 53 medical devices have been granted an HDE in the United States. From 2005 through 2009, only 20 HDE applications were filed, and a mere 11 were approved by the FDA.
In sharp contrast, under the Orphan Drug Act (Public Law 97–414) more than 2,150 drugs have been designated by the Secretary of Health and Human Services as being for rare diseases or conditions and 358 such drugs have been approved for use in the United States.
In 2010, the FDA
conceded the scope of the remaining unmet medical needs for American patients,
testifying to Congress that
there are still an estimated 20 million
Americans suffering from rare diseases for which there are no approved
In 2010, the
former Director of the FDA’s Center for Devices and Radiological Health (CDRH)
[t]he potential for HDEs to foster innovation has not been
reached because of the regulatory burdens of the program.
In 2007, the
American Academy of Pediatrics testified to Congress,
restriction on HDE-approved devices limits the effectiveness of the provision
by forcing device manufacturers to only recover their research and development
Targeted reforms are consequently needed to strengthen and enhance the HUD/HDE pathway.
Repeal of profit prohibition
Section 520(m) of the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 360j(m)) is amended—
by striking paragraphs (3), (6), (7), and (8); and
in paragraph (5),
, if the Secretary has reason to believe that the
requirements of paragraph (6) are no longer met,.
Clarification of references to rare diseases or conditions
Paragraphs (1) and (2)(A) of section 520(m)
of the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 360j(m)) are amended by
per year after
4,000 individuals in the United