H. R. 3973
IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
February 7, 2012
Mr. Young of Alaska introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Natural Resources
To facilitate the development of energy on Indian lands by reducing Federal regulations that impede tribal development of Indian lands, and for other purposes.
This Act may be cited as the
American Energy Act.
Table of Contents
The table of contents for this Act is as follows:
Sec. 1. Short title.
Sec. 2. Table of Contents.
Sec. 3. Appraisals.
Sec. 4. Standardization.
Sec. 5. Environmental reviews of major Federal actions on Indian lands.
Sec. 6. Indian Energy Development Offices.
Sec. 7. BLM Oil and Gas Fees.
Sec. 8. Bonding requirements and nonpayment of attorneys’ fees to promote indian energy projects.
Sec. 9. Tribal biomass demonstration project.
Sec. 10. Tribal Resource Management Plans.
Sec. 11. Leases of Restricted Lands for the Navajo Nation.
Title XXVI of the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (25 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following:
Options to Indian Tribes
With respect to a transaction involving Indian land or the trust assets of an Indian tribe that requires the approval of the Secretary, any appraisal relating to fair market value required to be conducted under applicable law, regulation, or policy may be completed by—
the affected Indian tribe; or
a certified, third-party appraiser pursuant to a contract with the Indian tribe.
Time Limit on Secretarial Review and Action
Not later than 30 days after the date on which the Secretary receives an appraisal conducted by or for an Indian tribe pursuant to paragraphs (2) or (3) of subsection (a), the Secretary shall—
review the appraisal; and
provide to the Indian tribe a written notice of approval or disapproval of the appraisal.
Failure of Secretary To Approve or Disapprove
If, after 60 days, the Secretary has failed to approve or disapprove any appraisal received, the appraisal shall be deemed approved.
Option to Indian Tribes To Waive Appraisal
An Indian tribe wishing to waive the requirements of subsection (a), may do so after it has satisfied the requirements of subsections (2) and (3) below.
An Indian tribe wishing to forego the necessity of a waiver pursuant to this section must provide to the Secretary a written resolution, statement, or other unambiguous indication of tribal intent, duly approved by the governing body of the Indian tribe.
The unambiguous indication of intent provided by the Indian tribe to the Secretary under paragraph (2) must include an express waiver by the Indian tribe of any claims for damages it might have against the United States as a result of the lack of an appraisal undertaken.
For purposes of this subsection, the term appraisal includes appraisals and other estimates of value.
The Secretary shall develop regulations for implementing this section, including standards the Secretary shall use for approving or disapproving an appraisal.
The table of contents of the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (42 U.S.C. 13201 note) is amended by adding at the end of the items relating to title XXVI the following:
Sec. 2608. Appraisal Reforms.
As soon as practicable after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Interior shall implement procedures to ensure that each agency within the Department of the Interior that is involved in the review, approval, and oversight of oil and gas activities on Indian lands shall use a uniform system of reference numbers and tracking systems for oil and gas wells.
Environmental reviews of major Federal actions on Indian lands
Section 102 of the National Environmental
Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4332) is amended by inserting
general.— before the first sentence, and by adding at
the end the following:
Review of major Federal actions on Indian lands
For any major Federal action on Indian lands of an Indian tribe requiring the preparation of a statement under subsection (a)(2)(C), the statement shall only be available for review and comment by the members of the Indian tribe and by any other individual residing within the affected area.
The Chairman of the Council on Environmental Quality shall develop regulations to implement this section, including descriptions of affected areas for specific major Federal actions, in consultation with Indian tribes.
In this subsection, each of the terms Indian land and Indian tribe has the meaning given that term in section 2601 of the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (25 U.S.C. 3501).
Clarification of authority
Nothing in the Native American Energy Act, except section 8 of that Act, shall give the Secretary any additional authority over energy projects on Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act lands.
Indian Energy Development Offices
Section 2602(a) of the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (25 U.S.C. 3502(a)) is amended—
by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (4);
by inserting after paragraph (2) the following:
Indian energy development offices
To assist the Secretary in carrying out the Program, the Secretary shall establish within the Department of the Interior not less than 5 offices.
office established under subparagraph (A) shall be known as an
Energy Development Office.
The Secretary shall locate each Indian Energy Development Office—
within a regional or agency office of the Bureau of Indian Affairs; and
to the maximum extent practicable, in an area in which there exists a high quantity of tribal energy development opportunities, as determined by the Secretary in consultation with Indian tribes.
Each Indian Energy Development Office established under this paragraph shall be headed by a director.
The director of each Indian Energy Development Office shall—
provide energy-related information and resources to Indian tribes and tribal members;
coordinate meetings and outreach among Indian tribes, tribal members, energy companies, and relevant Federal, State, and tribal agencies;
oversee, and ensure the timely processing of, Indian energy applications, permits, licenses, and other documents that are subject to development, review, or processing by—
the Bureau of Indian Affairs;
the Bureau of Land Management;
the National Park Service;
the United States Fish and Wildlife Service;
the Bureau of Reclamation;
the Minerals Management Service; or
the Office of Special Trustee for American Indians of the Department of the Interior; and
consult with Indian tribes that will be served by an Indian Energy Development Office to determine what services, information, facilities, or programs would best expedite the responsible development of energy resources.
Each Indian Energy Development Office established under this paragraph shall be adequately staffed to meet the demand for energy permitting in the region or agency where the office is established.
BLM Oil and Gas Fees
The Secretary of the Interior, acting through the Bureau of Land Management, shall not collect any fee for any of the following:
For an application for a permit to drill on Indian land.
To conduct any oil or gas inspection activity on Indian land.
On any oil or gas lease for nonproducing acreage on Indian land.
Bonding requirements and nonpayment of attorneys’ fees to promote indian energy projects
A plaintiff who obtains a preliminary injunction or administrative stay in an energy related action, but does not ultimately prevail on the merits of the energy related action, shall be liable for damages sustained by a defendant who—
opposed the preliminary injunction or administrative stay; and
was harmed by the preliminary injunction or administrative stay.
Unless otherwise specifically exempted by Federal law, a court may not issue a preliminary injunction and an agency may not grant an administrative stay in an energy related action until the plaintiff posts with the court or the agency a surety bond or cash equivalent—
in an amount the court or agency decides is 30 percent of that amount that the court or agency considers is sufficient to compensate each defendant opposing the preliminary injunction or administrative stay for damages, including but not limited to preliminary development costs, additional development costs, and reasonable attorney fees, that each defendant may sustain as a result of the preliminary injunction or administrative stay;
written by a surety licensed to do business in the state in which the Indian Land or other land where the activities are undertaken is situated; and
payable to each defendant opposing the preliminary injunction or administrative stay, in the event that the plaintiff does not prevail on the merits of the energy related action, Provided, that, if there is more than one plaintiff, the court or agency shall establish the amount of the bond required by this Subsection for each plaintiff in a fair and equitable manner.
Limitation on certain payments
Notwithstanding section 1304 of title 31, United States Code, no award may be made under section 504 of title 5, United States Code, or under section 2412 of title 28, United States Code, and no amounts may be obligated or expended from the Claims and Judgment Fund of the United States Treasury to pay any fees or other expenses under such sections to any plaintiff related to an energy related action.
For the purposes of this section, the following definitions apply:
The term Administrative Stay means a stay or other temporary remedy issued by a Federal agency, including the Department of the Interior, the Department of Agriculture, the Department of Energy, the Department of Commerce, and the Environmental Protection Agency.
The term Indian Land has the same meaning given such term in section 203(c)(3) of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (Public Law 109–58; 25 U.S.C. 3501), including lands owned by Native Corporations under the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (Public Law 92–203; 43 U.S.C. 1601).
Energy related action
The term energy related action means a cause of action that—
is filed on or after the effective date of this Act; and
seeks judicial review of a final agency action (as defined in section 702 of title 5, United States Code), to issue a permit, license, or other form of agency permission allowing:
any person or entity to conduct activities on Indian Land, which activities involve the exploration, development, production or transportation of oil, gas, coal, shale gas, oil shale, geothermal resources, wind or solar resources, underground coal gasification, biomass, or the generation of electricity, or
any Indian Tribe, or any organization of two or more entities, at least one of which is an Indian tribe, to conduct activities involving the exploration, development, production or transportation of oil, gas, coal, shale gas, oil shale, geothermal resources, wind or solar resources, underground coal gasification, biomass, or the generation of electricity, regardless of where such activities are undertaken.
Ultimately prevail on the merits
Ultimately prevail on the
merits means, in a final enforceable judgment on the merits, the court
rules in the plaintiff’s favor on at least one cause of action which is an
underlying rationale for the preliminary injunction, and does not include
circumstances where the final agency action is modified or amended by the
issuing agency unless such modification or amendment is required pursuant to a
final enforceable judgment of the court or a court-ordered consent
Tribal biomass demonstration project
The Tribal Forest Protection Act of 2004 (25 U.S.C. 3115a) is amended by inserting after section 2 the following:
Tribal biomass demonstration project
For each of fiscal years 2013 through 2017, the Secretary shall enter into stewardship contracts or other agreements, other than agreements that are exclusively direct service contracts, with Indian tribes to carry out demonstration projects to promote biomass energy production (including biofuel, heat, and electricity generation) on Indian forest land and in nearby communities by providing reliable supplies of woody biomass from Federal land.
The definitions in section 2 shall apply to this section.
In each fiscal year for which projects are authorized, the Secretary shall enter into contracts or other agreements described in subsection (a) to carry out at least 4 new demonstration projects that meet the eligibility criteria described in subsection (d).
To be eligible to enter into a contract or other agreement under this subsection, an Indian tribe shall submit to the Secretary an application—
containing such information as the Secretary may require; and
that includes a description of—
the Indian forest land or rangeland under the jurisdiction of the Indian tribe; and
the demonstration project proposed to be carried out by the Indian tribe.
In evaluating the applications submitted under subsection (c), the Secretary—
shall take into consideration the factors set forth in paragraphs (1) and (2) of section 2(e) of Public Law 108–278; and whether a proposed demonstration project would—
increase the availability or reliability of local or regional energy;
enhance the economic development of the Indian tribe;
improve the connection of electric power transmission facilities serving the Indian tribe with other electric transmission facilities;
improve the forest health or watersheds of Federal land or Indian forest land or rangeland; or
otherwise promote the use of woody biomass; and
shall exclude from consideration any merchantable logs that have been identified by the Secretary for commercial sale.
The Secretary shall—
ensure that the criteria described in subsection (c) are publicly available by not later than 120 days after the date of enactment of this section; and
to the maximum extent practicable, consult with Indian tribes and appropriate intertribal organizations likely to be affected in developing the application and otherwise carrying out this section.
Not later than September 20, 2015, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report that describes, with respect to the reporting period—
each individual tribal application received under this section; and
each contract and agreement entered into pursuant to this section.
Incorporation of management plans
In carrying out a contract or agreement under this section, on receipt of a request from an Indian tribe, the Secretary shall incorporate into the contract or agreement, to the extent practicable, management plans (including forest management and integrated resource management plans) in effect on the Indian forest land or rangeland of the respective Indian tribe.
A stewardship contract or other agreement entered into under this section—
shall be for a term of not more than 20 years; and
may be renewed in accordance with this section for not more than an additional 10 years.
Tribal Resource Management Plans
Unless otherwise explicitly exempted by Federal law enacted after the date of the enactment of this Act, any activity conducted or resources harvested or produced pursuant to a tribal resource management plan or an integrated resource management plan approved by the Secretary of the Interior under the National Indian Forest Resources Management Act (25 U.S.C. 3101 et seq.) or the American Indian Agricultural Resource Management Act (25 U.S.C. 3701 et seq.), shall be considered a sustainable management practice for purposes of any Federal standard, benefit, or requirement that requires a demonstration of such sustainability.
Leases of Restricted Lands for the Navajo Nation
Subsection (e)(1) of the first section of
the Act of August 9, 1955, (25 U.S.C. 415(e)(1); commonly referred to as the
Long-Term Leasing Act) is amended—
, except a lease for and inserting
, including leases
(A), by striking
25 and all that follows and inserting
(B), by striking the period and inserting
; and; and
by adding at the end the following:
in the case of a lease for the exploration, development, or extraction of mineral resources, including geothermal resources, 25 years, except that any such lease may include an option to renew for one additional term not to exceed 25 years.