H.R. 4035 (112th): Philanthropic Enterprise Act of 2012

112th Congress, 2011–2013. Text as of Feb 15, 2012 (Introduced).

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I

112th CONGRESS

2d Session

H. R. 4035

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

February 15, 2012

(for himself and Mr. Larson of Connecticut) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Ways and Means

A BILL

To amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to exempt private foundations from the tax on excess business holdings in the case of certain philanthropic enterprises which are independently supervised, and for other purposes.

1.

Short title

This Act may be cited as the Philanthropic Enterprise Act of 2012.

2.

Exception from private foundation excess business holding tax for certain philanthropic business holdings

(a)

In general

Section 4943 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:

(g)

Exception for certain philanthropic business holdings

(1)

In general

Subsection (a) shall not apply with respect to the holdings of a private foundation in any business enterprise which for the taxable year meets—

(A)

the exclusive ownership requirements of paragraph (2),

(B)

the minimum distribution requirement of paragraph (3), and

(C)

the independent operation requirements of paragraph (4).

(2)

Exclusive ownership

The exclusive ownership requirements of this paragraph are met if—

(A)

all ownership interests in the business enterprise are held by the private foundation at all times during the taxable year, and

(B)

all the private foundation’s ownership interests in the business enterprise were acquired under the terms of a will or trust upon the death of the testator or settlor, as the case may be.

(3)

Minimum distribution

(A)

In general

The minimum distribution requirement of this paragraph is met if the business enterprise, not later than 120 days after the close of the taxable year, distributes an amount equal to its net operating income for such taxable year to the private foundation.

(B)

Net operating income

For purposes of this paragraph, the net operating income of any business enterprise for any taxable year is an amount equal to the gross income of the business enterprise for the taxable year, reduced by the sum of—

(i)

the deductions allowed by chapter 1 for the taxable year which are directly connected with the production of such income,

(ii)

the tax imposed by chapter 1 on the business enterprise for the taxable year, and

(iii)

an amount for a reasonable reserve for working capital and other business needs of the business enterprise.

(4)

Independent operation

The independent operation requirements of this paragraph are met if, at all times during the taxable year—

(A)

no substantial contributor (as defined in section 4958(c)(3)(C)) to the private foundation, or family member of such a contributor (determined under section 4958(f)(4)) is a director, officer, trustee, manager, employee, or contractor of the business enterprise (or an individual having powers or responsibilities similar to any of the foregoing),

(B)

at least a majority of the board of directors of the private foundation are not also directors or officers of the business enterprise, and

(C)

there is no loan outstanding from the business enterprise to a substantial contributor (as so defined) to the private foundation or a family member of such contributor (as so determined).

(5)

Certain deemed private foundations excluded

This subsection shall not apply to—

(A)

any fund or organization treated as a private foundation for purposes of this section by reason of subsection (e) or (f),

(B)

any trust described in section 4947(a)(1) (relating to charitable trusts), and

(C)

any trust described in section 4947(a)(2) (relating to split-interest trusts).

.

(b)

Effective date

The amendments made by this section shall apply to taxable years beginning after December 31, 2011.

3.

Exception to unrelated business tax on specified payments from certain controlled entities

(a)

In general

Paragraph (13) of section 512(b) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 is amended by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:

(G)

Subparagraph not to apply to payments from certain philanthropic controlled entities

Subparagraph (A) shall not apply to any payment not in excess of fair market value to a private foundation from an entity which is a business enterprise described in section 4943(g)(1) with respect to such foundation.

.

(b)

Effective date

The amendments made by this section shall apply to taxable years beginning after December 31, 2011.