H. R. 4086
IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES
March 20, 2012
Received; read twice and referred to the Committee on the Judiciary
To amend chapter 97 of title 28, United States Code, to clarify the exception to foreign sovereign immunity set forth in section 1605(a)(3) of such title.
This Act may be cited as the
Foreign Cultural Exchange
Jurisdictional Immunity Clarification Act.
Clarification of jurisdictional immunity of foreign states
Section 1605 of title 28, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:
Jurisdictional immunity for certain art exhibition activities
a work is imported into the United States from any foreign country pursuant to an agreement that provides for the temporary exhibition or display of such work entered into between a foreign state that is the owner or custodian of such work and the United States or one or more cultural or educational institutions within the United States,
the President, or the President’s designee, has determined, in accordance with Public Law 89–259 (22 U.S.C. 2459), that such work is of cultural significance and the temporary exhibition or display of such work is in the national interest, and
the notice thereof has been published in accordance with subsection (a) of Public Law 89–259,
Paragraph (1) shall not apply in any case in which—
the action is based upon a claim that the work was taken in Europe in violation of international law by a covered government during the covered period;
the court determines that the activity associated with the exhibition or display is commercial activity, as that term is defined in section 1603(d) of this title; and
such determination is necessary for the court to exercise jurisdiction over the foreign state under subsection (a)(3) of this section.
For purposes of this subsection—
the term work means a work of art or other object of cultural significance;
the term covered government means—
the Nazi government of Germany;
any government in any area occupied by the military forces of the Nazi government of Germany;
any government established with the assistance or cooperation of the Nazi government of Germany; and
any government that was an ally of the Nazi government of Germany during the covered period; and
the term covered period means the period beginning on January 30, 1933, and ending on May 8, 1945.
The amendment made by this section shall apply to any civil action commenced on or after the date of the enactment of this Act.
Passed the House of Representatives March 19, 2012.
Karen L. Haas,