H. R. 6351
IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
August 2, 2012
Ms. Linda T. Sánchez of California (for herself, Mr. Conyers, Mr. Carson of Indiana, and Ms. Schakowsky) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on the Judiciary
To amend chapter 1 of title 9 of United States Code with respect to arbitration.
This Act may be cited as the
Fairness in Nursing Home Arbitration
Act of 2012.
Arbitration of certain controversies
Chapter 1 of title 9, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:
Validity and enforceability
For purposes of this section:
Long-term care facility
long-term care facility means—
any skilled nursing facility as defined in 1819(a) of the Social Security Act;
any nursing facility as defined in 1919(a) of the Social Security Act; or
a public facility, proprietary facility, or facility of a private nonprofit corporation that—
makes available to adult residents supportive services to assist the residents in carrying out activities such as bathing, dressing, eating, getting in and out of bed or chairs, walking, going outdoors, using the toilet, or obtaining or taking medication; and
provides a dwelling place (which may contain a full kitchen and bathroom) for residents in order to deliver supportive services described in clause (i), that includes common rooms and other facilities appropriate for the provision of such services to residents of the facility;
Pre-dispute arbitration agreement
agreement means any agreement to arbitrate a dispute that arises after
such agreement is made.
Invalidity of pre-Dispute arbitration agreements
A pre-dispute arbitration agreement between a long-term care facility and a resident of such facility (or person acting on behalf of such resident, including a person with financial responsibility for such resident) shall not be valid or specifically enforceable.
Application to agreements
This section shall apply to any pre-dispute arbitration agreement between a long-term care facility and a resident of such facility (or a person acting on behalf of such a resident, including a person with financial responsibility for such resident), and shall apply to a pre-dispute arbitration agreement entered into either at any time during the admission process or at any time after the admission process.
Application of Federal law
A determination as to whether this chapter applies to an arbitration agreement described in this section shall be determined under Federal law. Except as otherwise provided in this chapter, the validity or enforceability of such agreement shall be determined by the court, rather than the arbitrator, irrespective of whether the party opposing arbitration challenges such agreement specifically or in conjunction with any other term of the contract containing such agreement.
The table of sections in chapter 1 of title 9, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:
17. Validity and enforcement.
Effective date; application of amendments
Except as provided in subsection (b), this Act and the amendments made by this Act shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act.
Application of amendments
The amendments made by this Act shall apply with respect to agreements made, amended, altered, modified, renewed, or extended on or after the date of the enactment of this Act.