H.R. 6382 (112th): War Crimes Accountability Act of 2012

112th Congress, 2011–2013. Text as of Sep 12, 2012 (Introduced).

Status & Summary | PDF | Source: GPO

I

112th CONGRESS

2d Session

H. R. 6382

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

September 12, 2012

(for himself and Mr. Berman) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Foreign Affairs

A BILL

To hold war crimes suspects and Nazi war criminals accountable by encouraging foreign governments to more efficiently prosecute, extradite, deport, or accept for deportation such war crimes suspects and Nazi war criminals, and for other purposes.

1.

Short title

This Act may be cited as the War Crimes Accountability Act of 2012.

2.

Sense of Congress

It is the sense of Congress that—

(1)

the United States should actively encourage prosecution of war crimes suspects and Nazi war criminals;

(2)

the Simon Wiesenthal Center should be commended for its historic work in bringing to light the atrocities of the Holocaust and in advancing justice for Nazi war criminals through Operation: Last Chance;

(3)

the pursuit and prosecution of war crimes suspects and Nazi war criminals—from the crimes of the Nazi era to the most recent conflicts in Sudan—is critical to maintenance of the rule of law globally; and

(4)

pursuit of war crimes suspects includes enforcement of an arrest warrant issued by an international tribunal against war crimes suspects indicted by such international tribunal, including war crimes suspects visiting a foreign country.

3.

Identification of countries failing to cooperate satisfactorily with relevant jurisdictions in extraditing or deporting war crimes suspects or Nazi war criminals

(a)

Report

The President shall submit to Congress for each of fiscal years 2013 through 2017 a report that identifies each country that is failing to—

(1)

cooperate satisfactorily with relevant jurisdictions in extraditing or deporting war crimes suspects or Nazi war criminals to the jurisdiction in which such war crimes suspects or Nazi war criminals, as the case may be, have been indicted or convicted;

(2)

enforce arrest warrants issued by an international tribunal against war crimes suspects indicted by such international tribunal, including war crimes suspects visiting a foreign country;

(3)

accept Nazi war criminals deported from the United States; or

(4)

effectively prosecute war crimes suspects or Nazi war criminals within such country’s jurisdiction, including Nazi war criminals who resided in the United States and were deported from or extradited by the United States or left the United States voluntarily.

(b)

Matters To be included

Each such report shall include detailed information regarding the war crimes suspects and Nazi war criminals described in subsection (a).

(c)

Form

Each such report, and the identification of each country in such report, shall be submitted in an unclassified form, but may contain a classified annex if necessary.

4.

Prohibition on government-to-government sales of defense articles under the Arms Export Control Act to countries identified under section 3

(a)

Prohibition

For each country identified in the report under section 3 for a fiscal year, the President may not issue a letter of offer to sell defense articles under the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2751 et seq.) for $7,000,000 or more to such country for the subsequent fiscal year pursuant to section 36(b) of such Act (22 U.S.C. 2776(b)).

(b)

Waiver

The President may waive the prohibition in subsection (a) for any fiscal year in which a letter of offer may be issued by the United States Government if the President determines and certifies to Congress that it is in the national security interest of the United States to do so.

5.

Definitions

In this Act:

(1)

Nazi war criminal

The term Nazi war criminal means any person accused of or indicted for ordering, inciting, assisting, or otherwise participating in the persecution of any person because of race, religion, national origin, or political opinion during the period beginning on March 23, 1933, and ending on May 8, 1945, under the direction of, or in association with—

(A)

the Nazi government of Germany;

(B)

any government in any area occupied by the military forces of the Nazi government of Germany;

(C)

any government established with the assistance or cooperation of the Nazi government of Germany; or

(D)

any government which was an ally of the Nazi government of Germany.

(2)

War crimes suspect

The term war crimes suspect means any person accused by an international tribunal of planning, ordering, assisting, aiding and abetting, committing, or otherwise participating in, including through command responsibility, war crimes, crimes against humanity, genocide or other serious violations of human rights, or who attempted or conspired to do so.

6.

Effective date

This Act shall take effect on the date that is 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act.