H.R. 6429 (112th): STEM Jobs Act of 2012

Introduced:
Sep 18, 2012 (112th Congress, 2011–2013)
Status:
Died (Passed House)
Sponsor
Lamar Smith
Representative for Texas's 21st congressional district
Party
Republican
Text
Read Text »
Last Updated
Dec 04, 2012
Length
28 pages
Related Bills
H.Res. 821 (rule)

Agreed To (Simple Resolution)
Nov 29, 2012

 
Status

This bill was introduced in a previous session of Congress and was passed by the House on November 30, 2012 but was never passed by the Senate.

Progress
Introduced Sep 18, 2012
Referred to Committee Sep 18, 2012
Failed Under Suspension Sep 20, 2012
Passed House Nov 30, 2012
 
Full Title

To amend the Immigration and Nationality Act to promote innovation, investment, and research in the United States, to eliminate the diversity immigrant program, and for other purposes.

Summary

No summaries available.

Votes
On Motion to Suspend the Rules and Pass
Sep 20, 2012 5:03 p.m.
Failed 257/158
Nov 30, 2012 11:39 a.m.
Passed 245/139

Cosponsors
68 cosponsors (67R, 1D) (show)
Committees

House Judiciary

The committee chair determines whether a bill will move past the committee stage.

 
Primary Source

THOMAS.gov (The Library of Congress)

GovTrack gets most information from THOMAS, which is updated generally one day after events occur. Activity since the last update may not be reflected here. Data comes via the congress project.

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Notes

H.R. stands for House of Representatives bill.

A bill must be passed by both the House and Senate in identical form and then be signed by the president to become law.

The bill’s title was written by its sponsor.

GovTrack’s Bill Summary

We don’t have a summary available yet.

Library of Congress Summary

The summary below was written by the Congressional Research Service, which is a nonpartisan division of the Library of Congress.


11/30/2012--Passed House amended.
STEM Jobs Act of 2012 -
Section 2 -
Amends the Immigration and Nationality Act to make up to 55,000 visas available in FY2014 and subsequent fiscal years to qualified immigrants who: (1) have a doctorate degree in a field of science, technology, engineering, or mathematics (STEM degree) from a U.S. doctoral institution of higher education; and (2) have taken all doctoral courses in a STEM field, including all courses taken by correspondence or by distance education, while physically present in the United States.
Defines "United States doctoral institution of higher education" as an institution that:
(1) is defined under the Higher Education Act of 1965;
(2) was classified by the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching on January 1, 2012, as a doctorate-granting university with a very high or high level of research activity or classified by the National Science Foundation as having research activity equivalent to such institutions;
(3) has been in existence for at least 10 years; and
(4) is accredited by an accrediting body that is itself accredited either by the Department of Education or the Council for Higher Education Accreditation.
Makes any such unused visas available to aliens who:
(1) hold a master's degree in a STEM field from a U.S. doctoral institution of higher education that was either part of a master's program that required at least two years of enrollment or part of a five-year combined baccalaureate-master's degree program in such field;
(2) have taken all master's degree courses in a STEM field, including all courses taken by correspondence or by distance education, while physically present in the United States; and
(3) hold a baccalaureate degree in a STEM field or in a field included in the Department of Education's Classification of Instructional Programs taxonomy within the summary group of biological and biomedical sciences.
Prohibits the Secretary of Homeland Security (DHS) (Secretary) from approving an employer petition on behalf of a STEM alien unless the Secretary receives a determination by the Secretary of Labor that there are not sufficient American workers available for the job.
Requires DHS to: (1) adjudicate a petition on behalf of a STEM alien within 60 days, and (2) notify a petitioner within 30 days if the petition does not meet approval standards and needs to be resubmitted.
Requires:
(1) employers of foreign STEM graduates to submit a job order for the position with the appropriate state workforce agency, and
(2) such agency to post the position on its website for at least 30 days.
Requires the Department of Labor to:
(1) adjudicate a STEM application within 180 days, and
(2) notify an applicant within 60 days if the application does not meet approval standards and needs to be resubmitted.
Requires DHS to make available on its website specified information regarding foreign STEM employers, the number of aliens granted STEM status, and their occupations.
Makes unused STEM visas in FY2014 through FY2017 available for use in future years under specified conditions.
Section 3 -
Eliminates the diversity immigrant program.
Section 4 -
States that:
(1) the permanent priority date for any employment-based petition shall be the date on which the petition is filed, unless such filing was preceded by the filing of a labor certification with the Secretary of Labor, in which case that date shall constitute the priority date; and
(2) an alien who is the beneficiary of an employment-based petition that was approvable when filed shall retain such petition's priority date in the consideration of any subsequently filed employment-based petition.
Section 5 -
Revises foreign student visa (F-visa) provisions to establish:
(1) an F-1 visa for a foreign student who is pursuing a full course of STEM field study at a U.S. institution of higher education or a proprietary institution of higher education which has agreed to report the attendance termination of each nonimmigrant student to DHS, or who is participating in related temporary optional practical training following completion of such studies;
(2) an F-2 visa for a foreign student who has an actual residence in a foreign country and who seeks to enter the United States temporarily and solely to pursue a course of study at an established college, university, seminary, conservatory, academic high school, elementary school, or in a language training program in the United States, which has agreed to report the attendance termination of each nonimmigrant student to DHS;
(3) an F-3 visa for the spouse or minor child of an F-1 or F-2 foreign student; and
(4) an F-4 visa for a Canadian or Mexican foreign student who maintains an actual residence in such country and commutes to a U.S. institution for full or part-time (F-1 or F-2 related) study.
Section 6 -
Authorizes the spouse and minor children (V-visa) of a lawful permanent resident alien to wait in the United States (without work authorization) for the availability of an immigrant visa after having spent a year on the visa waiting list.
Section 7 -
Amends the Housing and Community Development Act of 1992 and the Temporary Payroll Tax Cut Continuation Act of 2011 to extend through FY2022 the mandates for GSE (government sponsored enterprises) and Federal Housing Administration (FHA) guarantee fees.

House Republican Conference Summary

The summary below was written by the House Republican Conference, which is the caucus of Republicans in the House of Representatives.


No summary available.

House Democratic Caucus Summary

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