H.R. 6638 (112th): S.A.F.E. Compounded Drugs Act of 2012

112th Congress, 2011–2013. Text as of Dec 05, 2012 (Introduced).

Status & Summary | PDF | Source: GPO

I

112th CONGRESS

2d Session

H. R. 6638

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

December 5, 2012

(for herself and Mrs. Lowey) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Energy and Commerce

A BILL

To amend chapter V of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act to enhance the requirements for pharmacies that compound drug products.

1.

Short title

This Act may be cited as the Supporting Access to Formulated and Effective Compounded Drugs Act of 2012 or the S.A.F.E. Compounded Drugs Act of 2012.

2.

Enhanced requirements for compounded drugs

(a)

In general

Section 503A of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 353a) is amended—

(1)

in subsection (a)(1)(A), by inserting that is registered with the Secretary under subsection (b)(6) (or is subject to the exception under subsection (b)(6)(C)) after State licensed pharmacy;

(2)

in subsection (b)—

(A)

in paragraph (1)(D), by striking regularly or in inordinate amounts (as defined by the Secretary); and

(B)

by adding at the end the following:

(4)

Notification

(A)

Prescriber notification

Before providing a prescription order for a drug to be compounded under subsection (a), the physician or other licensed practitioner who will write such order shall—

(i)

inform the individual patient for whom such order is being written that a compounded drug is being prescribed; and

(ii)

provide such patient with a written document containing information concerning the availability, safety, and production of compounded drugs.

(B)

Confirmation by pharmacist

Except in the case of a compounded drug product used in a procedure described in subparagraph (C), a licensed pharmacist or licensed physician who dispenses a compounded drug under subsection (a) shall, at the time such drug is dispensed—

(i)

confirm that the patient (or the individual to whom the drug is delivered on behalf of the patient) understands that the drug is a compounded drug; and

(ii)

provide a written document containing the information described in subparagraph (A)(ii).

(C)

Provider notification

Prior to providing a health care service that will be conducted by a health care provider in a health care setting (such as a hospital or a physician’s office) and during which service a drug compounded under subsection (a) will be administered to a patient for purposes of treating such patient, the health care provider shall—

(i)

inform the patient that a compounded drug will be used during the procedure; and

(ii)

provide such patient with a written document containing the information described in subparagraph (A)(ii).

(5)

Labeling

(A)

In general

A drug product compounded under subsection (a) shall be clearly labeled as a non-FDA approved compounded drug product.

(B)

Development of requirements

In determining the requirements for the label under subparagraph (A), the Secretary—

(i)

shall establish, and consult with, a temporary advisory committee on compounded drug product labeling requirements; and

(ii)

may establish different labeling requirements for—

(I)

a compounded drug product intended for use by a health care provider in an office or treatment setting; and

(II)

a compounded drug product intended for any use not described in subclause (I).

(6)

Registration

(A)

Establishment of process

The Secretary, in consultation with experts and representatives of stakeholders including pharmacies, compounding pharmacies, State regulators, and health care providers, shall establish a process for pharmacies described in subsection (a)(1)(A) to register as a compounding pharmacy. Such registration shall be conducted through an electronic method.

(B)

Registration requirement

Except as provided in subparagraph (C), in order to be registered with the Secretary for purposes of subsection (a)(1)(A), every person who owns or operates a pharmacy shall submit to the Secretary, in such time and manner as the Secretary may require—

(i)

contact information for the pharmacy;

(ii)

the State or States that the pharmacy is licensed in;

(iii)

the methods used by the facility in compounding; and

(iv)

any additional information required by the Secretary, which may include the quantity of product compounded at such pharmacy for the purpose of determining if a drug manufacturing facility is inappropriately registering as a com­pound­ing pharmacy.

(C)

Exception

A pharmacy shall be exempt from the requirement to register under subsection (a)(1)(A) if the pharmacy—

(i)

employs fewer than 20 full-time employees (or 20 full-time equivalents); and

(ii)

performs traditional com­pound­ing of drug products for use in a single State.

; and

(3)

by adding at the end the following:

(g)

Database

(1)

In general

The Secretary shall establish and maintain a database of information on pharmacies compounding drug products under subsection (a) that are licensed in more than one State, including—

(A)

the minimum standards for a compounding pharmacy license in each State;

(B)

relevant information provided to the Secretary by State agencies that regulate pharmacies; and

(C)

other information determined relevant by the Secretary.

(2)

Design

The database under paragraph (1)

(A)

shall be accessible, as determined appropriate by the Secretary, to State agencies that regulate pharmacies that compound drug products;

(B)

shall enable States and the Secretary to share information to ensure appropriate oversight of pharmacies that compound drug products; and

(C)

shall be used by the Secretary to inform the Federal inspection and oversight of pharmacies that compound drug products to ensure that issues and pharmacies identified in the database receive appropriate oversight.

(h)

Minimum standards

(1)

The Secretary shall establish minimum standards for the safe production of compounded drug products.

(2)

The Secretary shall determine these minimum standards and shall determine the drug products that must meet the minimum standards.

(3)

The standards may include but is not limited to the intended route of administration and if the drug is sterile or non-sterile. If appropriate, the Secretary may consider the different types of drug products and set appropriate minimum standards for specific drug types or drug uses.

(i)

Training

The Secretary shall conduct a series of regional training opportunities for State agencies that regulate pharmacies that compound drug products. These training opportunities should include information on the minimum standards discussed in (h), sample inspection protocol, and recordkeeping to facilitate the inclusion of State findings and inspections into the database discussed in (g).

.

(b)

Deadlines and advisory committees

(1)

Deadline for issuance of regulations

Not later than 18 months after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Health and Human Services shall issue regulations to implement—

(A)

paragraphs (4) and (5) of section 503A(b) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, as added by subsection (a); and

(B)

subsection (g) of section 503A of such Act.

(2)

Labeling advisory committee

(A)

Establishment

The Secretary of Health and Human Services shall establish an advisory committee on labeling (as defined in section 201 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 321)) of compounded drug products and shall consult such committee in the development of the regulations under paragraph (1)(A).

(B)

Membership

The advisory committee shall include representatives of patients or consumers, health care providers, com­pound­ing pharmacies, State agencies that regulate compounding pharmacies, and at least one member with expertise on clearly communicating information in such labeling of drugs.

(C)

Meetings

The advisory committee shall hold an initial meeting not later than 6 months after the date of enactment of this Act.

(D)

Recommendations

Not later than 12 months after the date of enactment of this Act, the advisory committee shall submit to the Secretary of Health and Human Services recommendations on the regulations under paragraph (1)(A), including recommendations on the type of information and language that should be included on the labels of drug products that are compounded pursuant to section 503A of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act.

(E)

Termination

The advisory committee under this subparagraph shall terminate upon the submission of the recommendations under subparagraph (D).

(3)

Database advisory committee

(A)

Establishment

The Secretary of Health and Human Services shall establish an advisory committee on the database described in section 503A(g) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, as added by subsection (a), and shall consult such committee in the development of the regulations under paragraph (1)(B).

(B)

Membership

The advisory committee shall include representatives of patients or consumers, health care providers, com­pound­ing pharmacies, State agencies that regulate compounding pharmacies, and information technology experts.

(C)

Meetings

The advisory committee shall hold an initial meeting not later than 6 months after the date of enactment of this Act.

(D)

Recommendations

Not later than 12 months after the date of enactment of this Act, the advisory committee shall submit to the Secretary of Health and Human Services recommendations on the regulations under paragraph (1)(B).

(E)

Termination

The advisory committee under this subparagraph shall terminate upon the submission of the recommendations under subparagraph (D).

(4)

Permanent advisory committee on pharmacy compounding

The Secretary shall convene the Advisory Committee on Pharmacy Compounding as appropriate to consider issues related to the safety and availability of compounded drug products.

3.

Reports and studies

(a)

Biannual reports

Not later than 6 months after the date of enactment of this Act, and at the end of each succeeding 6-month period that ends before the 25th month after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Health and Human Services shall submit to the Congress a report on the status of the implementation of the requirements of this Act, and the amendments made by this Act.

(b)

Third-Party Accreditation

Not later than 12 months after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the Congress a report that contains—

(1)

a review of the standards used by organizations that provide accreditation to compounding pharmacies; and

(2)

an evaluation of the effectiveness of such standards in ensuring the production of safe and effective compounded drug products.

(c)

Structure of State oversight

Not later than 18 months after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the Congress a report that contains—

(1)

a review of the models used by States to structure their oversight of pharmacies that compound drug products, including the structure of the agency or office responsible for oversight and its relationship with the industry that it regulates; and

(2)

consideration of how the structure and relationship of State regulators may impact the development and enforcement of regulations to ensure safe compounded drug products.

(d)

GAO report

The Comptroller General of the United States shall review—

(1)

the extent to which Federal health care programs (as such term is defined in section 1128B(f) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1320a–7b)) ensure that compounded drug products which are paid for by such programs are compounded in facilities that comply with the requirements of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 301 et seq.);

(2)

whether the reimbursement rates for compounded drug products under such Federal health care programs are appropriate, taking into consideration the cost of production of such compounded drug products; and

(3)

whether such Federal health care programs encourage the use of compounded drug products in place of otherwise available lawfully marketed drug products.

4.

Prohibitions and penalties

(a)

Prohibition of violations of section 503A

Section 301(d) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 331(d)) is amended by inserting 503A, before 505,.

(b)

Penalties

Section 303(b) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 333(b)) is amended by adding at the end the following:

(8)

Notwithstanding subsection (a), any person who violates section 301(d) with respect to any compounded drug product—

(A)

knowingly and intentionally to defraud or mislead; or

(B)

with conscious or reckless disregard of a risk of death or serious bodily injury,

shall be fined under title 18, United States Code, imprisoned for not more than 10 years, or both.

.