S. 1194 (112th): Consular Notification Compliance Act of 2011

Introduced:
Jun 14, 2011 (112th Congress, 2011–2013)
Status:
Died (Referred to Committee)
Sponsor
Patrick Leahy
Senior Senator from Vermont
Party
Democrat
Text
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Last Updated
Jun 14, 2011
Length
9 pages
 
Status

This bill was introduced on June 14, 2011, in a previous session of Congress, but was not enacted.

Progress
Introduced Jun 14, 2011
Referred to Committee Jun 14, 2011
 
Full Title

A bill to facilitate compliance with Article 36 of the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations, done at Vienna April 24, 1963, and for other purposes.

Summary

No summaries available.

Cosponsors
none
Committees

Senate Judiciary

The committee chair determines whether a bill will move past the committee stage.

 
Primary Source

THOMAS.gov (The Library of Congress)

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Notes

S. stands for Senate bill.

A bill must be passed by both the House and Senate in identical form and then be signed by the president to become law.

The bill’s title was written by its sponsor.

GovTrack’s Bill Summary

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Library of Congress Summary

The summary below was written by the Congressional Research Service, which is a nonpartisan division of the Library of Congress.


6/14/2011--Introduced.
Consular Notification Compliance Act of 2011 - States that the purpose of this Act is to facilitate compliance with Article 36 of the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations (Convention) and any comparable provision of a bilateral international agreement addressing consular notification and access.
Requires that: (1) an individual who is not a U.S. national who is detained or arrested by a federal, state, or local officer or employee be notified that such individual may request that his or her consulate be notified of the detention or arrest; (2) if so requested, an appropriate official shall notify the consulate; and (3) if the consulate has not been so notified, notification shall occur not later than the individual's first court appearance.
Provides that:
(1) a federal court shall have jurisdiction to review a petition claiming a violation of the Convention or a comparable bilateral international agreement addressing consular notification and access filed by an individual convicted and sentenced to death by any federal or state court before the date of enactment of this Act;
(2) if an execution date has been set the court shall grant a stay of execution if necessary to allow the court to review a petition;
(3) an individual must show actual prejudice to the conviction or sentence resulting from the violation (the court may conduct an evidentiary hearing and, upon a finding of actual prejudice, order a new trial or sentencing proceeding);
(4) a petition for review shall be part of the first federal habeas corpus application or motion for federal collateral relief filed by an individual; and
(5) a final order on a petition for review shall be subject to appeal if a district or circuit judge issues a certificate of appealability.
Permits an individual who is arrested, detained, or held for trial (but not yet convicted and sentenced) on a charge that would expose the individual to a capital sentence to raise a claim of a violation of the Convention or a comparable provision of a bilateral international agreement addressing consular notification and access, at a reasonable time after the individual becomes aware of the violation, before the court of jurisdiction.
Requires: (1) notification of the appropriate consulate by the detaining authority and consular access to the individual, and (2) the court to postpone any proceedings if necessary to allow for consular access and assistance. Authorizes the court to conduct evidentiary hearings to resolve factual issues.

House Republican Conference Summary

The summary below was written by the House Republican Conference, which is the caucus of Republicans in the House of Representatives.


No summary available.

House Democratic Caucus Summary

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