S. 1274 (112th): Biennial Appropriations Act

112th Congress, 2011–2013. Text as of Jun 23, 2011 (Introduced).

Status & Summary | PDF | Source: GPO

II

112th CONGRESS

1st Session

S. 1274

IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

June 23, 2011

(for himself, Mr. Isakson, and Mrs. Shaheen) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on the Budget

A BILL

To provide for a biennial appropriations process with the exception of defense spending and to enhance oversight and the performance of the Federal Government.

1.

Short title

This Act may be cited as the Biennial Appropriations Act.

2.

Revision of timetable

Section 300 of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974 (2 U.S.C. 631) is amended to read as follows:

300.

Timetable

(a)

Timetable

(1)

In general

The timetable with respect to the congressional budget process for any fiscal year is as follows:

On or before:Action to be completed:
First Monday in FebruaryPresident submits his budget.
February 15Congressional Budget Office submits report to Budget Committees.
Not later than 6 weeks after President submits budgetCommittees submit views and estimates to Budget Committees.
April 1Budget Committees report concurrent resolution on the budget.
April 15Congress completes action on concurrent resolution on the budget.
May 15Biennial appropriation bills and the defense appropriation bill may be considered in the House as provided in subsection (b).
June 10House Appropriations Committee reports last appropriation bill.
June 15Congress completes action on reconciliation legislation.
June 30House completes action on appropriation bills.
August 1Congress completes action on appropriation bills.
October 1Fiscal year begins.
(2)

Special Rule

In the case of any first session of Congress that begins in any year immediately following a leap year and during which the term of a President (except a President who succeeds himself or herself) begins, the following dates shall supersede those set forth in subsection (a):

First Session
On or before:Action to be completed:
First Monday in AprilPresident submits his budget.
April 15Congressional Budget Office submits report to Budget Committees.
April 20Committees submit views and estimates to Budget Committees.
May 15Budget Committees report concurrent resolution on the biennial budget.
June 1Congress completes action on concurrent resolution on the biennial budget.
July 1Biennial appropriation bills may be considered in the House.
July 20Biennial appropriation bills and the defense appropriation bill may be considered in the House as provided in subsection (b).
August 1Congress completes action on biennial appropriations bills and reconciliation legislation.
October 1Biennium begins.
(b)

Biennial appropriation bills and defense appropriation bill

Appropriation bills shall be enacted as follows:

(1)

Odd-numbered years

In odd-numbered years Congress shall consider pursuant to the budget process in this title and enact—

(A)

an annual defense appropriation bill; and

(B)

biennial appropriation bills for—

(i)

Agriculture;

(ii)

Transportation, HUD;

(iii)

Interior, Environment;

(iv)

Labor, HHS, Education; and

(v)

Military Construction, Veterans Affairs.

(2)

Even-numbered years

In even-numbered years Congress shall consider pursuant to the budget process in this title and enact—

(A)

an annual defense appropriation bill; and

(B)

biennial appropriation bills for—

(i)

Commerce, Justice, Science;

(ii)

Energy and Water;

(iii)

Homeland Security;

(iv)

Financial Services;

(v)

Legislative Branch; and

(vi)

State–Foreign Operations.

3.

Amendments to the Congressional Budget and Impoundment Control Act of 1974

(a)

Definitions

Section 3 of such Act (2 U.S.C. 622) is further amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

(11)

The term biennium means the period of 2 consecutive fiscal years beginning on October 1.

.

(b)

Committee Allocations

Section 302 of such Act (2 U.S.C. 633) is amended—

(1)

in subsection (a)(1), by—

(A)

inserting after for the first fiscal year of the resolution, the following: and for appropriations for each fiscal year in the biennium and for the first fiscal year of the resolution for defense,;

(B)

striking for that period of fiscal years and inserting for all fiscal years covered by the resolution; and

(C)

inserting after for the fiscal year of that resolution the following: for defense and for each fiscal year in the biennium;

(2)

in subsection (b), by inserting after budget year the following: for defense and the biennium; and

(3)

in subsection (f)(2)(A), by—

(A)

inserting after the first fiscal year and inserting or each fiscal year of the biennium; and

(B)

striking the total of fiscal years and inserting the total of all fiscal years covered by the resolution.

4.

Amendments to title 31, United States Code

(a)

Definition

Section 1101 of title 31, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end thereof the following new paragraph:

(3)

biennium has the meaning given to such term in paragraph (11) of section 3 of the Congressional Budget and Impoundment Control Act of 1974 (2 U.S.C. 622(11)).

.

(b)

Budget Contents and Submission to the Congress

(1)

Expenditures

Section 1105(a)(5) of title 31, United States Code, is amended by striking the fiscal year for which the budget is submitted and the 4 fiscal years after that year and inserting each fiscal year in the biennium for which the budget is submitted and in the succeeding 4 fiscal years.

(2)

Receipts

Section 1105(a)(6) of title 31, United States Code, is amended by striking the fiscal year for which the budget is submitted and the 4 fiscal years after that year and inserting each fiscal year in the biennium for which the budget is submitted and in the succeeding 4 years.

(3)

Balance statements

Section 1105(a)(9)(C) of title 31, United States Code, is amended by striking the fiscal year and inserting each fiscal year in the biennium.

(4)

Functions and activities

Section 1105(a)(12) of title 31, United States Code, is amended in subparagraph (A), by striking the fiscal year and inserting each fiscal year in the biennium.

(5)

Allowances

Section 1105(a)(13) of title 31, United States Code, is amended by striking the fiscal year and inserting each fiscal year in the biennium.

(6)

Allowances for uncontrolled expenditures

Section 1105(a)(14) of title 31, United States Code, is amended by striking that year and inserting each fiscal year in the biennium for which the budget is submitted.

(7)

Tax expenditures

Section 1105(a)(16) of title 31, United States Code, is amended by striking the fiscal year and inserting each fiscal year in the biennium.

(8)

Future years

Section 1105(a)(17) of title 31, United States Code, is amended—

(A)

by striking the fiscal year following the fiscal year and inserting each fiscal year in the biennium following the biennium;

(B)

by striking that following fiscal year and inserting each such fiscal year; and

(C)

by striking fiscal year before the fiscal year and inserting biennium before the biennium.

(9)

Prior year outlays

Section 1105(a)(18) of title 31, United States Code, is amended—

(A)

by striking the prior fiscal year and inserting each of the 2 most recently completed fiscal years,;

(B)

by striking for that year and inserting with respect to those fiscal years; and

(C)

by striking in that year and inserting in those fiscal years.

(10)

Prior year receipts

Section 1105(a)(19) of title 31, United States Code, is amended—

(A)

by striking the prior fiscal year and inserting each of the 2 most recently completed fiscal years;

(B)

by striking for that year and inserting with respect to those fiscal years; and

(C)

by striking in that year each place it appears and inserting in those fiscal years.

(c)

Estimated Expenditures of Legislative and Judicial Branches

Section 1105(b) of title 31, United States Code, is amended by striking each year and inserting each even-numbered year.

(d)

Recommendations To Meet Estimated Deficiencies

Section 1105(c) of title 31, United States Code, is amended—

(1)

by striking the fiscal year for the first place it appears and inserting each fiscal year in the biennium for;

(2)

by striking the fiscal year for the second place it appears and inserting each fiscal year of the biennium, as the case may be, for; and

(3)

by striking for that year and inserting for each fiscal year of the biennium.

(e)

Capital Investment Analysis

Section 1105(e)(1) of title 31, United States Code, is amended by striking ensuing fiscal year and inserting biennium to which such budget relates.

5.

Two-year appropriations; title and style of appropriations Acts

Section 105 of title 1, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:

105.

Title and style of appropriations Acts

(a)

In General

(1)

Nondefense

Except as provided in paragraph (2), the style and title of all Acts making appropriations for the support of the Government shall be as follows: An Act making appropriations (here insert the object) for each fiscal year in the biennium of fiscal years (here insert the fiscal years of the biennium)..

(2)

Defense

The style and title of Acts making appropriations for the support of defense shall be as follows: An Act making appropriations for defense for fiscal year (here insert the fiscal year)..

(3)

Amounts

All Acts making regular appropriations for the support of the Government shall specify the amount of appropriations provided for each fiscal year in such period.

(b)

Definitions

In this section—

(1)

the term biennium has the same meaning as in section 3(11) of the Congressional Budget and Impoundment Control Act of 1974 (2 U.S.C. 622(11)); and

(2)

Acts described in subsection (a)(1) shall be considered as provided in section 300(b) of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974 (2 U.S.C. 631(b)).

.

6.

Multiyear authorizations

(a)

In General

Title III of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974 is amended by adding at the end the following new section:

316.

Authorizations of appropriations

(a)

Point of Order

It shall not be in order in the House of Representatives or the Senate to consider—

(1)

any bill, joint resolution, amendment, motion, or conference report that authorizes appropriations for a period of less than 2 fiscal years, unless the program, project, or activity for which the appropriations are authorized will require no further appropriations and will be completed or terminated after the appropriations have been expended; and

(2)

in any odd-numbered year, any authorization or revenue bill or joint resolution until Congress completes action on the biennial budget resolution, all regular biennial appropriations bills, and all reconciliation bills.

(b)

Applicability

In the Senate, subsection (a) shall not apply to—

(1)

defense;

(2)

any measure that is privileged for consideration pursuant to a rule or statute;

(3)

any matter considered in Executive Session; or

(4)

an appropriations measure or reconciliation bill.

.

(b)

Amendment to Table of Contents

The table of contents set forth in section 1(b) of the Congressional Budget and Impoundment Control Act of 1974 is amended by adding after the item relating to section 315 the following new item:

Sec. 316. Authorizations of appropriations.

.

7.

Congressional oversight

(a)

In general

In each year that the activities of an agency are not required to be funded pursuant to section 300(b) of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974, the committee of the House and the Senate with legislative jurisdiction over that agency shall hold a joint oversight hearing with the corresponding subcommittee of the Committee on Appropriations of their respective House with jurisdiction over the agency.

(b)

Hearing

The hearing required by subsection (a) shall review—

(1)

the mission of the agency;

(2)

the impact of biennial budgeting on agency efficiency;

(3)

the cost savings associated with biennial budgeting;

(4)

new programs created in the off year of the agency budget; and

(5)

programs that were terminated in the off year of the agency budget.

8.

Report on two-year fiscal period

Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Director of OMB shall—

(1)

determine the impact and feasibility of changing the definition of a fiscal year and the budget process based on that definition to a 2-year fiscal period with a biennial budget process based on the 2-year period; and

(2)

report the findings of the study to the Committees on the Budget of the House of Representatives and the Senate.

9.

Effective date

Except as provided in section 7, this Act and the amendments made by this Act shall take effect on January 1, 2013, and shall apply to budget resolutions and appropriations for the biennium beginning with fiscal year 2014.