IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES
September 13, 2011
Mr. Kirk (for himself, Mr. Alexander, Mr. Rubio, and Mr. Wyden) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Finance
To establish a smart card pilot program under the Medicare program.
This Act may be cited as
Medicare Common Access Card Act of
Secure Medicare card pilot program
Pilot program implementation (Phase I)
Not later than 18 months after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall conduct a pilot program under title XVIII of the Social Security Act for the purpose of utilizing smart card technology for Medicare beneficiary and provider identification cards in order to—
increase the quality of care furnished to Medicare beneficiaries;
improve the accuracy and efficiency in the billing for Medicare items and services furnished by Medicare providers;
reduce the potential for identity theft and other unlawful use of Medicare beneficiary and provider identifying information; and
reduce waste, fraud, and abuse in the Medicare program.
The Secretary shall conduct the pilot program in at least 5 geographic areas in which the Secretary determines there is a high risk for waste, fraud, or abuse.
Design of pilot program
In designing the pilot program, the Secretary shall provide for the following:
Implementation of a system that utilizes a smart card as a Medicare identification card for Medicare beneficiaries and Medicare providers. Such a card shall contain appropriate security features and protect personal privacy.
Issuance of a new smart card to all Medicare beneficiaries participating in the pilot program. Such card shall not have the Social Security number printed on the front but, instead shall have such number stored securely on the smart card chip along with other information the Secretary deems necessary.
Issuance of a new provider card to all Medicare providers participating in the pilot program. Such card shall include a photograph of the provider and shall not have the Medicare provider number printed on the front of the card but, instead shall have such number stored securely on the smart card chip along with other information the Secretary deems necessary.
A process for enrollment of all Medicare providers that includes—
identity and certification verification; and
utilization of biometric data, such as fingerprints, for provider identification and authentication.
A process under which the cards issued under subparagraphs (B) and (C) are used by both Medicare beneficiaries and Medicare providers to verify eligibility, prevent fraud, and authorize transactions.
Distribution of necessary equipment, including cards, card readers, kiosks, biometric readers, and other materials or documents to Medicare beneficiaries and providers at no cost to them.
Regular monitoring and review by the Secretary of Medicare providers’ Medicare billings and Medicare beneficiaries’ Medicare records in order to identify and address inaccurate charges and instances of waste, fraud, or abuse.
Reporting mechanisms for measuring the cost savings to the Medicare program by reason of the pilot program.
to ensure that all devices and systems utilized as part of the pilot program comply with standards for identity credentials and biometric data developed by the American National Standards Institute and the National Institute of Standards and Technology and Federal requirements relating to interoperability and information security, including all requirements under the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996;
to ensure that a Medicare beneficiary’s and provider’s personal identifying, health, and other information is protected from unauthorized access or disclosure through the use of at least two-factor authentication;
for the development of procedures and guidelines for the use of identification cards, card readers, kiosks, biometric data and readers, and other equipment to verify a Medicare beneficiary’s identity and eligibility for services;
to ensure that each Medicare beneficiary and provider participating in the pilot program is informed of—
the purpose of the program;
the processes for capturing, enrolling, and verifying their eligibility and, with respect to providers, their biometric data;
the manner in which the biometric data for providers will be used; and
the steps that will be taken to protect personal identifying, health, and other information from unauthorized access and disclosure;
for addressing problems related to the loss, theft, or malfunction of or damage to equipment and any identifying documents or materials provided by the Secretary;
for development of a hotline, Web site, or other means by which Medicare beneficiaries and providers can contact the Secretary for assistance; and
for addressing problems related to accessing care outside the pilot area and cases where the individual faces issues related to physical or other capacity limitations.
Information on the smart card shall only be disclosed if the disclosure of such information is permitted under the Federal regulations (concerning the privacy of individually identifiable health information) promulgated under section 264(c) of the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996.
Information on the smart card shall be exempt from disclosure under section 552(b)(3) of title 5, United States Code.
Expanded implementation (Phase II)
Taking into account the interim report under subsection (d)(2) the Secretary shall, through rulemaking, expand the duration and the scope of the pilot program, to the extent determined appropriate by the Secretary.
The Secretary may waive such provisions of titles XI and XVIII of the Social Security Act as the Secretary determines to be appropriate for the conduct of the pilot program.
Reports to Congress
Not later than 6 months after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report that contains a description of the design and development of the pilot program, including the Secretary’s plan for implementation.
Not later than 1 year after the pilot program is first implemented, the Secretary shall conduct an evaluation of the pilot program and submit an interim report to Congress. Such an evaluation shall include an initial analysis of the deployment of the program, the usability of the card system, and the measures taken to protect beneficiary and provider information.
Not later than 2 years after the date that the pilot program is first implemented, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report on the pilot program. Such report shall contain a detailed description of issues related to the expansion of the program under subsection (b) and recommendations for such legislation and administrative actions as the Secretary considers appropriate for implementation of the program on a nationwide basis.
There are appropriated, from amounts in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, $29,000,000 for the design, implementation, and evaluation of the pilot program. Amounts appropriated under the preceding sentence shall remain available until expended.
In this section:
The term Medicare beneficiary means an individual entitled to, or enrolled for, benefits under part A of title XVIII of the Social Security Act or enrolled for benefits under part B of such title.
The term Medicare program means the health benefits program under title XVIII of the Social Security Act.
The term Medicare provider means a provider of services (as defined in subsection (u) of section 1861 of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395x)) and a supplier (as defined in subsection (d) of such section), including a supplier of durable medical equipment and supplies.
The term pilot program means the pilot program conducted under this section.
The term Secretary means the Secretary of Health and Human Services.
The term smart card means a secure, electronic, machine readable, fraud-resistant, tamper-resistant card that includes an embedded integrated circuit chip with a secure micro-controller.
Revision of Medicare Improvement Fund
Section 1898(b)(1) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395iii(b)(1)) is amended—
by striking subparagraphs (A) and (B) and inserting the following subparagraph:
fiscal year 2015, $246,000,000; and
by redesignating subparagraph (C) as subparagraph (B).