Revises metropolitan transportation planning and statewide transportation planning requirements.
Increases from 50,000 to 200,000 the minimum population of each urbanized area for which an MPO must be designated.
Authorizes designation of a small urbanized area with a population of between 50,000 and 200,000.
Continues such a designation until it is redesignated unless it requests the transfer of its planning responsibilities to the state or another state-designated planning organization, or it ceases after three years to meet the minimum requirements for a small urbanized MPO. Allows the restructuring of any MPO without being redesignated.
Requires an MPO denied designation to submit to the state where it is located or to a state-designated MPO a six-month plan for transferring its responsibilities to the state-designated MPO and dissolving itself.
Removes the limitation of nonattainment zones to ozone or carbon monoxide standards.
Defines "maintenance area" as one that was once designated as an air quality nonattainment area but later redesignated by the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) as an air quality attainment area.
Allows for metropolitan planning areas to be designated maintenance areas as well as nonattainment areas.
Requires each MPO, in cooperation with state and public transportation operators, to develop metropolitan transportation plans and transportation improvement programs for metropolitan planning areas of the state through a performance-driven, outcome-based approach to metropolitan transportation planning consistent with certain requirements.
Specifies criteria for mandatory designation of an MPO as either a tier I or a tier II MPO. Repeals the general consent of Congress to interstate compacts for cooperative efforts and mutual assistance in support of multistate planning activities and establishment of related agencies.
Repeals the specific consent of Congress to California and Nevada to designate a metropolitan planning organization for the Lake Tahoe region.
Requires each MPO to update its metropolitan transportation plan at least once every five years (currently, every four years).
Continues the requirement of a plan update every four years for an MPO operating in a nonattainment or a maintenance area.
Revises requirements for metropolitan transportation plans to include performance measures and targets.
Allows MPOs to develop multiple scenarios for consideration as a part of the development of a metropolitan transportation plan.
Repeals the requirement that a long-range transportation plan include a discussion of types of potential environmental mitigation activities and potential areas to carry them out.
Prescribes requirements for a financial plan.
Requires a designated MPO to develop a transportation improvement program for the metropolitan planning area that:
(1) contains projects consistent with the current metropolitan transportation plan;
(2) reflects the investment priorities established in the current metropolitan transportation plan; and
(3), once implemented, will make significant progress toward achieving established performance targets.
Directs the Secretary to establish criteria to evaluate the effectiveness of the performance-based planning processes of MPOs. Prohibits the advance of federal funds in any metropolitan planning area classified as a nonattainment area or maintenance area for any highway project that will result in a significant increase in the carrying capacity for single-occupant vehicles, unless the project will achieve or make substantial progress toward achieving specified performance targets.
Authorizes the Secretary to make grants to a state or local governmental authority in a pilot program to assist in financing comprehensive transit-oriented development planning