S. 2190 (112th): Capital Raising Online While Deterring Fraud and Unethical Non-Disclosure Act of 2012

Mar 13, 2012 (112th Congress, 2011–2013)
Died (Referred to Committee)
Jeff Merkley
Junior Senator from Oregon
Read Text »
Last Updated
Mar 13, 2012
28 pages
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Signed by the President
Apr 05, 2012

S. 1970 (Related)
Capital Raising Online While Deterring Fraud and Unethical Non-Disclosure Act of 2011

Referred to Committee
Last Action: Dec 08, 2011


This bill was introduced on March 13, 2012, in a previous session of Congress, but was not enacted.

Introduced Mar 13, 2012
Referred to Committee Mar 13, 2012
Full Title

A bill to amend the securities laws to provide for registration exemptions for certain crowdfunded securities, and for other purposes.


No summaries available.

3 cosponsors (2D, 1R) (show)

Senate Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs

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Primary Source

THOMAS.gov (The Library of Congress)

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S. stands for Senate bill.

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GovTrack’s Bill Summary

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Library of Congress Summary

The summary below was written by the Congressional Research Service, which is a nonpartisan division of the Library of Congress.

Capital Raising Online While Deterring Fraud and Unethical Non-Disclosure Act of 2011 or CROWDFUND Act - Amends the Securities Act of 1933 (SA) to prescribe conditions under which transactions of $1 million or less involving the offer or sale of securities by an issuer through a broker or funding portal are exempt from certain registration requirements and prohibitions relating to interstate commerce and the mails (crowdfunding exemption).
(Crowdfunding is a method of capital formation by which groups of people pool money, typically composed of very small individual contributions, and often via Internet platforms, to invest in a company or otherwise support an effort by others to accomplish a specific goal.)
Amends the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (SEA) to define "funding portal" as any person engaged in the business of effecting securities transactions for the account of others, solely pursuant to the crowdfunding exemption under this Act, that does not:
(1) offer investment advice or recommendations;
(2) solicit purchases, sales, or offers to buy the securities offered or displayed on its website or portal;
(3) compensate employees, agents, or other persons for such solicitation or based on the sale of securities displayed or references on its website or portal;
(4) hold, manage, possess, or otherwise handle investor funds or securities; or
(5) engage in other activities determined by the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). Amends the SA to set forth qualification requirements for such crowdfunding exemption, including those for intermediaries and issuers.
Sets forth restrictions on sales of such exempt securities.
Amends the SEA to authorize the SEC to exempt crowdfunding investors from certain shareholder caps under the Securities Act of 1933.
Requires the SEC to exempt funding portals from certain registration requirements, provided that they remain subject to examination by the SEC and a national securities association.
Prohibits a state or its political subdivision from enforcing any law or administrative action against a registered funding portal with respect to its business as such. Exempts from such prohibition the examination and enforcement of any law or administrative action of a state in which the principal place of business of a registered funding portal is located, if the law or administrative action is not in addition to or different from SEC requirements for registered funding portals.

House Republican Conference Summary

The summary below was written by the House Republican Conference, which is the caucus of Republicans in the House of Representatives.

No summary available.

House Democratic Caucus Summary

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