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Text of the Quadrennial Diplomacy and Development Review Act of 2012

This bill was introduced in a previous session of Congress and was passed by the Senate on September 22, 2012 but was never passed by the House. The text of the bill below is as of Sep 19, 2012 (Reported by Senate Committee).

This is not the latest text of this bill.

Source: GPO

II

Calendar No. 525

112th CONGRESS

2d Session

S. 3341

[Report No. 112–220]

IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

June 26, 2012

(for himself, Mr. Rubio, and Mr. Cardin) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Foreign Relations

September 19, 2012

Reported by , without amendment

A BILL

To require a quadrennial diplomacy and development review, and for other purposes.

1.

Short title

This Act may be cited as the Quadrennial Diplomacy and Development Review Act of 2012.

2.

Quadrennial diplomacy and development review

(a)

Requirement

(1)

Quadrennial reviews required

Under the direction of the President, the Secretary of State shall every four years, during a year following a year evenly divisible by four, conduct a review of United States diplomacy and development (to be known as a quadrennial diplomacy and development review).

(2)

Scope of reviews

Each quadrennial diplomacy and development review shall be a comprehensive examination of the national diplomacy and development policy and strategic framework of the United States for the next four year period until a subsequent review is due under paragraph (1). The review shall include—

(A)

recommendations regarding the long-term diplomacy and development policy and strategic framework of the United States;

(B)

priorities of the United States for diplomacy and development; and

(C)

guidance on the related programs, assets, capabilities, budget, policies, and authorities of the Department of State and United States Agency for International Development.

(3)

Consultation

In conducting each quadrennial diplomacy and development review, after consultation with Department of State and United States Agency for International Development officials, the Secretary of State should consult with—

(A)

the heads of other relevant Federal agencies, including the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of the Treasury, the Secretary of Homeland Security, the Attorney General, the Secretary of Health and Human Services, the Secretary of Agriculture, the Secretary of Commerce, the Chief Executive Officer of the Millennium Challenge Corporation, and the Director of National Intelligence;

(B)

any other Federal agency that provides foreign assistance, including at a minimum the Export-Import Bank of the United States and the Overseas Private Investment Corporation;

(C)

the Committee on Foreign Relations and the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate and the Committee on Foreign Affairs and the Committee on Appropriations of the House of Representatives and, as appropriate, other members of Congress; and

(D)

other relevant governmental and nongovernmental entities, including private sector representatives, academics, and other policy experts.

(b)

Contents of review

Each quadrennial diplomacy and development review shall—

(1)

delineate, as appropriate, the national diplomacy and development policy and strategic framework of the United States, consistent with appropriate national, Department of State, and United States Agency for International Development strategies, strategic plans, and relevant presidential directives, including the national security strategy prescribed pursuant to section 108 of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 404a);

(2)

outline and prioritize the full range of critical national diplomacy and development areas, capabilities, and resources, including those implemented across agencies, and address the full range of challenges confronting the United States in this regard;

(3)

describe the interagency cooperation, and preparedness of relevant Federal assets, and the infrastructure, budget plan, and other elements of the diplomacy and development policies and programs of the United States required to execute successfully the full range of mission priorities outlined under paragraph (2);

(4)

describe the roles of international organizations and multilateral institutions in advancing United States diplomatic and development objectives, including the mechanisms for coordinating and harmonizing development policies and programs with partner countries and among donors;

(5)

identify the budget plan required to provide sufficient resources to successfully execute the full range of mission priorities outlined under paragraph (2);

(6)

include an assessment of the organizational alignment of the Department of State and the United States Agency for International Development with the national diplomacy and development policy and strategic framework referred to in paragraph (1) and the diplomacy and development mission priorities outlined under paragraph (2);

(7)

review and assess the effectiveness of the management mechanisms of the Department of State and the United States Agency for International Development for executing the strategic priorities outlined in the quadrennial diplomacy and development review, including the extent to which such effectiveness has been enhanced since the previous report; and

(8)

the relationship between the requirements of the quadrennial diplomacy and development review and the acquisition strategy and expenditure plan within the Department of State and the United States Agency for International Development.

(c)

Reporting

(1)

In general

Not later than the year following the year in which a quadrennial diplomacy and development review is conducted, but not later than the date on which the President submits the budget for the next fiscal year to Congress under section 1105(a) of title 31, United States Code, the Secretary of State shall submit to Congress a report regarding that quadrennial diplomacy and development review.

(2)

Contents of report

Each report submitted under paragraph (1) shall include—

(A)

the results of the quadrennial diplomacy and development review conducted in accordance with, and based on a detailed assessment of, the provisions of and considerations set out in subsections (a)(2) and (b), addressing each of the key elements identified in such subsections;

(B)

a description of the threats to the assumed or defined national security interests of the United States that were examined for the purposes of that review;

(C)

an explanation of any underlying assumptions used in conducting the review; and

(D)

any other matters the Secretary of State considers appropriate.

(3)

Public availability

The Secretary of State shall, consistent with the protection of national security and other sensitive matters, make each report submitted under paragraph (1) publicly available on the Internet Web site of the Department of State.

(d)

Establishment

The Secretary of State may establish within the Department of State an Office of Quadrennial Diplomacy and Development Review, which the Secretary of State may, using only existing resources, staff in a manner to assist in discharging the functions under this section.

(e)

Foreign affairs policy board review

The Secretary of State should apprise the Foreign Affairs Policy Board on an ongoing basis of the work undertaken in the conduct of the quadrennial diplomacy and development review and, upon completion of the review, the Chairman of the Foreign Affairs Policy Board should, on behalf of the Board, prepare and submit to the Secretary an assessment of the review for inclusion in the report submitted under subsection (c).

September 19, 2012

Reported without amendment