S. 3584 (112th): Drought Information Act of 2012

112th Congress, 2011–2013. Text as of Sep 20, 2012 (Introduced).

Status & Summary | PDF | Source: GPO

II

112th CONGRESS

2d Session

S. 3584

IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

September 20, 2012

(for himself and Mr. Moran) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation

A BILL

To reauthorize the National Integrated Drought Information System, and for other purposes.

1.

Short title

This Act may be cited as the Drought Information Act of 2012.

2.

Reauthorization of National Integrated Drought Information System

(a)

System amendments

Section 3 of the National Integrated Drought Information System Act of 2006 (15 U.S.C. 313d) is amended—

(1)

in subsection (a)—

(A)

by inserting and continue to support after establish; and

(B)

by inserting before the period at the end the following: to better inform and provide for more timely decisionmaking to reduce drought related impacts and costs; and

(2)

by striking subsection (b) and inserting the following:

(b)

System functions

The National Integrated Drought Information System shall—

(1)

provide an effective drought early warning system that—

(A)

collects and integrates information on the key indicators of drought in order to make usable, reliable, and timely forecasts of drought, including assessments of the severity of drought conditions and impacts; and

(B)

provides such information, forecasts, and assessments on both national and regional levels;

(2)

communicate drought forecasts, drought conditions, and drought impacts on an ongoing basis to—

(A)

decisionmakers at the Federal, regional, State, tribal, and local levels of government;

(B)

the private sector; and

(C)

the public;

(3)

provide timely data, information, and products that reflect local, regional, and State differences in drought conditions;

(4)

coordinate, and integrate as practicable, Federal research in support of a drought early warning system;

(5)

build upon existing forecasting and assessment programs and partnerships, such as partnerships with—

(A)

the Regional Integrated Sciences and Assessments program of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration;

(B)

Cooperative Extension System offices of the Department of Agriculture;

(C)

the National Institute of Food and Agriculture;

(D)

the Office of the Chief Economist of the Department of Agriculture;

(E)

the Farm Service Agency; and

(F)

other Federal agencies or departments that monitor and disseminate weather and climate information; and

(6)

continue ongoing research activities related to drought, including research activities relating to length, severity, and impacts of drought and the role of extreme weather events and climate variability in drought.

.

(b)

Authorization of appropriations

Section 4 of such Act (15 U.S.C. 313d note) is amended—

(1)

in paragraph (5), by striking and at the end;

(2)

in paragraph (6), by striking the period at the end and inserting ; and; and

(3)

by adding at the end the following:

(7)

$14,500,000 for each of fiscal years 2013 through 2017.

.

(c)

Report

(1)

In general

Not later than 540 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere shall submit to the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate and the Committee on Science, Space, and Technology of the House of Representatives a report on the National Integrated Drought Information System.

(2)

Contents

The report required by paragraph (1) shall include the following:

(A)

An assessment of the implementation of the National Integrated Drought Information System, including an assessment of how the information, forecasts, and assessments produced by such system are utilized in drought policy planning and response activities.

(B)

Specific plans for continued development of the system, including future milestones.

(C)

An identification of research, monitoring, and forecasting needs to enhance the predictive capability of—

(i)

drought early warnings;

(ii)

the length and severity of droughts; and

(iii)

the contribution of weather events to reducing the severity or ending drought conditions.

(D)

A list of persons in the private sector with whom the Under Secretary collaborates to implement the National Integrated Drought Information System.

(E)

A description of the outreach activities conducted by the Under Secretary regarding the National Integrated Drought Information System.

(3)

Consultation

In developing the report required by paragraph (1), the Under Secretary shall consult with relevant Federal, regional, State, tribal, and local government agencies, research institutions, and the private sector.