S. 948 (112th): Promoting Electric Vehicles Act of 2011

112th Congress, 2011–2013. Text as of May 11, 2011 (Introduced).

Status & Summary | PDF | Source: GPO

II

112th CONGRESS

1st Session

S. 948

IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

May 11, 2011

(for himself and Mr. Alexander) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources

A BILL

To promote the deployment of plug-in electric drive vehicles, and for other purposes.

1.

Short title; table of contents

(a)

Short title

This Act may be cited as the Promoting Electric Vehicles Act of 2011.

(b)

Table of contents

The table of contents of this Act is as follows:

Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents.

Sec. 2. Findings.

Sec. 3. Definitions.

TITLE I—National plug-in electric drive vehicle deployment program.

Sec. 101. National Plug-In Electric Drive Vehicle Deployment Program.

Sec. 102. National assessment and plan.

Sec. 103. Technical assistance.

Sec. 104. Workforce training.

Sec. 105. Federal fleets.

Sec. 106. Targeted Plug-in Electric Drive Vehicle Deployment Communities Program.

Sec. 107. Plug-in electric drive vehicle private fleet upgrade program.

TITLE II—Research and development

Sec. 201. Research and development program.

Sec. 202. Advanced batteries for tomorrow prize.

Sec. 203. Study on the supply of raw materials.

Sec. 204. Study on the collection and preservation of data collected from plug-in electric drive vehicles.

TITLE III—Miscellaneous

Sec. 301. Utility planning for plug-in electric drive vehicles.

Sec. 302. Loan guarantees.

Sec. 303. Prohibition on disposing of advanced batteries in landfills.

Sec. 304. Plug-in Electric Drive Vehicle Technical Advisory Committee.

Sec. 305. Plug-in Electric Drive Vehicle Interagency Task Force.

2.

Findings

Congress finds that—

(1)

the United States is the largest consumer of petroleum in the world, consuming 19,500,000 barrels per day of petroleum products during 2008;

(2)

high and volatile international oil prices represent a significant and ongoing threat to the economic and national security of the United States;

(3)

many of the nations on which the United States relies for petroleum supplies or that significantly affect the world petroleum market share neither the national interest nor the values of the United States;

(4)

the United States imports more than 50 percent of the petroleum needs of the country each day;

(5)

in 2008, the net deficit of the United States in petroleum trade amounted to more than $380,000,000,000, or nearly 60 percent of the total trade deficit;

(6)

the transportation sector of the United States accounts for over 2/3 of total national petroleum consumption and is 94 percent reliant on petroleum;

(7)

the electrification of the transportation sector represents a direct pathway to significant reduction in petroleum dependence, because passenger cars and light trucks account for more than 60 percent of the transportation petroleum demand and more than 40 percent of total petroleum demand in the United States;

(8)

the electrification of the transportation sector promotes national energy security because the electric power sector uses a diverse range of domestic electricity generation sources;

(9)

plug-in electric drive vehicles, when running on electric power, produce no tailpipe emissions;

(10)

the deployment of 700,000 plug-in electric drive vehicles would result in a petroleum savings of approximately 10,000,000 barrels per year compared to the annual petroleum consumption as of the date of enactment of this Act;

(11)

in 2030, the United States could feasibly deploy more than 100,000,000 plug-in electric drive vehicles, which would result in a petroleum savings of more than 1,000,000,000 barrels of petroleum per year and greenhouse gas reductions of over 300,000,000 tons of carbon dioxide compared to the annual petroleum consumption and greenhouse gas emissions as of the date of enactment of this Act; and

(12)

a targeted deployment program for plug-in electric drive vehicles that is focused on competitively selected deployment communities—

(A)

is a critical component of a comprehensive effort to speed plug-in electric drive vehicle penetration rates;

(B)

will contribute to the larger national effort to deploy plug-in electric drive vehicles;

(C)

will inform best practices for the wide-scale deployment of plug-in electric drive vehicles; and

(D)

will substantially reduce the oil consumption of the United States.

3.

Definitions

(a)

In general

In this Act:

(1)

Agency

The term agency has the meaning given the term Executive agency in section 105 of title 5, United States Code.

(2)

Charging infrastructure

The term charging infrastructure means any property (not including a building) if the property is used for the recharging of plug-in electric drive vehicles, including electrical panel upgrades, wiring, conduit, trenching, pedestals, and related equipment.

(3)

Committee

The term Committee means the Plug-in Electric Drive Vehicle Technical Advisory Committee established by section 304.

(4)

Deployment community

The term deployment community means a community selected by the Secretary to be part of the targeted plug-in electric drive vehicles deployment communities program under section 106.

(5)

Electric utility

The term electric utility has the meaning given the term in section 3 of the Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 2602).

(6)

Federal-aid system of highways

The term Federal-aid system of highways means a highway system described in section 103 of title 23, United States Code.

(7)

Plug-in electric drive vehicle

The term plug-in electric drive vehicle has the meaning given the term in section 131(a)(5) of the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (42 U.S.C. 17011(a)(5)).

(8)

Prize

The term Prize means the Advanced Batteries for Tomorrow Prize established by section 202.

(9)

Secretary

The term Secretary means the Secretary of Energy.

(10)

Task Force

The term Task Force means the Plug-in Electric Drive Vehicle Interagency Task Force established by section 305.

(b)

Definition of plug-In electric drive vehicle

Section 131(a)(5) of the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (42 U.S.C. 17011(a)(5)) is amended—

(1)

by redesignating subparagraphs (A), (B), and (C) as clauses (i), (ii), and (iii), respectively, and indenting appropriately;

(2)

by striking means a vehicle that— and inserting “means—

(A)

a vehicle that—

;

(3)

in subparagraph (A)(iii) (as so redesignated), by striking the period at the end and inserting ; and;

(4)

by adding at the end the following:

(A)

any other motor vehicle—

(i)

for which the motive electric power can be recharged from an external source of power; and

(ii)

that has a maximum speed of greater than 25 miles per hour.

.

I

National plug-in electric drive vehicle deployment program.

101.

National Plug-In Electric Drive Vehicle Deployment Program

(a)

In general

There is established within the Department of Energy a national plug-in electric drive vehicle deployment program for the purpose of assisting in the deployment of plug-in electric drive vehicles.

(b)

Goals

The goals of the national program described in subsection (a) include—

(1)

the reduction and displacement of petroleum use by accelerating the deployment of plug-in electric drive vehicles in the United States;

(2)

the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions by accelerating the deployment of plug-in electric drive vehicles in the United States;

(3)

the facilitation of the rapid deployment of plug-in electric drive vehicles, particularly into the mainstream consumer market;

(4)

the achievement of significant market penetrations by plug-in electric drive vehicles nationally;

(5)

the establishment of models for the rapid deployment of plug-in electric drive vehicles nationally, including models for the deployment of residential, private, and publicly available charging infrastructure;

(6)

the increase of consumer knowledge and acceptance of plug-in electric drive vehicles;

(7)

the encouragement of the innovation and investment necessary to achieve mass market deployment of plug-in electric drive vehicles;

(8)

the facilitation of the integration of plug-in electric drive vehicles into electricity distribution systems and the larger electric grid while maintaining grid system performance and reliability;

(9)

the provision of technical assistance to communities across the United States to prepare for plug-in electric drive vehicles; and

(10)

the support of workforce training across the United States relating to plug-in electric drive vehicles.

(c)

Duties

In carrying out this title, the Secretary shall—

(1)

provide technical assistance to State, local, and tribal governments that want to create deployment programs for plug-in electric drive vehicles in the communities over which the governments have jurisdiction;

(2)

perform national assessments of the potential deployment of plug-in electric drive vehicles under section 102;

(3)

synthesize and disseminate data from the deployment of plug-in electric drive vehicles;

(4)

develop best practices for the successful deployment of plug-in electric drive vehicles;

(5)

carry out workforce training under section 104;

(6)

establish the targeted plug-in electric drive vehicle deployment communities program under section 106; and

(7)

in conjunction with the Task Force, make recommendations to Congress and the President on methods to reduce the barriers to plug-in electric drive vehicle deployment.

(d)

Report

Not later than 18 months after the date of enactment of this Act and biennially thereafter, the Secretary shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a report on the progress made in implementing the national program described in subsection (a) that includes—

(1)

a description of the progress made by—

(A)

the technical assistance program under section 103; and

(B)

the workforce training program under section 104; and

(2)

any updated recommendations of the Secretary for changes in Federal programs to promote the purposes of this title.

(e)

National information clearinghouse

The Secretary shall make available to the public, in a timely manner, information regarding—

(1)

the cost, performance, usage data, and technical data regarding plug-in electric drive vehicles and associated infrastructure, including information from the deployment communities established under section 106; and

(2)

any other educational information that the Secretary determines to be appropriate.

(f)

Authorization of Appropriations

For the period of fiscal years 2011 through 2016, there are authorized to be appropriated $100,000,000 to carry out sections 101 through 103.

102.

National assessment and plan

(a)

In general

The Secretary shall carry out a national assessment and develop a national plan for plug-in electric drive vehicle deployment that includes—

(1)

an assessment of the maximum feasible deployment of plug-in electric drive vehicles by 2020 and 2030;

(2)

the establishment of national goals for market penetration of plug-in electric drive vehicles by 2020 and 2030;

(3)

a plan for providing technical assistance to communities across the United States to prepare for plug-in electric drive vehicle deployment;

(4)

a plan for quantifying the reduction in petroleum consumption and the net impact on greenhouse gas emissions due to the deployment of plug-in electric drive vehicles;

(5)

in consultation with the Task Force, any recommendations to the President and to Congress for changes in Federal programs (including laws, regulations, and guidelines)—

(A)

to better promote the deployment of plug-in electric drive vehicles; and

(B)

to reduce barriers to the deployment of plug-in electric drive vehicles; and

(6)

a plan for integrating the successes and barriers to deployment identified by the deployment communities program established under section 106 to prepare communities across the United States for the rapid deployment of plug-in electric drive vehicles;

(b)

Timing

(1)

Initial draft

Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall complete an initial draft of the national plan that includes the matters described in paragraphs (1) through (5) of subsection (a).

(2)

Final version

Not later than 18 months after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall complete a final version of the national plan that includes the matters described in paragraphs (1) through (6) of subsection (a).

(c)

Updates

Not later than 2 years after the date of development of the plan described in subsection (a), and not less frequently than once every 2 years thereafter, the Secretary shall use market data and information from the targeted plug-in electric drive vehicle deployment communities program established under section 106 and other relevant data to update the plan to reflect real world market conditions.

103.

Technical assistance

(a)

Technical assistance to State, local, and tribal governments

(1)

In general

In carrying out this title, the Secretary shall provide, at the request of the Governor, Mayor, county executive, or the designee of such an official, technical assistance to State, local, and tribal governments to assist with the deployment of plug-in electric drive vehicles.

(2)

Requirements

The technical assistance described in paragraph (1) shall include—

(A)

training on codes and standards for building and safety inspectors;

(B)

training on best practices for expediting permits and inspections;

(C)

education and outreach on frequently asked questions relating to the various types of plug-in electric drive vehicles and associated infrastructure, battery technology, and disposal; and

(D)

the dissemination of information regarding best practices for the deployment of plug-in electric drive vehicles.

(3)

Priority

In providing technical assistance under this subsection, the Secretary shall give priority to—

(A)

communities that have established public and private partnerships, including partnerships comprised of—

(i)

elected and appointed officials from each of the participating State, local, and tribal governments;

(ii)

relevant generators and distributors of electricity;

(iii)

public utility commissions;

(iv)

departments of public works and transportation;

(v)

owners and operators of property that will be essential to the deployment of a sufficient level of publicly available charging infrastructure (including privately owned parking lots or structures and commercial entities with public access locations);

(vi)

plug-in electric drive vehicle manufacturers or retailers;

(vii)

third-party providers of charging infrastructure or services;

(viii)

owners of any major fleet that will participate in the program;

(ix)

as appropriate, owners and operators of regional electric power distribution and transmission facilities; and

(x)

other existing community coalitions recognized by the Department of Energy;

(B)

communities that, as determined by the Secretary, have best demonstrated that the public is likely to embrace plug-in electric drive vehicles, giving particular consideration to communities that—

(i)

have documented waiting lists to purchase plug-in electric drive vehicles;

(ii)

have developed projections of the quantity of plug-in electric drive vehicles supplied to dealers; and

(iii)

have assessed the quantity of charging infrastructure installed or for which permits have been issued;

(C)

communities that have shown a commitment to serving diverse consumer charging infrastructure needs, including the charging infrastructure needs for single- and multi-family housing and public and privately owned commercial infrastructure; and

(D)

communities that have established regulatory and educational efforts to facilitate consumer acceptance of plug-in electric drive vehicles, including by—

(i)

adopting (or being in the process of adopting) streamlined permitting and inspections processes for residential charging infrastructure; and

(ii)

providing customer informational resources, including providing plug-in electric drive information on community or other websites.

(4)

Best practices

The Secretary shall collect and disseminate information to State, local, and tribal governments creating plans to deploy plug-in electric drive vehicles on best practices (including codes and standards) that uses data from—

(A)

the program established by section 106;

(B)

the activities carried out by the Task Force; and

(C)

existing academic and industry studies of the factors that contribute to the successful deployment of new technologies, particularly studies relating to alternative fueled vehicles.

(5)

Grants

(A)

In general

The Secretary shall establish a program to provide grants to State, local, and tribal governments or to partnerships of government and private entities to assist the governments and partnerships—

(i)

in preparing a community deployment plan under section 106; and

(ii)

in preparing and implementing programs that support the deployment of plug-in electric drive vehicles.

(B)

Application

A State, local, or tribal government that seeks to receive a grant under this paragraph shall submit to the Secretary an application for the grant at such time, in such form, and containing such information as the Secretary may prescribe.

(C)

Use of funds

A State, local, or tribal government receiving a grant under this paragraph shall use the funds—

(i)

to develop a community deployment plan that shall be submitted to the next available competition under section 106; and

(ii)

to carry out activities that encourage the deployment of plug-in electric drive vehicles including—

(I)

planning for and installing charging infrastructure, particularly to develop and demonstrate diverse and cost-effective planning, installation, and operations options for deployment of single family and multifamily residential, workplace, and publicly available charging infrastructure;

(II)

updating building, zoning, or parking codes and permitting or inspection processes;

(III)

workforce training, including the training of permitting officials;

(IV)

public education described in the proposed marketing plan;

(V)

supplementing (and not supplanting) the number of plug-in electric drive vehicles that are purchased by State, local, and tribal governments; and

(VI)

any other activities, as determined to be necessary by the Secretary.

(D)

Criteria

The Secretary shall develop and publish criteria for the selection of technical assistance grants, including requirements for the submission of applications under this paragraph.

(E)

Authorization of appropriations

There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as are necessary to carry out this paragraph.

(b)

Updating model building codes, permitting and inspection processes, and zoning or parking rules

(1)

In general

Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary, in consultation with the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers, the International Code Council, and any other organizations that the Secretary determines to be appropriate, shall develop and publish guidance for—

(A)

model building codes for the inclusion of separate circuits for charging infrastructure, as appropriate, in new construction and major renovations of private residences, buildings, or other structures that could provide publicly available charging infrastructure;

(B)

model construction permitting or inspection processes that allow for the expedited installation of charging infrastructure for purchasers of plug-in electric drive vehicles (including a permitting process that allows a vehicle purchaser to have charging infrastructure installed not later than 1 week after a request); and

(C)

model zoning, parking rules, or other local ordinances that—

(i)

facilitate the installation of publicly available charging infrastructure, including commercial entities that provide public access to infrastructure; and

(ii)

allow for access to publicly available charging infrastructure.

(2)

Optional adoption

An applicant for selection for technical assistance under this section or as a deployment community under section 106 shall not be required to use the model building codes, permitting and inspection processes, or zoning, parking rules, or other ordinances included in the report under paragraph (1).

(3)

Smart grid integration

In developing the model codes or ordinances described in paragraph (1), the Secretary shall consider smart grid integration.

104.

Workforce training

(a)

Maintenance and support

(1)

In general

The Secretary, in consultation with the Committee and the Task Force, shall award grants to institutions of higher education and other qualified training and education institutions for the establishment of programs to provide training and education for vocational workforce development through centers of excellence.

(2)

Purpose

Training funded under this subsection shall be intended to ensure that the workforce has the necessary skills needed to work on and maintain, and provide emergency assistance relating to, plug-in electric drive vehicles and the infrastructure required to support plug-in electric drive vehicles.

(3)

Scope

Training funded under this subsection shall include training for—

(A)

first responders;

(B)

electricians and contractors who will be installing infrastructure;

(C)

engineers;

(D)

code inspection officials; and

(E)

dealers and mechanics.

(b)

Design

The Secretary shall award grants to institutions of higher education and other qualified training and education institutions for the establishment of programs to provide training and education in designing plug-in electric drive vehicles and associated components and infrastructure to ensure that the United States can lead the world in this field.

(c)

Authorization of appropriations

There is authorized to be appropriated $150,000,000 to carry out this section.

105.

Federal fleets

(a)

In general

Electricity consumed by Federal agencies to fuel plug-in electric drive vehicles—

(1)

is an alternative fuel (as defined in section 301 of the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (42 U.S.C. 13218)); and

(2)

shall be accounted for under Federal fleet management reporting requirements, not under Federal building management reporting requirements.

(b)

Assessment and report

Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act and every 3 years thereafter, the Federal Energy Management Program of the Department of Energy and the General Services Administration, in consultation with the Task Force, shall complete an assessment of Federal Government fleets, including the Postal Service and the Department of Defense, and submit a report to Congress that describes—

(1)

for each Federal agency, which types of vehicles the agency uses that would or would not be suitable for near-term and medium-term conversion to plug-in electric drive vehicles, taking into account the types of vehicles for which plug-in electric drive vehicles could provide comparable functionality and lifecycle costs;

(2)

how many plug-in electric drive vehicles could be deployed by the Federal Government in 5 years and in 10 years, assuming that plug-in electric drive vehicles are available and are purchased when new vehicles are needed or existing vehicles are replaced;

(3)

the estimated cost to the Federal Government for vehicle purchases under paragraph (2); and

(4)

a description of any updates to the assessment based on new market data.

(c)

Inventory and data collection

(1)

In general

In carrying out the assessment and report under subsection (b), the Federal Energy Management Program, in consultation with the General Services Administration, shall—

(A)

develop an information request for each agency that operates a fleet of at least 20 motor vehicles; and

(B)

establish guidelines for each agency to use in developing a plan to deploy plug-in electric drive vehicles.

(2)

Agency responses

Each agency that operates a fleet of at least 20 motor vehicles shall—

(A)

collect information on the vehicle fleet of the agency in response to the information request described in paragraph (1); and

(B)

develop a plan to deploy plug-in electric drive vehicles.

(3)

Analysis of responses

The Federal Energy Management Program shall—

(A)

analyze the information submitted by each agency under paragraph (2);

(B)

approve or suggest amendments to the plan of each agency to ensure that the plan is consistent with the goals and requirements of this Act; and

(C)

submit a plan to Congress and the General Services Administration to be used in developing the pilot program described in subsection (e).

(d)

Budget request

Each agency of the Federal Government shall include plug-in electric drive vehicle purchases identified in the report under subsection (b) in the budget of the agency to be included in the budget of the United States Government submitted by the President under section 1105 of title 31, United States Code.

(e)

Pilot program To deploy plug-In electric drive vehicles in the Federal fleet

(1)

In general

The Administrator of General Services shall acquire plug-in electric drive vehicles and the requisite charging infrastructure to be deployed in a range of locations in Federal Government fleets, which may include the United States Postal Service and the Department of Defense, during the 5-year period beginning on the date of enactment of this Act.

(2)

Data collection

The Administrator of General Services shall collect data regarding—

(A)

the cost, performance, and use of plug-in electric drive vehicles in the Federal fleet;

(B)

the deployment and integration of plug-in electric drive vehicles in the Federal fleet; and

(C)

the contribution of plug-in electric drive vehicles in the Federal fleet toward reducing the use of fossil fuels and greenhouse gas emissions.

(3)

Report

Not later than 6 years after the date of enactment of this Act, the Administrator of General Services shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a report that—

(A)

describes the status of plug-in electric drive vehicles in the Federal fleet; and

(B)

includes an analysis of the data collected under this subsection.

(4)

Public web site

The Federal Energy Management Program shall maintain and regularly update a publicly available Web site that provides information on the status of plug-in electric drive vehicles in the Federal fleet.

(f)

Acquisition priority

Section 507(g) of the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (42 U.S.C. 13257(g)) is amended by adding at the end the following:

(5)

Priority

The Secretary shall, to the maximum extent practicable, prioritize the acquisition of plug-in electric drive vehicles (as defined in section 131(a) of the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (42 U.S.C. 17011(a)) over nonelectric alternative fueled vehicles.

.

(g)

Maximum purchase price of motor vehicle

Section 702 of the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2010 (31 U.S.C. 1343 note; Public Law 111–117) is amended—

(1)

by striking section 16 of the Act of August 2, 1946 (60 Stat. 810), and inserting section 1343(c) of title 31, United States Code,; and

(2)

by inserting before the period at the end the following: : Provided further, That the limits set forth in this section shall not apply to any vehicle that is a commercial vehicle and that operates using an emerging motor vehicle technology, including plug-in hybrid electric and hydrogen fuel cell vehicles.

(h)

Authorization of appropriations

There is authorized to be appropriated for the Federal Government to pay for incremental costs to purchase or lease plug-in electric drive vehicles and the requisite charging infrastructure for Federal fleets $25,000,000.

106.

Targeted Plug-in Electric Drive Vehicle Deployment Communities Program

(a)

Establishment

(1)

In general

There is established within the national plug-in electric drive deployment program established under section 101 a targeted plug-in electric drive vehicle deployment communities program (referred to in this section as the Program).

(2)

Existing activities

In carrying out the Program, the Secretary shall coordinate and supplement, not supplant, any ongoing plug-in electric drive deployment activities under section 131 of the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (42 U.S.C. 17011).

(3)

Deployment

(A)

In general

The Secretary shall establish a competitive process to select deployment communities for the Program.

(B)

Eligible entities

In selecting participants for the Program under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall only consider applications submitted by State, tribal, or local government entities (or groups of State, tribal, or local government entities).

(C)

Selection

Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act and not later than 1 year after the date on which any subsequent amounts are appropriated for the Program, the Secretary shall select the deployment communities under this paragraph.

(D)

Termination

The Program shall be carried out for a 3-year period beginning on the date funding under this Act is first provided to the deployment community.

(b)

Goals

The goals of the Program are—

(1)

to facilitate the rapid deployment of plug-in electric drive vehicles, including—

(A)

the deployment of 400,000 plug-in electric drive vehicles in the deployment communities selected under paragraph (2);

(B)

the near-term achievement of significant market penetration in deployment communities; and

(C)

supporting the achievement of significant market penetration nationally;

(2)

to establish models for the rapid deployment of plug-in electric drive vehicles nationally, including for the deployment of single-family and multifamily residential, workplace, and publicly available charging infrastructure;

(3)

to increase consumer knowledge and acceptance of, and exposure to, plug-in electric drive vehicles;

(4)

to encourage the innovation and investment necessary to achieve mass market deployment of plug-in electric drive vehicles;

(5)

to demonstrate the integration of plug-in electric drive vehicles into electricity distribution systems and the larger electric grid while maintaining or improving grid system performance, security, and reliability;

(6)

to demonstrate protocols and communication standards that facilitate vehicle integration into the grid and provide seamless charging for consumers traveling through multiple utility distribution systems;

(7)

to investigate differences among deployment communities and to develop best practices for implementing vehicle electrification in various communities, including best practices for planning for and facilitating the construction of residential, workplace, and publicly available infrastructure to support plug-in electric drive vehicles;

(8)

to collect comprehensive data on the purchase and use of plug-in electric drive vehicles, including charging profile data at unit and aggregate levels, to inform best practices for rapidly deploying plug-in electric drive vehicles in other locations, including for the installation of charging infrastructure;

(9)

to reduce and displace petroleum use and reduce greenhouse gas emissions by accelerating the deployment of plug-in electric drive vehicles in the United States; and

(10)

to increase domestic manufacturing capacity and commercialization in a manner that will establish the United States as a world leader in plug-in electric drive vehicle technologies.

(c)

Deployment community selection criteria

(1)

In general

The Secretary shall ensure, to the maximum extent practicable, that selected deployment communities serve as models of deployment for various communities across the United States.

(2)

Selection

In selecting communities under this section, the Secretary—

(A)

shall ensure, to the maximum extent practicable, that—

(i)

the combination of selected communities is diverse in population, population density, demographics, urban and suburban composition, typical commuting patterns, climate, and type of utility (including investor-owned, publicly owned, cooperatively owned, distribution-only, and vertically integrated utilities);

(ii)

the combination of selected communities is diverse in geographic distribution, and at least 1 deployment community is located in each Petroleum Administration for Defense District;

(iii)

at least 1 community selected has a population of less than 500,000;

(iv)

grants are of a sufficient amount such that each deployment community will achieve significant market penetration, particularly into the mainstream consumer market; and

(v)

the deployment communities are representative of other communities across the United States;

(B)

is encouraged to select a combination of deployment communities that includes multiple models or approaches for deploying plug-in electric drive vehicles that the Secretary believes are reasonably likely to be effective, including multiple approaches to the deployment of charging infrastructure;

(C)

in addition to the criteria described in subparagraph (A), may give preference to applicants proposing a greater non-Federal cost share; and

(D)

when considering deployment community plans, shall take into account previous Department of Energy and other Federal investments to ensure that the maximum domestic benefit from Federal investments is realized.

(3)

Criteria

(A)

In general

Not later than 120 days after the date of enactment of this Act, and not later than 90 days after the date on which any subsequent amounts are appropriated for the Program, the Secretary shall publish criteria for the selection of deployment communities that include requirements that applications be submitted by a State, tribal, or local government entity (or groups of State, tribal, or local government entities).

(B)

Application requirements

The criteria published by the Secretary under subparagraph (A) shall include application requirements that, at a minimum, include—

(i)

achievable goals and methodologies for—

(I)

the number of plug-in electric drive vehicles to be deployed in the community;

(II)

the expected percentage of light-duty vehicle sales that would be sales of plug-in electric drive vehicles;

(III)

the adoption of plug-in electric drive vehicles (including medium- or heavy-duty vehicles) in private and public fleets during the 3-year duration of the Program; and

(IV)

a method to generate revenue to maintain the infrastructure investments made by the Program after the termination of the Program;

(ii)

data that demonstrate that—

(I)

the public is likely to embrace plug-in electric drive vehicles, which may include—

(aa)

the quantity of plug-in electric drive vehicles purchased;

(bb)

the number of individuals on a waiting list to purchase a plug-in electric drive vehicle;

(cc)

projections of the quantity of plug-in electric drive vehicles supplied to dealers; and

(dd)

any assessment of the quantity of charging infrastructure installed or for which permits have been issued; and

(II)

automobile manufacturers and dealers will be able to provide and service the targeted number of plug-in electric drive vehicles in the community for the duration of the program;

(iii)

clearly defined geographic boundaries of the proposed deployment area;

(iv)

a community deployment plan for the deployment of plug-in electric drive vehicles, charging infrastructure, and services in the deployment community;

(v)

assurances that a majority of the vehicle deployments anticipated in the plan will be personal vehicles authorized to travel on the United States Federal-aid system of highways, and secondarily, private or public sector plug-in electric drive fleet vehicles, but may also include—

(I)

private or public sector plug-in electric drive fleet vehicles;

(II)

medium- and heavy-duty plug-in hybrid vehicles; and

(III)

any other plug-in electric drive vehicle authorized to travel on the United States Federal-aid system of highways; and

(vi)

any other merit-based criteria, as determined by the Secretary.

(4)

Community deployment plans

Plans for the deployment of plug-in electric drive vehicles shall include—

(A)

a proposed level of cost sharing in accordance with subsection (d)(2)(C);

(B)

documentation demonstrating a substantial partnership with relevant stakeholders, including—

(i)

a list of stakeholders that includes—

(I)

elected and appointed officials from each of the participating State, local, and tribal governments;

(II)

all relevant generators and distributors of electricity;

(III)

State utility regulatory authorities;

(IV)

departments of public works and transportation;

(V)

owners and operators of property that will be essential to the deployment of a sufficient level of publicly available charging infrastructure (including privately owned parking lots or structures and commercial entities with public access locations);

(VI)

plug-in electric drive vehicle manufacturers or retailers;

(VII)

third-party providers of residential, workplace, private, and publicly available charging infrastructure or services;

(VIII)

owners of any major fleet that will participate in the program;

(IX)

as appropriate, owners and operators of regional electric power distribution and transmission facilities; and

(X)

as appropriate, other existing community coalitions recognized by the Department of Energy;

(ii)

evidence of the commitment of the stakeholders to participate in the partnership;

(iii)

a clear description of the role and responsibilities of each stakeholder; and

(iv)

a plan for continuing the engagement and participation of the stakeholders, as appropriate, throughout the implementation of the deployment plan;

(C)

a description of the number of plug-in electric drive vehicles anticipated to be plug-in electric drive personal vehicles and the number of plug-in electric drive vehicles anticipated to be privately owned fleet or public fleet vehicles;

(D)

a plan for deploying residential, workplace, private, and publicly available charging infrastructure, including—

(i)

an assessment of the number of consumers who will have access to private residential charging infrastructure in single-family or multifamily residences;

(ii)

options for accommodating plug-in electric drive vehicle owners who are not able to charge vehicles at their place of residence;

(iii)

an assessment of the number of consumers who will have access to workplace charging infrastructure;

(iv)

a plan for ensuring that the charging infrastructure or plug-in electric drive vehicle be able to send and receive the information needed to interact with the grid and be compatible with smart grid technologies to the extent feasible;

(v)

an estimate of the number and distribution of publicly and privately owned charging stations that will be publicly or commercially available;

(vi)

an estimate of the quantity of charging infrastructure that will be privately funded or located on private property; and

(vii)

a description of equipment to be deployed, including assurances that, to the maximum extent practicable, equipment to be deployed will meet open, nonproprietary standards for connecting to plug-in electric drive vehicles that are either—

(I)

commonly accepted by industry at the time the equipment is being acquired; or

(II)

meet the standards developed by the Director of the National Institute of Standards and Technology under section 1305 of the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (42 U.S.C. 17385);

(E)

a plan for effective marketing of and consumer education relating to plug-in electric drive vehicles, charging services, and infrastructure;

(F)

descriptions of updated building codes (or a plan to update building codes before or during the grant period) to include charging infrastructure or dedicated circuits for charging infrastructure, as appropriate, in new construction and major renovations;

(G)

descriptions of updated construction permitting or inspection processes (or a plan to update construction permitting or inspection processes) to allow for expedited installation of charging infrastructure for purchasers of plug-in electric drive vehicles, including a permitting process that allows a vehicle purchaser to have charging infrastructure installed in a timely manner;

(H)

descriptions of updated zoning, parking rules, or other local ordinances as are necessary to facilitate the installation of publicly available charging infrastructure and to allow for access to publicly available charging infrastructure, as appropriate;

(I)

descriptions of incentives for residents in a deployment community who purchase and register a new plug-in electric drive vehicle, in addition to any Federal incentives, including—

(i)

a rebate of part of the purchase price of the vehicle;

(ii)

reductions in sales taxes or registration fees;

(iii)

rebates or reductions in the costs of permitting, purchasing, or installing home plug-in electric drive vehicle charging infrastructure; and

(iv)

rebates or reductions in State or local toll road access charges;

(J)

additional consumer benefits, such as preferred parking spaces or single-rider access to high-occupancy vehicle lanes for plug-in electric drive vehicles;

(K)

a proposed plan for making necessary utility and grid upgrades, including economically sound and cybersecure information technology upgrades and employee training, and a plan for recovering the cost of the upgrades;

(L)

a description of utility, grid operator, or third-party charging service provider, policies and plans for accommodating the deployment of plug-in electric drive vehicles, including—

(i)

rate structures or provisions and billing protocols for the charging of plug-in electric drive vehicles;

(ii)

analysis of potential impacts to the grid;

(iii)

plans for using information technology or third-party aggregators—

(I)

to minimize the effects of charging on peak loads;

(II)

to enhance reliability; and

(III)

to provide other grid benefits;

(iv)

plans for working with smart grid technologies or third-party aggregators for the purposes of smart charging and for allowing 2-way communication;

(M)

a deployment timeline;

(N)

a plan for monitoring and evaluating the implementation of the plan, including metrics for assessing the success of the deployment and an approach to updating the plan, as appropriate; and

(O)

a description of the manner in which any grant funds applied for under subsection (d) will be used and the proposed local cost share for the funds.

(d)

Applications and grants

(1)

Applications

(A)

In general

Not later than 150 days after the date of publication by the Secretary of selection criteria described in subsection (c)(3), any State, tribal, or local government, or group of State, tribal, or local governments may apply to the Secretary to become a deployment community.

(B)

Joint sponsorship

(i)

In general

An application submitted under subparagraph (A) may be jointly sponsored by electric utilities, automobile manufacturers, technology providers, carsharing companies or organizations, third-party plug-in electric drive vehicle service providers, or other appropriated entities.

(ii)

Disbursement of grants

A grant provided under this subsection shall only be disbursed to a State, tribal, or local government, or group of State, tribal, or local governments, regardless of whether the application is jointly sponsored under clause (i).

(2)

Grants

(A)

In general

In each application, the applicant may request up to $250,000,000 in financial assistance from the Secretary to fund projects in the deployment community.

(B)

Use of funds

Funds provided through a grant under this paragraph may be used to help implement the plan for the deployment of plug-in electric drive vehicles included in the application, including—

(i)

reducing the cost and increasing the consumer adoption of plug-in electric drive vehicles through incentives as described in subsection (c)(4)(I);

(ii)

planning for and installing charging infrastructure, including offering additional incentives as described in subsection (c)(4)(I);

(iii)

updating building codes, zoning or parking rules, or permitting or inspection processes as described in subparagraphs (F), (G), and (H) of subsection (c)(4);

(iv)

workforce training, including training of permitting officials;

(v)

public education and marketing described in the proposed marketing plan;

(vi)

supplementing (and not supplanting) the number of plug-in electric drive vehicles that are purchased by State, local, and tribal governments; and

(vii)

necessary utility and grid upgrades as described in subsection (c)(4)(K).

(C)

Cost-sharing

(i)

In general

A grant provided under this paragraph shall be subject to a minimum non-Federal cost-sharing requirement of 80 percent.

(ii)

Non-Federal sources

The Secretary shall—

(I)

determine the appropriate cost share for each selected applicant; and

(II)

require that not less than 80 percent of the cost of an activity funded by a grant under this paragraph be provided by a non-Federal source.

(iii)

Reduction

The Secretary may reduce or eliminate the cost-sharing requirement described in clause (i), as the Secretary determines to be necessary.

(iv)

Calculation of amount

In calculating the amount of the non-Federal share under this section, the Secretary—

(I)

may include allowable costs in accordance with the applicable cost principles, including—

(aa)

cash;

(bb)

personnel costs;

(cc)

the value of a service, other resource, or third party in-kind contribution determined in accordance with the applicable circular of the Office of Management and Budget;

(dd)

indirect costs or facilities and administrative costs; or

(ee)

any funds received under the power program of the Tennessee Valley Authority or any Power Marketing Administration (except to the extent that such funds are made available under an annual appropriation Act);

(II)

shall include contributions made by State, tribal, or local government entities and private entities; and

(III)

shall not include—

(aa)

revenues or royalties from the prospective operation of an activity beyond the time considered in the grant;

(bb)

proceeds from the prospective sale of an asset of an activity; or

(cc)

other appropriated Federal funds.

(v)

Repayment of Federal share

The Secretary shall not require repayment of the Federal share of a cost-shared activity under this section as a condition of providing a grant.

(vi)

Title to property

The Secretary may vest title or other property interests acquired under projects funded under this Act in any entity, including the United States.

(D)

Other federal assistance

The Secretary shall consider the receipt of other Federal funds received by the applicant in determining the cost share of the applicant.

(3)

Selection

Not later than 120 days after an application deadline has been established under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall announce the names of the deployment communities selected under this subsection.

(e)

Reporting requirements

(1)

In general

The Secretary, in consultation with the Committee, shall—

(A)

determine what data will be required to be collected by participants in deployment communities and submitted to the Department to allow for analysis of the deployment communities;

(B)

provide for the protection of consumer privacy, as appropriate; and

(C)

develop metrics to evaluate the performance of the deployment communities.

(2)

Provision of data

As a condition of participation in the Program, a deployment community shall provide any data identified by the Secretary under paragraph (1).

(3)

Reports

(A)

Interim report

Not later than 3 years after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to Congress an interim report that contains—

(i)

a description of the status of—

(I)

the deployment communities and the implementation of the deployment plan of each deployment community;

(II)

the rate of vehicle manufacturing deployment and market penetration of plug-in electric drive vehicles; and

(III)

the deployment of residential and publicly available infrastructure;

(ii)

a description of the challenges experienced and lessons learned from the program to date, including the activities described in clause (i); and

(iii)

an analysis of the data collected under this subsection.

(B)

Final report

On completion of the Program, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a final report that contains—

(i)

updates on the information described in subparagraph (A);

(ii)

a description of the successes and failures of the Program;

(iii)

recommendations on whether to promote further deployment of electric vehicles; and

(iv)

if additional deployment communities are recommended, information on—

(I)

the number of additional deployment communities that should be selected;

(II)

the manner in which criteria for selection should be updated;

(III)

the manner in which incentive structures for deployment should be changed; and

(IV)

whether other forms of onboard energy storage for electric drive vehicles should be included.

(f)

Proprietary information

The Secretary shall, as appropriate, provide for the protection of proprietary information and intellectual property rights.

(g)

Authorization of appropriations

There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section $2,000,000,000.

(h)

Conforming amendment

Section 166(b)(5) of title 23, United States Code, is amended—

(1)

in subparagraph (A), by striking Before September 30, 2009, the State and inserting The State; and

(2)

in subparagraph (B), by striking Before September 30, 2009, the State and inserting The State.

107.

Plug-in electric drive vehicle private fleet upgrade program

(a)

Establishment

(1)

In general

There is established within the national plug-in electric drive deployment program established under section 101 a plug-in electric drive vehicle private fleet upgrade program (referred to in this section as the Program).

(b)

Competitive grants

(1)

In general

The Secretary shall establish a competitive process to select electric drive vehicle fleets for the Program to receive grants.

(2)

Eligible entities

In selecting participants for the Program under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall only consider applications (including joint applications) submitted by companies that—

(A)

are private, nongovernmental entities;

(B)

are headquartered in the United States; and

(C)

plan to purchase, or enter into contracts for hire, not less than 100 plug-in electric drive vehicles.

(3)

Selection criteria

Not later than 120 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall publish a set of selection criteria for the grants competition that shall include—

(A)

offering the highest cost-share relative to the value of the Federal grant offered under the Program;

(B)

to the maximum extent practicable, serving as models of deployment for other private companies across the United States; and

(C)

meeting other criteria considered appropriate by the Secretary.

(4)

Applications and grants

(A)

In general

Not later than 120 days after the date of publication by the Secretary of the selection criteria described in paragraph (3), any company that meets the eligibility criteria described in paragraph (2) may apply to the Secretary to receive a grant.

(B)

Grants

(i)

In general

In each application, the applicant may apply for grants of not more than $20,000,000.

(ii)

Use of funds

Funds provided through a grant under this subsection may be used—

(I)

to purchase plug-in electric drive vehicles;

(II)

to plan for and install charging infrastructure; and

(III)

to carry out other activities considered appropriate by the Secretary.

(iii)

Cost-sharing

(I)

In general

A grant provided under this subsection shall be subject to a minimum non-Federal cost-sharing requirement of 80 percent.

(II)

Non-Federal sources

The Secretary shall—

(aa)

determine the appropriate cost share for each selected applicant; and

(bb)

subject to subclause (III), require that not less than 80 percent of the cost of an activity funded by a grant under this subsection be provided from a non-Federal source.

(III)

Reduction

The Secretary may reduce or eliminate the cost-sharing requirement described in subclause (I), as the Secretary determines to be necessary.

(IV)

Repayment of Federal share

The Secretary shall not require repayment of the Federal share of a cost-shared activity under this section as a condition of providing a grant.

(V)

Title to property

The receipt of Federal funds under this section shall not prohibit the purchaser of a vehicle, equipment, or other property from retaining sole, permanent title to the vehicle, equipment, or property at the conclusion of the Program.

(iv)

Other Federal assistance

The Secretary shall consider the receipt of other Federal funds by the applicant in determining the cost share of the applicant.

(C)

Selection

Not later than 120 days after the application deadline established under subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall announce the names of the applicants selected to receive grants under this section.

(5)

Reporting requirements

(A)

In general

The Secretary shall—

(i)

determine what data will be required to be collected by participants in the Program and submitted to the Secretary to permit analysis of the Program; and

(ii)

develop metrics to determine the success of the deployment communities.

(B)

Provision of data

As a condition of participation in the Program, an applicant shall provide any data determined by the Secretary under subparagraph (A).

(C)

Proprietary information

In carrying out this paragraph, the Secretary shall, as appropriate, provide for the protection of proprietary information and intellectual property rights.

(c)

Loan guarantees

Section 1703(b) of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 16513(b)) is amended by adding at the end the following:

(11)

Plug-in electric drive vehicle fleets.

.

(d)

Authorization of appropriations

There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section $300,000,000.

II

Research and development

201.

Research and development program

(a)

Research and development program

(1)

In general

The Secretary, in consultation with the Committee, shall establish a program to fund research and development in advanced batteries, plug-in electric drive vehicle components, plug-in electric drive infrastructure, and other technologies supporting the development, manufacture, and deployment of plug-in electric drive vehicles and charging infrastructure.

(2)

Use of funds

The program may include funding for—

(A)

the development of low-cost, smart-charging and vehicle-to-grid connectivity technology;

(B)

the benchmarking and assessment of open software systems using nationally established evaluation criteria; and

(C)

new technologies in electricity storage or electric drive components for vehicles.

(3)

Report

Not later than 4 years after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report describing the status of the program described in paragraph (1).

(4)

Supplemental funding

Funds provided under this section shall supplement (and not supplant) funds made available for research and development under the Vehicles Technology Program of the Department of Energy.

(b)

Secondary use applications program

(1)

In general

The Secretary, in consultation with the Committee, shall carry out a research, development, and demonstration program that builds upon any work carried out under section 915 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 16195) and—

(A)

identifies possible uses of a vehicle battery after the useful life of the battery in a vehicle has been exhausted;

(B)

assesses the potential for markets for uses described in subparagraph (A) to develop, as well as any barriers to the development of the markets;

(C)

identifies the infrastructure, technology, and equipment needed to manage the charging activity of the batteries used in stationary sources; and

(D)

identifies the potential uses of a vehicle battery—

(i)

with the most promise for market development; and

(ii)

for which market development would be aided by a demonstration project.

(2)

Report

Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress an initial report on the findings of the program described in paragraph (1), including recommendations for stationary energy storage and other potential applications for batteries used in plug-in electric drive vehicles.

(c)

Secondary use demonstration projects

(1)

In general

Based on the results of the program described in subsection (b), the Secretary, in consultation with the Committee, shall develop guidelines for projects that demonstrate the secondary uses of vehicle batteries.

(2)

Publication of guidelines

Not later than 30 months after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall—

(A)

publish the guidelines described in paragraph (1); and

(B)

solicit applications for funding for demonstration projects.

(3)

Grant program

Not later than 38 months after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall select proposals for grant funding under this section, based on an assessment of which proposals are mostly likely to contribute to the development of a secondary market for batteries.

(d)

Materials Recycling Study

(1)

In general

The Secretary, in consultation with the Committee, shall carry out a study on the recycling of materials from plug-in electric drive vehicles and the batteries used in plug-in electric drive vehicles.

(2)

Report

Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a report on the findings of the study described in paragraph (1).

(e)

ARPA-E plug-In electric drive vehicle research and development programs

Funds made available under this section shall be used—

(1)

by the Advanced Research Projects Agency—Energy established by section 5012(b) of the America COMPETES Act (42 U.S.C. 16538(b)) (referred to in this subsection as ARPA-E) to fund high-risk, high-reward research and development programs supporting the development, manufacture, and deployment of plug-in electric drive vehicles and charging infrastructure, including advanced batteries, plug-in electric drive components, and plug-in electric drive infrastructure; and

(2)

to supplement (and not supplant) funds made available for ARPA-E.

(f)

Authorization of appropriations

There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section $235,000,000, including—

(1)

$10,000,000 for use in conducting the program described in subsection (a) for fiscal years 2011 through 2016;

(2)

$5,000,000 for use in conducting the program described in subsection (b) for fiscal years 2011 through 2016;

(3)

$15,000,000 for use in providing grants described in subsection (c) for fiscal years 2011 through 2016;

(4)

$5,000,000 for use in conducting the study described in subsection (d) for fiscal years 2011 through 2013; and

(5)

$200,000,000 for use in conducting the program described in subsection (e) for fiscal years 2011 through 2020.

202.

Advanced batteries for tomorrow prize

(a)

In general

Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, as part of the program described in section 1008 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 16396), the Secretary shall establish the Advanced Batteries for Tomorrow Prize to competitively award cash prizes in accordance with this section to advance the research, development, demonstration, and commercial application of a 500-mile vehicle battery.

(b)

Battery specifications

(1)

In general

To be eligible for the Prize, a battery submitted by an entrant shall be—

(A)

able to power a plug-in electric drive vehicle authorized to travel on the United States Federal-aid system of highways for at least 500 miles before recharging;

(B)

of a size that would not be cost-prohibitive or create space constraints, if mass-produced; and

(C)

cost-effective (measured in cost per kilowatt hour), if mass-produced.

(2)

Additional requirements

The Secretary, in consultation with the Committee, shall establish any additional battery specifications that the Secretary and the Committee determine to be necessary.

(c)

Private funds

(1)

In general

Subject to paragraph (2) and notwithstanding section 3302 of title 31, United States Code, the Secretary may accept, retain, and use funds contributed by any person, government entity, or organization for purposes of carrying out this subsection—

(A)

without further appropriation; and

(B)

without fiscal year limitation.

(2)

Restriction on participation

An entity providing private funds for the Prize may not participate in the competition for the Prize.

(d)

Technical review

The Secretary, in consultation with the Committee, shall establish a technical review committee composed of non-Federal officers to review data submitted by Prize entrants under this section and determine whether the data meets the prize specifications described in subsection (b).

(e)

Third party administration

The Secretary may select, on a competitive basis, a third party to administer awards provided under this section.

(f)

Eligibility

To be eligible for an award under this section—

(1)

in the case of a private entity, the entity shall be incorporated in and maintain a primary place of business in the United States; and

(2)

in the case of an individual (whether participating as a single individual or in a group), the individual shall be a citizen or lawful permanent resident of the United States.

(g)

Award amounts

(1)

In general

Subject to the availability of funds to carry out this section, the amount of the Prize shall be $10,000,000.

(2)

Breakthrough achievement awards

In addition to the award described in paragraph (1), the Secretary, in consultation with the technical review committee established under subsection (d), may award cash prizes, in amounts determined by the Secretary, in recognition of breakthrough achievements in research, development, demonstration, and commercial application of—

(A)

activities described in subsection (b); or

(B)

advances in battery durability, energy density, and power density.

(h)

500-Mile battery award fund

(1)

Establishment

There is established in the Treasury of the United States a fund to be known as the 500-mile Battery Fund (referred to in this section as the Fund), to be administered by the Secretary, to be available without fiscal year limitation and subject to appropriation, to award amounts under this section.

(2)

Transfers to Fund

The Fund shall consist of—

(A)

such amounts as are appropriated to the Fund under subsection (i); and

(B)

such amounts as are described in subsection (c) and that are provided for the Fund.

(3)

Prohibition

Amounts in the Fund may not be made available for any purpose other than a purposes described in subsection (a).

(4)

Annual reports

(A)

In general

Not later than 60 days after the end of each fiscal year beginning with fiscal year 2012, the Secretary shall submit a report on the operation of the Fund during the fiscal year to—

(i)

the Committees on Appropriations of the House of Representatives and of the Senate;

(ii)

the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources of the Senate; and

(iii)

the Committee on Energy and Commerce of the House of Representatives.

(B)

Contents

Each report shall include, for the fiscal year covered by the report, the following:

(i)

A statement of the amounts deposited into the Fund.

(ii)

A description of the expenditures made from the Fund for the fiscal year, including the purpose of the expenditures.

(iii)

Recommendations for additional authorities to fulfill the purpose of the Fund.

(iv)

A statement of the balance remaining in the Fund at the end of the fiscal year.

(5)

Separate appropriations account

Section 1105(a) of title 31, United States Code, is amended—

(A)

by redesignating paragraphs (35) and (36) as paragraphs (36) and (37), respectively;

(B)

by redesignating the second paragraph (33) (relating to obligational authority and outlays requested for homeland security) as paragraph (35); and

(C)

by adding at the end the following:

(38)

a separate statement for the 500-mile Battery Fund established under section 8(h) of the Promoting Electric Vehicles Act of 2011, which shall include the estimated amount of deposits into the Fund, obligations, and outlays from the Fund.

.

(i)

Authorization of appropriations

There is authorized to be appropriated—

(1)

$10,000,000 to carry out subsection (g)(1); and

(2)

$1,000,000 to carry out subsection (g)(2).

203.

Study on the supply of raw materials

(a)

In general

The Secretary of the Interior, in consultation with the Secretary and the Task Force, shall conduct a study that—

(1)

identifies the raw materials needed for the manufacture of plug-in electric drive vehicles, batteries, and other components for plug-in electric drive vehicles, and for the infrastructure needed to support plug-in electric drive vehicles;

(2)

describes the primary or original sources and known reserves and resources of those raw materials;

(3)

assesses, in consultation with an independent analysis entity designated by the Secretary, the degree of risk to the manufacture, maintenance, deployment, and use of plug-in electric drive vehicles associated with the supply of those raw materials; and

(4)

identifies pathways to securing reliable and resilient supplies of those raw materials.

(b)

Report

Not later than 3 years after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Interior shall submit to Congress a report that describes the results of the study.

(c)

Authorization of appropriations

There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out this subsection $1,500,000.

204.

Study on the collection and preservation of data collected from plug-in electric drive vehicles

(a)

In general

Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary, in consultation with the Committee, shall enter into an agreement with the National Academy of Sciences under which the Academy shall conduct a study that—

(1)

identifies—

(A)

the data that may be collected from plug-in electric drive vehicles, including data on the location, charging patterns, and usage of plug-in electric drive vehicles;

(B)

the scientific, economic, commercial, security, and historic potential of the data described in subparagraph (A); and

(C)

any laws or regulations that relate to the data described in subparagraph (A); and

(2)

analyzes and provides recommendations on matters that include procedures, technologies, and rules relating to the collection, storage, and preservation of the data described in paragraph (1)(A).

(b)

Report

Not later than 15 months after the date of an agreement between the Secretary and the Academy under subsection (a), the National Academy of Sciences shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a report that describes the results of the study under subsection (a).

(c)

Authorization of appropriations

There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section $1,000,000.

III

Miscellaneous

301.

Utility planning for plug-in electric drive vehicles

(a)

In general

The Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 2601 et seq.) is amended—

(1)

in section 111(d) (16 U.S.C. 2621(d)), by adding at the end the following:

(20)

Plug-in electric drive vehicle planning

(A)

Utility plan for plug-in electric drive vehicles

(i)

In general

Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of this paragraph, each electric utility shall develop a plan to support the use of plug-in electric drive vehicles in the service area of the electric utility.

(ii)

Requirements

A plan under clause (i) shall investigate—

(I)

various levels of potential penetration of plug-in electric drive vehicles in the utility service area;

(II)

the potential impacts that the various levels of penetration and charging scenarios (including charging rates and daily hours of charging) would have on generation, distribution infrastructure, and the operation of the transmission grid; and

(III)

the role of third parties in providing reliable and economical charging services.

(iii)

Waiver

(I)

In general

An electric utility that determines that the electric utility will not be impacted by plug-in electric drive vehicles during the 5-year period beginning on the date of enactment of this paragraph may petition the Secretary to waive clause (i) for 5 years.

(II)

Approval

Approval of a waiver under subclause (I) shall be in the sole discretion of the Secretary.

(iv)

Updates

(I)

In general

Each electric utility shall update the plan of the electric utility every 2 years.

(II)

Resubmission of waiver

An electric utility that received a waiver under clause (iii) and wants the waiver to continue after the expiration of the waiver shall be required to resubmit the waiver.

(v)

Exemption

If the Secretary determines that a plan required by a State regulatory authority meets the requirements of this paragraph, the Secretary may accept that plan and exempt the electric utility submitting the plan from the requirements of clause (i).

(B)

Support requirements

Each State regulatory authority (in the case of each electric utility for which the authority has ratemaking authority) and each publicly owned utility and cooperative utility shall—

(i)

participate in any local plan for the deployment of recharging infrastructure in communities located in the footprint of the authority or utility;

(ii)

require that charging infrastructure deployed is interoperable with products of all auto manufacturers to the maximum extent practicable; and

(iii)

consider adopting minimum requirements for deployment of electrical charging infrastructure and other appropriate requirements necessary to support the use of plug-in electric drive vehicles.

(C)

Cost recovery

Each State regulatory authority (in the case of each electric utility for which the authority has ratemaking authority) and each publicly owned utility and cooperative utility may consider whether, and to what extent, to allow cost recovery for plans and implementation of plans.

(D)

Determination

Not later than 3 years after the date of enactment of this paragraph, each State regulatory authority (with respect to each electric utility for which the authority has ratemaking authority), and each publicly owned utility and cooperative electric utility, shall complete the consideration, and shall make the determination, referred to in subsection (a) with respect to the standard established by this paragraph.

;

(2)

in section 112(c) (16 U.S.C. 2622(c))—

(A)

in the first sentence, by striking Each State and inserting the following:

(1)

In general

Each State

;

(B)

in the second sentence, by striking In the case and inserting the following:

(2)

Specific standards

(A)

Net metering and fossil fuel generation efficiency

In the case

;

(C)

in the third sentence, by striking In the case and inserting the following:

(B)

Time-based metering and communications

In the case

;

(D)

in the fourth sentence—

(i)

by striking In the case and inserting the following:

(C)

Interconnection

In the case

; and

(ii)

by striking paragraph (15) and inserting paragraph (15) of section 111(d);

(E)

in the fifth sentence, by striking In the case and inserting the following:

(D)

Integrated resource planning, rate design modifications, smart grid investments, smart grid information

In the case

; and

(F)

by adding at the end the following:

(E)

Plug-in electric drive vehicle planning

In the case of the standards established by paragraph (20) of section 111(d), the reference contained in this subsection to the date of enactment of this Act shall be deemed to be a reference to the date of enactment of that paragraph.

; and

(3)

in section 112(d) (16 U.S.C. 2622(d)), in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking (19) and inserting (20).

(b)

Report

(1)

In general

The Secretary, in consultation with the Technical Advisory Committee, shall convene a group of utility stakeholders, charging infrastructure providers, third party aggregators, and others, as appropriate, to discuss and determine the potential models for the technically and logistically challenging issues involved in using electricity as a fuel for vehicles, including—

(A)

accommodation for billing for charging a plug-in electric drive vehicle, both at home and at publicly available charging infrastructure;

(B)

plans for anticipating vehicle to grid applications that will allow batteries in cars as well as banks of batteries to be used for grid storage, ancillary services provision, and backup power;

(C)

integration of plug-in electric drive vehicles with smart grid, including protocols and standards, necessary equipment, and information technology systems; and

(D)

any other barriers to installing sufficient and appropriate charging infrastructure.

(2)

Report

Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of this Act and biennially thereafter, the Secretary shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a report that includes—

(A)

the issues and model solutions described in paragraph (1); and

(B)

any other issues that the Task Force and Secretary determine to be appropriate.

302.

Loan guarantees

(a)

Loan guarantees for advanced battery purchases for use in stationary applications

Subtitle B of title I of the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (42 U.S.C. 17011 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following:

137.

Loan guarantees for advanced battery purchases

(a)

Definitions

In this section:

(1)

Qualified automotive battery

The term qualified automotive battery means a battery that—

(A)

has at least 4 kilowatt hours of battery capacity; and

(B)

is designed for use in qualified plug-in electric drive motor vehicles but is purchased for nonautomotive applications.

(2)

Eligible entity

The term eligible entity means—

(A)

an original equipment manufacturer;

(B)

an electric utility;

(C)

any provider of range extension infrastructure; or

(D)

any other qualified entity, as determined by the Secretary.

(b)

Loan guarantees

(1)

In general

The Secretary shall guarantee loans made to eligible entities for the aggregate purchase of not less than 200 qualified automotive batteries in a calendar year that have a total minimum power rating of 1 megawatt and use advanced battery technology.

(2)

Restriction

As a condition of receiving a loan guarantee under this section, an entity purchasing qualified automotive batteries with loan funds guaranteed under this section shall comply with the provisions of the Buy American Act (41 U.S.C. 10a et seq.).

(c)

Regulations

The Secretary shall promulgate such regulations as are necessary to carry out this section.

(d)

Authorization of appropriations

There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section $50,000,000.

.

(b)

Loan guarantees for charging infrastructure

Section 1705(a) of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 16516(a)) is amended by adding at the end the following:

(4)

Charging infrastructure and networks of charging infrastructure for plug-in drive electric vehicles, if the charging infrastructure will be operational prior to December 31, 2016.

.

303.

Prohibition on disposing of advanced batteries in landfills

(a)

Definition of advanced battery

(1)

In general

In this section, the term advanced battery means a battery that is a secondary (rechargeable) electrochemical energy storage device that has enhanced energy capacity.

(2)

Exclusions

The term advanced battery does not include—

(A)

a primary nonrechargeable battery; or

(B)

a lead-acid battery that is used to start or serve as the principal electrical power source for a plug-in electric drive vehicle.

(b)

Requirement

An advanced battery from a plug-in electric drive vehicle shall be disposed of in accordance with the Solid Waste Disposal Act (42 U.S.C. 6901 et seq.) (commonly known as the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1976).

304.

Plug-in Electric Drive Vehicle Technical Advisory Committee

(a)

In general

There is established the Plug-in Electric Drive Vehicle Technical Advisory Committee to advise the Secretary on the programs and activities under this Act.

(b)

Mission

The mission of the Committee shall be to advise the Secretary on technical matters, including—

(1)

the priorities for research and development;

(2)

means of accelerating the deployment of safe, economical, and efficient plug-in electric drive vehicles for mass market adoption;

(3)

the development and deployment of charging infrastructure;

(4)

the development of uniform codes, standards, and safety protocols for plug-in electric drive vehicles and charging infrastructure; and

(5)

reporting on the competitiveness of the United States in plug-in electric drive vehicle and infrastructure research, manufacturing, and deployment.

(c)

Membership

(1)

Members

(A)

In general

The Committee shall consist of not less than 12, but not more than 25, members.

(B)

Representation

The Secretary shall appoint the members to Committee from among representatives of—

(i)

domestic industry;

(ii)

institutions of higher education;

(iii)

professional societies;

(iv)

Federal, State, and local governmental agencies (including the National Laboratories); and

(v)

financial, transportation, labor, environmental, electric utility, or other appropriate organizations or individuals with direct experience in deploying and marketing plug-in electric drive vehicles, as the Secretary determines to be necessary.

(2)

Terms

(A)

In general

The term of a Committee member shall not be longer than 3 years.

(B)

Staggered terms

The Secretary may appoint members to the Committee for differing term lengths to ensure continuity in the functioning of the Committee.

(C)

Reappointments

A member of the Committee whose term is expiring may be reappointed.

(3)

Chairperson

The Committee shall have a chairperson, who shall be elected by and from the members.

(d)

Review

The Committee shall review and make recommendations to the Secretary on the implementation of programs and activities under this Act.

(e)

Response

(1)

In general

The Secretary shall consider and may adopt any recommendation of the Committee under subsection (c).

(2)

Biennial report

(A)

In general

Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of this Act and every 2 years thereafter, the Secretary shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a report describing any new recommendations of the Committee.

(B)

Contents

The report shall include—

(i)

a description of the manner in which the Secretary has implemented or plans to implement the recommendations of the Committee; or

(ii)

an explanation of the reason that a recommendation of the Committee has not been implemented.

(C)

Timing

The report described in this paragraph shall be submitted by the Secretary at the same time the President submits the budget proposal for the Department of Energy to Congress.

(f)

Coordination

The Committee shall—

(1)

hold joint annual meetings with the Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technical Advisory Committee established by section 807 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 16156) to help coordinate the work and recommendations of the Committees; and

(2)

coordinate efforts, to the maximum extent practicable, with all existing independent, departmental, and other advisory Committees, as determined to be appropriate by the Secretary.

(g)

Support

The Secretary shall provide to the Committee the resources necessary to carry out this section, as determined to be necessary by the Secretary.

305.

Plug-in Electric Drive Vehicle Interagency Task Force

(a)

In general

Not later than 120 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the President shall establish the Plug-in Electric Drive Vehicle Interagency Task Force, to be chaired by the Secretary and which shall consist of at least 1 representative from each of—

(1)

the Office of Science and Technology Policy;

(2)

the Council on Environmental Quality;

(3)

the Department of Energy;

(4)

the Department of Transportation;

(5)

the Department of Defense;

(6)

the Department of Commerce (including the National Institute of Standards and Technology);

(7)

the Environmental Protection Agency;

(8)

the General Services Administration; and

(9)

any other Federal agencies that the President determines to be appropriate.

(b)

Mission

The mission of the Task Force shall be to ensure awareness, coordination, and integration of the activities of the Federal Government relating to plug-in electric drive vehicles, including—

(1)

plug-in electric drive vehicle research and development (including necessary components);

(2)

the development of widely accepted smart-grid standards and protocols for charging infrastructure;

(3)

the relationship of plug-in electric drive vehicle charging practices to electric utility regulation;

(4)

the relationship of plug-in electric drive vehicle deployment to system reliability and security;

(5)

the general deployment of plug-in electric drive vehicles in the Federal, State, and local governments and for private use;

(6)

the development of uniform codes, standards, and safety protocols for plug-in electric drive vehicles and charging infrastructure; and

(7)

the alignment of international plug-in electric drive vehicle standards.

(c)

Activities

(1)

In general

In carrying out this section, the Task Force may—

(A)

organize workshops and conferences;

(B)

issue publications; and

(C)

create databases.

(2)

Mandatory activities

In carrying out this section, the Task Force shall—

(A)

foster the exchange of generic, nonproprietary information and technology among industry, academia, and the Federal Government;

(B)

integrate and disseminate technical and other information made available as a result of the programs and activities under this Act;

(C)

support education about plug-in electric drive vehicles;

(D)

monitor, analyze, and report on the effects of plug-in electric drive vehicle deployment on the environment and public health, including air emissions from vehicles and electricity generating units; and

(E)

review and report on—

(i)

opportunities to use Federal programs (including laws, regulations, and guidelines) to promote the deployment of plug-in electric drive vehicles; and

(ii)

any barriers to the deployment of plug-in electric drive vehicles, including barriers that are attributable to Federal programs (including laws, regulations, and guidelines).

(d)

Agency cooperation

A Federal agency—

(1)

shall cooperate with the Task Force; and

(2)

provide, on request of the Task Force, appropriate assistance in carrying out this section, in accordance with applicable Federal laws (including regulations).