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S.Res. 167 (112th): A resolution recognizing the historical significance of the Mexican holiday of Cinco de Mayo.

The text of the bill below is as of May 5, 2011 (Resolution Agreed to by Senate).



1st Session

S. RES. 167


May 5, 2011

(for himself, Mr. Cornyn, Mr. Reid, Mr. Durbin, Mr. Udall of Colorado, and Mr. Bennet) submitted the following resolution; which was considered and agreed to


Recognizing the historical significance of the Mexican holiday of Cinco de Mayo.

Whereas May 5, or Cinco de Mayo in Spanish, is celebrated each year as a date of great importance by the Mexican and Mexican-American communities;

Whereas the Cinco de Mayo holiday commemorates May 5, 1862, the date on which the Battle of Puebla was fought by Mexicans who were struggling for their independence and freedom;

Whereas Cinco de Mayo has become one of the most famous Mexican national holidays and is celebrated annually by nearly all Mexicans and Mexican-Americans, north and south of the United States-Mexico border;

Whereas the Battle of Puebla was but one of the many battles that the courageous Mexican people won in their long and brave struggle for independence and freedom;

Whereas the French, confident that their battle-seasoned troops were far superior to the almost amateurish Mexican forces, expected little or no opposition from the Mexican army;

Whereas the French army, which had not experienced defeat against any of the finest troops of Europe in more than half a century, sustained a disastrous loss at the hands of an outnumbered, ill-equipped, and ragged, but highly spirited and courageous, Mexican force;

Whereas after three bloody assaults on Puebla in which more than a thousand gallant Frenchmen lost their lives, the French troops were finally defeated and driven back by the outnumbered Mexican troops;

Whereas the courageous and heroic spirit that Mexican General Zaragoza and his men displayed during that historic battle can never be forgotten;

Whereas many brave Mexicans willingly gave their lives for the causes of justice and freedom in the Battle of Puebla on Cinco de Mayo;

Whereas the sacrifice of the Mexican fighters was instrumental in keeping Mexico from falling under European domination;

Whereas Cinco de Mayo serves as a reminder that the foundation of the United States is built by people from many nations and diverse cultures who are willing to fight and die for freedom;

Whereas Cinco de Mayo also serves as a reminder of the close ties between the people of Mexico and the people of the United States;

Whereas in a larger sense, Cinco de Mayo symbolizes the right of a free people to self-determination, just as Benito Juarez once said, El respeto al derecho ajeno es la paz (The respect of other people's rights is peace); and

Whereas many people celebrate during the entire week in which Cinco de Mayo falls: Now, therefore, be it

That the Senate—


recognizes the historical struggle for independence and freedom of the people of Mexico; and


calls upon the people of the United States to observe Cinco de Mayo with appropriate ceremonies and activities.