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H.Con.Res. 21 (113th): Expressing the sense of Congress that John Arthur “Jack” Johnson should receive a posthumous pardon for the racially motivated conviction in 1913 that diminished the athletic, cultural, and historic significance of Jack Johnson and unduly tarnished his reputation.


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The summary below was written by the Congressional Research Service, which is a nonpartisan division of the Library of Congress.


3/5/2013--Introduced. Expresses the sense of Congress that Jack Johnson (the first African-American professional boxer to hold the title of Heavyweight Champion of the World) should receive a posthumous pardon to expunge from the annals of American criminal justice a racially motivated abuse of the federal government's prosecutorial authority and to recognize his athletic and cultural contributions to society.