H. R. 1190
IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
March 14, 2013
Mr. Markey (for himself and Mr. Holt) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Natural Resources
To provide that the Secretary of the Interior may accept bids on any new oil and gas leases of Federal lands (including submerged lands) only from bidders certifying that all oil produced pursuant to such leases, and all refined petroleum products produced from such oil, shall be offered for sale only in the United States, and for other purposes.
This Act may be cited as the
Keep America’s Oil Here
The Congress finds the following:
The United States is taking a number of steps to reduce domestic consumption of oil.
In 2007, the Congress passed the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (Public Law 110–140), which increased fuel economy standards to at least 35 miles per gallon by 2020 and established renewable fuel standards to ensure that enough renewable fuel is produced by 2022 to reduce the need for 1.6 million barrels of oil per day. These programs to reduce our domestic oil consumption have yet to be fully implemented.
The administration of President Obama is accelerating the implementation of the fuel economy standards and greenhouse gas emission standards.
In 2010, the President issued a rule that required increased fuel economy and decreased global warming emissions for light-duty vehicles produced in model years 2012–2016. This rule is in the process of being implemented, and will reduce the need for an additional 1.9 million barrels of oil per day by 2030 and reduce the need for 2.3 million barrels of oil per day by 2040.
In 2012, the President issued a final rule to implement increased fuel economy and reduced global warming emissions for light duty vehicles produced in model years 2017 through 2025. This rule, once fully implemented, will reduce the need for an additional 1.5 million barrels of oil per day by 2030 and reduce the need for 2.4 million barrels of oil per day by 2040.
These actions will help reduce domestic consumption of crude oil, which is an exhaustible natural resource. These measures represent only a portion of Federal Government efforts to assist economic growth and reduce economic pressures relating to high oil prices.
As the result of actions undertaken by the Congress and the executive branch, domestic oil production has ramped up considerably. Crude oil production in the United States is at its highest level in 15 years, while production of oil and natural gas liquids combined is at its highest level in 20 years. Domestic oil production is expected to continue rising through 2020. Restrictions on exports of oil produced on public lands are a necessary and appropriate complement to energy efficiency measures and will help to ensure a reliable and affordable supply of such oil and refined products from such oil.
No foreign sales of oil produced on Federal lands
The Secretary of the Interior may accept bids on any new oil and gas leases of Federal lands (including submerged lands) under the Mineral Leasing Act (30 U.S.C. 181 et seq.) or the Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act (43 U.S.C. 1331 et seq.) only from bidders certifying that all crude oil produced under such leases, and all refined petroleum products produced from such crude oil, shall be offered for sale only in the United States.
The President may provide for waiver of the application of section 3 with respect to a lease in a case in which—
the President determines that such a waiver is in the national interest because it—
will not lead to an increase in domestic consumption of crude oil obtained from countries hostile to United States interests or that have political and economic instability that compromises energy supply security;
will not lead to higher costs to oil refiners that purchase the crude oil than such refiners would have to pay for crude oil in the absence of such a waiver; and
will not lead to higher gasoline costs paid by consumers than consumers would have to pay in the absence of such a waiver;
an exchange of crude oil or refined petroleum products provides for no net loss of crude oil or refined petroleum products, respectively, consumed domestically;
a waiver is necessary under the Constitution, a law, or an international agreement; or
a standing trade agreement with a North American trading partner allows for such exports, and all crude oil and refined petroleum products exported under such a waiver will be consumed in North America.
This Act, including any certification made pursuant to this Act, shall have no force or effect after the expiration of the 10-year period beginning on the date of enactment of this Act.
Two years before the end of the period referred to in subsection (a), the Secretary of the Interior and the Comptroller General of the United States shall each submit a report to the Congress on the impact of this Act on oil production on Federal lands, consumption of oil and refined petroleum products in the United States, and prices and markets for oil and refined petroleum products in the United States.
refined petroleum product defined
In this Act the term refined petroleum product means any of the following:
Finished reformulated or conventional motor gasoline.
Finished aviation gasoline.
Kerosene-type jet fuel.
Distillate fuel oil.
Residual fuel oil.
Asphalt and road oil.