H.R. 1589: Small Farm Insurance Act of 2013

113th Congress, 2013–2015. Text as of Apr 16, 2013 (Introduced).

Status & Summary | PDF | Source: GPO and Cato Institute Deepbills

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113th CONGRESS

1st Session

H. R. 1589

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

April 16, 2013

(for himself and Mr. Gibson) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Agriculture

A BILL

To expand the noninsured crop assistance program established by the Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 to provide coverages for eligible crops under the program equivalent to additional coverage available under the Federal Crop Insurance Act.

1.

Short title

This Act may be cited as the Small Farm Insurance Act of 2013 .

2.

Noninsured crop assistance program

Section 196 of the Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 7333), as amended by section 11013(b)) is further amended—

(1)

in subsection (a)

(A)

by striking paragraph (1) and inserting the following new paragraph:

(1)

In general

(A)

Coverages

In the case of an eligible crop described in paragraph (2), the Secretary of Agriculture shall operate a noninsured crop disaster assistance program to provide coverages based on individual yields (other than for value-loss crops) equivalent to—

(i)

catastrophic risk protection available under section 508(b) of the Federal Crop Insurance Act ( 7 U.S.C. 1508(b) ); or

(ii)

additional coverage available under subsections (c) and (h) of section 508 of that Act (7 U.S.C. 1508) that does not exceed 65 percent.

(B)

Administration

The Secretary shall carry out this section through the Farm Service Agency (referred to in this section as the Agency).

; and

(B)

in paragraph (2)(A)

(i)

in clause (i), by striking and after the semicolon at the end;

(ii)

by redesignating clause (ii) as clause (iii); and

(iii)

by inserting after clause (i) the following new clause:

(ii)

for which additional coverage under subsections (c) and (h) of section 508 of that Act (7 U.S.C. 1508) is not available; and

;

(2)

in subsection (d), by striking The Secretary and inserting Subject to subsection (l), the Secretary; and

(3)

by adding at the end the following new subsection:

(l)

Payment equivalent to additional coverage

(1)

In general

The Secretary shall make available to a producer eligible for noninsured assistance under this section a payment equivalent to an indemnity for additional coverage under subsections (c) and (h) of section 508 of the Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1508) that does not exceed 65 percent of the established yield for the eligible crop on the farm, computed by multiplying—

(A)

the quantity that is not greater than 65 percent of the established yield for the crop, as determined by the Secretary, specified in increments of 5 percent;

(B)

100 percent of the average market price for the crop, as determined by the Secretary; and

(C)

a payment rate for the type of crop, as determined by the Secretary, that reflects—

(i)

in the case of a crop that is produced with a significant and variable harvesting expense, the decreasing cost incurred in the production cycle for the crop that is, as applicable—

(I)

harvested;

(II)

planted but not harvested; or

(III)

prevented from being planted because of drought, flood, or other natural disaster, as determined by the Secretary; or

(ii)

in the case of a crop that is produced without a significant and variable harvesting expense, such rate as shall be determined by the Secretary.

(2)

Premium

To be eligible to receive a payment under this subsection, a producer shall pay—

(A)

the service fee required by subsection (k); and

(B)

a premium for the applicable crop year that is equal to the product obtained by multiplying—

(i)

the number of acres devoted to the eligible crop;

(ii)

the established yield for the eligible crop, as determined by the Secretary under subsection (e);

(iii)

the coverage level elected by the producer;

(iv)

the average market price, as determined by the Secretary; and

(v)

.0525.

(3)

Limited resource, beginning, and socially disadvantaged farmers

The additional coverage made available under this subsection shall be available to limited resource, beginning, and socially disadvantaged producers, as determined by the Secretary, in exchange for a premium that is 50 percent of the premium determined for a producer under paragraph (2).

(4)

Premium Payment and Application Deadline

(A)

Premium payment

A producer electing additional coverage under this subsection shall pay the premium amount owed for the additional coverage by September 30 of the crop year for which the additional coverage is purchased.

(B)

Application Deadline

The latest date on which additional coverage under this subsection may be elected shall be the application closing date described in subsection (b)(1).

(5)

Effective date

Additional coverage under this subsection shall be available beginning with the 2014 crop.

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