H. R. 1698
IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
April 24, 2013
Mr. Gene Green of Texas (for himself and Mr. Barton) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Energy and Commerce
To amend titles XIX and XXI of the Social Security Act to provide for 12-month continuous enrollment of individuals under the Medicaid program and Children’s Health Insurance Program, and for other purposes.
This Act may be cited as the
Stabilize Medicaid and CHIP Coverage
Congress finds the following:
Every year millions of people are enrolled
in Medicaid and the Children’s Health Insurance Program (in this section
referred to as
CHIP), but subsequently lose their coverage,
despite still being eligible, because of inefficient and cumbersome paperwork
and logistical requirements.
Data show that the typical enrollee receives Medicaid coverage for about three-quarters of a year. Coverage periods are lower for non-elderly, non-disabled adults than for those with disabilities, seniors, and children.
Medicaid enrollees with coverage disruptions are more likely to be hospitalized for illnesses like asthma, diabetes, or cardiovascular disease that can be effectively managed through ongoing primary medical care and medication, are less likely to be screened for breast cancer, and may have poorer cancer outcomes.
Children enrolled in CHIP also experience disruptions in health coverage and care. For example, during just a one-year period, over one-third of CHIP enrollees were also enrolled in a State’s Medicaid program. Transitions between Medicaid and CHIP can cause disruptions in care because the health care coverage and participating providers vary between the two programs.
Interruptions in coverage can impair the receipt of effective primary care and lead to expensive hospitalizations or emergency room visits. Unnecessary enrollment, disenrollment, and reenrollment in Medicaid and CHIP result in higher administrative expenses for re-enrollment and result in more people uninsured at any given time.
Stable coverage under Medicaid and CHIP lowers average monthly medical costs.
Continuous enrollment also permits better prevention and disease management, leading to fewer serious illnesses and hospitalizations.
Children with stable coverage are less likely to have unmet medical needs, allowing children to receive the preventive care that is necessary to help them grow into healthy adults.
12-month continuous enrollment
Requirement of 12-Month continuous enrollment under Medicaid
Section 1902(e)(12) of the Social Security Act ( 42 U.S.C. 1396a(e)(12) ) is amended to read as follows:
12-month continuous enrollment
Notwithstanding any other provision of this title, a State plan approved under this title (or under any waiver of such plan approved pursuant to section 1115 or section 1915), shall provide that an individual who is determined to be eligible for benefits under such plan (or waiver) shall remain eligible and enrolled for such benefits through the end of the month in which the 12-month period (beginning on the date of determination of eligibility) ends.
Requirement of 12-Month continuous enrollment under CHIP
Section 2102(b) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1397bb(b)) is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
Requirement for 12-month continuous enrollment
Notwithstanding any other provision of this title, a State child health plan that provides child health assistance under this title through a means other than described in section 2101(a)(2), shall provide that an individual who is determined to be eligible for benefits under such plan shall remain eligible and enrolled for such benefits through the end of the month in which the 12-month period (beginning on the date of determination of eligibility) ends.
Section 2105(a)(4)(A) of the Social Security Act ( 42 U.S.C. 1397ee(a)(4)(A) ) is amended—
has elected the option of and inserting
is in compliance
with the requirement for; and
applying such policy under its State child health plan under this
title and inserting
in compliance with section 2102(b)
Except as provided in paragraph (2) or (3), the amendments made by subsections (a) and (b) shall apply to determinations (and redeterminations) of eligibility made on or after the date that is 18 months after the date of the enactment of this Act.
Extension of effective date for State law amendment
In the case of a State plan under title XIX or State child health plan under title XXI of the Social Security Act ( 42 U.S.C. 1396 et seq. , 42 U.S.C. 1397aa et seq. ) which the Secretary of Health and Human Services determines requires State legislation (other than legislation appropriating funds) in order for the respective plan to meet the additional requirement imposed by the amendment made by subsection (a) or (b), respectively, the respective plan shall not be regarded as failing to comply with the requirements of such title solely on the basis of its failure to meet such applicable additional requirement before the first day of the first calendar quarter beginning after the close of the first regular session of the State legislature that begins after the date of enactment of this Act. For purposes of the previous sentence, in the case of a State that has a 2-year legislative session, each year of the session is considered to be a separate regular session of the State legislature.
Option to implement 12-month continuous eligibility prior to effective date
A State may elect through a State plan amendment under title XIX or XXI of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1396 et seq., 42 U.S.C. 1397aa et seq. ) to apply the amendment made by subsection (a) or (b), respectively, on any date prior to the 18-month date specified in paragraph (1), but not sooner than the date of the enactment of this Act.