H.R. 1712: Housing Opportunity and Mortgage Equity Act of 2013

113th Congress, 2013–2015. Text as of Apr 24, 2013 (Introduced).

Status & Summary | PDF | Source: GPO and Cato Institute Deepbills

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113th CONGRESS

1st Session

H. R. 1712

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

April 24, 2013

(for himself,Ms. Matsui,Mr. Costa,Mr. Honda, andMr. Johnson of Georgia) introduced the following bill; which was referred to theCommittee on Financial Services

A BILL

To prevent foreclosure of home mortgages and provide for the affordable refinancing of mortgages held by Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac.

1.

Short title

This Act may be cited as the Housing Opportunity and Mortgage Equity Act of 2013 .

2.

Affordable refinancing of mortgages owned or guaranteed by Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac

(a)

Authority

TheFederal National Mortgage Associationand theFederal Home Loan Mortgage Corporationshall each carry out a program under this section to provide for the refinancing of qualified mortgages on single-family housing owned by such enterprise through a refinancing mortgage, and for the purchase of and securitization of such refinancing mortgages, in accordance with this section and policies and procedures that theDirector of the Federal Housing Finance Agencyshall establish. Such program shall require such refinancing of a qualified mortgage upon the request of the mortgagor made to the applicable enterprise and a determination by the enterprise that the mortgage is a qualified mortgage.

(b)

Qualified mortgage

For purposes of this section, the termqualified mortgagemeans a mortgage, without regard to whether the mortgagor is current on or in default on payments due under the mortgage, that—

(1)

is an existing first mortgage that was made for purchase of, or refinancing another first mortgage on, a one- to four-family dwelling, including a condominium or a share in a cooperative ownership housing association, that is occupied by the mortgagor as the principal residence of the mortgagor;

(2)

is owned or guaranteed by theFederal National Mortgage Associationor theFederal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation; and

(3)

was originated on or before the date of the enactment of this Act.

(c)

Refinancing mortgage

For purposes of this section, the termrefinancing mortgagemeans a mortgage that meets the following requirements:

(1)

Refinancing of qualified mortgage

The principal loan amount repayment of which is secured by the mortgage shall be used to satisfy all indebtedness under an existing qualified mortgage.

(2)

Single-family housing

The property that is subject to the mortgage shall be the same property that is subject to the qualified mortgage being refinanced.

(3)

Interest rate

The mortgage shall bear interest at a single rate that is fixed for the entire term of the mortgage, which shall be equivalent to the premium received by the enterprise on the qualified mortgage being refinanced plus the cost of selling a newly issued mortgage having comparable risk and term to maturity in a mortgage-backed security, as such rate may be increased to the extent necessary to cover, over the term to maturity of the mortgage, any fee paid to the servicer pursuant tosubsection (d), the cost of any title insurance coverage issued in connection with the mortgage, and, as determined by theDirector, a portion of any administrative costs of the program under this section as may be attributable to the mortgage.

(4)

Waiver of prepayment penalties

All penalties for prepayment or refinancing of the qualified mortgage that is refinanced by the mortgage, and all fees and penalties related to the default or delinquency on such mortgage, shall have been waived or forgiven.

(5)

Term to maturity

The mortgage shall have a term to maturity of not more than 40 years from the date of the beginning of the amortization of the mortgage.

(6)

Prohibition on borrower fees

The servicer conducting the refinancing shall not charge the mortgagor any fee for the refinancing of the qualified mortgage through the refinancing mortgage.

(7)

Title insurance

The fee for title insurance coverage issued in connection with the mortgage shall be reasonable in comparison with fees for such coverage available in the market for mortgages having similar terms.

(d)

Fee to servicer

TheDirectormay, in the Director’s sole discretion, require each enterprise to pay to the servicer of a qualified mortgage a fee, in such amount as theDirectorconsiders appropriate, for each qualified mortgage of an enterprise that the servicer refinances through a refinancing mortgage pursuant to this section.

(e)

No appraisal

The enterprises may not require an appraisal of the property subject to a refinancing mortgage to be conducted in connection with such refinancing.

(f)

Termination

The requirement undersubsection (a)for the enterprises to refinance qualified mortgages shall not apply to any request for refinancing made after the expiration of the one-year period beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act, except that theDirectormay, by notice published before the expiration of such period, extend such period for such additional time as theDirectorconsiders appropriate.

(g)

Definitions

For purposes of this section, the following definitions shall apply:

(1)

Director

The termDirectormeans the Director of the Federal Housing Finance Agency.

(2)

Enterprise

The termenterprisemeans the Federal National Mortgage Association and the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation.

(h)

Regulations

TheDirectorshall issue any regulations or guidance necessary to carry out the program under this section.