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H.R. 1724 (113th): Kids First Research Act of 2013


The text of the bill below is as of Apr 25, 2013 (Introduced). The bill was not enacted into law.


I

113th CONGRESS

1st Session

H. R. 1724

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

April 25, 2013

(for himself,Mr. Cole,Mr. Barletta,Mr. Hultgren,Ms. Jenkins,Mr. Meehan, andMrs. Walorski) introduced the following bill; which was referred to theCommittee on Energy and Commerce, and in addition to the Committees onHouse AdministrationandWays and Means, for a period to be subsequently determined by the Speaker, in each case for consideration of such provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of the committee concerned

A BILL

To eliminate taxpayer financing of presidential campaigns and party conventions and reprogram savings to provide for a 10-year pediatric research initiative through the Common Fund administered by the National Institutes of Health, and for other purposes.

1.

Short title

This Act may be cited as the Kids First Research Act of 2013 .

2.

Termination of taxpayer financing of presidential election campaigns

(a)

Termination of designation of income tax payments

Section 6096 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:

(d)

Termination

This section shall not apply to taxable years ending on or after the date of the enactment of this subsection.

.

(b)

Termination of fund and account

(1)

Termination of presidential election campaign fund

(A)

In general

Chapter 95 of such Codeis amended by adding at the end the following new section:

9014.

Termination

The provisions of this chapter shall not apply with respect to any presidential election (or any presidential nominating convention) after the date of the enactment of this section, or to any candidate in such an election.

.

(B)

Conversion of fund to 10-Year pediatric research initiative fund

Section 9006 of such Codeis amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:

(d)

Conversion to 10-Year pediatric research initiative fund

(1)

Conversion

Effective on the date of the enactment of the Kids First Research Act of 2013

(A)

the special fund established under this section shall be known and designated as the10-Year Pediatric Research Initiative Fund; and

(B)

all amounts in the fund as of such date shall be available only for the purpose provided insection 402A(a)(2) of the Public Health Service Act, and only to the extent and in such amounts as are provided in advance in appropriation Acts.

(2)

Termination

Any amounts in the fund that remain unobligated on October 1, 2024, shall be deposited into the general fund of the Treasury.

.

(2)

Termination of account

Chapter 96 of such Codeis amended by adding at the end the following new section:

9043.

Termination

The provisions of this chapter shall not apply to any candidate with respect to any presidential election after the date of the enactment of this section.

.

(c)

Clerical amendments

(1)

The table of sections forchapter 95 of such Codeis amended by adding at the end the following new item:

Sec. 9014. Termination.

.

(2)

The table of sections forchapter 96 of such Codeis amended by adding at the end the following new item:

Sec. 9043. Termination.

.

3.

10–Year Pediatric Research Initiative

(a)

Allocation of NIH funds in Common Fund for pediatric research

Paragraph (7) of section 402(b) of the Public Health Service Act( 42 U.S.C. 282(b) )is amended to read as follows:

(7)
(A)

shall, through theDivision of Program Coordination, Planning, and Strategic Initiatives

(i)

identify research that represents important areas of emerging scientific opportunities, rising public health challenges, or knowledge gaps that deserve special emphasis and would benefit from conducting or supporting additional research that involves collaboration between 2 or more national research institutes or national centers, or would otherwise benefit from strategic coordination and planning;

(ii)

include information on such research in reports undersection 403; and

(iii)

in the case of such research supported with funds referred to insubparagraph (B)

(I)

require as appropriate that proposals include milestones and goals for the research;

(II)

require that the proposals include timeframes for funding of the research; and

(III)

ensure appropriate consideration of proposals for which the principal investigator is an individual who has not previously served as the principal investigator of research conducted or supported by theNational Institutes of Health;

(B)
(i)

may, with respect to funds reserved undersection 402A(c)(1)for the Common Fund, allocate such funds to the national research institutes and national centers for conducting and supporting research that is identified undersubparagraph (A); and

(ii)

shall, with respect to funds appropriated to the Common Fund undersection 402A(a)(2), allocate such funds to the national research institutes and national centers for making grants for pediatric research that is identified undersubparagraph (A); and

(C)

may assign additional functions to theDivisionin support of responsibilities identified insubparagraph (A), as determined appropriate by the Director;

.

(b)

Funding for 10-Year pediatric research initiative

Section 402A of the Public Health Service Act(42 U.S.C. 282a)is amended—

(1)

insubsection (a)

(A)

by redesignatingparagraphs (1) through (3)assubparagraphs (A) through (C), respectively, and moving the indentation of each such subparagraph 2 ems to the right;

(B)

by strikingFor purposes of carrying out this titleand inserting the following:

(1)

This title

For purposes of carrying out this title

; and

(C)

by adding at the end the following:

(2)

Funding for 10-year pediatric research initiative through common fund

For carrying outsection 402(b)(7)(B)(ii), there is authorized to be appropriated, out of funds in the 10–Year Pediatric Research Initiative Fund established bysection 9006 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, and in addition to amounts otherwise made available underparagraph (1)of this subsection and reserved undersubsection (c)(1)(B)(i) of this section, $13,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2023.

; and

(2)

insubsections (c)(1)(B),(c)(1)(D), and(d), by strikingsubsection (a)each place it appears and inserting subsection (a)(1) .

(c)

Supplement, not supplant; prohibition against transfer

Funds appropriated undersection 402A(a)(2) of the Public Health Service Act, as added bysubsection (b)

(1)

shall be used to supplement, not supplant, the funds otherwise allocated by theNational Institutes of Healthfor pediatric research; and

(2)

notwithstanding any transfer authority in any appropriation Act, shall not be used for any purpose other than making grants as described insection 402(b)(7)(B)(ii) of the Public Health Service Act, as added bysubsection (a).

4.

Prohibition against NIH research on health economics

Section 402A of the Public Health Service Act(42 U.S.C. 282a)is amended by adding at the end the following:

(f)

Health economics research

(1)

Ongoing research

Before continuing any health economics research grant, project, or activity that is ongoing as of the date of the enactment of this subsection, theDirector of NIHshall submit to theCongressa report that outlines the justification for such ongoing grant, project, or activity, including the reason for giving priority to such ongoing grant, project, or activity over research on pediatric diseases and disorders, such as autism, cancer, and other pediatric genetic disorders without cures.

(2)

New research

TheDirector of NIHmay not initiate any health economics research grant, project, or activity until—

(A)

theDirectorhas submitted the report described inparagraph (1); and

(B)

a Federal law has been enacted authorizing theNational Institutes of Healthto use funding specifically for health economics research.

.