H. R. 1749
IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
April 25, 2013
Ms. Lee of California(for herself,Ms. Brown of Florida,Mr. Capuano,Mrs. Christensen,Ms. Clarke,Mr. Clay,Mr. Conyers,Mr. Al Green of Texas,Mr. Grijalva,Mr. Hastings of Florida,Mr. Johnson of Georgia,Mr. McGovern,Mr. Meeks,Ms. Moore,Ms. Norton,Mr. Rangel,Mr. Rush,Ms. Schakowsky,Ms. Wasserman Schultz,Ms. Wilson of Florida,Ms. Waters,Mrs. Beatty,Ms. Roybal-Allard,Mr. Thompson of Mississippi, andMr. Richmond) introduced the following bill; which was referred to theCommittee on Foreign Affairs
To measure the progress of recovery and development efforts in Haiti following the earthquake of January 12, 2010, and for other purposes.
This Act may be cited as the
Assessing Progress in Haiti
Congressfinds the following:
According to the Government of Haiti, more than 316,000 people died as a result of the earthquake that struck 15 miles southwest of Port-au-Prince on January 12, 2010, including 103 United States citizens and more than 100 United Nations personnel.
According to theUnited Nationsand theInternational Organization for Migration, an estimated 3,000,000 people were directly affected by the disaster, and more than 2,100,000 people were displaced from their homes.
The Post Disaster Needs Assessment conducted by the Government of Haiti, theUnited Nations, theWorld Bank, theInter-American Development Bank, and others estimated that damage and economic losses totaled $7,804,000,000, approximately 120 percent of Haiti’s gross domestic product in 2009.
The initial emergency response of the men and women of the United States Government, led by theUnited States Agency for International Development(USAID) and the United States Southern Command, as well as of cities, towns, individuals, businesses, and philanthropic organizations across the United States, was swift and resolute.
According to the Government of Haiti, numerous multilateral agencies such as theUnited Nations, and international NGOs, Haiti faces an ongoing food crisis as a result of the earthquake and subsequent damage caused by tropical storms and hurricanes, as well as long term neglect of the agriculture sector.
According to theInternational Organization for Migration, approximately 350,000 people remain in spontaneous and organized camps in Haiti, and reports by theGeneral Accountability Office,USAID Inspector General, and civil society organizations indicate that the pace of recovery and development has lagged significantly behind the emergency relief phase.
Haitian civil society organizations have noted a lack of systematic and widespread consultations with Haitian communities for their input in the recovery and development process.
On October 21, 2010, an outbreak of cholera was detected and according to the Haitian Ministry of Public Health and Population, as of February 17, 2013, more than 8,000 people had died from cholera and more than 647,500 had been infected with the disease.
The United States has provided more than $95,000,000 in aid to combat the cholera epidemic and care for the victims.
The United Nations Office of the Special Envoy for Haiti estimates that, including donor pledges and other support, approximately $6,400,000,000 has been disbursed, with an additional amount of $3,800,000,000 committed, to assist in Haiti’s recovery and development.
The United States Government has obligated approximately $3,600,000,000 for relief, recovery and development in Haiti since the earthquake, of which $1,300,000,000 had been disbursed as of April 2013.
Significant challenges remain in Haiti which will require continued recovery and development aid from the international community for the foreseeable future.
The Haitian Diaspora has also played an essential role in Haiti’s reconstruction and the United States Government should take steps to increase outreach and encourage participation by Haitian Americans in recovery and development activities in Haiti.
Not later than six months after the date of the enactment of this Act, theComptroller General of the United Statesshall submit toCongressa report on the status of post-earthquake recovery and development efforts in Haiti, including efforts to prevent the spread of cholera and treat persons infected with the disease.
The report required bysubsection (a)shall include—
an assessment of the progress of recovery and development efforts, as embodied in the Post-Earthquake USG Haiti Strategy: Toward Renewal and Economic Opportunity produced by theDepartment of State, compared to what remains to be achieved to meet specific goals, including—
the amount of funds disbursed through country systems and any significant changes to the Strategy since January 2010, with an explanation of such changes;
the amounts obligated and expended on United States Government programs and activities since January 2010 to implement the Strategy, including award data on the use of implementing partners at both prime and subprime levels, and disbursement data from prime and subprime implementing partners; and
a description of goals and quantitative and qualitative indicators to evaluate the progress, achievement, or lack of achievement of such goals, within specific timeframes, that comprise the Strategy at the program level;
an assessment of the manner in which theDepartment of StateandUSAIDare working with Haitian ministries and local authorities, including the extent to which the Government of Haiti has been consulted on the establishment of goals and timeframes and on the design and implementation of new programs under the Strategy;
an assessment of the extent to which Haitian civil society and grassroots organizations have been consulted on the establishment of goals and timeframes and on the design and implementation of new programs under the Strategy;
an assessment of efforts to increase the involvement of the Haitian private sector in recovery and development activities;
an assessment of how consideration for vulnerable populations, including IDPs, women, children, orphans, and persons with disabilities, have been incorporated in the design and implementation of new programs and infrastructure;
an assessment of how agriculture and infrastructure programs are impacting food security and the livelihoods of smallholder farmers in Haiti;
an assessment of recovery and development coordination among United States Government agencies and between the United States Government and other donors;
a description of the United States Government’s efforts, including diplomatic efforts, to help abate the cholera epidemic in Haiti, in coordination with the Government of Haiti, theUnited Nations, and other relevant entities;
a description of mechanisms for communicating the progress of recovery and development efforts to Haitian citizens; and
an assessment of the steps Haiti is taking to strengthen its capacity to receive individuals who are removed, excluded, or deported from the United States.
Use of previously appropriated funds
Notwithstanding any other provision of law,to carry outthis section , theComptroller General of the United Statesis authorized to use unobligated amounts made available to theGovernment Accountability Officein an amount not to exceed$100,000.