H.R. 2178: FIT Kids Act

113th Congress, 2013–2015. Text as of May 23, 2013 (Introduced).

Status & Summary | PDF | Source: GPO and Cato Institute Deepbills

I

113th CONGRESS

1st Session

H. R. 2178

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

May 23, 2013

(for himself and Mr. Schock) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Education and the Workforce

A BILL

To authorize a grant program to promote physical education, activity, and fitness and nutrition, and to ensure healthy students, and for other purposes.

1.

Short title

This Act may be cited as the Fitness Integrated with Teaching Kids Act or the FIT Kids Act .

I

Healthy students grants

101.

Definitions

In this title:

(1)

Physical education indicators measurement system

(A)

In general

The term physical education indicators measurement system means a State reporting and information system that measures student physical health and well-being, nutrition, and fitness based on the physical education indicators and is, to the extent possible, part of the State’s statewide longitudinal data system and part of the State’s system for reporting the data required under section 1111 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 ( 20 U.S.C. 6311 ).

(B)

Description of system

Such system shall—

(i)

contain, at a minimum, data from valid and reliable surveys of students and staff on the physical education indicators that allow staff at the State, local educational agencies, and schools to examine and improve school-level conditions regarding physical activity, education, and fitness and nutrition;

(ii)

collect school-level data on the physical education indicators, in the aggregate and disaggregated by the categories of race, ethnicity, gender, disability status, migrant status, English proficiency, and status as economically disadvantaged, and cross-tabulated across all of such categories by gender and by disability;

(iii)

protect student privacy, consistent with applicable data privacy laws and regulations, including section 444 of the General Education Provisions Act ( 20 U.S.C. 1232g , commonly known as the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1974 ); and

(iv)

to the extent possible, utilize a web-based reporting system.

(2)

Eligible local applicant

The term eligible local applicant means a local educational agency, a consortium of local educational agencies, or a nonprofit organization that has a track record of success in implementing the proposed activities and has signed a memorandum of understanding with a local educational agency or consortium of local educational agencies to—

(A)

implement school-based activities; and

(B)

conduct school-level measurement of the physical education indicators that are consistent with this title.

(3)

Local educational agency

The term local educational agency has the meaning given the term in section 9101 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 ( 20 U.S.C. 7801 ).

(4)

Physical education indicators

The term physical education indicators means a set of measures for instruction on physical activity, health-related fitness, physical competence, and cognitive understanding about physical activity. Such indicators shall include—

(A)

for the State, for each local educational agency in the State, and for each school in the State, the average number of minutes per week (averaged over the school year) that all students spend in required physical education, and the average number of minutes per week (averaged over the school year) that all students engage in moderate to vigorous physical activity, as measured against established recommended guidelines of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the Department of Health and Human Services;

(B)

for the State, the percentage of local educational agencies that have a required, age-appropriate physical education curriculum that adheres to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention guidelines and State standards;

(C)

for the State, for each local educational agency in the State, and for each school in the State, the percentage of elementary school and secondary school physical education teachers who are licensed or certified by the State to teach physical education;

(D)

for the State, and for each local educational agency in the State, the percentage of schools that have a physical education teacher who is certified or licensed in the State to teach physical education and adapted physical education;

(E)

for each school in the State, the number of indoor square feet and the number of outdoor square feet used primarily for physical education; and

(F)

for the State, the percentage of local educational agencies that have a school wellness council that—

(i)

includes members appointed by the local educational agency superintendent;

(ii)

may include parents, students, representatives of the school food authority, representatives of the school board, school administrators, school nurses, and members of the public; and

(iii)

meets regularly to promote a healthy school environment.

(5)

Program to promote physical activity, education, and fitness and nutrition

The term program to promote physical activity, education, and fitness and nutrition means a program that—

(A)

increases and enables active student participation in physical well-being activities and provides teacher and school leader professional development to encourage and increase such participation;

(B)

is comprehensive in nature;

(C)

includes opportunities for professional development for teachers of physical education to stay abreast of the latest research, issues, and trends in the field of physical education; and

(D)

includes 1 or more of the following activities:

(i)

Fitness education and assessment to help students understand, improve, or maintain their physical well-being.

(ii)

Instruction in a variety of motor skills and physical activities designed to enhance the physical, mental, social, and emotional development of every student.

(iii)

Development of, and instruction in, cognitive concepts about motor skill and physical fitness that support a lifelong healthy lifestyle.

(iv)

Opportunities to develop positive social and cooperative skills through physical activity.

(v)

Instruction in healthy eating habits and good nutrition.

(6)

Secretary

The term Secretary means the Secretary of Education.

(7)

State

The term State has the meaning given the term in section 9101 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 ( 20 U.S.C. 7801 ).

102.

Distribution of funds

From amounts made available under section 105, the Secretary shall use—

(1)

in each year for which funding is made available under such section, not more than 2 percent of such amounts for technical assistance and evaluation;

(2)

for the first 3 fiscal years for which funding is made available under such section—

(A)

except as provided in subparagraph (B)

(i)

not more than 30 percent of such amounts or $30,000,000, whichever amount is more, for State measurement system grants, distributed to every State (by an application process consistent with section 103(c)) in an amount proportional to each State’s share of funding under part A of title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 ( 20 U.S.C. 6311 et seq. ), to be used—

(I)

to develop the State’s physical education indicators measurement system;

(II)

to conduct a needs analysis to meet the requirements of section 103(c)(2)(C); and

(III)

if grant funds remain after carrying out subclauses (I) and (II), for activities described in section 103(f); and

(ii)

not more than 68 percent of such amounts for grants under section 103; and

(B)

for any fiscal year for which the amount remaining available after funds are reserved under paragraph (1) is less than $30,000,000, all of such remainder for the State measurement system grants described in subparagraph (A)(i); and

(3)

for the fourth fiscal year and each subsequent fiscal year for which funding is made available under section 105, not less than 98 percent of such amounts for grants under section 103.

103.

Healthy students grants

(a)

Grant program authorized

(1)

In general

From amounts made available under paragraph (2)(A)(ii) or (3) of section 102 for a fiscal year, the Secretary shall award grants to States to implement comprehensive programs to promote physical activity, education, and fitness and nutrition and that are based on—

(A)

scientifically valid research; and

(B)

an analysis of need that considers, at a minimum, the physical education indicators.

(2)

Awards to States

(A)

Formula grants

For any fiscal year for which the total amount available under (2)(A)(ii) or (3) of section 102 for grants under this section is $250,000,000 or more, the Secretary shall allot to each State with an approved application an amount that bears the same relationship to such total amount as the amount received under part A of title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 ( 20 U.S.C. 6311 et seq. ) by such State for such fiscal year bears to the amount received under such part for such fiscal year by all States.

(B)

Competitive grants

(i)

In general

For any fiscal year for which the total amount available under paragraph (2)(A)(ii) or (3) of section 102 for grants under this section is less than $250,000,000, the Secretary shall award such grants to States on a competitive basis.

(ii)

Sufficient size and scope

In awarding grants on a competitive basis pursuant to clause (i), the Secretary shall ensure that grant awards are of sufficient size and scope to carry out required and approved activities under this section.

(b)

Eligibility

To be eligible to receive a grant under this section, a State shall demonstrate that the State has established a statewide physical education requirement that is consistent with widely recognized standards.

(c)

Applications

(1)

In general

A State that desires to receive a grant under this section shall submit an application at such time, in such manner, and containing such information as the Secretary may require.

(2)

Content of application

At a minimum, the application shall include—

(A)

documentation of the State’s eligibility to receive a grant under this section, as described in subsection (b);

(B)

a plan for improving physical activity, education, and fitness and nutrition in schools in the State in a manner consistent with the requirements of the program that may be a part of a broader statewide child and youth plan, if such a plan exists and is consistent with the requirements of this title;

(C)

a needs analysis of the schools in the State regarding physical activity, education, and fitness and nutrition, which—

(i)

shall include a description of, and data measuring, the State's performance on the physical education indicators; and

(ii)

may be a part of a broader statewide child and youth needs analysis, if such an analysis exists and is consistent with the requirements of this title;

(D)

a description of how the programs to promote physical activity, education, and fitness and nutrition that the State proposes to implement with grant funds are responsive to the results of the needs analysis described in subparagraph (C); and

(E)

a description of how the State will—

(i)

develop, adapt, improve, or adopt, and implement, the State's physical education indicators measurement system, and how the State will ensure that all local educational agencies and schools in the State participate in such system;

(ii)

ensure the quality of the State's data collection for the physical education indicators, including the State's plan for survey administration and for ensuring the reliability and validity of survey instruments;

(iii)

coordinate the proposed activities with other Federal and State programs, which may include programs to expand learning time and for before- and after-school programming in order to provide sufficient time to carry out the activities described in this title;

(iv)

assist local educational agencies in aligning activities carried out with funds the agencies receive under the grant with other funding sources in order to support a coherent and non-duplicative program;

(v)

solicit and approve subgrant applications, including how the State will—

(I)

allocate funds for statewide activities and subgrants for each year of the grant; and

(II)

consider the results of the needs analysis described in subparagraph (C) in the State’s distribution of subgrants;

(vi)

address the needs of diverse geographic areas in the State, including rural and urban communities; and

(vii)

assist local educational agencies and schools in their efforts to increase the provision of physical activity and physical education opportunities during the school day and implement programs to promote physical activity, education, and fitness, and nutrition.

(3)

Peer-review process

The Secretary shall establish a peer-review process that includes individuals with applicable expertise in physical activity, education, or fitness or nutrition to review applications submitted under this subsection.

(d)

Duration

(1)

In general

A State that receives a grant under this section may receive funding for not more than 5 years in accordance with this subsection.

(2)

Initial period

The Secretary shall award grants under this section for an initial period of not more than 3 years.

(3)

Grant extension

The Secretary may extend a grant awarded to a State under this section for not more than an additional 2 years if the State shows sufficient improvement, as determined by the Secretary, against baseline data for the performance metrics established under subsection (h)(1).

(e)

Reservation and use of funds

A State that receives a grant under this section shall—

(1)

reserve not more than 10 percent of the grant funds for administration of the program, technical assistance, and the development, adaptation, improvement, or adoption, and implementation of the State’s physical education indicators measurement system, as described in paragraphs (1) through (5) of subsection (f); and

(2)

use the remainder of grant funds after making the reservation under paragraph (1) to award subgrants, on a competitive basis, to eligible local applicants.

(f)

Required State activities

A State that receives a grant under this section shall—

(1)

not later than 1 year after receipt of the grant, develop, adapt, improve, or adopt and implement a physical education indicators measurement system (unless the State can demonstrate, to the satisfaction of the Secretary, that an appropriate system has already been implemented) that annually measures the State’s progress regarding physical activity, education, and fitness and nutrition for every public school in the State;

(2)

collect information in each year of the grant on physical activity, education, and fitness and nutrition at the school level through comprehensive needs assessments of student, school staff, and family perceptions, experiences, and behaviors;

(3)

publicly report, at the school level and district level, the data collected in the physical education indicators measurement system each year in a timely and highly accessible manner and in a manner that does not reveal personally identifiable information;

(4)

use, on a continuous basis, the results of the physical education indicators measurement system to—

(A)

identify and address student physical activity, education, and fitness needs statewide;

(B)

help subgrantees identify and address school and student needs; and

(C)

provide individualized assistance to the lowest-performing schools (consistent with section 1116 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 6316)) and schools with significant weaknesses with respect to physical activity, education, and fitness and nutrition as identified through the physical education indicators measurement system with implementation of activities under this title;

(5)

encourage local educational agencies to—

(A)

integrate physical activity, education, and fitness into a range of subjects throughout the school day and locations within schools;

(B)

encourage consultation with a variety of stakeholders, including families, students, school officials, and other organizations with wellness and physical activity, education, and fitness expertise; and

(C)

regularly monitor schools’ efforts in improving wellness and physical activity, education, and fitness understanding and habits among students; and

(6)

award subgrants under subsection (g) to eligible local applicants.

(g)

Subgrants

(1)

In general

(A)

Awarding of subgrants

A State that receives a grant under this section shall award subgrants, on a competitive basis, to eligible local applicants—

(i)

based on need, as identified by—

(I)

data from the State physical education indicators measurement system and, if available, similar local systems; or

(II)

in the case of a State for which the State physical education indicators measurement system required under subsection (f)(1) is not yet implemented, other data determined appropriate by the State;

(ii)

that are of sufficient size and scope to enable the eligible local applicants to carry out approved activities; and

(iii)

to implement programs to promote physical activity, education, and fitness and nutrition that—

(I)

are comprehensive in nature; and

(II)

are based on scientifically valid research.

(B)

Assistance

A State that receives a grant under this section shall provide assistance to subgrant applicants and recipients in the selection of scientifically valid programs to promote physical activity, education, and fitness and nutrition.

(C)

Partnerships allowed

An eligible local applicant may apply for a subgrant under this subsection in partnership with 1 or more community-based organizations.

(2)

Applications

An eligible local applicant that desires to receive a subgrant under this subsection shall submit to the State an application at such time, in such manner, and containing such information as the State may require.

(3)

Priority

In awarding subgrants under this subsection, a State shall give priority to applications that—

(A)

demonstrate the greatest need according to the results of the State’s needs analysis described in subsection (c)(2)(C); and

(B)

propose to serve schools with the highest concentrations of poverty, based on the percentage of students receiving or eligible to receive a free or reduced price lunch under the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act (42 U.S.C. 1751 et seq.).

(4)

Activities of subgrant recipients

Each eligible local applicant receiving a subgrant under this subsection shall, for the duration of the subgrant—

(A)

carry out, as part of a program to promote physical activity, education, and fitness and nutrition, activities—

(i)

the need for which has been identified, at a minimum—

(I)

through the physical education indicators measurement system; or

(II)

in the case of a State that has not yet implemented the physical education indicators measurement system as required under subsection (f)(1), the State's needs analysis described in subsection (c)(2)(C); and

(ii)

that are part of a comprehensive strategy or framework to address such need;

(B)

ensure that each activity selected as part of such program be based on scientifically valid research and be used for the purpose for which such activity was found to be effective;

(C)

use school-level data from the statewide physical education indicators, and use the statewide physical education indicators measurement system when implemented by the State as required under subsection (f)(1), to inform the implementation and continuous improvement of activities carried out under this title;

(D)

collect and report to the State educational agency, data for schools served by the eligible local applicant, in a manner determined by the State and consistent with the State’s physical education indicators measurement system, when established;

(E)
(i)

establish policies to expand access to quality physical activity opportunities (including school wellness policies); and

(ii)

if the local educational agency to be served through the grant does not have an active school wellness council consistent with the requirements of the Child Nutrition Act of 1966 (42 U.S.C. 1771 et seq.), establish such a school wellness council, which may be part of an existing school council that has the capacity and willingness to address school wellness;

(F)

engage family members and community-based organizations in the development of physical education indicators surveys, and in the planning, implementation, and review of the eligible local applicant’s efforts under this title; and

(G)

consider and accommodate the unique needs of students with disabilities and English language learners in implementing activities.

(h)

Accountability

(1)

Establishment of performance metrics

The Secretary, acting through the Director of the Institute of Education Sciences, shall establish program performance metrics to measure the effectiveness of the activities carried out under this title.

(2)

Annual report

Each State that receives a grant under this title shall prepare and submit to the Secretary an annual report that includes information relevant to the physical education indicators, including progress towards meeting outcomes for the metrics established under paragraph (1).

104.

Funds reserved for Secretary

From the amount reserved under section 102(1), the Secretary shall—

(1)

direct the Institute of Education Sciences to conduct an evaluation of the impact of the practices funded or disseminated under this title; and

(2)

provide technical assistance to applicants for and recipients of, grants and subgrants under this title.

105.

Authorization of appropriations

There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this title such sums as may be necessary for fiscal year 2014 and each of the 5 succeeding fiscal years.

II

Parental involvement for healthy students; equal physical activity opportunities for students with disabilities

201.

Parental involvement

Section 1118(d)(1) of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 6318(d)(1)) is amended—

(1)

by inserting , healthy, after supportive;

(2)

by striking ; and participating and inserting ; participating; and

(3)

by inserting after extracurricular time the following: ; and supporting their children in leading a healthy and active life, such as by providing healthy meals and snacks, encouraging participation in physical education, and sharing in physical activity outside the school day to support successful academic achievement.

202.

Equal physical activity opportunities for students with disabilities

(a)

In general

Title V of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (29 U.S.C. 791 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following:

511.

Equal physical activity opportunities for students with disabilities

(a)

In general

The Secretary shall promote equal opportunities for students with disabilities to be included and to participate in physical education and extracurricular athletics implemented in, or in conjunction with, elementary schools, secondary schools, and institutions of higher education, by ensuring the provision of appropriate technical assistance and guidance for schools and institutions described in this subsection and their personnel.

(b)

Technical assistance and guidance

The provision of technical assistance and guidance described in subsection (a) shall include—

(1)

providing technical assistance to elementary schools, secondary schools, local educational agencies, State educational agencies, and institutions of higher education, regarding—

(A)

inclusion and participation of students with disabilities, in a manner equal to that of the other students, in physical education opportunities (including classes) and extracurricular athletics opportunities, including technical assistance on—

(i)

providing reasonable modifications to policies, practices, and procedures; and

(ii)

providing supports to ensure such inclusion and participation;

(B)

provision of adaptive sports programs, in the physical education and extracurricular athletics opportunities, including programs with competitive sports leagues or competitions, for students with disabilities; and

(C)

responsibilities of the schools, institutions, and agencies involved under section 504, the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12101 et seq.), and any other applicable Federal law to provide students with disabilities equal access to extracurricular athletics;

(2)

facilitating information sharing among the schools, institutions, and agencies, and students with disabilities, on ways to provide inclusive opportunities in physical education and extracurricular athletics for students with disabilities; and

(3)

monitoring the extent to which physical education and extracurricular athletics opportunities for students with disabilities are implemented in, or in conjunction with, elementary schools, secondary schools, and institutions of higher education.

(c)

Definitions

In this section:

(1)

Agencies

The terms local educational agency and State educational agency have the meanings given the terms in section 9101 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 ( 20 U.S.C. 7801 ).

(2)

Schools and institutions

The terms elementary school, secondary school, and institution of higher education mean an elementary school, secondary school, or institution of higher education, respectively (as defined in section 9101 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 ( 20 U.S.C. 7801 )), that receives, or has 1 or more students that receive, Federal financial assistance.

(3)

Student with a disability

(A)

In general

The term student with a disability means an individual who—

(i)

attends an elementary school, secondary school, or institution of higher education; and

(ii)

who—

(I)

is eligible for, and receiving, special education or related services under part B of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act ( 20 U.S.C. 1411 et seq. ); or

(II)

is an individual with a disability, for purposes of section 504 or the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990.

(B)

Students with disabilities

The term students with disabilities means more than 1 student with a disability.

.

(b)

Table of contents

The table of contents in section 1(b) of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 509 the following:

Sec. 510. Establishment of standards for accessible medical diagnostic equipment.

Sec. 511. Equal physical activity opportunities for students with disabilities.

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