Text of the Sanctity of Human Life Act

This bill was introduced on January 3, 2013, in a previous session of Congress, but was not enacted. The text of the bill below is as of Jan 3, 2013 (Introduced).



1st Session

H. R. 23


January 3, 2013

(for himself, Mr. Franks of Arizona, Mr. Palazzo, Mr. Huelskamp, Mr. Rogers of Kentucky, Mr. Terry, Mr. Carter, Mr. Westmoreland, Mr. Farenthold, Mr. Jones, Mr. Roe of Tennessee, Mr. Gibbs, Mr. Gingrey of Georgia, Mrs. Roby, Mr. Pearce, Mr. Ryan of Wisconsin, Mr. Conaway, and Mr. Fleming) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on the Judiciary


To provide that human life shall be deemed to begin with fertilization.


Short title

This Act may be cited as the Sanctity of Human Life Act .



In the exercise of the powers of the Congress, including Congress’ power under article I, section 8 of the Constitution, to make necessary and proper laws, and Congress’ power under section 5 of the 14th article of amendment to the Constitution of the United States—


the Congress declares that—


the right to life guaranteed by the Constitution is vested in each human being, and is the paramount and most fundamental right of a person; and


the life of each human being begins with fertilization, cloning, or its functional equivalent, irrespective of sex, health, function or disability, defect, stage of biological development, or condition of dependency, at which time every human being shall have all the legal and constitutional attributes and privileges of personhood; and


the Congress affirms that the Congress, each State, the District of Columbia, and all United States territories have the authority to protect the lives of all human beings residing in its respective jurisdictions.



For purposes of this Act:



The term fertilization means the process of a human spermatozoan penetrating the cell membrane of a human oocyte to create a human zygote, a one-celled human embryo, which is a new unique human being.



The term cloning means the process called somatic cell nuclear transfer, that combines an enucleated egg and the nucleus of a somatic cell to make a human embryo.


Human; human being

The terms human and human being include each and every member of the species homo sapiens at all stages of life, beginning with the earliest stage of development, created by the process of fertilization, cloning, or its functional equivalent.