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Text of the District of Columbia National Guard Home Rule Act

This bill was introduced on June 11, 2013, in a previous session of Congress, but was not enacted. The text of the bill below is as of Jun 11, 2013 (Introduced).

I

113th CONGRESS

1st Session

H. R. 2321

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

June 11, 2013

introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Oversight and Government Reform, and in addition to the Committee on Armed Services, for a period to be subsequently determined by the Speaker, in each case for consideration of such provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of the committee concerned

A BILL

To extend to the Mayor of the District of Columbia the same authority over the National Guard of the District of Columbia as the Governors of the several States exercise over the National Guard of those States with respect to administration of the National Guard and its use to respond to natural disasters and other civil disturbances, while ensuring that the President retains control of the National Guard of the District of Columbia to respond to homeland defense emergencies.

1.

Short title

This Act may be cited as the District of Columbia National Guard Home Rule Act .

2.

Extension of National Guard authorities to Mayor of the District of Columbia

(a)

Mayor as Commander-in-Chief

Section 6 of the Act entitled An Act to provide for the organization of the militia of the District of Columbia, and for other purposes, approved March 1, 1889 (sec. 49–409, D.C. Official Code), is amended by striking President of the United States and inserting Mayor of the District of Columbia.

(b)

Reserve corps

Section 72 of such Act (sec. 49–407, D.C. Official Code) is amended by striking President of the United States each place it appears and inserting Mayor of the District of Columbia.

(c)

Appointment of commissioned officers

(1)

Section 7(a) of such Act (sec. 49–301(a), D.C. Official Code) is amended—

(A)

by striking President of the United States and inserting Mayor of the District of Columbia; and

(B)

by striking President. and inserting Mayor..

(2)

Section 9 of such Act (sec. 49–304, D.C. Official Code) is amended by striking President and inserting Mayor of the District of Columbia.

(3)

Section 13 of such Act (sec. 49–305, D.C. Official Code) is amended by striking President of the United States and inserting Mayor of the District of Columbia.

(4)

Section 19 of such Act (sec. 49–311, D.C. Official Code) is amended—

(A)

in subsection (a), by striking to the Secretary of the Army and all that follows through which board and inserting to a board of examination appointed by the Commanding General, which; and

(B)

in subsection (b), by striking the Secretary of the Army and all that follows through the period and inserting the Mayor of the District of Columbia, together with any recommendations of the Commanding General..

(5)

Section 20 of such Act (sec. 49–312, D.C. Official Code) is amended—

(A)

by striking President of the United States each place it appears and inserting Mayor of the District of Columbia; and

(B)

by striking the President may retire and inserting the Mayor may retire.

(d)

Call for duty

(1)

Section 45 of such Act (sec. 49–103, D.C. Official Code) is amended by striking , or for the United States Marshal and all that follows through shall thereupon order and inserting to order.

(2)

Section 46 of such Act (sec. 49–104, D.C. Official Code) is amended by striking the President and inserting the Mayor of the District of Columbia.

(e)

General courts martial

Section 51 of such Act (sec. 49–503, D.C. Official Code) is amended by striking the President of the United States and inserting the Mayor of the District of Columbia.

3.

Retention of Presidential authority over use of National Guard of the District of Columbia to respond to homeland defense emergencies

(a)

In general

Chapter 9 of title 32, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new section:

909.

Control of National Guard of the District of Columbia for homeland defense activities

Notwithstanding the authority of the Mayor of the District of Columbia as the Commander-in-Chief of the National Guard of the District of Columbia, as provided by section 6 of the Act entitled An Act to provide for the organization of the militia of the District of Columbia, and for other purposes, approved March 1, 1889 (sec. 49–409, D.C. Official Code), the President retains control over units and members of the National Guard of the District of Columbia to conduct homeland defense activities that the President determines to be necessary and appropriate for participation by the National Guard units or members.

.

(b)

Clerical amendment

The table of sections at the beginning of such chapter is amended by adding at the end the following new item:

909. Control of National Guard of the District of Columbia for homeland defense activities.

.

4.

Conforming amendments to title 10, United States Code

(a)

Failure To satisfactorily perform prescribed training

Section 10148(b) of such title is amended by striking the commanding general of the District of Columbia National Guard and inserting the Mayor of the District of Columbia.

(b)

Appointment of chief of National Guard bureau

Section 10502(a)(1) of such title is amended by striking the commanding general of the District of Columbia National Guard and inserting the Mayor of the District of Columbia.

(c)

Vice chief of National Guard bureau

Section 10505(a)(1)(A) of such title is amended by striking the commanding general of the District of Columbia National Guard and inserting the Mayor of the District of Columbia.

(d)

Other senior National Guard bureau officers

Section 10506(a)(1) of such title is amended by striking the commanding general of the District of Columbia National Guard both places it appears and inserting the Mayor of the District of Columbia.

(e)

Consent for active duty or relocation

(1)

Section 12301 of title 10, United States Code, is amended—

(A)

in subsection (b), by striking commanding general of the District of Columbia National Guard in the second sentence and inserting Mayor of the District of Columbia; and

(B)

in subsection (d), by striking governor or other appropriate authority of the State concerned and inserting governor of the State (or, in the case of the District of Columbia National Guard, the Mayor of the District of Columbia).

(2)

Section 12406 of such title is amended by striking the commanding general of the National Guard of the District of Columbia and inserting the Mayor of the District of Columbia.

(f)

Consent for relocation of units

Section 18238 of such title is amended by striking the commanding general of the National Guard of the District of Columbia and inserting the Mayor of the District of Columbia.

5.

Conforming amendments to title 32, United States Code

(a)

Maintenance of other troops

Section 109(c) of title 32, United States Code, is amended by striking (or commanding general in the case of the District of Columbia).

(b)

Drug interdiction and Counter-Drug activities

Section 112(h)(2) of such title is amended by striking the Commanding General of the National Guard of the District of Columbia and inserting the Mayor of the District of Columbia.

(c)

Additional assistance

Section 113 of such title is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:

(e)

Inclusion of district of columbia

In this section, the term State includes the District of Columbia.

.

(d)

Appointment of adjutant general

Section 314 of such title is amended—

(1)

by striking subsection (b);

(2)

by redesignating subsections (c) and (d) as subsections (b) and (c), respectively; and

(3)

in subsection (b) (as so redesignated), by striking the commanding general of the District of Columbia National Guard and inserting the Mayor of the District of Columbia,.

(e)

Relief from national guard duty

Section 325(a)(2)(B) of such title is amended by striking the commanding general of the National Guard of the District of Columbia and inserting the Mayor of the District of Columbia.

(f)

Authority To order To perform Active Guard and Reserve duty

(1)

Authority

Subsection (a) of section 328 of such title is amended by striking the commanding general and inserting the Mayor of the District of Columbia after consultation with the commanding general.

(2)

Clerical amendments

(A)

Section heading

The heading of such section is amended to read as follows:

328.

Active Guard and Reserve duty: authority of chief executive

.

(B)

Table of sections

The table of sections at the beginning of chapter 3 of such title is amended by striking the item relating to section 328 and inserting the following new item:

328. Active Guard and Reserve duty: authority of chief executive.

.

(g)

Personnel matters

Section 505 of such title is amended by striking commanding general of the National Guard of the District of Columbia in the first sentence and inserting Mayor of the District of Columbia.

(h)

National Guard challenge program

Section 509 of such title is amended—

(1)

in subsection (c)(1), by striking the commanding general of the District of Columbia National Guard, under which the Governor or the commanding general and inserting the Mayor of the District of Columbia, under which the Governor or the Mayor;

(2)

in subsection (g)(2), by striking the commanding general of the District of Columbia National Guard and inserting the Mayor of the District of Columbia;

(3)

in subsection (j), by striking the commanding general of the District of Columbia National Guard and inserting the Mayor of the District of Columbia; and

(4)

in subsection (k), by striking the commanding general of the District of Columbia National Guard and inserting the Mayor of the District of Columbia.

(i)

Issuance of supplies

Section 702(a) of such title is amended by striking commanding general of the National Guard of the District of Columbia and inserting Mayor of the District of Columbia.

(j)

Appointment of fiscal officer

Section 708(a) of such title is amended by striking commanding general of the National Guard of the District of Columbia and inserting Mayor of the District of Columbia.

6.

Conforming amendment to the District of Columbia Home Rule Act

Section 602(b) of the District of Columbia Home Rule Act (sec. 1–206.02(b), D.C. Official Code) is amended by striking the National Guard of the District of Columbia,.