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H.R. 24 (113th): Federal Reserve Transparency Act of 2014

The Federal Reserve Transparency Act calls for an audit of Federal Reserve system by the Comptroller General within 1 year of the passing of this bill. The report will also contain any appropriate legislative action deemed appropriate. The report will be available to congressional leadership and accessible by all congressmen.

Similar bills, which would require the Federal Reserve to publish online its transactions with banks, were introduced in the 111th and 112th Congresses by Congressmen Bernie Sanders, Ron Paul, and Rand Paul. The House passed a version of the bill as part of the Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act of 2009. However, versions of the bill have not made it out of committee in the Senate. Congressman Paul Broun Jr. [R-GA10] introduced this bill in the House during the 113th Congress, while Senator Rand Paul [R-KY] has introduced a similar, but not identical version, in the Senate.

Maplight.org shows conservative organizations contributing to the passage of the bill. The Government Accountability Office (GAO) has estimated that to conduct the audit required of the bill would cost $5 million over the 2015-2019 period.

The bill also amends the section of the U.S. Code related to the Federal Reserve. It removes sections that restrict the authority of Comptroller General in audits of the Federal Reserve and the privacy of audit reports. The amendments give the Comptroller General the authority to conduct the audit and issue its report to Congress. The amendments also expand the scope of the Comptroller General audit to include internal deliberations and communications and details of its monetary policy activities.

Last updated Sep 23, 2014. View all GovTrack summaries.

The summary below was written by the Congressional Research Service, which is a nonpartisan division of the Library of Congress.


9/17/2014--Passed House amended. Federal Reserve Transparency Act of 2014 - Directs the Comptroller General (GAO) to: (1) complete, within 12 months of enactment of this Act, the required audit of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (Federal Reserve Board) and of the Federal Reserve Banks; and (2) submit to Congress, within 90 days of audit completion, a detailed report of audit findings and conclusions.

Repeals certain limitations placed upon such audit.

Repeals GAO authority to conduct audits of the Federal Reserve Board, a Federal Reserve Bank, or a credit facility pursuant to its determination that they are appropriate for specified assessments of a credit facility or a covered transaction.