GovTrack’s Bill Summary
We don’t have a summary available yet.
H.R. stands for House of Representatives bill.
This bill was enacted after being signed by the President on June 3, 2013.
27% chance of being enacted.
The following factors determined this bill’s prognosis:
A cosponsor is the ranking member of a committee to which the bill has been referred. ▲
A cosponsor in the majority party has a high leadership score. ▲
This bill was reported by committee as H.R. 1775 (112th) in the previous session of Congress. ▲
Companion bill S. 210: The bill was referred to Senate Judiciary. ▲
The bill was introduced in the first year of the Congress. ▼
6+ cosponsors serve on a committee to which the bill has been referred. ▼
There is at least one cosponsor from the majority party and one cosponsor outside of the majority party. ▲▼
Key: ▲ Correlated with successful bills. ▼ Correlated with unsuccessful bills. ▲▼ Correlated with bills that get past committee but are not enacted. Correlation may not indicate causation.
Last updated May 24, 2013.
|Referred to Committee|
|Reported by Committee|
|Signed by the President|
To amend title 18, United States Code, with respect to fraudulent representations about having received military decorations or medals.
The committee chair determines whether a bill will move past the committee stage.
No summaries available.
Click a format for a citation suggestion:
H.R. 258--113th Congress: Stolen Valor Act of 2013. (2013). In www.GovTrack.us. Retrieved March 7, 2014, from http://www.govtrack.us/congress/bills/113/hr258
“H.R. 258--113th Congress: Stolen Valor Act of 2013.” www.GovTrack.us. 2013. March 7, 2014 <http://www.govtrack.us/congress/bills/113/hr258>
|title=H.R. 258 (113th)
|accessdate=March 7, 2014
|author=113th Congress (2013)
|date=January 15, 2013
|quote=Stolen Valor Act of 2013
We don’t have a summary available yet.
The summary below was written by the Congressional Research Service, which is a nonpartisan division of the Library of Congress.
The summary below was written by the House Republican Conference, which is the caucus of Republicans in the House of Representatives.
This summary can be found at http://www.gop.gov/bill/113/1/hr258.
In 2006, Congress passed the Stolen Valor Act of 2005 (P.L. 109-437), which included a provision making it illegal to falsely represent oneself as having been awarded a military decoration or medal.
In 2012, the Supreme Court held in United States v. Alvarez that the Act was unconstitutional as it violated the free speech clause of the First Amendment. The case involved a California man who had falsely claimed that he had been awarded the Medal of Honor and was convicted of violating the Stolen Valor Act. In a 6-3 decision, Justice Kennedy wrote for a plurality that the Act violated a strict scrutiny test, as it was not narrowly tailored to a compelling government interest, nor was it done in the least restrictive means possible. However, only four Justices joined in Justice Kennedy’s opinion. Justice Breyer, joined by Justice Kagan, wrote in a concurrence that false statements of fact only had to pass an intermediate scrutiny test. The Act still failed this test, however, because the Government could not show that it would apply to situations that would cause real harm. In his concurring opinion, Justice Kennedy wrote, “The Government has provided no convincing explanation as to why a more finely tailored statute would not work…such a statute could significantly reduce the threat of First Amendment harm while permitting the statute to achieve its important protective objective.”
By applying only to fraudulent claims with intent to tangibly benefit, H.R. 258 more narrowly tailors the law to apply to cases that cause real harm. In this way, H.R. 258 takes the suggestions contained in the Court’s opinions and incorporates them into the law, making it more likely to survive constitutional scrutiny.
The House passed similar legislation in the 112th Congress on September 13, 2012 by a vote of 410-3 (Roll no. 575).
 Id. at 10(Breyer, J., concurring)
H.R. 258 amends the federal criminal code (18 U.S.C. §704) to subject anyone who fraudulently claims to be a recipient of certain military honors, with intent to “obtain money, property, or other tangible benefit,” to a fine, imprisonment of not more than one year, or both. The bill also adds “combat badges” to the list of protected military honors and removes the term "wears".
CBO estimates that H.R. 258, “would have no significant cost to the federal government. Enacting the bill could affect direct spending and revenues; therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures apply. However, CBO estimates that any effects would be insignificant for each year.”
The House Democratic Caucus does not provide summaries of bills.
So, yes, we display the House Republican Conference’s summaries when available even if we do not have a Democratic summary available. That’s because we feel it is better to give you as much information as possible, even if we cannot provide every viewpoint.
We’ll be looking for a source of summaries from the other side in the meanwhile.
The bill contains the following citations to other parts of U.S. law:
The United States Code is the compilation of general and permanent laws enacted by Congress. Laws that are not permanent in nature, law that affect a single individual, family, or small group, regulations, case law, state law, and local law do not appear in the United States Code.