Calendar No. 81
H. R. 3
IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES
May 23, 2013
Received; read the first time
June 3, 2013
Read the second time and placed on the calendar
To approve the construction, operation, and maintenance of the Keystone XL pipeline, and for other purposes.
This Act may be cited as the
Northern Route Approval
The Congress finds the following:
To maintain our Nation’s competitive edge and ensure an economy built to last, the United States must have fast, reliable, resilient, and environmentally sound means of moving energy. In a global economy, we will compete for the world’s investments based in significant part on the quality of our infrastructure. Investing in the Nation’s infrastructure provides immediate and long-term economic benefits for local communities and the Nation as a whole.
The delivery of oil from Canada, a close ally not only in proximity but in shared values and ideals, to domestic markets is in the national interest because of the need to lessen dependence upon insecure foreign sources.
The Keystone XL pipeline would provide both short-term and long-term employment opportunities and related labor income benefits, such as government revenues associated with taxes.
The State of Nebraska has thoroughly reviewed and approved the proposed Keystone XL pipeline reroute, concluding that the concerns of Nebraskans have had a major influence on the pipeline reroute and that the reroute will have minimal environmental impacts.
The Department of State and other Federal agencies have over a long period of time conducted extensive studies and analysis of the technical aspects and of the environmental, social, and economic impacts of the proposed Keystone XL pipeline, and—
the Department of State assessments found
that the Keystone XL pipeline
is not likely to impact the amount of
crude oil produced from the oil sands and that
denial of the proposed project is unlikely to have a substantial impact on the
rate of development in the oil sands;
the Department of State found that incremental life-cycle greenhouse gas emissions associated with the Keystone XL project are estimated in the range of 0.07 to 0.83 million metric tons of carbon dioxide equivalents, with the upper end of this range representing twelve one-thousandths of one percent of the 6,702 million metric tons of carbon dioxide emitted in the United States in 2011; and
evaluation of potential impacts to land and water resources along the Keystone
XL pipeline’s 875 mile proposed route, the Department of State found that
The analyses of potential impacts associated with construction and
normal operation of the proposed Project suggest that there would be no
significant impacts to most resources along the proposed Project route
(assuming Keystone complies with all laws and required conditions and
The transportation of oil via pipeline is the safest and most economically and environmentally effective means of doing so, and—
transportation of oil via pipeline has a
record of unmatched safety and environmental protection, and the Department of
State found that
Spills associated with the proposed Project that enter
the environment expected to be rare and relatively small, and that
there is no evidence of increased corrosion or other pipeline threat due
to viscosity of diluted bitumen oil that will be transported by the
Keystone XL pipeline; and
incorporate 57 project-specific special conditions related to the design,
construction, and operations of the Keystone XL pipeline led the Department of
State to find that the pipeline will have
a degree of safety over any
other typically constructed domestic oil pipeline.
The Keystone XL is in much the same position today as the Alaska Pipeline in 1973 prior to congressional action. Once again, the Federal regulatory process remains an insurmountable obstacle to a project that is likely to reduce oil imports from insecure foreign sources.
Keystone XL permit approval
Notwithstanding Executive Order No. 13337 (3 U.S.C. 301 note), Executive Order No. 11423 ( 3 U.S.C. 301 note), section 301 of title 3, United States Code, and any other Executive order or provision of law, no Presidential permit shall be required for the pipeline described in the application filed on May 4, 2012, by TransCanada Keystone Pipeline, L.P. to the Department of State for the Keystone XL pipeline, as supplemented to include the Nebraska reroute evaluated in the Final Evaluation Report issued by the Nebraska Department of Environmental Quality in January 2013 and approved by the Nebraska governor. The final environmental impact statement issued by the Secretary of State on August 26, 2011, coupled with the Final Evaluation Report described in the previous sentence, shall be considered to satisfy all requirements of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 ( 42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq. ) and of the National Historic Preservation Act ( 16 U.S.C. 470 et seq. ).
Except for review by the Supreme Court on writ of certiorari, the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit shall have original and exclusive jurisdiction to determine—
the validity of any final order or action (including a failure to act) of any Federal agency or officer with respect to issuance of a permit relating to the construction or maintenance of the Keystone XL pipeline, including any final order or action deemed to be taken, made, granted, or issued;
the constitutionality of any provision of this Act, or any decision or action taken, made, granted, or issued, or deemed to be taken, made, granted, or issued under this Act; or
the adequacy of any environmental impact statement prepared under the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.), or of any analysis under any other Act, with respect to any action taken, made, granted, or issued, or deemed to be taken, made, granted, or issued under this Act.
Deadline for filing claim
A claim arising under this Act may be brought not later than 60 days after the date of the decision or action giving rise to the claim.
The United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit shall set any action brought under subsection (a) for expedited consideration, taking into account the national interest of enhancing national energy security by providing access to the significant oil reserves in Canada that are needed to meet the demand for oil.
American burying beetle
The Congress finds that—
environmental reviews performed for the Keystone XL pipeline project satisfy the requirements of section 7 of the Endangered Species Act of 1973 (16 U.S.C. 1536(a)(2)) in its entirety; and
for purposes of that Act, the Keystone XL pipeline project will not jeopardize the continued existence of the American burying beetle or destroy or adversely modify American burying beetle critical habitat.
The Secretary of the Interior is deemed to have issued a written statement setting forth the Secretary’s opinion containing such findings under section 7(b)(1)(A) of the Endangered Species Act of 1973 ( 16 U.S.C. 1536(b)(1)(A) ) and any taking of the American burying beetle that is incidental to the construction or operation and maintenance of the Keystone XL pipeline as it may be ultimately defined in its entirety, shall not be considered a prohibited taking of such species under such Act.
Right-of-way and temporary use permit
The Secretary of the Interior is deemed to have granted or issued a grant of right-of-way and temporary use permit under section 28 of the Mineral Leasing Act (30 U.S.C. 185) and the Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976 (43 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.), as set forth in the application tendered to the Bureau of Land Management for the Keystone XL pipeline.
Permits for activities in navigable waters
Issuance of permits
The Secretary of the Army, not later than 90 days after receipt of an application therefor, shall issue all permits under section 404 of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act ( 33 U.S.C. 1344 ) and section 10 of the Act of March 3, 1899 ( 33 U.S.C. 403 ; commonly known as the Rivers and Harbors Appropriations Act of 1899), necessary for the construction, operation, and maintenance of the pipeline described in the May 4, 2012, application referred to in section 3, as supplemented by the Nebraska reroute. The application shall be based on the administrative record for the pipeline as of the date of enactment of this Act, which shall be considered complete.
Waiver of procedural requirements
The Secretary may waive any procedural requirement of law or regulation that the Secretary considers desirable to waive in order to accomplish the purposes of this section.
Issuance in absence of action by the Secretary
If the Secretary has not issued a permit described in subsection (a) on or before the last day of the 90-day period referred to in subsection (a), the permit shall be deemed issued under section 404 of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act ( 33 U.S.C. 1344 ) or section 10 of the Act of March 3, 1899 ( 33 U.S.C. 403 ), as appropriate, on the day following such last day.
The Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency may not prohibit or restrict an activity or use of an area that is authorized under this section.
Migratory Bird Treaty Act permit
The Secretary of the Interior is deemed to have issued a special purpose permit under the Migratory Bird Treaty Act ( 16 U.S.C. 703 et seq. ), as described in the application filed with the United States Fish and Wildlife Service for the Keystone XL pipeline on January 11, 2013.
Oil spill response plan disclosure
Any pipeline owner or operator required under Federal law to develop an oil spill response plan for the Keystone XL pipeline shall make such plan available to the Governor of each State in which such pipeline operates to assist with emergency response preparedness.
A pipeline owner or operator required to make available to a Governor a plan under subsection (a) shall make available to such Governor any update of such plan not later than 7 days after the date on which such update is made.
Passed the House of Representatives May 22, 2013.
Karen L. Haas,
June 3, 2013
Read the second time and placed on the calendar