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The summary below was written by the Congressional Research Service, which is a nonpartisan division of the Library of Congress.
11/27/2013--Public Law. Drug Quality and Security Act - Title I: Drug Compounding - Compounding Quality Act - (Sec. 102) Amends the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FFDCA) with respect to the regulation of compounding drugs. Exempts compounded drugs from new drug requirements, labeling requirements, and track and trace requirements if the drug is compounded by or under the direct supervision of a licensed pharmacist in a registered outsourcing facility and meets applicable requirements.
Establishes annual registration requirement for any outsourcing facility. Requires a facility to report biannually to the Secretary of Health and Human Services (HHS) on what drugs are compounded in the facility and to submit adverse event reports. Subjects such facilities to a risk-based inspection schedule.
Requires the Secretary to: (1) publish a list of drugs presenting demonstrable difficulties for compounding that are reasonably likely to lead to an adverse effect on the safety or effectiveness of the drug, taking into account the risk and benefits to patients; and (2) convene an advisory committee on compounding before creating the list.
Requires the Secretary to assess an annual establishment fee on each outsourcing facility and a reinspection fee, as necessary.
(Sec. 103) Prohibits the resale of a compounded drug labeled “not for resale,” or the intentional falsification of a prescription for a compounded drug. Deems a compounded drug to be misbranded if its advertising or promotion is false or misleading in any particular.
(Sec. 105) Requires the Secretary to receive submissions from state boards of pharmacy: (1) describing any disciplinary actions taken against compounding pharmacies or any recall of a compounded drug, and (2) expressing concerns that a compounding pharmacy may be violating the FFDCA.
(Sec. 106) Revises compounding pharmacy requirements to repeal prohibitions on advertising and promotion of compounded drugs by compounding pharmacies and repeal the requirement that prescriptions filled by a compounding pharmacy be unsolicited.
(Sec. 107) Requires the Comptroller General (GAO) to report on pharmacy compounding and the adequacy of state and federal efforts to assure the safety of compounded drugs.
Title II: Drug Supply Chain Security - Drug Supply Chain Security Act - (Sec. 202) Establishes requirements to facilitate the tracing of prescription drug products through the pharmaceutical supply distribution chain.
Requires the Secretary to establish standards for the exchange of transaction documentation, which shall include transaction information, transaction history, and transaction statements.
Requires the Secretary to establish processes to: (1) provide waivers of requirements, including for undue economic hardship or emergency medical reasons; (2) provide exceptions to requirements relating to product identifiers if a product is packaged without sufficient space to bear the information; and (3) determine other products or transactions that should be exempt from the requirements of this Act.
Establishes requirements for drug manufacturers, wholesalers, dispensers, and repackagers to ensure that all prior transaction information is provided at each transfer of ownership.
Requires a manufacturer, wholesale distributor, dispenser, and repackager, in the event of a recall or for the purpose of investigating a suspect product or an illegitimate product, to provide within a reasonable time the applicable transaction documentation upon request by the Secretary or other appropriate federal or state official.
Requires a manufacturer or repackager to affix or imprint a product identifier on each package and homogenous case intended to be introduced in a transaction into commerce. Excepts from this requirement with respect to unique device identifiers any products required to have a standardized numerical identifier.
Requires a manufacturer, wholesale distributor, dispenser, or repackager to ensure that each of its trading partners is authorized.
Requires a manufacturer, wholesale distributor, dispenser, and repackager to implement systems to: (1) investigate suspect products; and (2) handle illegitimate products, including through quarantine, disposal, and appropriate notice to the Secretary and, as necessary, trading partners.
Requires manufacturers, wholesale distributors, and repackagers to verify returned products before further distribution.
(Sec. 203) Prescribes additional requirements related to the tracing of products at the package level (enhanced drug distribution security) which shall go into effect ten years after enactment of this Act.
Authorizes a dispenser to enter into a written agreement with a third party, including an authorized wholesale distributor, that requires the third party to maintain confidentially any information and statements required to be maintained. Requires the Secretary to provide for alternative methods of compliance with such additional drug distribution security requirements.
Directs the Secretary to contract with a private, independent consulting firm with expertise to conduct a technology and software assessment that looks at the feasibility of dispensers with 25 or fewer full-time employees conducting interoperable, electronic tracing of products at the package level.
Requires the Secretary to: (1) establish one or more pilot projects and hold public meetings to enhance the safety and security of the pharmaceutical distribution supply chain, (2) issue a final guidance document that outlines and makes recommendations with respect to the system attributes necessary to enable secure tracing at the package level, and (3) identify and make recommendations with respect to the standards necessary for adoption in order to support the secure interoperable electronic data exchange among the pharmaceutical distribution supply chain that comply with a form and format developed by a widely recognized international standards development organization.
(Sec. 204) Requires the Secretary to establish standards for the licensing of wholesale distributors and third party logistics providers.
(Sec. 205) Preempts state and local requirements related to tracing drugs through the distribution system, and licensure of wholesale distributors and third party logistics providers.
(Sec. 206) Subjects violations of this Act to specified criminal and civil penalties.
Deems misbranded any drug failing to bear its required product identifier.