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H.R. 3301 (113th): North American Energy Infrastructure Act


The text of the bill below is as of Oct 22, 2013 (Introduced).


I

113th CONGRESS

1st Session

H. R. 3301

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

October 22, 2013

(for himself, Mr. Gene Green of Texas, Mr. Barton, Mr. Collins of New York, Mr. Costa, Mr. Cramer, Mr. Cuellar, Mr. Gallego, Mr. Hinojosa, Mr. Matheson, Mrs. McMorris Rodgers, Mr. Peterson, Mr. Pompeo, Mr. Terry, Mr. Vela, and Mr. Whitfield) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Energy and Commerce, and in addition to the Committees on Transportation and Infrastructure and Natural Resources, for a period to be subsequently determined by the Speaker, in each case for consideration of such provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of the committee concerned

A BILL

To require approval for the construction, connection, operation, or maintenance of oil or natural gas pipelines or electric transmission facilities at the national boundary of the United States for the import or export of oil, natural gas, or electricity to or from Canada or Mexico, and for other purposes.

1.

Short title

This Act may be cited as the North American Energy Infrastructure Act .

2.

Finding

Congress finds that the United States should establish a more uniform, transparent, and modern process for the construction, connection, operation, and maintenance of oil and natural gas pipelines and electric transmission facilities for the import and export of oil, natural gas, and electricity to and from Canada and Mexico, in pursuit of a more secure and efficient North American energy market.

3.

Authorization of certain energy infrastructure projects at the national boundary of the United States

(a)

Authorization

Except as provided in subsections (d) and (e), no person may construct, connect, operate, or maintain an oil or natural gas pipeline or electric transmission facility at the national boundary of the United States for the import or export of oil, natural gas, or electricity to or from Canada or Mexico without obtaining approval of the construction, connection, operation, or maintenance under this section.

(b)

Approval

(1)

Requirement

Not later than 120 days after receiving a request for approval of construction, connection, operation, or maintenance under this section, the relevant official identified under paragraph (2), in consultation with appropriate Federal agencies, shall approve the request unless the relevant official finds that the construction, connection, operation, or maintenance is not in the national security interests of the United States.

(2)

Relevant official

The relevant official referred to in paragraph (1) is—

(A)

the Secretary of Commerce with respect to oil pipelines;

(B)

the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission with respect to natural gas pipelines; and

(C)

the Secretary of Energy with respect to electric transmission facilities.

(3)

Approval not major Federal action

An approval of construction, connection, operation, or maintenance under paragraph (1) shall not be construed to constitute a major Federal action for purposes of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 ( 42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq. ).

(4)

Additional requirement for electric transmission facilities

In the case of a request for approval of the construction, connection, operation, or maintenance of an electric transmission facility, the Secretary of Energy shall require, as a condition of approval of the request under paragraph (1), that the electric transmission facility be constructed, connected, operated, or maintained consistent with all applicable policies and standards of—

(A)

the Electric Reliability Organization and the applicable regional entity; and

(B)

any Regional Transmission Organization or Independent System Operator with operational or functional control over the electric transmission facility.

(c)

No other approval required

No Presidential permit (or similar permit) required under Executive Order 13337 ( 3 U.S.C. 301 note), Executive Order 11423 ( 3 U.S.C. 301 note), section 301 of title 3, United States Code, Executive Order 12038, Executive Order 10485, or any other Executive Order shall be necessary for construction, connection, operation, or maintenance to which this section applies.

(d)

Exclusions

This section shall not apply to any construction, connection, operation, or maintenance of an oil or natural gas pipeline or electric transmission facility at the national boundary of the United States for the import or export of oil, natural gas, or electricity to or from Canada or Mexico—

(1)

if the pipeline or facility is operating at such national boundary for such import or export as of the date of enactment of this Act;

(2)

if a permit described in subsection (c) for such construction, connection, operation, or maintenance has been issued;

(3)

if approval of such construction, connection, operation, or maintenance has previously been obtained under this section; or

(4)

if an application for a permit described in subsection (c) for such construction, connection, operation, or maintenance is pending on the date of enactment of this Act, until the earlier of—

(A)

the date on which such application is denied; or

(B)

July 1, 2016.

(e)

Modifications to existing projects

No approval under this section, or permit described in subsection (c), shall be required for modifications to construction, connection, operation, or maintenance described in paragraph (1), (2), or (3) of subsection (d), including reversal of flow direction, change in ownership, volume expansion, downstream or upstream interconnection, or adjustments to maintain flow (such as a reduction or increase in the number of pump or compressor stations).

(f)

Effect of other laws

Nothing in this section shall affect the application of any other Federal statute to a project for which approval of construction, connection, operation, or maintenance is sought under this section.

(g)

Definitions

In this section—

(1)

the term natural gas has the meaning given that term in section 2 of the Natural Gas Act ( 15 U.S.C. 717a );

(2)

the term oil means petroleum or a petroleum product;

(3)

the terms Electric Reliability Organization and regional entity have the meanings given those terms in section 215 of the Federal Power Act ( 16 U.S.C. 824o ); and

(4)

the terms Independent System Operator and Regional Transmission Organization have the meanings given those terms in section 3 of the Federal Power Act ( 16 U.S.C. 796 ).

4.

Importation or exportation of natural gas to Canada and Mexico

Section 3(c) of the Natural Gas Act ( 15 U.S.C. 717b(c) ) is amended by adding at the end the following: No order is required under subsection (a) to authorize the export or import of any natural gas to or from Canada or Mexico. .

5.

Transmission of electric energy to Canada and Mexico

(a)

Repeal of requirement To secure order

Section 202(e) of the Federal Power Act ( 16 U.S.C. 824a(e) ) is repealed.

(b)

Conforming amendments

(1)

State regulations

Section 202(f) of the Federal Power Act ( 16 U.S.C. 824a(f) ) is amended by striking insofar as such State regulation does not conflict with the exercise of the Commission's powers under or relating to subsection 202(e) .

(2)

Seasonal diversity electricity exchange

Section 602(b) of the Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act of 1978 ( 16 U.S.C. 824a–4(b) ) is amended by striking the Commission has conducted hearings and made the findings required under section 202(e) of the Federal Power Act and all that follows through the period at the end and inserting the Secretary has conducted hearings and finds that the proposed transmission facilities would not impair the sufficiency of electric supply within the United States or would not impede or tend to impede the coordination in the public interest of facilities subject to the jurisdiction of the Secretary. .

6.

Effective date; rulemaking deadlines

(a)

Effective date

Sections 3, 4, and 5, and the amendments made by such sections, shall take effect on July 1, 2015.

(b)

Rulemaking deadlines

Each relevant official described in section 3(b)(2) shall—

(1)

not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act, publish in the Federal Register notice of a proposed rulemaking to carry out the applicable requirements of section 3; and

(2)

not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, publish in the Federal Register a final rule to carry out the applicable requirements of section 3.