H. R. 349
IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
January 22, 2013
Mrs. Roby (for herself, Mr. Bonner, Mr. Bachus, and Ms. Sewell of Alabama) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Agriculture
To amend the Food Security Act of 1985 with respect to maximum enrollment and eligible land in the conservation reserve program.
This Act may be cited as the
Preserving Marginal Lands and
Protecting Farming Act of 2013
Section 1231(d) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3831(d)) is amended to read as follows:
The Secretary may maintain in the conservation reserve at any 1 time, not more than—
during fiscal year 2013, 29,000,000 acres;
during fiscal year 2014, 26,000,000 acres; and
during each of fiscal years 2015 through 2018, 24,000,000 acres.
Section 1231 of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3831) is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, after the date of enactment of this subsection, the Secretary may not enroll land in the conservation reserve that is classified as class I or class II land under the land capability classification system published in the National Soil Survey Handbook of the Natural Resources Conservation Service, unless such land is enrolled as a buffer, filterstrip, or strip adjacent to a riparian area.
Early termination by owner or operator
Section 1235(e) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3835(e) ) is amended—
in paragraph (1)(A)—
During fiscal year 2014, the
before January 1, 1995,;
in paragraph (2), by striking subparagraph (C) and inserting the following:
Land devoted to hardwood trees.
Wildlife habitat, duck nesting habitat, pollinator habitat, upland bird habitat buffer, wildlife food plots, State acres for wildlife enhancement, shallow water areas for wildlife, and rare and declining habitat.
Farmable wetland and restored wetland.
Land that contains diversions, erosion control structures, flood control structures, contour grass strips, living snow fences, salinity reducing vegetation, cross wind trap strips, and sediment retention structures.
Land located within a federally-designated wellhead protection area.
Land that is covered by an easement under the conservation reserve program.
Land located within an average width, according to the applicable Natural Resources Conservation Service field office technical guide, of a perennial stream or permanent water body.
in paragraph (3), by striking
days after the date on which the owner or operator submits the notice required
under paragraph (1)(C)
upon approval by the
Transition option for certain farmers or ranchers
Section 1235(f) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3835(f)) is amended—
in paragraph (1)—
in the matter
preceding subparagraph (A), by striking
and all that
a beginning farmer and inserting
Transition to covered
farmer or rancher.—In the case of a contract modification
approved in order to facilitate the transfer of land subject to a contract from
a retired farmer or rancher to a beginning farmer;
(A)(i), by inserting
, including preparing to plant an agricultural
(D), by striking
the farmer or rancher and inserting
covered farmer or rancher; and
(E), by striking
in paragraph (2),
requirement of section 1231(h)(4)(B)
option pursuant to section 1231(h)
Final year contract
Section 1235 of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3835) is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
Final year of contract
The Secretary shall not consider an owner or operator to be in violation of a term or condition of the conservation reserve contract if—
during the year prior to expiration of the contract, the land is enrolled in the conservation stewardship program; and
the activity required under the conservation stewardship program pursuant to such enrollment is consistent with this subchapter.