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H.R. 3556 (113th): Humane Care for Primates Act of 2013

The text of the bill below is as of Nov 20, 2013 (Introduced). The bill was not enacted into law.



1st Session

H. R. 3556


November 20, 2013

(for herself and Mr. DeFazio) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Energy and Commerce


To establish a program to assist in the importation and care of abused, injured, or abandoned nonhuman primates.


Short title

This Act may be cited as the Humane Care for Primates Act of 2013 .



The Congress finds the following:


Nonhuman primates, such as chimpanzees, gorillas, orangutans, macaques, and numerous other species, often face abusive and cruel captive conditions in other countries.


There is growing evidence that, absent a suitable humane alternative, these primates will remain or be placed in other cruel captive conditions and face inhumane deaths in areas outside the United States.


Regulations of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention allow importation of nonhuman primates only for scientific, educational, or exhibition purposes and not for humane lifetime shelter and care in appropriate primate sanctuaries.


Many of these animals could be obtained by certified primate sanctuaries in the United States and provided with shelter and care for the remainder of their natural lives in a species-appropriate, humane environment if allowed by law to be imported for such purpose.



In this Act:


The term certified primate sanctuary means a primate sanctuary that has been certified by the Secretary pursuant to section 4.


The term nonhuman primates means the species included in the biological order Primates, except Homo sapiens.


The term primate sanctuary means a facility that—


rescues and provides lifetime shelter and care for animals that have been abused, injured, or abandoned, or are otherwise in need;


is an organization described in section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 and exempt from tax under section 501(a) of such Code;


does not commercially trade in any animals, including animal parts, animal byproducts, and animal offspring;


does not intentionally breed or propagate nonhuman primates;


does not allow direct contact between the public and nonhuman primates;


does not allow unescorted public visitation at the facility, except for discrete, nonintrusive observation by individuals approved by the sanctuary;


does not allow animals to be removed from the facility, or from the animals’ enclosures, for exhibition or education; and


does not conduct research on animals, except where the facility determines that—


the health and welfare of the animal involved is best served by participating in a treatment study; and


the facility reasonably believes that the outcome of the study will provide a tangible benefit to the animal involved.


The term Secretary means the Secretary of Health and Human Services.


Importation of nonhuman primates


In general

Not later than 12 months after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary, consistent with section 361 of the Public Health Service Act ( 42 U.S.C. 264 ; relating to control of communicable diseases), shall promulgate a final rule revising section 71.53(c) of title 42, Code of Federal Regulations, to expand the categories of uses for which nonhuman primates may be imported and distributed to include live nonhuman primates imported into the United States by a certified primate sanctuary for purposes of providing lifetime shelter and care.


Certification process



The rule required by subsection (a) shall establish a process under which the Secretary certifies facilities as primate sanctuaries for purposes of the importation, shelter, and care of nonhuman primates, as described in subsection (a).



The Secretary shall require, as a condition of such certification, that a facility—


is a primate sanctuary, as defined in section 3; and


satisfies any other criteria that—


are determined to be appropriate by the Secretary; and


are consistent with the criteria specified in the definition of a primate sanctuary in section 3.



To seek certification under this Act, a primate sanctuary shall submit an application in such form, in such manner, and containing such information as the Secretary may require. Any information in an application for certification under this Act shall be protected from disclosure as provided in section 552(b)(4) of title 5, United States Code.