skip to main content

H.R. 3782 (113th): Native American Seeds Protection Act of 2013

The text of the bill below is as of Dec 16, 2013 (Introduced).


I

113th CONGRESS

1st Session

H. R. 3782

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

December 16, 2013

introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Agriculture

A BILL

To direct the Secretary of Agriculture, in consultation with Indian tribes, to make grants, competitive grants, and special research grants to, and enter into cooperative agreements and other contracting instruments with, eligible entities to conduct research and education and training programs to protect and preserve Native American seeds, and for other purposes.

1.

Short title

This Act may be cited as the Native American Seeds Protection Act of 2013 .

2.

Research grants for purposes of protection and preservation of Native American seeds

(a)

In general

Subtitle C of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 ( 7 U.S.C. 3151 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following new section:

1419C.

Research grants for purposes of protection and preservation of Native American seeds

(a)

Authority

Consistent with this section, the Secretary may make grants, competitive grants, and special research grants to, and enter into cooperative agreements and other contracting instruments with, eligible entities to conduct research and education and training programs that are objective, operationally independent, and external to the Federal Government and that concern the purity of Native American seeds (as defined by the Secretary, in consultation with Indian tribes).

(b)

Cooperation required

Grant applications submitted by an eligible entity under this section shall certify that the research to be conducted will be performed under a cooperative agreement with at least one other qualified research entity.

(c)

Activities

Under this section, funding may be provided to conduct—

(1)

research to assess the direct and indirect impacts of—

(A)

public law and policies on traditional ways of life and cultural practices relating to the harvesting and cultivating of Native American seeds; and

(B)

contaminants that compromise the integrity and purity of Native American seeds; and

(2)

education and training programs on—

(A)

the methods necessary to conduct the research described in paragraph (1); and

(B)

the best methods to continuously test, monitor, and otherwise protect the purity of Native American seeds.

(d)

Report

Beginning not later than one year after the date of the enactment of this section, and each year thereafter, the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a report that contains—

(1)

the results of any research conducted under this section;

(2)

the effectiveness of any education and training programs conducted under this section in enabling eligible entities to ensure the purity of Native American seeds; and

(3)

any recommendations of the Secretary to improve the effectiveness of such education and training programs.

(e)

Definitions

In this section:

(1)

Eligible entity

The term eligible entity means—

(A)

a 1994 Institution (as defined in section 532 of the Equity in Educational Land-Grant Status Act of 1994 ( 7 U.S.C. 301 note)); or

(B)

an Indian tribe.

(2)

Indian tribe

The term Indian tribe has the meaning given such term in section 4 of the Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act ( 25 U.S.C. 450b ).

(3)

Qualified research entity

The term qualified research entity means an entity with a demonstrated capacity and infrastructure necessary to carry out agricultural research projects, including—

(A)

a State agricultural experiment station;

(B)

a college or university (including a 1994 Institution);

(C)

another research institution or organization;

(D)

a private organization;

(E)

a corporation; or

(F)

an individual.

.

(b)

Regulations

Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall issue regulations to carry out section 1419C of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977, as added by subsection (a), including regulations to define the term Native American seed as specified in subsection (a) of such section 1419C.

3.

Developing seed storage facilities to preserve and protect Native American seeds

Section 306 (a)(19)(A) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act ( 7 U.S.C. 1926(a)(19)(A) ) is amended by inserting , including the expansion, construction, and infrastructure costs associated with developing seed storage facilities that are used to protect and preserve Native American seeds (as defined by the Secretary pursuant to section 1419C of the National Agricultural Research, Education, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977) before the period at the end.