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H.R. 410 (113th): Restore the Constitution Act of 2013

The text of the bill below is as of Jan 23, 2013 (Introduced).


I

113th CONGRESS

1st Session

H. R. 410

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

January 23, 2013

introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on the Judiciary

A BILL

To provide that any executive action infringing on the Second Amendment has no force or effect, and to prohibit the use of funds for certain purposes.

1.

Short Title

This Act may be cited as the Restore the Constitution Act of 2013 .

2.

Sense of Congress

(a)

In General

That it is the sense of Congress that any executive action issued by the President before, on, or after the date of the enactment of this Act that infringes on the powers and duties of Congress under section 8 of article I of the Constitution or the Second Amendment to the Constitution, or that would require the expenditure of Federal funds not specifically appropriated for the purpose of executive action, is advisory only and has no force or effect unless enacted by law.

(b)

Definition of Executive Action

In this Act, the term executive action includes an Executive order, memoranda, proclamation or signing statement.

3.

Vitiation of Effect of Executive Action

Any existing or proposed executive action that infringes on the powers and duties of Congress under section 8 of article I of the Constitution or the Second Amendment to the Constitution shall have no force or effect.

4.

Prohibition Against Use of Funds for Certain Purposes

No funds appropriated pursuant to any provision of law may be used to promulgate or enforce any executive action that infringes on the powers and duties of Congress under section 8 of article I of the Constitution or the Second Amendment to the Constitution.

5.

Standing to challenge executive action which impacts article I, section 8 of the Constitution or the Second Amendment to the Constitution

The following persons may bring an action in an appropriate United States court to challenge the validity of any executive action which infringes on the powers and duties of Congress under section 8 of article I of the Constitution or the Second Amendment to the Constitution.

(1)

Congress and its members

Any Member of the House of Representatives or the Senate, or either or both chambers acting pursuant to vote, if the challenged action—

(A)

infringes on the powers and duties of Congress under article I, section 8 of the Constitution; or

(B)

violates the Second Amendment to the Constitution.

(2)

State and local governments

The highest governmental official of any State, commonwealth, district, territory or possession of the United States, or any political subdivision thereof, or the designee of such person, if the challenged executive action infringes on a power of such State or on a power afforded to such commonwealth, district, territory, or possession under any congressional enactment or relevant treaty of the United States.

(3)

Aggrieved persons

Any person aggrieved in a liberty or property interest adversely affected by the challenged executive action.