< Back to H.R. 4186 (113th Congress, 2013–2015)

Text of the FIRST Act of 2014

This bill was introduced on May 28, 2014, in a previous session of Congress, but was not enacted. The text of the bill below is as of Mar 10, 2014 (Introduced).

I

113th CONGRESS

2d Session

H. R. 4186

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

March 10, 2014

(for himself and Mr. Smith of Texas) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Science, Space, and Technology, and in addition to the Committee on Small Business, for a period to be subsequently determined by the Speaker, in each case for consideration of such provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of the committee concerned

A BILL

To provide for investment in innovation through scientific research and development, to improve the competitiveness of the United States, and for other purposes.

1.

Short title; table of contents

(a)

Short title

This Act may be cited as the Frontiers in Innovation, Research, Science, and Technology Act of 2014 or the FIRST Act of 2014 .

(b)

Table of contents

The table of contents for this Act is as follows:

Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents.

Sec. 2. Definitions.

Title I—National Science Foundation

Sec. 101. Authorization of appropriations.

Sec. 102. Findings.

Sec. 103. Policy objectives.

Sec. 104. Definitions.

Sec. 105. Accountability and transparency.

Sec. 106. Greater accountability in Federal funding for research.

Sec. 107. Obligation of major research equipment and facilities construction funds.

Sec. 108. Graduate student support.

Sec. 109. Permissible support.

Sec. 110. Expanding STEM opportunities.

Sec. 111. Prohibition.

Sec. 112. Review of education programs.

Sec. 113. Recompetition of awards.

Sec. 114. Sense of the Congress regarding industry investment in STEM education.

Sec. 115. Misrepresentation of research results.

Sec. 116. Citations supporting research grant applications.

Sec. 117. Research grant conditions.

Sec. 118. Computing resources study.

Sec. 119. Scientific breakthrough prizes.

Sec. 120. Rotating personnel.

Sec. 121. Report of the NSB Task Force on Administrative Burden.

Sec. 122. Sense of Congress regarding Innovation Corps.

Sec. 123. United States-Israeli cooperation.

Sec. 124. Sense of Congress regarding agricultural and drug interdisciplinary research.

Sec. 125. Brain Research through Advancing Innovative Neurotechnologies Initiative.

Title II—Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics

Sec. 201. Findings; sense of Congress.

Sec. 202. STEM Education Advisory Panel.

Sec. 203. Committee on STEM education.

Sec. 204. STEM Education Coordinating Office.

Title III—Office of Science and Technology Policy

Sec. 301. Authorization of appropriations.

Sec. 302. Regulatory efficiency.

Sec. 303. Public access to research articles and data.

Sec. 304. Strategic plan for advanced manufacturing research and development.

Sec. 305. Coordination of international science and technology partnerships.

Sec. 306. Alternative research funding models.

Sec. 307. Amendments to prize competitions.

Title IV—Innovation and Technology Transfer

Subtitle A—NIST reauthorization

Sec. 401. Authorization of appropriations.

Sec. 402. Standards and conformity assessment and other transaction authority.

Sec. 403. Visiting Committee on Advanced Technology.

Sec. 404. Police and security authority.

Sec. 405. International activities.

Sec. 406. Education and outreach.

Sec. 407. Programmatic planning report.

Sec. 408. Assessments by the National Research Council.

Sec. 409. Hollings Manufacturing Extension Partnership.

Sec. 410. Elimination of obsolete reports.

Sec. 411. Modifications to grants and cooperative agreements.

Subtitle B—Innovative approaches to technology transfer

Sec. 421. Innovative approaches to technology transfer.

Title V—Networking and Information Technology Research and Development

Sec. 501. Short title.

Sec. 502. Program planning and coordination.

Sec. 503. Large-scale research in areas of national importance.

Sec. 504. Cyber-physical systems.

Sec. 505. Cloud computing services for research.

Sec. 506. National Coordination Office.

Sec. 507. Improving networking and information technology education.

Sec. 508. Conforming and technical amendments.

2.

Definitions

In this Act—

(1)

the term STEM means the subjects of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics; and

(2)

the term STEM education means education in the subjects of STEM, including other academic subjects that build on these disciplines such as computer science and other academic subjects that a State identifies as important to the workforce of the State.

I

National Science Foundation

101.

Authorization of appropriations

(a)

Fiscal year 2014

(1)

In general

There are authorized to be appropriated to the Foundation $7,171,918,000 for fiscal year 2014.

(2)

Specific allocations

Of the amount authorized by paragraph (1)

(A)

$5,808,918,000 shall be made available to carry out research and related activities, including—

(i)

$742,930,000 for the Biological Science Directorate;

(ii)

$940,638,000 for the Computer and Information Science and Engineering Directorate;

(iii)

$890,170,000 for the Engineering Directorate;

(iv)

$1,265,840,000 for the Geosciences Directorate;

(v)

$1,367,940,000 for the Mathematical and Physical Science Directorate;

(vi)

$150,000,000 for the Social, Behavioral, and Economics Directorate;

(vii)

$400,000,000 for the International and Integrative Activities Directorate; and

(viii)

$1,400,000 for the United States Arctic Commission;

(B)

$846,500,000 shall be made available for education and human resources;

(C)

$200,000,000 shall be made available for major research equipment and facilities construction;

(D)

$298,000,000 shall be made available for agency operations and award management;

(E)

$4,300,000 shall be made available for the Office of the National Science Board; and

(F)

$14,200,000 shall be made available for the Office of Inspector General.

(b)

Fiscal year 2015

(1)

In general

There are authorized to be appropriated to the Foundation $7,279,496,770 for fiscal year 2015.

(2)

Specific allocations

Of the amount authorized by paragraph (1)

(A)

$5,900,496,770 shall be made available to carry out research and related activities, including—

(i)

$760,030,000 for the Biological Science Directorate;

(ii)

$963,186,770 for the Computer and Information Science and Engineering Directorate;

(iii)

$910,640,000 for the Engineering Directorate;

(iv)

$1,265,840,000 for the Geosciences Directorate;

(v)

$1,399,400,000 for the Mathematical and Physical Science Directorate;

(vi)

$150,000,000 for the Social, Behavioral, and Economics Directorate;

(vii)

$400,000,000 for the International and Integrative Activities Directorate; and

(viii)

$1,400,000 for the United States Arctic Commission;

(B)

$858,500,000 shall be made available for education and human resources;

(C)

$203,000,000 shall be made available for major research equipment and facilities construction;

(D)

$298,000,000 shall be made available for agency operations and award management;

(E)

$4,300,000 shall be made available for the Office of the National Science Board; and

(F)

$15,200,000 shall be made available for the Office of Inspector General.

102.

Findings

Congress finds the following:

(1)

Taxpayer-supported research investments administered by the Foundation should serve the national interest.

(2)

The Foundation has made major contributions for more than 50 years to strengthen and sustain the Nation’s academic research enterprise.

(3)

The economic strength and national security of the United States, and the quality of life of all Americans, are grounded in the Nation’s scientific and technological capabilities.

(4)

Providing support for basic research is an investment in our Nation’s future security and economic prosperity.

(5)

Congress applauds the Foundation’s recognition that wise stewardship of taxpayer dollars is necessary to maintain and ensure the public’s trust for funding of fundamental scientific and engineering research.

(6)

Other nations are increasing their public investments in basic research in the physical sciences in order to boost long-term economic growth.

(7)

Longstanding United States leadership in supercomputing, genomics, nanoscience, photonics, quantum physics, and other key technological areas is jeopardized if United States investments in basic research in the natural sciences do not keep pace.

(8)

Redundant regulations and reporting requirements imposed by Federal agencies on research institutions and researchers increase costs by tens of millions of dollars annually.

(9)

The Foundation carries out important functions by supporting basic research in all science and engineering disciplines and in supporting science, mathematics, engineering, and technology education at all levels.

(10)

The research and education activities of the Foundation promote the discovery, integration, dissemination, and application of new knowledge in service to society and prepare future generations of scientists, mathematicians, and engineers who will be necessary to ensure America’s leadership in the global marketplace.

(11)

The Foundation should meet the highest standards of efficiency, transparency, and accountability in its stewardship of public funds.

(12)

The Foundation is charged with the responsibilities—

(A)

to develop and encourage the pursuit of a national policy for the promotion of basic research and education in the sciences;

(B)

to initiate, support, and conduct basic scientific research and to appraise the impact of research on industrial development and the general welfare;

(C)

to initiate, support, and conduct scientific research activities in connection with matters relating to the national defense, at the request of the Secretary of Defense;

(D)

to award scholarships and graduate fellowships in the sciences;

(E)

to foster the interchange of scientific information among scientists and across scientific disciplines;

(F)

to evaluate scientific research programs undertaken by agencies of the Federal Government, and to correlate the Foundation’s scientific research with that undertaken by individuals and by public and private research groups;

(G)

to communicate effectively to American citizens the relevance of public investments in scientific discovery and technological innovation to the Nation’s security, prosperity, and welfare; and

(H)

to establish such special commissions as the Board considers necessary.

(13)

The emerging global economic, scientific, and technical environment challenges long standing assumptions about domestic and international policy, requiring the Foundation to play a more proactive role in sustaining the competitive advantage of the United States through superior research capabilities.

(14)

Commercial application of the results of Federal investment in basic and computing science is consistent with longstanding United States technology transfer policy for cybersecurity and other homeland security applications, because of the urgent needs of commercial, academic, and individual users, as well as the Federal and State governments.

103.

Policy objectives

In allocating resources made available under this title, the Foundation shall have the following policy objectives:

(1)

To renew and maintain the Nation’s international leadership in science and technology by—

(A)

increasing the national investment in general scientific research and increasing interdisciplinary investment in strategic areas vital to the national interest;

(B)

balancing the Nation’s research portfolio among the life sciences, mathematics, the physical sciences, computer and information science, geosciences, engineering, and social, behavioral, and economic sciences, all of which are important for the continued development of enabling technologies necessary for sustained economic competitiveness;

(C)

encouraging investments in potentially transformative scientific research to benefit our Nation and its citizens;

(D)

expanding the pool of scientists and engineers in the United States, including among segments of the population that have been historically underrepresented in STEM fields; and

(E)

modernizing the Nation’s research infrastructure and establishing and maintaining cooperative international relationships with premier research institutions.

(2)

To increase overall workforce skills by—

(A)

improving the quality of STEM education and tools provided both inside and outside of the classroom, particularly in kindergarten through grade 12; and

(B)

expanding STEM training opportunities at institutions of higher education.

(3)

To strengthen innovation by expanding the focus of competitiveness and innovation at the regional and local level.

104.

Definitions

In this title:

(1)

Board

The term Board means the National Science Board.

(2)

Director

The term Director means the Director of the Foundation .

(3)

Foundation

The term Foundation means the National Science Foundation established under section 2 of the National Science Foundation Act of 1950 ( 42 U.S.C. 1861 ).

(4)

Institution of higher education

The term institution of higher education has the meaning given such term in section 101(a) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001(a)).

(5)

State

The term State means one of the several States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, or any other territory or possession of the United States.

(6)

United states

The term United States means the several States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, and any other territory or possession of the United States.

105.

Accountability and transparency

It is the sense of Congress that—

(1)

sustained, predictable Federal funding is essential to United States leadership in science and technology;

(2)

building understanding of and confidence in investments in basic research are essential to public support for sustained, predictable Federal funding; and

(3)

the Foundation should commit itself fully to transparency and accountability and to clear, consistent public communication regarding the national interest for each Foundation-awarded grant and cooperative agreement.

106.

Greater accountability in Federal funding for research

(a)

Standard for award of grants

The Foundation shall award Federal funding for basic research and education in the sciences through a new research grant or cooperative agreement only if an affirmative determination is made by the Foundation under subsection (b) and written justification relating thereto is published under subsection (c).

(b)

Determination

A determination referred to in subsection (a) is a determination by the responsible Foundation official as to why the research grant or cooperative agreement—

(1)

is worthy of Federal funding; and

(2)

is in the national interest, as indicated by having the potential to achieve—

(A)

increased economic competitiveness in the United States;

(B)

advancement of the health and welfare of the American public;

(C)

development of a STEM workforce and increased public scientific literacy in the United States;

(D)

increased partnerships between academia and industry in the United States;

(E)

support for the national defense of the United States; or

(F)

promotion of the progress of science in the United States.

(c)

Written justification

Public announcement of each award of Federal funding described in subsection (a) shall include a written justification from the responsible Foundation official that a grant or cooperative agreement meets the requirements of subsection (b).

(d)

Implementation

A determination under subsection (b) shall be made after a research grant or cooperative agreement proposal has satisfied the Foundation’s reviews for Merit and Broader Impacts. Nothing in this section shall be construed as altering the Foundation’s intellectual merit or broader impacts criteria for evaluating grant applications.

(e)

Policy

Not later than 6 months after the date of enactment of this Act, the Board shall develop and the Director shall implement a policy for carrying out subsections (a), (b), and (c) that provides for educating professional staff at the Foundation and applicants for Foundation research grants on the policies developed.

(f)

National science board report

Not later than 6 months after the date of enactment of this Act, the Board shall transmit a report to the Committee on Science, Space, and Technology of the House of Representatives and to the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate describing plans for implementing subsections (a), (b), (c), and (d).

(g)

Annual report

(1)

In general

The Director shall ensure that this section is properly applied by transmitting an annual report to the Board and to the Committee on Science, Space, and Technology of the House of Representatives and to the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate.

(2)

National Science Board review

Not later than 30 days after the transmission of an annual report under this subsection, the Board shall transmit in writing its review of the findings of the Director’s report to the Committee on Science, Space, and Technology of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate.

107.

Obligation of major research equipment and facilities construction funds

No funds may be obligated for a fiscal year for a construction project for the Foundation that has not commenced before the date of enactment of this Act until 30 days after the report required with respect to each such fiscal year under section 14(a)(2) of the National Science Foundation Authorization Act of 2002 (42 U.S.C. 1862n–4(a)(2)) is transmitted to the Congress.

108.

Graduate student support

Section 510(b) of the America COMPETES Reauthorization Act of 2010 ( 42 U.S.C. 1869 note) is amended to read as follows:

(b)

Equal treatment of IGERT and GRF

(1)

Rate of funding increases

For any fiscal year, the Director may only increase funding for the Foundation’s Graduate Research Fellowship program (or any successor thereto) over the previous fiscal year’s funding level at the same rate as a corresponding funding increase for the Foundation’s Integrative Graduate Education and Research Traineeship program (or any successor thereto).

(2)

Essential elements of IGERT

The essential elements of the Foundation’s Integrative Graduate Education and Research Traineeship program (or any successor thereto) shall be maintained, including—

(A)

collaborative research that transcends traditional disciplinary boundaries to solve large and complex research problems of significant scientific and societal importance; and

(B)

providing students the opportunity to become leaders in the science and engineering of the future.

.

109.

Permissible support

A grant made by the Education and Human Resources Directorate to support informal education may be used—

(1)

to support the participation of students in nonprofit competitions, out-of-school activities, and field experiences related to STEM subjects (such as robotics, science research, invention, mathematics, and technology competitions), including—

(A)

the purchase of parts and supplies needed to participate in such competitions; and

(B)

incentives and stipends for teachers and instructional leaders who are involved in assisting students and preparing students for such competitions, if such activities fall outside the regular duties and responsibilities of such teachers and instructional leaders; and

(2)

to broaden secondary school students' access to, and interest in, careers that require academic preparation in STEM subjects.

110.

Expanding STEM opportunities

(a)

In general

Within the Directorate for Education and Human Resources (or any successor thereto), under existing programs targeting broadening participation such as, but not limited to, Innovative Technology Experiences for Students and Teachers, Advancing Informal STEM Learning, and ADVANCE, the Director shall provide grants on a merit-reviewed, competitive basis for research on programming that engages underrepresented students in grades kindergarten through 8 in STEM in order to prepare these students to pursue undergraduate and graduate degrees or careers in STEM.

(b)

Use of funds

(1)

In general

Grants awarded under this section shall be used toward research to advance the engagement of underrepresented students grades kindergarten through 8 in STEM through providing before-school, after-school, out-of-school, or summer activities, including programs (if applicable to the target population) provided in a single-gender environment, that are designed to encourage interest, engagement, and skills development of underrepresented students in STEM. Such research shall be conducted in learning environments that actively provide programming to underrepresented students in grades kindergarten through 8 in STEM.

(2)

Permitted activities

Such activities may include—

(A)

the provision of programming described in subsection (a) for the purpose of research;

(B)

the use of a variety of engagement methods, including cooperative and hands-on learning;

(C)

exposure of underrepresented youth to role models in the fields of STEM and near-peer mentors;

(D)

training of informal learning educators and youth-serving professionals using evidence-based methods consistent with the target student population being served;

(E)

education of students on the relevance and significance of STEM careers, provision of academic advice and assistance, and activities designed to help students make real-world connections to STEM content activities;

(F)

the attendance of underrepresented youth at events, competitions, and academic programs to provide content expertise and encourage career exposure in STEM;

(G)

activities designed to engage parents of underrepresented youth;

(H)

innovative strategies to engage underrepresented youth, such as using leadership skill outcome measures to encourage youth with the confidence to pursue STEM coursework and academic study;

(I)

coordination with STEM-rich environments, including other nonprofit, nongovernmental organizations, classroom and out-of-classroom settings, institutions of higher education, vocational facilities, corporations, museums, or science centers; and

(J)

the acquisition of instructional materials or technology-based tools to conduct applicable grant activity.

(c)

Application

An applicant seeking funding under the section shall submit an application at such time, in such manner, and containing such information as may be required. The application shall include, at a minimum, the following:

(1)

A description of the target audience to be served by the program, including an explanation and justification for why the target group ought to be considered as underrepresented students in one or more of the STEM fields.

(2)

A description of the process for recruitment and selection of students.

(3)

A description of how such research activity may inform programming that engages underrepresented students in grades kindergarten through 8 in STEM.

(4)

A description of how such research activity may inform programming that promotes student academic achievement in STEM.

(5)

An evaluation plan that includes, at a minimum, the use of outcome-oriented measures to determine the impact and efficacy of programming being researched.

(d)

Awards

In awarding grants under this section, the Director shall give priority to applicants which, for the purpose of grant activity, include or partner with a nonprofit, nongovernmental organization that has extensive experience and expertise in increasing the participation of underrepresented students in STEM.

(e)

Evaluations

Each applicant that receives funds under this section shall provide, at the conclusion of every year during which the funds are received, an evaluation in a form prescribed by the Director. This evaluation shall include both formative and summative evaluation.

(f)

Accountability and dissemination

(1)

Evaluation required

Not later than 3 years after the date of enactment of this Act, the Director shall evaluate the program established under this section. In addition to evaluating the effectiveness of the program, such evaluation shall—

(A)

use a common set of benchmarks and assessment tools to identify best practices and materials developed or demonstrated by the research; and

(B)

to the extent practicable, combine the research resulting from the grant activity with the current research on serving underrepresented students in grades kindergarten through 8.

(2)

Report on evaluations

Not later than 180 days after the completion of the evaluation under paragraph (1), the Director shall submit to Congress and make widely available to the public a report that includes—

(A)

the results of the evaluation; and

(B)

any recommendations for administrative and legislative action that could optimize the effectiveness of the program.

(g)

Coordination

In carrying out this section, the Director shall consult, cooperate, and coordinate, to enhance program effectiveness and to avoid duplication, with the programs and policies of other relevant Federal agencies.

111.

Prohibition

The Foundation may not implement any STEM education program and activity changes proposed for the Foundation in the budget for fiscal year 2014 transmitted to Congress under section 1105(a) of title 31, United States Code.

112.

Review of education programs

(a)

In general

The Director shall review the education programs of the Foundation that are in operation as of the date of enactment of this Act to determine—

(1)

whether any of such programs duplicate target groups, services provided, fields of focus, or objectives; and

(2)

how those programs are being evaluated and assessed for outcome-oriented effectiveness.

(b)

Report

Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter as part of the annual budget submission to Congress, the Director shall complete a report on the review carried out under this section and shall submit the report to the Committee on Science, Space, and Technology and the Committee on Appropriations of the House of Representatives, and to the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation, the Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions, and the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate.

113.

Recompetition of awards

(a)

Findings

The Congress finds that—

(1)

the merit-reviewed competition of grant and award proposals is a hallmark of the Foundation grant and award making process;

(2)

the majority of Foundation-funded mul­ti­us­er facilities have transitioned to five-year cooperative agreements, and every five years the program officer responsible for the facility makes a recommendation to the National Science Board as to the renewal, recompetition, or termination of support for the facility; and

(3)

requiring the recompetition of expiring awards is based on the conviction that competition is most likely to ensure the effective stewardship of Foundation funds for supporting research and education.

(b)

Recompetition

The Director shall ensure that the system for recompetition of Maintenance and Operations of facilities, equipment and instrumentation is fair, consistent, and transparent and is applied in a manner that renews grants and awards in a timely manner. The Director shall periodically evaluate whether the criteria of the system are being applied in a manner that is transparent, reliable, and valid.

114.

Sense of the Congress regarding industry investment in STEM education

It is the sense of Congress that—

(1)

in order to bolster the STEM workforce pipeline, many industry sectors are becoming involved in K–12 initiatives and supporting undergraduate and graduate work in STEM subject areas and fields;

(2)

partnerships with education providers, STEM focused competitions, and other opportunities have become important aspects of private sector efforts to strengthen the STEM workforce;

(3)

understanding the work that private sector organizations are undertaking in STEM fields should inform the Federal Government’s role in STEM education; and

(4)

successful private sector STEM initiatives, as reflected by measurements of relevant outcomes, should be encouraged and supported by the Foundation.

115.

Misrepresentation of research results

(a)

Certification

As a condition of receiving a research grant from the Foundation, a principal investigator shall sign a statement certifying that the findings and conclusions of any article authored by such principal investigator, using the results of the research conducted under the grant, that is published in a peer-reviewed publication, otherwise made publicly available, or incorporated in an application for a research grant or grant extension from the Foundation, will contain no falsification or fabrication and will be free of any plagiarism.

(b)

Investigation

The Inspector General of the Foundation shall investigate suspected violations of a certification signed under subsection (a), and shall submit to the Director the results of such investigation, along with a recommendation with respect to whether a violation has occurred.

(c)

Determination

Based on the results of the investigation conducted under subsection (b), the Director shall make a determination of whether the principal investigator knowingly violated a certification signed pursuant to subsection (a).

(d)

10-Year ban

If the Director determines under subsection (c) that a principal investigator knowingly violated a certification signed pursuant to subsection (a), the Foundation shall not, for a period determined by the Director of no less than 5 years and no more than 10 years, provide a research grant or research extension to such principal investigator, except as provided in subsection (f).

(e)

Notification

Not later than 7 days after making a determination under subsection (c), the Director shall notify the principal investigator of such determination in writing.

(f)

Appeal

The Director shall establish a process by which a principal investigator may, within 30 days after receipt of a notification under subsection (e), appeal a determination made under subsection (c) and a ban under subsection (d). If the Director concludes that the determination under subsection (c) was not correct, the Director may reduce or eliminate the period of the ban under subsection (d) based on information provided in the appeal process under this subsection. A ban may not be reduced under this subsection to a period less than 5 years, unless it is eliminated.

(g)

Publication

The Director shall not make publicly available any determination made under subsection (c) that a knowing violation has occurred until after the later of the expiration of the 30-day period described in subsection (f) or the end of an appeal process under subsection (f). At such time, the Director shall make publicly available any such determination, which shall include the name of the principal investigator.

116.

Citations supporting research grant applications

The portion of a peer-reviewed research grant application to the Foundation supporting the credentials of the principal investigator may not include more than 5 citations to articles published by the principal investigator in a peer-reviewed publication. The Foundation may not consider more than 5 citations to such articles in determining whether to award such a research grant.

117.

Research grant conditions

The Foundation shall establish procedures to ensure that—

(1)

a research grant awarded by the Foundation to a principal investigator does not duplicate the scientific aims and scope of any grant awarded to the same investigator by another Federal agency;

(2)

a principal investigator includes in any application for a research grant awarded by the Foundation a list of all Federal research funding received by the principal investigator, as well as any funding that is being requested as of that time;

(3)

unpublished research results used to support a grant proposal made to the Foundation do not include any knowing misrepresentations of data;

(4)

principal investigators who have received more than 5 years of Foundation funding at any point in their careers, other than graduate and post-doctoral traineeship awards, are only awarded additional research grants by the Foundation if they will be contributing original, creative, and transformative research under the grant; and

(5)

principal investigators who receive Foundation research grant funding under more than one grant at the same time have sufficient resources to conduct the proposed research under each of those grants appropriately under the terms of the grant.

118.

Computing resources study

Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General shall transmit to the Congress a report detailing the results of a study on the use of scientific computing resources funded by the Foundation at institutions of higher education. Such study shall assess—

(1)

efficiencies that can be achieved by using shared scientific computing resources for projects that have similar scientific computing requirements or projects where specialized software solutions could be shared with other practitioners in the scientific community;

(2)

efficiencies that can be achieved by using shared hardware that can be cost effectively procured from cloud computing services;

(3)

efficiencies that can be achieved by using shared software from an open source repository or platform; and

(4)

cost savings that could be achieved by potential sharing of scientific computing resources across all Foundation grants.

119.

Scientific breakthrough prizes

The Director shall place a high priority on designing and administering pilot programs for scientific breakthrough prizes, in conjunction with private entities, that are consistent with Office of Science and Technology Policy guidelines. Breakthrough prizes shall center around technological breakthroughs that are of strategic importance to the Nation, and have the capacity to spur new economic growth.

120.

Rotating personnel

The Director shall ensure that the cost to the Foundation of employing individuals who are not permanent employees of the Foundation, including individuals employed pursuant to the Intergovernmental Personnel Act of 1970 (42 U.S.C. 4701 note), does not exceed 110 percent of the cost of employing permanent employees of the Foundation to perform the same functions.

121.

Report of the NSB Task Force on Administrative Burden

The National Science Board Task Force on Administrative Burden shall provide a report to Congress on its activities, findings, and recommendations not later than 90 days after the date of enactment of this Act.

122.

Sense of Congress regarding Innovation Corps

It is the sense of Congress that—

(1)

the Foundation’s Innovation Corps (I-Corps) was established to foster a national innovation ecosystem by encouraging institutions, scientists, engineers, and entrepreneurs to identify and explore the innovation and commercial potential of Foundation-funded research well beyond the laboratory;

(2)

the Foundation’s I-Corps includes investment in entrepreneurship and commercialization education, training, and mentoring, ultimately leading to the practical deployment of technologies, products, processes, and services that improve the Nation’s competitiveness, promote economic growth, and benefit society; and

(3)

by building networks of entrepreneurs, educators, mentors, institutions, and collaborations, and supporting specialized education and training, I-Corps is at the leading edge of a strong, lasting foundation for an American innovation ecosystem.

123.

United States-Israeli cooperation

Section 917(a) of the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 ( 42 U.S.C. 17337(a) ) is amended—

(1)

by striking and at the end of paragraph (6);

(2)

by striking the period at the end of paragraph (7) and inserting ; and; and

(3)

by adding at the end the following:

(8)

the National Science Foundation of the United States should collaborate with the Israel Science Foundation.

.

124.

Sense of Congress regarding agricultural and drug interdisciplinary research

It is the sense of Congress that the Foundation should support—

(1)

basic science research in the plant sciences that will identify and preserve valuable plant genes; and

(2)

interdisciplinary research to understand important basic research problems in the plant sciences.

125.

Brain Research through Advancing Innovative Neurotechnologies Initiative

The Foundation shall support research activities related to the Brain Research through Advancing Innovative Neurotechnologies Initiative.

II

Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics

201.

Findings; sense of Congress

(a)

Findings

Congress finds the following:

(1)

According to the National Science Board’s Science and Engineering Indicators, the science and engineering workforce has shown sustained growth for more than half a century, and workers with science and engineering degrees tend to earn more than comparable workers in other fields.

(2)

According to the Program for International Student Assessment 2012 results, America lags behind many other nations in STEM education. American students rank 21st in science and 26th in mathematics.

(3)

Junior Achievement USA and ING recently found a decrease of 25 percent in the percentage of teenage students interested in STEM careers.

(4)

According to a 2007 report from the Department of Labor, industries and firms dependent on a strong science and mathematics workforce have launched a variety of programs that target K–12 students and undergraduate and graduate students in STEM fields.

(5)

The Federal Government spends nearly $3 billion annually on STEM education related program and activities, but encouraging STEM education activities beyond the scope of the Federal Government, including privately sponsored competitions and programs in our schools, is crucial to the future technical and economic competitiveness of the United States.

(b)

Sense of congress

It is the sense of Congress that—

(1)

more effective coordination and adoption of performance measurement based on objective outcomes for federally supported STEM programs is needed;

(2)

leveraging private and nonprofit investments in STEM education will be essential to strengthening the Federal STEM portfolio;

(3)

strengthening the Federal STEM portfolio may require program consolidations and terminations, but such changes should be based on evidence with stakeholder input;

(4)

the President’s fiscal year 2014 budget proposal did not adequately explain proposed program consolidations and terminations in the Federal STEM portfolio, nor did it elicit stakeholder input and outside expertise, resulting in the need for Congress to limit the Administration’s implementation of that proposal; and

(5)

coordinating STEM programs and activities across the Federal Government in order to limit duplication and engage stakeholders in STEM programs and related activities for which objective outcomes can be measured will bolster results of Federal STEM education programs, improve the return on taxpayers’ investments in STEM education programs, and in turn strengthen the United States economy.

202.

STEM Education Advisory Panel

(a)

Establishment

The President shall establish or designate a STEM Education Advisory Panel that incorporates key stakeholders from the education and industry sectors within the President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology.

(b)

Qualifications

The Advisory Panel established or designated by the President under subsection (a) shall consist primarily of members from academic institutions and industry and shall include in-school, out-of-school, and informal educational practitioners. Members of the Advisory Panel shall be qualified to provide advice and information on STEM education research, development, training, implementation, interventions, professional development, or workforce needs or concerns. In selecting or designating an Advisory Panel, the President may also seek and give consideration to recommendations from the Congress, industry, the scientific community (including the National Academy of Sciences, scientific professional societies, and academia), State and local governments, and other appropriate organizations.

(c)

Duties

The Advisory Panel shall advise the President, the committee on STEM education established under the National Science and Technology Council, and the STEM Education Coordinating Office on matters relating to STEM education, and shall each year provide general guidance to every Federal agency with STEM education programs or activities, including in the preparation of requests for appropriations for activities related to STEM education. The Advisory Panel shall also assess—

(1)

trends and developments in STEM education;

(2)

progress made in STEM education both inside and outside of the classroom;

(3)

criteria for evaluating the effectiveness of Federal STEM education programs and activities;

(4)

ways to encourage public private-partnerships to strengthen STEM education;

(5)

ways to leverage private and nonprofit investments and utilize expertise resulting from STEM-related competitions to help build the STEM education and workforce pipeline;

(6)

ways to incorporate workforce needs into Federal STEM education programs;

(7)

the management, coordination, implementation, and activities of the STEM Education Coordinating Office and the committee on STEM education established under the National Science and Technology Council; and

(8)

whether societal and workforce concerns are adequately addressed by current Federal STEM education programs and activities.

(d)

Reports

The Advisory Panel shall report, not less frequently than once every 2 fiscal years, to the President and Congress on its assessments under subsection (c) and its recommendations for ways to improve Federal STEM education programs. The first report under this subsection shall be submitted within 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act.

(e)

Travel expenses of non-Federal members

Non-Federal members of the Advisory Panel, while attending meetings of the Advisory Panel or while otherwise serving at the request of the head of the Advisory Panel away from their homes or regular places of business, may be allowed travel expenses, including per diem in lieu of subsistence, as authorized by section 5703 of title 5, United States Code, for individuals in the Government serving without pay. Nothing in this subsection shall be construed to prohibit members of the Advisory Panel who are officers or employees of the United States from being allowed travel expenses, including per diem in lieu of subsistence, in accordance with existing law.

203.

Committee on STEM education

Section 101(b) of the America COMPETES Reauthorization Act of 2010 ( 42 U.S.C. 6621(b) ) is amended to read as follows:

(b)

Responsibilities

The committee described in subsection (a) shall develop recommendations for the STEM Education Coordinating office to consider. These recommendations shall focus on—

(1)

priority areas for Federal funding in STEM education, which may include student engagement, student retention, informal education, and teaching;

(2)

access to innovations and expertise derived from agency activities across the Federal Government;

(3)

significant links among K–12 education, higher education, and industry; and

(4)

the teaching of innovation and entrepreneurship as part of STEM education activities.

.

204.

STEM Education Coordinating Office

(a)

Establishment

The Director of the National Science Foundation shall establish within the Directorate for Education and Human Resources a STEM Education Coordinating Office, which shall have a Director and staff that shall include career employees detailed from Federal agencies that fund STEM education programs and activities.

(b)

Responsibilities

The STEM Education Coordinating Office shall—

(1)

coordinate the STEM education activities and programs of the Federal Government, including at the National Science Foundation, the Department of Energy, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the National Institute of Standards and Technology, the Environmental Protection Agency, and any other Federal agency with STEM education programs or activities;

(2)

coordinate STEM education activities and programs with the Office of Management and Budget;

(3)

review STEM education activities and programs to ensure they are not redundant, overlapping, or duplicative of similar efforts within the Federal Government;

(4)

periodically update and maintain the inventory of federally sponsored STEM education programs and activities conducted by the committee on STEM education established under the National Science and Technology Council, including documentation of assessments of the outcome-oriented effectiveness of such programs and activities and metrics used to evaluate those programs and activities;

(5)

provide technical and administrative support to the committee on STEM education established under the National Science and Technology Council and the Advisory Panel established under section 202; and

(6)

serve as the point of contact on Federal STEM education activities for government agencies, academia, industry, professional societies, State STEM education programs, interested citizen groups, and other STEM stakeholders to exchange technical and programmatic information.

(c)

3-Year strategic plan

(1)

In general

The STEM Education Coordinating Office shall—

(A)

at the time of the President’s budget request, and every 3 years thereafter, in consultation with Federal agencies having STEM education programs or activities, the committee on STEM education established under the National Science and Technology Council, and the Advisory Panel established under section 202, update the Federal Government STEM education strategic plan established in May 2013 by the committee on STEM education established under the National Science and Technology Council; and

(B)

coordinate the implementation of such plan through such agencies.

(2)

Contents

The strategic plan shall—

(A)

specify and prioritize annual and long-term objectives, including a description of the role of each agency in supporting programs and activities designed to achieve the objectives;

(B)

specify the common metrics that will be used to assess progress toward achieving the objectives; and

(C)

describe the approaches that will be taken by each agency to assess the effectiveness of its STEM education programs and activities.

(d)

Report

The Director of the STEM Education Coordinating Office shall transmit a report annually to Congress at the time of the President’s budget request. The annual report shall include—

(1)

a description of the STEM education programs and activities across the Federal Government for the previous and current fiscal years, and the proposed programs and activities under the President’s budget request, of every Federal agency with STEM education programs or activities;

(2)

an evaluation of the extent of duplication and fragmentation of the programs and activities described under paragraph (1), and any recommendations for consolidations or terminations to remedy those problems;

(3)

a description of ways the Federal Government is leveraging private and nonprofit investments and utilizing expertise resulting from STEM-related competitions to build the STEM education workforce pipeline; and

(4)

a description of the progress made in carrying out the 3-year strategic plan, including a description of the outcome of any program assessments completed in the previous year, and any changes made to that plan since the previous annual report.

(e)

Responsibilities of NSF

The Director of the National Science Foundation shall encourage and monitor the efforts of the STEM Education Coordinating Office to ensure that the strategic plan under subsection (c) is implemented effectively and that the objectives of the strategic plan are met.

III

Office of Science and Technology Policy

301.

Authorization of appropriations

There are authorized to be appropriated for the Office of Science and Technology Policy

(1)

$5,555,000 for fiscal year 2014; and

(2)

$5,555,000 for fiscal year 2015.

302.

Regulatory efficiency

(a)

Sense of Congress

It is the sense of Congress that—

(1)

high and increasing administrative burdens and costs in Federal research administration, particularly in the higher education sector where most federally sponsored research is performed, are eroding funds available to carry out basic scientific research;

(2)

progress has been made over the last decade in streamlining the pre-award grant application process through Grants.gov, the Federal Government’s website portal;

(3)

post-award administrative costs have grown as Federal research agencies have continued to impose agency-unique compliance and reporting requirements on researchers and research institutions;

(4)

facilities and administration costs at research universities can exceed 50 percent of the total value of Federal research grants, and it is estimated that nearly 30 percent of the funds invested annually in federally funded research is consumed by paperwork and other administrative processes required by Federal agencies;

(5)

the Office of Management and Budget has recently released an omnibus grant administration regulation that allows agency-unique approaches and fails to provide necessary guidance for agencies to simplify, standardize, or consolidate common reporting and compliance requirements; and

(6)

it is a matter of critical importance to American competitiveness that administrative costs of federally funded research be streamlined so that a higher proportion of taxpayer dollars flow into direct research activities.

(b)

In general

The Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy shall establish a working group under the authority of the National Science and Technology Council, to include the Office of Management and Budget. The working group shall be responsible for reviewing Federal regulations affecting research and research universities and making recommendations on how to—

(1)

harmonize, streamline, and eliminate duplicative Federal regulations and reporting requirements; and

(2)

minimize the regulatory burden on United States institutions of higher education performing federally funded research while maintaining accountability for Federal tax dollars.

(c)

Report

Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter for 3 years, the Director shall report to the Committee on Science, Space, and Technology of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate on what steps have been taken to carry out the recommendations of the working group established under subsection (b).

303.

Public access to research articles and data

(a)

Public access policies and procedures

(1)

Plan

Not later than 18 months after the date of enactment of this Act, the National Science and Technology Council shall deliver a plan to Congress containing policies, procedures, and standards for the Federal science agencies to enable archiving and retrieving covered material in digital form for public availability in perpetuity. The plan shall—

(A)

provide a data-driven justification for the plan, including the embargo periods set under subsections (c)(2)(A) and (e);

(B)

be developed in a transparent and open manner;

(C)

indicate what procedures were followed to ensure that this process of developing the plan allowed for the full consideration of all stakeholder concerns; and

(D)

draw on information developed under section 103 of the America COMPETES Reauthorization Act of 2010 ( 42 U.S.C. 6623 ).

(2)

Requirements

Such policies, procedures, and standards shall—

(A)

use existing information technology infrastructure to the extent practicable, including infrastructure of the National Center for Biotechnology Information, the National Center for Atmospheric Research, and the private sector that facilitate public access to covered material;

(B)

minimize the cost of storing, archiving, and retrieving articles and data; and

(C)

minimize the burden of providing articles and data archiving, and of retrieving articles and data.

(3)

Stakeholder input

In developing policies, procedures, and standards under paragraph (1), the National Science and Technology Council shall use a transparent process for soliciting views from stakeholders, including federally funded researchers, institutions of higher education, libraries, publishers, users of federally funded research results, and civil science society groups.

(b)

Grant recipient requirements

A recipient of a research grant made by a Federal science agency shall make, or enable others on their behalf to make, covered material associated with such grant available consistent with the policies, procedures, and standards established under subsection (a).

(c)

Federal science agency requirements

In implementing the policies, procedures, and standards established pursuant to subsection (a), each Federal science agency shall provide for—

(1)

submission of, or linking to, an electronic version of covered material by or on behalf of recipients of research grants made by the agency;

(2)

free online public access to such covered material—

(A)

in the case of a research article, consistent with appropriate embargo periods but not later than 24 months after publication of the research article in a peer-reviewed publication; and

(B)

in the case of data used to support the findings and conclusions of such article, not later than 60 days after the article is published in a peer-reviewed publication;

(3)

implementation in a manner and format that enables and ensures full-text search, productive use, and long-term preservation;

(4)

production of an online bibliography of all research papers that are publicly accessible in its repository, with each entry linking to the corresponding free online full text and supporting data; and

(5)

access to all data that is used directly or indirectly by the agency to support the promulgation of a Federal regulation.

(d)

Review

At least once every 5 years, the National Science and Technology Council shall review the policies, procedures, and standards established under subsection (a) and revise such policies, procedures, and standards as appropriate.

(e)

Extension

Each Federal science agency may extend the time period specified in subsection (c)(2)(A) by 6 to 12 months, in consultation with the stakeholders described in subsection (a)(3), if the agency head, or designee, determines that the scientific field and stakeholders described in subsection (a)(3) will be uniquely harmed without such extension.

(f)

Patent or copyright law

Except as provided in this section, nothing in this section shall be construed to affect any right under the provisions of title 17 or title 35, United States Code.

(g)

Definitions

For purposes of this section:

(1)

Covered material

The term covered material means—

(A)

a manuscript of an article accepted for publication in a peer-reviewed publication that results from research funded by a grant from a Federal science agency; and

(B)

data that was used to support the findings and conclusions of such article, except for data that is protected from disclosure under section 552 of title 5, United States Code.

(2)

Data

The term data includes raw data, computer code, and algorithms, but does not include—

(A)

commercially available software used to analyze the data or code;

(B)

preliminary work and analyses;

(C)

drafts of scientific papers not accepted or intended for publication; or

(D)

plans for future research.

(3)

Federal science agency

The term Federal science agency means—

(A)

the National Aeronautics and Space Administration;

(B)

the National Science Foundation;

(C)

the National Institute of Standards and Technology; and

(D)

the National Weather Service.

(4)

Peer-reviewed publication

The term peer-reviewed publication means a publication for which articles are assigned to at least 1 external reviewer to assess the validity of the articles’ scientific findings and conclusions.

304.

Strategic plan for advanced manufacturing research and development

Section 102 of the America COMPETES Reauthorization Act of 2010 ( 42 U.S.C. 6622 ) is amended to read as follows:

102.

Coordination of advanced manufacturing research and development

(a)

Interagency committee

The Director shall establish or designate a Committee on Technology under the National Science and Technology Council. The Committee shall be responsible for planning and coordinating Federal programs and activities in advanced manufacturing research and development.

(b)

Responsibilities of committee

The Committee shall—

(1)

coordinate the advanced manufacturing research and development programs and activities of the Federal agencies, in consultation with the National Economic Council;

(2)

establish goals and priorities for advanced manufacturing research and development that will strengthen United States manufacturing;

(3)

work with industry organizations, Federal agencies, and Federally Funded Research and Development Centers not represented on the Committee, to identify and reduce regulatory, logistical, and fiscal barriers within the Federal Government and State governments that inhibit United States advanced manufacturing;

(4)

facilitate the transfer of intellectual property and technology based on federally supported university research into commercialization and manufacturing;

(5)

identify technological, market, or business challenges that may best be addressed by public-private partnerships, and are likely to attract both participation and primary funding from industry;

(6)

encourage the formation of public-private partnerships to respond to those challenges for transition for United States advanced manufacturing; and

(7)

develop, and update every 4 years, a strategic plan to guide Federal programs and activities in support of advanced manufacturing research and development, which shall—

(A)

specify and prioritize near-term and long-term research and development objectives, the anticipated time frame for achieving the objectives, and the metrics for use in assessing progress toward the objectives;

(B)

describe the progress made in achieving the objectives from the National Strategic Plan for Advanced Manufacturing issued in February 2012 and any subsequent updates, including a discussion of why specific objectives were not met;

(C)

specify the role and budget resources of each Federal agency in carrying out or sponsoring research and development to meet the objectives of the strategic plan;

(D)

describe how the Federal agencies and Federally Funded Research and Development Centers supporting advanced manufacturing research and development will foster the transfer of research and development results into new manufacturing technologies and United States based manufacturing of new products and processes for the benefit of society to ensure national, energy, and economic security;

(E)

describe how Federal agencies and Federally Funded Research and Development Centers supporting advanced manufacturing research and development will strengthen all levels of manufacturing education and training programs to ensure an adequate, well-trained workforce;

(F)

describe how the Federal agencies and Federally Funded Research and Development Centers supporting advanced manufacturing research and development will assist small- and medium-sized manufacturers in developing and implementing new products and processes;

(G)

analyze factors that impact innovation and competitiveness for United States advanced manufacturing, including—

(i)

technology transfer and commercialization activities;

(ii)

the adequacy of the national security industrial base;

(iii)

the capabilities of the domestic manufacturing workforce;

(iv)

export opportunities and trade policies;

(v)

financing, investment, and taxation policies and practices;

(vi)

emerging technologies and markets; and

(vii)

advanced manufacturing research and development undertaken by competing nations; and

(H)

elicit and consider the recommendations of a wide range of stakeholders, including representatives from diverse manufacturing companies, academia, and other relevant organizations and institutions.

(c)

Report

Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of the FIRST Act of 2014 , the Director shall transmit the initial strategic plan developed under subsection (b)(7) to the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate, and the Committee on Science, Space, and Technology of the House of Representatives, which shall update the National Strategic Plan for Advanced Manufacturing issued in February 2012. Subsequent updates of this strategic plan shall be transmitted to those committees and posted on a public website not later than May 1, 2018, and every 4 years thereafter.

(d)

Advisory Committee

The President’s Council of Advisors for Science and Technology shall appoint an advisory committee of private sector leaders to provide input, perspective, and recommendations to assist in the development of the strategic plan and subsequent updates reported under subsection (c). Such panel shall have no more than 15 members, and shall include representatives of manufacturing businesses, the manufacturing workforce, academia, and groups representing interests affected by manufacturing activities.

(e)

Requirement To consider strategy in the budget

In preparing the budget for a fiscal year under section 1105(a) of title 31, United States Code, the President shall include information regarding the consistency of the budget with the goals and recommendations for United States advanced manufacturing that are developed under this section.

.

305.

Coordination of international science and technology partnerships

(a)

Establishment

The Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy shall establish a body under the National Science and Technology Council with the responsibility to identify and coordinate international science and technology cooperation that can strengthen the United States science and technology enterprise, improve economic and national security, and support United States foreign policy goals.

(b)

NSTC body leadership

The body established under subsection (a) shall be co-chaired by senior level officials from the Office of Science and Technology Policy and the Department of State.

(c)

Responsibilities

The body established under subsection (a) shall—

(1)

plan and coordinate interagency international science and technology cooperative research and training activities and partnerships supported or managed by Federal agencies and work with other National Science and Technology Council committees to help plan and coordinate the international component of national science and technology priorities;

(2)

establish Federal priorities and policies for aligning, as appropriate, international science and technology cooperative research and training activities and partnerships supported or managed by Federal agencies with the foreign policy goals of the United States;

(3)

identify opportunities for new international science and technology cooperative research and training partnerships that advance both the science and technology and the foreign policy priorities of the United States;

(4)

in carrying out paragraph (3), solicit input and recommendations from non-Federal science and technology stakeholders, including universities, scientific and professional societies, industry, and relevant organizations and institutions; and

(5)

identify broad issues that influence the ability of United States scientists and engineers to collaborate with foreign counterparts, including barriers to collaboration and access to scientific information.

(d)

Report to congress

The Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy shall transmit a report, to be updated annually, to the Committee on Science, Space, and Technology and the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives, and to the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate. The report shall also be made available to the public on the reporting agency’s website. The report shall contain a description of—

(1)

the priorities and policies established under subsection (c)(2);

(2)

the ongoing and new partnerships established since the last update to the report;

(3)

the means by which stakeholder input was received, as well as summary views of stakeholder input; and

(4)

the issues influencing the ability of United States scientists and engineers to collaborate with foreign counterparts.

306.

Alternative research funding models

(a)

Pilot program authority

The heads of Federal science agencies, in consultation with the Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy, shall conduct appropriate pilot programs to validate alternative research funding models, including—

(1)

scientific breakthrough prize programs that are of strategic importance to the Nation and have the capacity to spur new economic growth; and

(2)

novel mechanisms of funding including obtaining non-Federal funds through crowd source funding.

(b)

Non-Federal partners

A pilot program may be conducted under this section through an agreement, grant, or contractual relationship with a non-Federal entity regarding the design, administration, and funding of the program.

(c)

Prize competition judges

(1)

Requirements

Judges for a prize competition carried out under this section shall not be required to be Federal employees. An individual who serves as a judge for a prize competition carried out under this section who is not a Federal employee shall be required to sign an agreement, developed by the Office of Science and Technology Policy, with respect to nondisclosure, conflict of interest, and judging code of conduct requirements. All judges shall be required to disclose all personal financial interests.

(2)

Report to Congress

Not later than 30 days after the Office of Science and Technology Policy completes development of an agreement under paragraph (1), it shall transmit a report to Congress describing the requirements of such agreement.

(d)

Public notice

The heads of Federal science agencies shall widely advertise prize competitions to be conducted under this section to ensure maximum participation.

(e)

Definition

For purposes of this section, the term Federal science agency means—

(1)

the National Aeronautics and Space Administration;

(2)

the National Science Foundation;

(3)

the National Institute of Standards and Technology; and

(4)

the National Weather Service.

(f)

Report to Congress

Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter as part of the annual budget submission to Congress, the Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy shall transmit to the Congress a report on programs identified and conducted under subsection (a).

307.

Amendments to prize competitions

Section 24 of the Stevenson-Wydler Technology Innovation Act of 1980 ( 15 U.S.C. 3719 ) is amended—

(1)

in subsection (c)

(A)

by inserting competition after section, a prize;

(B)

by inserting types after following; and

(C)

in paragraph (4), by striking prizes and inserting prize competitions;

(2)

in subsection (f)

(A)

by striking in the Federal Register and inserting on a publicly accessible Government website, such as www.challenge.gov,; and

(B)

in paragraph (4), by striking prize and inserting cash prize purse;

(3)

in subsection (g), by striking prize and inserting cash prize purse;

(4)

in subsection (h), by inserting prize before competition both places it appears;

(5)

in subsection (i)

(A)

in paragraph (1)(B), by inserting prize before competition;

(B)

in paragraph (2)(A), by inserting prize before competition both places it appears;

(C)

by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (4); and

(D)

by inserting after paragraph (2) the following new paragraph:

(3)

Waiver

An agency may waive the requirement under paragraph (2). The annual report under subsection (p) shall include a list of such waivers granted during the preceding fiscal year, along with a detailed explanation of the reasons for granting the waivers.

;

(6)

in subsection (k)

(A)

in paragraph (2)(A), by inserting prize before competition; and

(B)

in paragraph (3), by inserting prize before competitions both places it appears;

(7)

in subsection (l), by striking all after may enter into and inserting a grant, contract, cooperative agreement, or other agreement with a private sector for-profit or nonprofit entity to administer the prize competition, subject to the provisions of this section.;

(8)

in subsection (m)

(A)

by amending paragraph (1) to read as follows:

(1)

In general

Support for a prize competition under this section, including financial support for the design and administration of a prize competition or funds for a cash prize purse, may consist of Federal appropriated funds and funds provided by private sector for-profit and nonprofit entities. The head of an agency may accept funds from other Federal agencies, private sector for-profit entities, and nonprofit entities to support such prize competitions. The head of an agency may not give any special consideration to any private sector for-profit or nonprofit entity in return for a donation.

;

(B)

in paragraph (2), by striking prize awards and inserting cash prize purses;

(C)

in paragraph (3)(A)

(i)

by striking No prize and inserting No prize competition; and

(ii)

by striking the prize and inserting the cash prize purse;

(D)

in paragraph (3)(B), by striking a prize and inserting a cash prize purse;

(E)

in paragraph (3)(B)(i), by inserting competition after prize;

(F)

in paragraph (4)(A), by striking a prize and inserting a cash prize purse; and

(G)

in paragraph (4)(B), by striking cash prizes and inserting cash prize purses;

(9)

in subsection (n), by inserting for both for-profit and nonprofit entities, after contract vehicle;

(10)

in subsection (o)(1), by striking or providing a prize and insert a prize competition or providing a cash prize purse; and

(11)

in subsection (p)(2)(C), by striking cash prizes both places it occurs and inserting cash prize purses.

IV

Innovation and Technology Transfer

A

NIST reauthorization

401.

Authorization of appropriations

(a)

Fiscal year 2014

(1)

In general

There are authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary of Commerce $850,000,000 for the National Institute of Standards and Technology for fiscal year 2014.

(2)

Specific allocations

Of the amount authorized by paragraph (1)

(A)

$651,000,000 shall be for scientific and technical research and services laboratory activities;

(B)

$56,000,000 shall be for the construction and maintenance of facilities; and

(C)

$143,000,000 shall be for industrial technology services activities, of which $128,000,000 shall be for the Manufacturing Extension Partnership program under sections 25 and 26 of the National Institute of Standards and Technology Act (15 U.S.C. 278k and 278l).

(b)

Fiscal year 2015

(1)

In general

There are authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary of Commerce $862,750,000 for the National Institute of Standards and Technology for fiscal year 2015.

(2)

Specific allocations

Of the amount authorized by paragraph (1)

(A)

$660,765,000 shall be for scientific and technical research and services laboratory activities;

(B)

$56,840,000 shall be for the construction and maintenance of facilities; and

(C)

$145,145,000 shall be for industrial technology services activities, of which $129,920,000 shall be for the Manufacturing Extension Partnership program under sections 25 and 26 of the National Institute of Standards and Technology Act (15 U.S.C. 278k and 278l).

402.

Standards and conformity assessment and other transaction authority

Section 2 of the National Institute of Standards and Technology Act ( 15 U.S.C. 272 ) is amended—

(1)

in subsection (b)

(A)

in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking authorized to take and inserting authorized to serve as the President’s principal adviser on standards policy pertaining to the Nation’s technological competitiveness and innovation ability and to take;

(B)

in paragraph (3), by striking compare standards and all that follows through Federal Government and inserting facilitate standards-related information sharing and cooperation between Federal agencies;

(C)

by striking paragraph (4) and inserting the following:

(4)

to enter into and perform such contracts, cooperative research and development arrangements, grants, cooperative agreements, leases, or other transactions as may be necessary in the conduct of its work and on such terms as it may consider appropriate in furtherance of the purposes of this Act;

; and

(D)

in paragraph (13), by striking Federal, State, and local and all that follows through private sector and inserting technical standards activities and conformity assessment activities of Federal, State, and local governments with private sector; and

(2)

in subsection (c)

(A)

in paragraph (21), by striking and after the semicolon;

(B)

by redesignating paragraph (22) as paragraph (24); and

(C)

by inserting after paragraph (21) the following:

(22)

participate in and support scientific and technical conferences;

(23)

perform pre-competitive measurement science and technology research in partnership with institutions of higher education and industry to promote United States industrial competitiveness; and

.

403.

Visiting Committee on Advanced Technology

Section 10 of the National Institute of Standards and Technology Act ( 15 U.S.C. 278 ) is amended—

(1)

in subsection (a)

(A)

by striking 15 members and inserting not fewer than 9 members;

(B)

by striking at least 10 and inserting at least three-fifths; and

(C)

by adding at the end the following: The Committee may consult with the National Research Council in making recommendations regarding general policy for the Institute.; and

(2)

in subsection (h)(1), by striking , including the Program established under section 28,.

404.

Police and security authority

Section 15 of the National Institute of Standards and Technology Act ( 15 U.S.C. 278e ) is amended—

(1)

by striking of the Government; and and inserting of the Government;; and

(2)

by striking United States Code. and inserting United States Code; and (i) for the protection of Institute buildings and other plant facilities, equipment, and property, and of employees, associates, visitors, or other persons located therein or associated therewith, notwithstanding any other provision of law, the direction of such of the officers and employees of the Institute as the Secretary considers necessary in the public interest to carry firearms while in the conduct of their official duties, and the authorization of employees of contractors and subcontractors of the Institute who are engaged in the protection of property owned by the United States, and located at facilities owned by, leased by, used by, or under the control of the United States, to carry firearms while in the conduct of their official duties, and, under regulations prescribed by the Secretary and approved by the Attorney General, the authorization of officers and employees of the Institute and of its contractors and subcontractors authorized to carry firearms to arrest without warrant for any offense against the United States committed in their presence, or for any felony cognizable under the laws of the United States if they have reasonable grounds to believe that the person to be arrested has committed or is committing such felony, provided that such authority to make arrests may be exercised only while guarding and protecting buildings and other plant facilities, equipment, and property owned or leased by, used by, or under the control of the United States under the administration and control of the Secretary.

405.

International activities

Section 17(a) of the National Institute of Standards and Technology Act ( 15 U.S.C. 278g(a) ) is amended—

(1)

by striking financial assistance, and inserting financial and logistical assistance,; and

(2)

by adding at the end the following: Financial and logistical assistance may include transportation to and from the Institute of foreign dignitaries and representatives of foreign national metrology institutes..

406.

Education and outreach

(a)

In general

The National Institute of Standards and Technology Act ( 15 U.S.C. 271 et seq.) is amended by striking sections 18, 19, and 19A and inserting the following:

18.

Education and outreach

(a)

In general

The Director may support, promote, and coordinate activities and efforts to enhance public awareness and understanding of measurement sciences, standards, and technology by the general public, industry, and academia in support of the Institute’s mission.

(b)

Research fellowships

(1)

In general

The Director may award research fellowships and other forms of financial and logistical assistance, including direct stipend awards, to—

(A)

students at institutions of higher education within the United States who show promise as present or future contributors to the mission of the Institute; and

(B)

United States citizens for research and technical activities of the Institute.

(2)

Selection

The Director shall select persons to receive such fellowships and assistance on the basis of ability and of the relevance of the proposed work to the mission and programs of the Institute.

(3)

Definition

For the purposes of this subsection, financial and logistical assistance includes, notwithstanding section 1345 of title 31, United States Code, or any contrary provision of law, temporary housing and local transportation to and from the Institute facilities.

(c)

Post-Doctoral fellowship program

The Director shall establish and conduct a post-doctoral fellowship program, subject to the availability of appropriations, that shall include not less than 20 nor more than 120 new fellows per fiscal year. In evaluating applications for fellowships under this subsection, the Director shall give consideration to the goal of promoting the participation of underrepresented minorities in research areas supported by the Institute.

.

(b)

Prohibition

The National Institute of Standards and Technology may not implement any STEM education program and activity changes proposed for the Institute in the budget for fiscal year 2014 transmitted to Congress under section 1105(a) of title 31, United States Code.

407.

Programmatic planning report

Section 23(d) of the National Institute of Standards and Technology Act ( 15 U.S.C. 278i(d) ) is amended by adding at the end the following: The 3-year programmatic planning document shall also describe how the Director is addressing recommendations from the Visiting Committee on Advanced Technology established under section 10..

408.

Assessments by the National Research Council

Section 24 of the National Institute of Standards and Technology Act ( 15 U.S.C. 278j ) is amended to read as follows:

24.

Assessments by the National Research Council

(a)

In general

The Institute shall contract with the National Research Council to perform and report on assessments of the technical quality and impact of the work conducted at Institute laboratories.

(b)

Schedule

Individual assessments shall be completed biennially by conducting annual assessments of at least 3 laboratories.

(c)

Summary report

In the second year of each biennial period under subsection (b), the Institute shall contract with the National Research Council to prepare a report that summarizes the findings common across the individual assessment reports.

(d)

Additional assessments

The Institute, at the discretion of the Director, also may contract with the National Research Council to conduct additional assessments of Institute programs and projects that involve collaboration across the Institute laboratories and centers and assessments of selected scientific and technical topics.

(e)

Consultation with Visiting Committee on Advanced Technology

The National Research Council may consult with the Visiting Committee on Advanced Technology established under section 10 in performing the assessments under this section.

(f)

Reports

Not later than 30 days after the completion of each assessment, the Institute shall transmit the report on such assessment to the Committee on Science, Space, and Technology of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate.

.

409.

Hollings Manufacturing Extension Partnership

Section 25 of the National Institute of Standards and Technology Act ( 15 U.S.C. 278k ) is amended to read as follows:

25.

Hollings Manufacturing Extension Partnership

(a)

Establishment and purpose

(1)

In general

The Secretary, through the Director and, if appropriate, through other officials, shall provide assistance for the creation and support of manufacturing extension centers, to be known as the Hollings Manufacturing Extension Centers, for the transfer of manufacturing technology and best business practices (in this Act referred to as the Centers). The program under this section shall be known as the Hollings Manufacturing Extension Partnership.

(2)

Affiliations

Such Centers shall be affiliated with any United States-based public or nonprofit institution or organization, or group thereof, that applies for and is awarded financial assistance under this section.

(3)

Objective

The objective of the Centers is to enhance competitiveness, productivity, and technological performance in United States manufacturing through—

(A)

the transfer of manufacturing technology and techniques developed at the Institute to Centers and, through them, to manufacturing companies throughout the United States;

(B)

the participation of individuals from industry, institutions of higher education, State governments, other Federal agencies, and, when appropriate, the Institute in cooperative technology transfer activities;

(C)

efforts to make new manufacturing technology and processes usable by United States-based small- and medium-sized companies;

(D)

the active dissemination of scientific, engineering, technical, and management information about manufacturing to industrial firms, including small- and medium-sized manufacturing companies;

(E)

the utilization, when appropriate, of the expertise and capability that exists in Federal laboratories other than the Institute; and

(F)

the provision to community colleges of information about the job skills needed in small- and medium-sized manufacturing businesses in the regions they serve.

(b)

Activities

The activities of the Centers shall include—

(1)

the establishment of automated manufacturing systems and other advanced production technologies, based on Institute-supported research, for the purpose of demonstrations and technology transfer; and

(2)

the active transfer and dissemination of research findings and Center expertise to a wide range of companies and enterprises, particularly small- and medium-sized manufacturers.

(c)

Operations

(1)

Financial support

The Secretary may provide financial support to any Center created under subsection (a). The Secretary may not provide to a Center more than 50 percent of the capital and annual operating and maintenance funds required to create and maintain such Center.

(2)

Regulations

The Secretary shall implement, review, and update the sections of the Code of Federal Regulations related to this section at least once every 3 years.

(3)

Application

(A)

In general

Any nonprofit institution, or consortium thereof, or State or local government, may submit to the Secretary an application for financial support under this section, in accordance with the procedures established by the Secretary.

(B)

Cost-sharing

In order to receive assistance under this section, an applicant for financial assistance under subparagraph (A) shall provide adequate assurances that non-Federal assets obtained from the applicant and the applicant’s partnering organizations will be used as a funding source to meet not less than 50 percent of the costs incurred for the first 3 years and an increasing share for each of the next 3 years. For purposes of the preceding sentence, the costs incurred means the costs incurred in connection with the activities undertaken to improve the competitiveness, management, productivity, and technological performance of small- and medium-sized manufacturing companies.

(C)

Agreements with other entities

In meeting the 50 percent requirement, it is anticipated that a Center will enter into agreements with other entities such as private industry, institutions of higher education, and State governments to accomplish programmatic objectives and access new and existing resources that will further the impact of the Federal investment made on behalf of small- and medium-sized manufacturing companies.

(D)

Legal rights

Each applicant under subparagraph (A) shall also submit a proposal for the allocation of the legal rights associated with any invention which may result from the proposed Center’s activities.

(4)

Merit review

The Secretary shall subject each such application to merit review. In making a decision whether to approve such application and provide financial support under this section, the Secretary shall consider, at a minimum, the following:

(A)

The merits of the application, particularly those portions of the application regarding technology transfer, training and education, and adaptation of manufacturing technologies to the needs of particular industrial sectors.

(B)

The quality of service to be provided.

(C)

Geographical diversity and extent of service area.

(D)

The percentage of funding and amount of in-kind commitment from other sources.

(5)

Evaluation

(A)

In general

Each Center that receives financial assistance under this section shall be evaluated during its third year of operation by an evaluation panel appointed by the Secretary.

(B)

Composition

Each such evaluation panel shall be composed of private experts, none of whom shall be connected with the involved Center, and Federal officials.

(C)

Chair

An official of the Institute shall chair the panel.

(D)

Performance measurement

Each evaluation panel shall measure the involved Center’s performance against the objectives specified in this section.

(E)

Positive evaluation

If the evaluation is positive, the Secretary may provide continued funding through the sixth year at declining levels.

(F)

Probation

The Secretary shall not provide funding unless the evaluation is positive. A Center that has not received a positive evaluation by the evaluation panel shall be notified by the panel of the deficiencies in its performance and shall be placed on probation for one year, after which time the panel shall reevaluate the Center. If the Center has not addressed the deficiencies identified by the panel, or shown a significant improvement in its performance, the Director shall conduct a new competition to select an operator for the Center or may close the Center.

(G)

Additional financial support

After the sixth year, a Center may receive additional financial support under this section if it has received a positive evaluation through an independent review, under procedures established by the Institute. Funding received for a fiscal year under this section after the sixth year of operation shall not exceed one third of the capital and annual operating and maintenance costs of the Center under the program.

(H)

Eight-year review

A Center shall undergo an independent review in the 8th year of operation. Each evaluation panel shall measure the Center’s performance against the objectives specified in this section. A Center that has not received a positive evaluation as a result of an independent review shall be notified by the Program of the deficiencies in its performance and shall be placed on probation for one year, after which time the Program shall reevaluate the Center. If the Center has not addressed the deficiencies identified by the review, or shown a significant improvement in its performance, the Director shall conduct a new competition to select an operator for the Center or may close the Center.

(I)

Recompetition

If a recipient of a Center award has received financial assistance for 10 consecutive years, the Director shall conduct a new competition to select an operator for the Center consistent with the plan required in this Act. Incumbent Center operators in good standing shall be eligible to compete for the new award.

(J)

Reports

(i)

Plan

Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of the FIRST Act of 2014 , the Director shall transmit to the Committee on Science, Space, and Technology of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate a plan as to how the Institute will conduct reviews, assessments, and reapplication competitions under this paragraph.

(ii)

Independent assessment

The Director shall contract with an independent organization to perform an assessment of the implementation of the reapplication competition process under this paragraph within 3 years after the transmittal of the report under clause (i). The organization conducting the assessment under this clause may consult with the MEP Advisory Board.

(iii)

Comparison of centers

Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of the FIRST Act of 2014, the Director shall transmit to the Committee on Science, Space, and Technology of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate a report providing information on the first and second years of operations for centers operating from new competitions or recompetition as compared to longstanding centers. The report shall provide detail on the engagement in services provided by Centers and the characteristics of services provided, including volume and type of services, so that the Committees can evaluate whether the cost-sharing ratio has an effect on the services provided at Centers.

(6)

Patent rights

The provisions of chapter 18 of title 35, United States Code, shall apply, to the extent not inconsistent with this section, to the promotion of technology from research by Centers under this section except for contracts for such specific technology extension or transfer services as may be specified by statute or by the Director.

(7)

Protection of Center client confidential information

Section 552 of title 5, United States Code, shall apply to the following information obtained by the Federal Government on a confidential basis in connection with the activities of any participant involved in the Hollings Manufacturing Extension Partnership:

(A)

Information on the business operation of any participant in a Hollings Manufacturing Extension Partnership program or of a client of a Center.

(B)

Trade secrets possessed by any client of a Center.

(8)

Advisory boards

Each Center’s advisory boards shall institute a conflict of interest policy, approved by the Director, that ensures the Board represents local small- and medium-sized manufacturers in the Center’s region. Board Members may not serve as a vendor or provide services to the Center, nor may they serve on more than one Center’s oversight board simultaneously.

(d)

Acceptance of funds

(1)

In general

In addition to such sums as may be appropriated to the Secretary and Director to operate the Hollings Manufacturing Extension Partnership, the Secretary and Director also may accept funds from other Federal departments and agencies and, under section 2(c)(7), from the private sector for the purpose of strengthening United States manufacturing.

(2)

Allocation of funds

(A)

Funds accepted from other Federal departments or agencies

The Director shall determine whether funds accepted from other Federal departments or agencies shall be counted in the calculation of the Federal share of capital and annual operating and maintenance costs under subsection (c).

(B)

Funds accepted from the private sector

Funds accepted from the private sector under section 2(c)(7), if allocated to a Center, may not be considered in the calculation of the Federal share under subsection (c) of this section.

(e)

MEP Advisory Board

(1)

Establishment

There is established within the Institute a Manufacturing Extension Partnership Advisory Board (in this subsection referred to as the MEP Advisory Board).

(2)

Membership

(A)

In general

The MEP Advisory Board shall consist of not fewer than 10 members broadly representative of stakeholders, to be appointed by the Director. At least 2 members shall be employed by or on an advisory board for the Centers, and at least 5 other members shall be from United States small businesses in the manufacturing sector. No member shall be an employee of the Federal Government.

(B)

Term

Except as provided in subparagraph (C) or (D), the term of office of each member of the MEP Advisory Board shall be 3 years.

(C)

Vacancies

Any member appointed to fill a vacancy occurring prior to the expiration of the term for which his predecessor was appointed shall be appointed for the remainder of such term.

(D)

Serving consecutive terms

Any person who has completed two consecutive full terms of service on the MEP Advisory Board shall thereafter be ineligible for appointment during the one-year period following the expiration of the second such term.

(3)

Meetings

The MEP Advisory Board shall meet not less than 2 times annually and shall provide to the Director

(A)

advice on Hollings Manufacturing Extension Partnership programs, plans, and policies;

(B)

assessments of the soundness of Hollings Manufacturing Extension Partnership plans and strategies; and

(C)

assessments of current performance against Hollings Manufacturing Extension Partnership program plans.

(4)

Federal Advisory Committee Act applicability

(A)

In general

In discharging its duties under this subsection, the MEP Advisory Board shall function solely in an advisory capacity, in accordance with the Federal Advisory Committee Act.

(B)

Exception

Section 14 of the Federal Advisory Committee Act shall not apply to the MEP Advisory Board.

(5)

Report

The MEP Advisory Board shall transmit an annual report to the Secretary for transmittal to Congress within 30 days after the submission to Congress of the President’s annual budget request in each year. Such report shall address the status of the program established pursuant to this section and comment on the relevant sections of the programmatic planning document and updates thereto transmitted to Congress by the Director under subsections (c) and (d) of section 23.

(f)

Competitive Grant Program

(1)

Establishment

The Director shall establish, within the Hollings Manufacturing Extension Partnership, under this section and section 26, a program of competitive awards among participants described in paragraph (2) for the purposes described in paragraph (3).

(2)

Participants

Participants receiving awards under this subsection shall be the Centers, or a consortium of such Centers.

(3)

Purpose

The purpose of the program under this subsection is to add capabilities to the Hollings Manufacturing Extension Partnership, including the development of projects to solve new or emerging manufacturing problems as determined by the Director, in consultation with the Director of the Hollings Manufacturing Extension Partnership program, the MEP Advisory Board, and small- and medium-sized manufacturers. One or more themes for the competition may be identified, which may vary from year to year, depending on the needs of manufacturers and the success of previous competitions. Centers may be reimbursed for costs incurred under the program.

(4)

Applications

Applications for awards under this subsection shall be submitted in such manner, at such time, and containing such information as the Director shall require, in consultation with the MEP Advisory Board.

(5)

Selection

Awards under this subsection shall be peer reviewed and competitively awarded. The Director shall endeavor to have broad geographic diversity among selected proposals. The Director shall select proposals to receive awards that will—

(A)

improve the competitiveness of industries in the region in which the Center or Centers are located;

(B)

create jobs or train newly hired employees; and

(C)

promote the transfer and commercialization of research and technology from institutions of higher education, national laboratories, and nonprofit research institutes.

(6)

Program contribution

Recipients of awards under this subsection shall not be required to provide a matching contribution.

(7)

Global marketplace projects

In making awards under this subsection, the Director, in consultation with the MEP Advisory Board and the Secretary, may take into consideration whether an application has significant potential for enhancing the competitiveness of small- and medium-sized United States manufacturers in the global marketplace.

(8)

Duration

Awards under this subsection shall last no longer than 3 years.

(g)

Evaluation of obstacles unique to small manufacturers

The Director shall—

(1)

evaluate obstacles that are unique to small manufacturers that prevent such manufacturers from effectively competing in the global market;

(2)

implement a comprehensive plan to train the Centers to address such obstacles; and

(3)

facilitate improved communication between the Centers to assist such manufacturers in implementing appropriate, targeted solutions to such obstacles.

(h)

Community College Defined

In this section, the term community college means an institution of higher education (as defined under section 101(a) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 ( 20 U.S.C. 1001(a) )) at which the highest degree that is predominately awarded to students is an associate’s degree.

.

410.

Elimination of obsolete reports

(a)

Enterprise integration standardization and implementation activities report

Section 3 of the Enterprise Integration Act of 2002 ( 15 U.S.C. 278g–5 ) is amended—

(1)

by striking subsection (c); and

(2)

by redesignating subsections (d) and (e) as subsections (c) and (d), respectively.

(b)

TIP Reports

Section 28 of the National Institute of Standards and Technology Act ( 15 U.S.C. 278n ) is amended—

(1)

by striking subsection (g); and

(2)

in subsection (k), by striking paragraph (5).

411.

Modifications to grants and cooperative agreements

Section 8(a) of the Stevenson-Wydler Technology Innovation Act of 1980 ( 15 U.S.C. 3706(a) ) is amended by striking The total amount of any such grant or cooperative agreement may not exceed 75 percent of the total cost of the program..

B

Innovative approaches to technology transfer

421.

Innovative approaches to technology transfer

Section 9(jj) of the Small Business Act ( 15 U.S.C. 638(jj) ) is amended to read as follows:

(jj)

Innovative approaches to technology transfer

(1)

Grant program

(A)

In general

Each Federal agency required by subsection (n) to establish an STTR program shall carry out a grant program to support innovative approaches to technology transfer at institutions of higher education (as defined in section 101(a) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 ( 20 U.S.C. 1001(a) )), nonprofit research institutions, and Federal laboratories in order to improve or accelerate the commercialization of federally funded research and technology by small business concerns, including new businesses.

(B)

Awarding of grants and awards

(i)

In general

Each Federal agency required by subparagraph (A) to participate in this program shall award, through a competitive, merit-based process, grants, in the amounts listed in subparagraph (C) to institutions of higher education, technology transfer organizations that facilitate the commercialization of technologies developed by one or more such institutions of higher education, Federal laboratories, other public and private nonprofit entities, and consortia thereof, for initiatives that help identify high-quality, commercially viable federally funded research and technologies and to facilitate and accelerate their transfer into the marketplace.

(ii)

Use of Funds

Activities supported by grants under this subsection may include—

(I)

providing early-stage proof of concept funding for translational research;

(II)

identifying research and technologies at institutions that have the potential for accelerated commercialization;

(III)

technology maturation funding to support activities such as prototype construction, experiment analysis, product comparison, and the collection of performance data;

(IV)

technical validations, market research, clarifying intellectual property rights position and strategy, and investigating commercial and business opportunities;

(V)

programs to provide advice, mentoring, entrepreneurial education, project management, and technology and business development expertise to innovators and recipients of technology transfer licenses to maximize commercialization potential; and

(VI)

conducting outreach to small business concerns as potential licensees of federally funded research and technology, and providing technology transfer services to such small business concerns.

(iii)

Selection process and applications

Qualifying institutions seeking a grant under this subsection shall submit an application to a Federal agency required by subparagraph (A) to participate in this program at such time, in such manner, and containing such information as the agency may require. The application shall include, at a minimum—

(I)

a description of innovative approaches to technology transfer, technology development, and commercial readiness that have the potential to increase or accelerate technology transfer outcomes and can be adopted by other qualifying institutions, or a demonstration of proven technology transfer and commercialization strategies, or a plan to implement proven technology transfer and commercialization strategies that can achieve greater commercialization of federally funded research and technologies with program funding;

(II)

a description of how the qualifying institution will contribute to local and regional economic development efforts; and

(III)

a plan for sustainability beyond the duration of the funding award.

(iv)

Program oversight boards

(I)

In general

Successful proposals shall include a plan to assemble a Program Oversight Board, the members of which shall have technical, scientific, or business expertise three-fifths of whom shall be drawn from industry, start-up companies, venture capital or other equity investment mechanism, technical enterprises, financial institutions, and business development organizations with a track record of success in commercializing innovations. Proposals may use oversight boards in existence on the date of the enactment of the FIRST Act of 2014 that meet the requirements of this subclause.

(II)

Program Oversight Boards responsibilities

Program Oversight Boards shall—

(aa)

establish award programs for individual projects;

(bb)

provide rigorous evaluation of project applications;

(cc)

determine which projects should receive awards, in accordance with guidelines established under subparagraph (C)(ii);

(dd)

establish milestones and associated award amounts for projects that reach milestones;

(ee)

determine whether awarded projects are reaching milestones; and

(ff)

develop a process to reallocate outstanding award amounts from projects that are not reaching milestones to other projects with more potential.

(III)

Conflict of interest

Program Oversight Boards shall be composed of members who do not have a conflict of interest. Boards shall adopt conflict of interest policies to ensure relevant relationships are disclosed and proper recusal procedures are in place.

(C)

Grant and award amounts

(i)

Grant amounts

Each Federal agency required by subparagraph (A) to carry out a grant program may make grants of up to $3,000,000 to a qualifying institution.

(ii)

Award amounts

Each qualifying institution that receives a grant under subparagraph (B) shall provide awards for individual projects of not more than $100,000, to be provided in phased amounts, based on reaching the milestones established by the qualifying institution’s Program Oversight Board.

(D)

Authorized expenditures for Innovative Approaches to Technology Transfer Grant Program

(i)

Percentage

The percentage of the extramural budget for research, or research and development, each Federal agency required by subsection (n) to establish an STTR program shall expend on the Innovative Approaches to Technology Transfer Grant Program shall be—

(I)

0.05 percent for each of fiscal years 2014 and 2015; and

(II)

0.1 percent for each of fiscal years 2016 and 2017.

(ii)

Treatment of expenditures

Any portion of the extramural budget expended by a Federal agency on the Innovative Approaches to Technology Transfer Grant Program shall apply towards the agency’s expenditure requirements under subsection (n).

(2)

Program evaluation and data collection and dissemination

(A)

Evaluation plan and data collection

Each Federal agency required by paragraph (1)(A) to establish an Innovative Approaches to Technology Transfer Grant Program shall develop a program evaluation plan and collect annually such information from grantees as is necessary to assess the Program. Program evaluation plans shall require the collection of data aimed at identifying outcomes resulting from the transfer of technology with assistance from the Innovative Approaches to Technology Transfer Grant Program. Such data may include—

(i)

specific follow-on funding identified or obtained, including follow-on funding sources, such as Federal sources or private sources, within 3 years of the completion of the award;

(ii)

the number of projects which, within 5 years of receiving an award under paragraph (1), result in a license to a start-up company or an established company with sufficient resources for effective commercialization;

(iii)

the number of invention disclosures received, United States patent applications filed, and United States patents issued within 5 years of the award;

(iv)

the number of projects receiving a grant under paragraph (1) that secure Phase I or Phase II SBIR or STTR awards;

(v)

available information on revenue, sales, or other measures of products that have been commercialized as a result of projects awarded under paragraph (1) within 5 years of the award;

(vi)

the number and location of jobs created resulting from projects awarded under paragraph (1); and

(vii)

other data as deemed appropriate by a Federal agency required by this subparagraph to develop a program evaluation plan.

(B)

Evaluative report to congress

The head of each Federal agency that participates in the Innovative Approaches to Technology Transfer Grant Program shall submit to the Committee on Science, Space, and Technology and the Committee on Small Business of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Small Business and Entrepreneurship of the Senate an evaluative report regarding the activities of the program. The report shall include—

(i)

a detailed description of the implementation of the program;

(ii)

a detailed description of the grantee selection process;

(iii)

an accounting of the funds used in the program; and

(iv)

a summary of the data collected under subparagraph (A).

(C)

Data dissemination

For the purposes of program transparency and dissemination of best practices, the Administrator shall include on the public database under subsection (k)(1) information on the Innovative Approaches to Technology Transfer Grant Program, including—

(i)

the program evaluation plan required under subparagraph (A);

(ii)

a list of recipients by State of awards under paragraph (1); and

(iii)

information on the use of grants under paragraph (1) by recipient institutions.

.

V

Networking and Information Technology Research and Development

501.

Short title

This title may be cited as the Advancing America’s Networking and Information Technology Research and Development Act of 2014 .

502.

Program planning and coordination

(a)

Periodic reviews

Section 101 of the High-Performance Computing Act of 1991 ( 15 U.S.C. 5511 ) is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:

(d)

Periodic reviews

The agencies identified in subsection (a)(3)(B) shall—

(1)

periodically assess the contents and funding levels of the Program Component Areas and restructure the Program when warranted, taking into consideration any relevant recommendations of the advisory committee established under subsection (b); and

(2)

ensure that the Program includes large-scale, long-term, interdisciplinary research and development activities, including activities described in section 104.

.

(b)

Development of strategic plan

Section 101 of such Act ( 15 U.S.C. 5511 ) is amended further by adding after subsection (d), as added by subsection (a) of this Act, the following new subsection:

(e)

Strategic plan

(1)

In general

The agencies identified in subsection (a)(3)(B), working through the National Science and Technology Council and with the assistance of the National Coordination Office described under section 102, shall develop, within 12 months after the date of enactment of the Advancing America’s Networking and Information Technology Research and Development Act of 2014 , and update every 3 years thereafter, a 5-year strategic plan to guide the activities described under subsection (a)(1).

(2)

Contents

The strategic plan shall specify near-term and long-term objectives for the Program, the anticipated time frame for achieving the near-term objectives, the metrics to be used for assessing progress toward the objectives, and how the Program will—

(A)

foster the transfer of research and development results into new technologies and applications for the benefit of society, including through cooperation and collaborations with networking and information technology research, development, and technology transition initiatives supported by the States;

(B)

encourage and support mechanisms for interdisciplinary research and development in networking and information technology, including through collaborations across agencies, across Program Component Areas, with industry, with Federal laboratories (as defined in section 4 of the Stevenson-Wydler Technology Innovation Act of 1980 ( 15 U.S.C. 3703 )), and with international organizations;

(C)

address long-term challenges of national importance for which solutions require large-scale, long-term, interdisciplinary research and development;

(D)

place emphasis on innovative and high-risk projects having the potential for substantial societal returns on the research investment;

(E)

strengthen all levels of networking and information technology education and training programs to ensure an adequate, well-trained workforce; and

(F)

attract more women and underrepresented minorities to pursue postsecondary degrees in networking and information technology.

(3)

National research infrastructure

The strategic plan developed in accordance with paragraph (1) shall be accompanied by milestones and roadmaps for establishing and maintaining the national research infrastructure required to support the Program, including the roadmap required by subsection (a)(2)(E).

(4)

Recommendations

The entities involved in developing the strategic plan under paragraph (1) shall take into consideration the recommendations—

(A)

of the advisory committee established under subsection (b); and

(B)

of the stakeholders whose input was solicited by the National Coordination Office, as required under section 102(b)(3).

(5)

Report to Congress

The Director of the National Coordination Office shall transmit the strategic plan required under paragraph (1) to the advisory committee, the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate, and the Committee on Science, Space, and Technology of the House of Representatives.

.

(c)

Additional responsibilities of director

Section 101(a)(2) of such Act ( 15 U.S.C. 5511(a)(2) ) is amended—

(1)

in subparagraph (A) by inserting education, before and other activities;

(2)

by redesignating subparagraphs (E) and (F) as subparagraphs (F) and (G), respectively; and

(3)

by inserting after subparagraph (D) the following new subparagraph:

(E)

encourage and monitor the efforts of the agencies participating in the Program to allocate the level of resources and management attention necessary to ensure that the strategic plan under subsection (e) is developed and executed effectively and that the objectives of the Program are met;

.

(d)

Advisory committee

Section 101(b)(1) of such Act ( 15 U.S.C. 5511(b)(1) ) is amended—

(1)

after the first sentence, by inserting the following: The co-chairs of the advisory committee shall meet the qualifications of committee membership and may be members of the President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology.; and

(2)

in subparagraph (D), by striking high-performance and inserting high-end.

(e)

Report

Section 101(a)(3) of such Act ( 15 U.S.C. 5511(a)(3) ) is amended—

(1)

in subparagraph (B)

(A)

by redesignating clauses (vii) through (xi) as clauses (viii) through (xii), respectively; and

(B)

by inserting after clause (vi) the following:

(vii)

the Department of Homeland Security;

;

(2)

in subparagraph (C)

(A)

by striking is submitted, and inserting is submitted, the levels for the previous fiscal year,; and

(B)

by striking each Program Component Area; and inserting each Program Component Area and research area supported in accordance with section 104;;

(3)

in subparagraph (D)

(A)

by striking each Program Component Area, and inserting each Program Component Area and research area supported in accordance with section 104,;

(B)

by striking is submitted, and inserting is submitted, the levels for the previous fiscal year,; and

(C)

by striking and after the semicolon;

(4)

by redesignating subparagraph (E) as subparagraph (G); and

(5)

by inserting after subparagraph (D) the following new subparagraphs:

(E)

include a description of how the objectives for each Program Component Area, and the objectives for activities that involve multiple Program Component Areas, relate to the objectives of the Program identified in the strategic plan required under subsection (e);

(F)

include—

(i)

a description of the funding required by the National Coordination Office to perform the functions specified under section 102(b) for the next fiscal year by category of activity;

(ii)

a description of the funding required by such Office to perform the functions specified under section 102(b) for the current fiscal year by category of activity; and

(iii)

the amount of funding provided for such Office for the current fiscal year by each agency participating in the Program; and

.

(f)

Definition

Section 4 of such Act ( 15 U.S.C. 5503 ) is amended—

(1)

by redesignating paragraphs (1) through (7) as paragraphs (2) through (8), respectively;

(2)

by inserting before paragraph (2), as so redesignated, the following new paragraph:

(1)

cyber-physical systems means physical or engineered systems whose networking and information technology functions and physical elements are deeply integrated and are actively connected to the physical world through sensors, actuators, or other means to perform monitoring and control functions;

;

(3)

in paragraph (3), as so redesignated, by striking high-performance computing and inserting networking and information technology;

(4)

in paragraph (4), as so redesignated—

(A)

by striking “high-performance computing” and inserting “networking and information technology”; and

(B)

by striking “supercomputer” and inserting “high-end computing”;

(5)

in paragraph (6), as so redesignated, by striking network referred to as and all that follows through the semicolon and inserting network, including advanced computer networks of Federal agencies and departments;; and

(6)

in paragraph (7), as so redesignated, by striking National High-Performance Computing Program and inserting networking and information technology research and development program.

503.

Large-scale research in areas of national importance

Title I of such Act ( 15 U.S.C. 5511 ) is amended by adding at the end the following new section:

104.

Large-scale research in areas of national importance

(a)

In general

The Program shall encourage agencies identified in section 101(a)(3)(B) to support large-scale, long-term, interdisciplinary research and development activities in networking and information technology directed toward application areas that have the potential for significant contributions to national economic competitiveness and for other significant societal benefits. Such activities, ranging from basic research to the demonstration of technical solutions, shall be designed to advance the development of research discoveries. The advisory committee established under section 101(b) shall make recommendations to the Program for candidate research and development areas for support under this section.

(b)

Characteristics

(1)

In general

Research and development activities under this section shall—

(A)

include projects selected on the basis of applications for support through a competitive, merit-based process;

(B)

involve collaborations among researchers in institutions of higher education and industry, and may involve nonprofit research institutions and Federal laboratories, as appropriate;

(C)

when possible, leverage Federal investments through collaboration with related State initiatives; and

(D)

include a plan for fostering the transfer of research discoveries and the results of technology demonstration activities, including from institutions of higher education and Federal laboratories, to industry for commercial development.

(2)

Cost-sharing

In selecting applications for support, the agencies shall give special consideration to projects that include cost sharing from non-Federal sources.

(3)

Agency collaboration

If 2 or more agencies identified in section 101(a)(3)(B), or other appropriate agencies, are working on large-scale research and development activities in the same area of national importance, then such agencies shall strive to collaborate through joint solicitation and selection of applications for support and subsequent funding of projects.

(4)

Interdisciplinary research centers

Research and development activities under this section may be supported through interdisciplinary research centers that are organized to investigate basic research questions and carry out technology demonstration activities in areas described in subsection (a). Research may be carried out through existing interdisciplinary centers, including those authorized under section 7024(b)(2) of the America COMPETES Act ( Public Law 110–69 ; 42 U.S.C. 1862o–10).

.

504.

Cyber-physical systems

(a)

Additional Program characteristics

Section 101(a)(1) of such Act ( 15 U.S.C. 5511(a)(1) ) is amended—

(1)

in subparagraph (H), by striking and after the semicolon;

(2)

in subparagraph (I)

(A)

by striking improving the security and inserting improving the security, reliability, and resilience; and

(B)

by striking the period at the end and inserting a semicolon; and

(3)

by adding at the end the following new subparagraphs:

(J)

provide for increased understanding of the scientific principles of cyber-physical systems and improve the methods available for the design, development, and operation of cyber-physical systems that are characterized by high reliability, safety, and security; and

(K)

provide for research and development on human-computer interactions, visualization, and big data.

.

(b)

Workshop

Title I of such Act ( 15 U.S.C. 5511 ) is amended further by adding after section 104, as added by section 503 of this Act, the following new section:

105.

University/Industry Workshop

(a)

Establishment

Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of the Advancing America’s Networking and Information Technology Research and Development Act of 2014 , the Director of the National Coordination Office shall convene a workshop, with participants from institutions of higher education, Federal laboratories, and industry, to explore mechanisms for carrying out collaborative research and development activities for cyber-physical systems, including the related technologies required to enable these systems, and to develop grand challenges in cyber-physical systems research and development.

(b)

Functions

The workshop participants shall—

(1)

develop options for models for research and development partnerships among institutions of higher education, Federal laboratories, and industry, including mechanisms for the support of research and development carried out under these partnerships;

(2)

develop options for grand challenges in cyber-physical systems research and development that would be addressed through such partnerships;

(3)

propose guidelines for assigning intellectual property rights and for the transfer of research results to the private sector; and

(4)

make recommendations for how Federal agencies participating in the Program can help support research and development partnerships in cyber-physical systems, including through existing or new grant programs.

(c)

Participants

The Director of the National Coordination Office shall ensure that participants in the workshop are individuals with knowledge and expertise in cyber-physical systems and that participants represent a broad mix of relevant stakeholders, including academic and industry researchers, cyber-physical systems and technologies manufacturers, cyber-physical systems and technologies users, and, as appropriate, Federal Government regulators.

(d)

Report

Not later than 18 months after the date of enactment of the Advancing America’s Networking and Information Technology Research and Development Act of 2014 , the Director of the National Coordination Office shall transmit to the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate and the Committee on Science, Space, and Technology of the House of Representatives a report describing the findings and recommendations resulting from the workshop required under this section.

.

505.

Cloud computing services for research

Title I of such Act ( 15 U.S.C. 5511 ) is amended further by adding after section 105, as added by section 504(b) of this Act, the following new section:

106.

Cloud computing services for research

(a)

Interagency working group

Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of the Advancing America’s Networking and Information Technology Research and Development Act of 2014 , the Director of the National Coordination Office, working through the National Science and Technology Council, shall convene an interagency working group to examine—

(1)

the research and development needed—

(A)

to enhance the effectiveness and efficiency of cloud computing environments;

(B)

to increase the trustworthiness of cloud applications and infrastructure; and

(C)

to enhance the foundations of cloud architectures, programming models, and interoperability; and

(2)

how Federal science agencies can facilitate the use of cloud computing for federally funded science and engineering research, including—

(A)

making recommendations on changes in funding mechanisms, budget models, and policies needed to remove barriers to the adoption of cloud computing services for research and for data preservation and sharing; and

(B)

providing guidance to organizations and researchers on opportunities and guidelines for using cloud computing services for federally supported research and related activities.

(b)

Consultation

In carrying out the tasks in paragraphs (1) and (2) of subsection (a), the working group shall consult with academia, industry, Federal laboratories, and other relevant organizations and institutions, as appropriate.

(c)

Report

Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of the Advancing America’s Networking and Information Technology Research and Development Act of 2014, the Director of the National Coordination Office shall transmit to the Committee on Science, Space, and Technology of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate a report describing the findings and any recommendations of the working group.

(d)

Termination

The interagency working group shall terminate upon transmittal of the report required under subsection (c).

.

506.

National Coordination Office

Section 102 of such Act ( 15 U.S.C. 5512 ) is amended to read as follows:

102.

National Coordination Office

(a)

Office

The Director shall continue a National Coordination Office with a Director and full-time staff.

(b)

Functions

The National Coordination Office shall—

(1)

provide technical and administrative support to—

(A)

the agencies participating in planning and implementing the Program, including such support as needed in the development of the strategic plan under section 101(e); and

(B)

the advisory committee established under section 101(b);

(2)

serve as the primary point of contact on Federal networking and information technology activities for government organizations, academia, industry, professional societies, State computing and networking technology programs, interested citizen groups, and others to exchange technical and programmatic information;

(3)

solicit input and recommendations from a wide range of stakeholders during the development of each strategic plan required under section 101(e) through the convening of at least 1 workshop with invitees from academia, industry, Federal laboratories, and other relevant organizations and institutions;

(4)

conduct public outreach, including the dissemination of findings and recommendations of the advisory committee, as appropriate; and

(5)

promote access to and early application of the technologies, innovations, and expertise derived from Program activities to agency missions and systems across the Federal Government and to United States industry.

(c)

Source of funding

(1)

In general

The operation of the National Coordination Office shall be supported by funds from each agency participating in the Program.

(2)

Specifications

The portion of the total budget of such Office that is provided by each agency for each fiscal year shall be in the same proportion as each such agency’s share of the total budget for the Program for the previous fiscal year, as specified in the report required under section 101(a)(3).

.

507.

Improving networking and information technology education

Section 201(a) of such Act ( 15 U.S.C. 5521(a) ) is amended—

(1)

by redesignating paragraphs (2) through (4) as paragraphs (3) through (5), respectively; and

(2)

by inserting after paragraph (1) the following new paragraph:

(2)

the National Science Foundation shall use its existing programs, in collaboration with other agencies, as appropriate, to improve the teaching and learning of networking and information technology at all levels of education and to increase participation in networking and information technology fields, including by women and underrepresented minorities;

.

508.

Conforming and technical amendments

(a)

Section 3

Section 3 of such Act ( 15 U.S.C. 5502 ) is amended—

(1)

in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking high-performance computing and inserting networking and information technology;

(2)

in paragraph (1)

(A)

in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by striking high-performance computing and inserting networking and information technology;

(B)

in subparagraphs (A), (F), and (G), by striking high-performance computing each place it appears and inserting networking and information technology; and

(C)

in subparagraph (H), by striking high-performance and inserting high-end; and

(3)

in paragraph (2)

(A)

by striking high-performance computing and and inserting networking and information technology and; and

(B)

by striking high-performance computing network and inserting networking and information technology.

(b)

Title I

The heading of title I of such Act ( 15 U.S.C. 5511 ) is amended by striking High-Performance Computing and inserting Networking and Information Technology .

(c)

Section 101

Section 101 of such Act ( 15 U.S.C. 5511 ) is amended—

(1)

in the section heading, by striking High-Performance Computing and inserting Networking and Information Technology Research and Development ;

(2)

in subsection (a)

(A)

in the subsection heading, by striking National High-Performance Computing and inserting Networking and Information Technology Research and Development ;

(B)

in paragraph (1) of such subsection

(i)

in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by striking National High-Performance Computing Program and inserting networking and information technology research and development program;

(ii)

in subparagraph (A), by striking high-performance computing, including networking and inserting networking and information technology;

(iii)

in subparagraphs (B) and (G), by striking high-performance each place it appears and inserting high-end; and

(iv)

in subparagraph (C), by striking high-performance computing and networking and inserting high-end computing, distributed, and networking; and

(C)

in paragraph (2) of such subsection

(i)

in subparagraphs (A) and (C)

(I)

by striking high-performance computing each place it appears and inserting networking and information technology; and

(II)

by striking development, networking, each place it appears and inserting development,; and

(ii)

in subparagraphs (F) and (G), as redesignated by section 2(c)(1) of this Act, by striking high-performance each place it appears and inserting high-end;

(3)

in subsection (b)

(A)

in paragraph (1), in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by striking high-performance computing both places it appears and inserting networking and information technology; and

(B)

in paragraph (2), in the second sentence, by striking 2 and inserting 3; and

(4)

in subsection (c)(1)(A), by striking high-performance computing and inserting networking and information technology.

(d)

Section 201

Section 201(a)(1) of such Act ( 15 U.S.C. 5521(a)(1) ) is amended by striking high-performance computing and all that follows through networking; and inserting networking and information research and development;.

(e)

Section 202

Section 202(a) of such Act ( 15 U.S.C. 5522(a) ) is amended by striking high-performance computing and inserting networking and information technology.

(f)

Section 203

Section 203(a) of such Act ( 15 U.S.C. 5523(a)(1) ) is amended—

(1)

in paragraph (1), by striking high-performance computing and networking and inserting networking and information technology; and

(2)

in paragraph (2)(A), by striking high-performance and inserting high-end.

(g)

Section 204

Section 204 of such Act ( 15 U.S.C. 5524 ) is amended—

(1)

in subsection (a)(1)

(A)

in subparagraph (A), by striking high-performance computing systems and networks and inserting networking and information technology systems and capabilities;

(B)

in subparagraph (B), by striking interoperability of high-performance computing systems in networks and for common user interfaces to systems and inserting interoperability and usability of networking and information technology systems; and

(C)

in subparagraph (C), by striking high-performance computing and inserting networking and information technology; and

(2)

in subsection (b)

(A)

in the heading, by striking High-Performance Computing and Network and inserting Networking and Information Technology ; and

(B)

by striking sensitive.

(h)

Section 205

Section 205(a) of such Act ( 15 U.S.C. 5525(a) ) is amended by striking computational and inserting networking and information technology.

(i)

Section 206

Section 206(a) of such Act ( 15 U.S.C. 5526(a) ) is amended by striking computational research and inserting networking and information technology research.

(j)

Section 207

Section 207(b) of such Act ( 15 U.S.C. 5527(b) ) is amended by striking high-performance computing and inserting networking and information technology.

(k)

Section 208

Section 208 of such Act ( 15 U.S.C. 5528 ) is amended—

(1)

in the section heading, by striking High-Performance Computing and inserting Networking and Information Technology ; and

(2)

in subsection (a)

(A)

in paragraph (1), by striking High-performance computing and associated and inserting Networking and information;

(B)

in paragraph (2), by striking high-performance computing and inserting networking and information technologies;

(C)

in paragraph (3), by striking high-performance and inserting high-end;

(D)

in paragraph (4), by striking high-performance computers and associated and inserting networking and information; and

(E)

in paragraph (5), by striking high-performance computing and associated and inserting networking and information.