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H.R. 5 (113th): Student Success Act


The text of the bill below is as of Jul 11, 2013 (Reported by House Committee).


IB

Union Calendar No. 108

113th CONGRESS

1st Session

H. R. 5

[Report No. 113–150, Part I]

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

June 6, 2013

(for himself, Mr. Rokita, Mr. Petri, Ms. Foxx, Mr. Roe of Tennessee, Mr. Thompson of Pennsylvania, Mr. Guthrie, Mr. Bucshon, Mrs. Roby, Mr. Heck of Nevada, Mrs. Brooks of Indiana, and Mr. Messer) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Education and the Workforce, and in addition to the Committee on Financial Services, for a period to be subsequently determined by the Speaker, in each case for consideration of such provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of the committee concerned

July 11, 2013

Additional sponsor: Mr. Salmon

July 11, 2013

Reported from the Committee on Education and the Workforce with an amendment

Strike out all after the enacting clause and insert the part printed in italic

July 11, 2013

The Committee on Financial Services discharged; committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the State of the Union and ordered to be printed

For text of introduced bill, see copy of bill as introduced on June 6, 2013


A BILL

To support State and local accountability for public education, protect State and local authority, inform parents of the performance of their children’s schools, and for other purposes.


1.

Short title

This Act may be cited as the Student Success Act .

2.

Table of contents

The table of contents for this Act is as follows:

Sec. 1. Short title.

Sec. 2. Table of contents.

Sec. 3. References.

Sec. 4. Transition.

Sec. 5. Effective dates.

Sec. 6. Authorization of appropriations.

Title I—Aid to local educational agencies

Subtitle A—In general

Sec. 101. Title heading.

Sec. 102. Statement of purpose.

Sec. 103. Flexibility to use Federal funds.

Sec. 104. School improvement.

Sec. 105. Direct student services.

Sec. 106. State administration.

Subtitle B—Improving the academic achievement of the disadvantaged

Sec. 111. Part A headings.

Sec. 112. State plans.

Sec. 113. Local educational agency plans.

Sec. 114. Eligible school attendance areas.

Sec. 115. Schoolwide programs.

Sec. 116. Targeted assistance schools.

Sec. 117. Academic assessment and local educational agency and school improvement; school support and recognition.

Sec. 118. Parental involvement.

Sec. 119. Qualifications for teachers and paraprofessionals.

Sec. 120. Participation of children enrolled in private schools.

Sec. 121. Fiscal requirements.

Sec. 122. Coordination requirements.

Sec. 123. Grants for the outlying areas and the Secretary of the Interior.

Sec. 124. Allocations to States.

Sec. 125. Basic grants to local educational agencies.

Sec. 126. Adequacy of funding of targeted grants to local educational agencies in fiscal years after fiscal year 2001.

Sec. 127. Education finance incentive grant program.

Sec. 128. Carryover and waiver.

Subtitle C—Additional Aid to States and School Districts

Sec. 131. Additional aid.

Subtitle D—National assessment

Sec. 141. National assessment of title I.

Subtitle E—Title I general provisions

Sec. 151. General provisions for title I.

Title II—Teacher Preparation and Effectiveness

Sec. 201. Teacher preparation and effectiveness.

Sec. 202. Conforming repeals.

Title III—Parental Engagement and Local Flexibility

Sec. 301. Parental engagement and local flexibility.

Title IV—Impact Aid

Sec. 401. Purpose.

Sec. 402. Payments relating to Federal acquisition of real property.

Sec. 403. Payments for eligible federally connected children.

Sec. 404. Policies and procedures relating to children residing on Indian lands.

Sec. 405. Application for payments under sections 8002 and 8003.

Sec. 406. Construction.

Sec. 407. Facilities.

Sec. 408. State consideration of payments providing State aid.

Sec. 409. Federal administration.

Sec. 410. Administrative hearings and judicial review.

Sec. 411. Definitions.

Sec. 412. Authorization of appropriations.

Sec. 413. Conforming amendments.

Title V—General provisions for the Act

Sec. 501. General provisions for the Act.

Sec. 502. Repeal.

Sec. 503. Other laws.

Sec. 504. Amendment to IDEA.

Title VI—Repeal

Sec. 601. Repeal of title VI.

Title VII—Homeless Education

Sec. 701. Statement of policy.

Sec. 702. Grants for State and local activities for the education of homeless children and youths.

Sec. 703. Local educational agency subgrants for the education of homeless children and youths.

Sec. 704. Secretarial responsibilities.

Sec. 705. Definitions.

Sec. 706. Authorization of appropriations.

3.

References

Except as otherwise expressly provided, whenever in this Act an amendment or repeal is expressed in terms of an amendment to, or repeal of, a section or other provision, the reference shall be considered to be made to a section or other provision of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 ( 20 U.S.C. 6301 et seq. ).

4.

Transition

Unless otherwise provided in this Act, any person or agency that was awarded a grant under the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 ( 20 U.S.C. 6301 et seq. ) prior to the date of the enactment of this Act shall continue to receive funds in accordance with the terms of such award, except that funds for such award may not continue more than one year after the date of the enactment of this Act.

5.

Effective dates

(a)

In general

Except as otherwise provided in this Act, this Act, and the amendments made by this Act, shall be effective upon the date of enactment of this Act.

(b)

Noncompetitive programs

With respect to noncompetitive programs under which any funds are allotted by the Secretary of Education to recipients on the basis of a formula, this Act, and the amendments made by this Act, shall take effect on October 1, 2013.

(c)

Competitive programs

With respect to programs that are conducted by the Secretary on a competitive basis, this Act, and the amendments made by this Act, shall take effect with respect to appropriations for use under those programs for fiscal year 2014.

(d)

Impact Aid

With respect to title IV of the Act ( 20 U.S.C. 7701 et seq. ) (Impact Aid), this Act, and the amendments made by this Act, shall take effect with respect to appropriations for use under that title for fiscal year 2014.

6.

Authorization of appropriations

The Act (20 U.S.C. 6301 et seq.) is amended by inserting after section 2 the following:

3.

Authorizations of appropriations

(a)

Title I

(1)

Part A

There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out part A of title I $16,651,767,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2019.

(2)

Part B

There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out part B of title I $3,028,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2019.

(b)

Title II

There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out title II $2,441,549,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2019.

(c)

Title III

(1)

Part A

(A)

Subpart 1

There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out subpart 1 of part A of title III $300,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2019.

(B)

Subpart 2

There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out subpart 2 of part A of title III $91,647,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2019.

(C)

Subpart 3

There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out subpart 3 of part A of title III $25,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2019.

(2)

Part B

There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out part B of title III $2,055,709,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2019.

(d)

Title IV

(1)

Payments for Federal acquisition of real property

For the purpose of making payments under section 4002 , there are authorized to be appropriated $63,445,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2019.

(2)

Basic payments; payments for heavily impacted local educational agencies

For the purpose of making payments under section 4003(b) , there are authorized to be appropriated $1,093,203,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2019.

(3)

Payments for children with disabilities

For the purpose of making payments under section 4003(d) , there are authorized to be appropriated $45,881,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2019.

(4)

Construction

For the purpose of carrying out section 4007 , there are authorized to be appropriated $16,529,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2019.

(5)

Facilities maintenance

For the purpose of carrying out section 4008 , there are authorized to be appropriated $4,591,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2019.

.

I

Aid to local educational agencies

A

In general

101.

Title heading

The title heading for title I ( 20 U.S.C. 6301 et seq. ) is amended to read as follows:

I

Aid to local educational agencies

.

102.

Statement of purpose

Section 1001 (20 U.S.C. 6301) is amended to read as follows:

1001.

Statement of purpose

The purpose of this title is to provide all children the opportunity to graduate high school prepared for postsecondary education or the workforce. This purpose can be accomplished by—

(1)

meeting the educational needs of low-achieving children in our Nation’s highest-poverty schools, English learners, migratory children, children with disabilities, Indian children, and neglected or delinquent children;

(2)

closing the achievement gap between high- and low-performing children, especially the achievement gaps between minority and nonminority students, and between disadvantaged children and their more advantaged peers;

(3)

affording parents substantial and meaningful opportunities to participate in the education of their children; and

(4)

challenging States and local educational agencies to embrace meaningful, evidence-based education reform, while encouraging state and local innovation.

.

103.

Flexibility to use Federal funds

Section 1002 (20 U.S.C. 6302) is amended to read as follows:

1002.

Flexibility to use Federal funds

(a)

Alternative uses of Federal funds for State educational agencies

(1)

In general

Subject to subsections (c) and (d) and notwithstanding any other provision of law, a State educational agency may use the applicable funding that the agency receives for a fiscal year to carry out any State activity authorized or required under one or more of the following provisions:

(A)

Section 1003.

(B)

Section 1004.

(C)

Subpart 2 of part A of title I.

(D)

Subpart 3 of part A of title I.

(E)

Subpart 4 of part A of title I.

(F)

Chapter B of subpart 6 of part A of title I.

(2)

Notification

Not later than June 1 of each year, a State educational agency shall notify the Secretary of the State educational agency’s intention to use the applicable funding for any of the alternative uses under paragraph (1).

(3)

Applicable funding defined

(A)

In general

Except as provided in subparagraph (B), in this subsection, the term applicable funding means funds provided to carry out State activities under one or more of the following provisions.

(i)

Section 1003.

(ii)

Section 1004.

(iii)

Subpart 2 of part A of title I.

(iv)

Subpart 3 of part A of title I.

(v)

Subpart 4 of part A of title I.

(B)

Limitation

In this subsection, the term applicable funding does not include funds provided under any of the provisions listed in subparagraph (A) that State educational agencies are required by this Act—

(i)

to reserve, allocate, or spend for required activities;

(ii)

to allocate, allot, or award to local educational agencies or other entities eligible to receive such funds; or

(iii)

to use for technical assistance or monitoring.

(4)

Disbursement

The Secretary shall disburse the applicable funding to State educational agencies for alternative uses under paragraph (1) for a fiscal year at the same time as the Secretary disburses the applicable funding to State educational agencies that do not intend to use the applicable funding for such alternative uses for the fiscal year.

(b)

Alternative uses of Federal funds for local educational agencies

(1)

In general

Subject to subsections (c) and (d) and notwithstanding any other provision of law, a local educational agency may use the applicable funding that the agency receives for a fiscal year to carry out any local activity authorized or required under one or more of the following provisions:

(A)

Section 1003.

(B)

Subpart 1 of part A of title I.

(C)

Subpart 2 of part A of title I.

(D)

Subpart 3 of part A of title I.

(E)

Subpart 4 of part A of title I.

(F)

Subpart 6 of part A of title I.

(2)

Notification

A local educational agency shall notify the State educational agency of the local educational agency’s intention to use the applicable funding for any of the alternative uses under paragraph (1) by a date that is established by the State educational agency for the notification.

(3)

Applicable funding defined

(A)

In general

Except as provided in subparagraph (B), in this subsection, the term applicable funding means funds provided to carry out local activities under one or more of the following provisions:

(i)

Subpart 2 of part A of title I.

(ii)

Subpart 3 of part A of title I.

(iii)

Subpart 4 of part A of title I.

(iv)

Chapter A of subpart 6 of part A of title I.

(B)

Limitation

In this subsection, the term applicable funding does not include funds provided under any of the provisions listed in subparagraph (A) that local educational agencies are required by this Act—

(i)

to reserve, allocate, or spend for required activities;

(ii)

to allocate, allot, or award to entities eligible to receive such funds; or

(iii)

to use for technical assistance or monitoring.

(4)

Disbursement

Each State educational agency that receives applicable funding for a fiscal year shall disburse the applicable funding to local educational agencies for alternative uses under paragraph (1) for the fiscal year at the same time as the State educational agency disburses the applicable funding to local educational agencies that do not intend to use the applicable funding for such alternative uses for the fiscal year.

(c)

Rule for administrative costs

A State educational agency or a local educational agency shall only use applicable funding (as defined in subsection (a)(3) or (b)(3), respectively) for administrative costs incurred in carrying out a provision listed in subsection (a)(1) or (b)(1), respectively, to the extent that the agency, in the absence of this section, could have used funds for administrative costs with respect to a program listed in subsection (a)(3) or (b)(3), respectively.

(d)

Rule of construction

Nothing in this section shall be construed to relieve a State educational agency or local educational agency of any requirements relating to—

(1)

use of Federal funds to supplement, not supplant, non-Federal funds;

(2)

comparability of services;

(3)

equitable participation of private school students and teachers;

(4)

applicable civil rights requirements;

(5)

section 1113; or

(6)

section 1111.

.

104.

School improvement

Section 1003 (20 U.S.C. 6303) is amended—

(1)

in subsection (a)—

(A)

by striking 2 percent and inserting 7 percent; and

(B)

by striking subpart 2 of part A and all that follows through sections 1116 and 1117, and inserting chapter B of subpart 1 of part A for each fiscal year to carry out subsection (b),;

(2)

in subsection (b)—

(A)

in paragraph (1), by striking for schools identified for school improvement, corrective action, and restructuring, for activities under section 1116(b) and inserting to carry out the State’s system of school improvement under section 1111(b)(3)(B)(iii) ; and

(B)

in paragraph (2), by striking or educational service agencies and inserting , educational service agencies, or non-profit or for-profit external providers with expertise in using evidence-based or other effective strategies to improve student achievement;

(3)

in subsection (c)—

(A)

in paragraph (1), by inserting and at the end;

(B)

in paragraph (2), by striking need for such funds; and and inserting commitment to using such funds to improve such schools.; and

(C)

by striking paragraph (3);

(4)

in subsection (d)(1), by striking subpart 2 of part A; and inserting chapter B of subpart 1 of part A;;

(5)

in subsection (e)—

(A)

by striking in any fiscal year and inserting in fiscal year 2015 and each subsequent fiscal year;

(B)

by striking subpart 2 and inserting chapter B of subpart 1 of part A ; and

(C)

by striking such subpart and inserting such chapter;

(6)

in subsection (f), by striking and the percentage of students from each school from families with incomes below the poverty line; and

(7)

by striking subsection (g).

105.

Direct student services

The Act (20 U.S.C. 6301 et seq.) is amended by inserting after section 1003 the following:

1003A.

Direct student services

(a)

State reservation

Each State shall reserve 3 percent of the amount the State receives under chapter B of subpart 1 of part A for each fiscal year to carry out this section. Of such reserved funds, the State educational agency may use up to 1 percent to administer direct student services.

(b)

Direct student services

From the amount available after the application of subsection (a), each State shall award grants in accordance with this section to local educational agencies to support direct student services.

(c)

Awards

The State educational agency shall award grants to geographically diverse local educational agencies including suburban, rural, and urban local educational agencies. If there are not enough funds to award all applicants in a sufficient size and scope to run an effective direct student services program, the State shall prioritize awards to local educational agencies with the greatest number of low-performing schools.

(d)

Local use of funds

A local educational agency receiving an award under this section—

(1)

shall use up to 1 percent of each award for outreach and communication to parents about their options and to register students for direct student services;

(2)

may use not more than 2 percent of each award for administrative costs related to direct student services; and

(3)

shall use the remainder of the award to pay the transportation required to provide public school choice or the hourly rate for high-quality academic tutoring services, as determined by a provider on the State-approved list required under subsection (f)(2).

(e)

Application

A local educational agency desiring to receive an award under subsection (b) shall submit an application describing how the local educational agency will—

(1)

provide adequate outreach to ensure parents can exercise a meaningful choice of direct student services for their child’s education;

(2)

ensure parents have adequate time and information to make a meaningful choice prior to enrolling their child in a direct student service;

(3)

ensure sufficient availability of seats in the public schools the local educational agency will make available for public school choice options;

(4)

determine the requirements or criteria for student eligibility for direct student services;

(5)

select a variety of providers of high-quality academic tutoring from the State-approved list required under subsection (f)(2) and ensure fair negotiations in selecting such providers of high-quality academic tutoring, including online, on campus, and other models of tutoring which provide meaningful choices to parents to find the best service for their child; and

(6)

develop an estimated per pupil expenditure available for eligible students to use toward high-quality academic tutoring which shall allow for an adequate level of services to increase academic achievement from a variety of high-quality academic tutoring providers.

(f)

Providers and schools

The State—

(1)

shall ensure that each local educational agency receiving an award to provide public school choice can provide a sufficient number of options to provide a meaningful choice for parents;

(2)

shall compile a list of State-approved high-quality academic tutoring providers that includes online, on campus, and other models of tutoring; and

(3)

shall ensure that each local educational agency receiving an award will provide an adequate number of high-quality academic tutoring options to ensure parents have a meaningful choice of services.

.

106.

State administration

Section 1004 ( 20 U.S.C. 6304 ) is amended to read as follows:

1004.

State administration

(a)

In general

Except as provided in subsection (b), to carry out administrative duties assigned under subparts 1, 2, and 3 of part A of this title, each State may reserve the greater of—

(1)

1 percent of the amounts received under such subparts; or

(2)

$400,000 ($50,000 in the case of each outlying area).

(b)

Exception

If the sum of the amounts reserved under subparts 1, 2, and 3 of part A of this title is equal to or greater than $14,000,000,000, then the reservation described in subsection (a)(1) shall not exceed 1 percent of the amount the State would receive if $14,000,000,000 were allocated among the States for subparts 1, 2, and 3 of part A of this title.

.

B

Improving the academic achievement of the disadvantaged

111.

Part A headings

(a)

Part heading

The part heading for part A of title I ( 20 U.S.C. 6311 et seq. ) is amended to read as follows:

A

Improving the academic achievement of the disadvantaged

.

(b)

Subpart 1 heading

The Act is amended by striking the subpart heading for subpart 1 of part A of title I ( 20 U.S.C. 6311 et seq. ) and inserting the following:

1

Improving basic programs operated by local educational agencies

A

Basic program requirements

.

(c)

Subpart 2 heading

The Act is amended by striking the subpart heading for subpart 2 of part A of title I ( 20 U.S.C. 6331 et seq. ) and inserting the following:

B

Allocations

.

112.

State plans

Section 1111 (20 U.S.C. 6311) is amended to read as follows:

1111.

State plans

(a)

Plans required

(1)

In general

For any State desiring to receive a grant under this subpart, the State educational agency shall submit to the Secretary a plan, developed by the State educational agency, in consultation with local educational agencies, teachers, school leaders, public charter school representatives, specialized instructional support personnel, other appropriate school personnel, and parents, that satisfies the requirements of this section and that is coordinated with other programs under this Act, the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, the Carl D. Perkins Career and Technical Education Act of 2006, the Head Start Act, the Adult Education and Family Literacy Act, and the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act.

(2)

Consolidated plan

A State plan submitted under paragraph (1) may be submitted as part of a consolidated plan under section 5302.

(b)

Academic standards, academic assessments, and State accountability

(1)

Academic standards

(A)

In general

Each State plan shall demonstrate that the State has adopted academic content standards and academic achievement standards aligned with such content standards that comply with the requirements of this paragraph.

(B)

Subjects

The State shall have such academic standards for mathematics, reading or language arts, and science, and may have such standards for any other subject determined by the State.

(C)

Requirements

The standards described in subparagraph (A) shall—

(i)

apply to all public schools and public school students in the State; and

(ii)

with respect to academic achievement standards, include the same knowledge, skills, and levels of achievement expected of all public school students in the State.

(D)

Alternate academic achievement standards

Notwithstanding any other provision of this paragraph, a State may, through a documented and validated standards-setting process, adopt alternate academic achievement standards for students with the most significant cognitive disabilities, if—

(i)

the determination about whether the achievement of an individual student should be measured against such standards is made separately for each student; and

(ii)

such standards—

(I)

are aligned with the State academic standards required under subparagraph (A);

(II)

promote access to the general curriculum; and

(III)

reflect professional judgment as to the highest possible standards achievable by such students.

(E)

English language proficiency standards

Each State plan shall describe how the State educational agency will establish English language proficiency standards that are—

(i)

derived from the four recognized domains of speaking, listening, reading, and writing; and

(ii)

aligned with the State’s academic content standards in reading or language arts under subparagraph (A).

(2)

Academic assessments

(A)

In general

Each State plan shall demonstrate that the State educational agency, in consultation with local educational agencies, has implemented a set of high-quality student academic assessments in mathematics, reading or language arts, and science. At the State’s discretion, the State plan may also demonstrate that the State has implemented such assessments in any other subject chosen by the State.

(B)

Requirements

Such assessments shall—

(i)

in the case of mathematics and reading or language arts, be used in determining the performance of each local educational agency and public school in the State in accordance with the State’s accountability system under paragraph (3);

(ii)

be the same academic assessments used to measure the academic achievement of all public school students in the State;

(iii)

be aligned with the State’s academic standards and provide coherent and timely information about student attainment of such standards;

(iv)

be used for purposes for which such assessments are valid and reliable, be of adequate technical quality for each purpose required under this Act, and be consistent with relevant, nationally recognized professional and technical standards;

(v)
(I)

in the case of mathematics and reading or language arts, be administered in each of grades 3 through 8 and at least once in grades 9 through 12;

(II)

in the case of science, be administered not less than one time during—

(aa)

grades 3 through 5;

(bb)

grades 6 through 9; and

(cc)

grades 10 through 12; and

(III)

in the case of any other subject chosen by the State, be administered at the discretion of the State;

(vi)

measure individual student academic proficiency and growth;

(vii)

at the State’s discretion—

(I)

be administered through a single annual summative assessment; or

(II)

be administered through multiple assessments during the course of the academic year that result in a single summative score that provides valid, reliable, and transparent information on student achievement;

(viii)

include measures that assess higher-order thinking skills and understanding;

(ix)

provide for—

(I)

the participation in such assessments of all students;

(II)

the reasonable adaptations and accommodations for students with disabilities necessary to measure the academic achievement of such students relative to the State’s academic standards; and

(III)

the inclusion of English learners, who shall be assessed in a valid and reliable manner and provided reasonable accommodations, including, to the extent practicable, assessments in the language and form most likely to yield accurate and reliable information on what such students know and can do in academic content areas, until such students have achieved English language proficiency, as assessed by the State under subparagraph (D);

(x)

notwithstanding clause (ix)(III), provide for the assessment of reading or language arts in English for English learners who have attended school in the United States (not including Puerto Rico) for 3 or more consecutive school years, except that a local educational agency may, on a case-by-case basis, provide for the assessment of reading or language arts for each such student in a language other than English for a period not to exceed 2 additional consecutive years if the assessment would be more likely to yield accurate and reliable information on what such student knows and can do, provided that such student has not yet reached a level of English language proficiency sufficient to yield valid and reliable information on what such student knows and can do on reading or language arts assessments written in English;

(xi)

produce individual student interpretive, descriptive, and diagnostic reports regarding achievement on such assessments that allow parents, teachers, and school leaders to understand and address the specific academic needs of students, and that are provided to parents, teachers, and school leaders, as soon as is practicable after the assessment is given, in an understandable and uniform format, and to the extent practicable, in a language that parents can understand;

(xii)

enable results to be disaggregated within each State, local educational agency, and school by gender, by each major racial and ethnic group, by English language proficiency status, by migrant status, by status as a student with a disability, and by economically disadvantaged status, except that, in the case of a local educational agency or a school, such disaggregation shall not be required in a case in which the number of students in a category is insufficient to yield statistically reliable information or the results would reveal personally identifiable information about an individual student; and

(xiii)

be administered to not less than 95 percent of all students, and not less than 95 percent of each subgroup of students described in paragraph (3)(B)(ii)(II).

(C)

Alternate assessments

A State may provide for alternate assessments aligned with the alternate academic standards adopted in accordance with paragraph (1)(D), for students with the most significant cognitive disabilities, if the State—

(i)

establishes and monitors implementation of clear and appropriate guidelines for individualized education program teams (as defined in section 614(d)(1)(B) of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act) to apply when determining when a child’s significant cognitive disability justifies assessment based on alternate achievement standards;

(ii)

ensures that the parents of such students are informed that—

(I)

their child’s academic achievement will be measured against such alternate standards; and

(II)

whether participation in such assessments precludes the student from completing the requirements for a regular high school diploma;

(iii)

demonstrates that such students are, to the extent practicable, included in the general curriculum and that such alternate assessments are aligned with such curriculum;

(iv)

develops, disseminates information about, and promotes the use of appropriate accommodations to increase the number of students with disabilities who are tested against academic achievement standards for the grade in which a student is enrolled; and

(v)

ensures that regular and special education teachers and other appropriate staff know how to administer the alternate assessments, including making appropriate use of accommodations for students with disabilities.

(D)

Assessments of English language proficiency

(i)

In general

Each State plan shall demonstrate that local educational agencies in the State will provide for an annual assessment of English proficiency of all English learners in the schools served by the State educational agency.

(ii)

Alignment

The assessments described in clause (i) shall be aligned with the State’s English language proficiency standards described in paragraph (1)(E).

(E)

Language assessments

Each State plan shall identify the languages other than English that are present in the participating student population and indicate the languages for which yearly student academic assessments are not available and are needed. The State shall make every effort to develop such assessments and may request assistance from the Secretary if linguistically accessible academic assessment measures are needed. Upon request, the Secretary shall assist with the identification of appropriate academic assessment measures in the needed languages, but shall not mandate a specific academic assessment or mode of instruction.

(F)

Adaptive assessments

A State may develop and administer computer adaptive assessments as the assessments required under subparagraph (A). If a State develops and administers a computer adaptive assessment for such purposes, the assessment shall meet the requirements of this paragraph, except as follows:

(i)

Notwithstanding subparagraph (B)(iii), the assessment—

(I)

shall measure, at a minimum, each student’s academic proficiency against the State’s academic standards for the student’s grade level and growth toward such standards; and

(II)

if the State chooses, may be used to measure the student’s level of academic proficiency and growth using assessment items above or below the student’s grade level, including for use as part of a State’s accountability system under paragraph (3).

(ii)

Subparagraph (B)(ii) shall not be interpreted to require that all students taking the computer adaptive assessment be administered the same assessment items.

(3)

State accountability systems

(A)

In general

Each State plan shall demonstrate that the State has developed and is implementing a single, statewide accountability system to ensure that all public school students graduate from high school prepared for postsecondary education or the workforce without the need for remediation.

(B)

Elements

Each State accountability system described in subparagraph (A) shall at a minimum—

(i)

annually measure the academic achievement of all public school students in the State against the State’s mathematics and reading or language arts academic standards adopted under paragraph (1), which may include measures of student growth toward such standards, using the mathematics and reading or language arts assessments described in paragraph (2)(B) and other valid and reliable academic indicators related to student achievement as identified by the State;

(ii)

annually evaluate and identify the academic performance of each public school in the State based on—

(I)

student academic achievement as measured in accordance with clause (i); and

(II)

the overall performance, and achievement gaps as compared to all students in the school, for economically disadvantaged students, students from major racial and ethnic groups, students with disabilities, and English learners, except that disaggregation of data under this subclause shall not be required in a case in which the number of students in a category is insufficient to yield statistically reliable information or the results would reveal personally identifiable information about an individual student; and

(iii)

include a system for school improvement for low-performing public schools receiving funds under this subpart that—

(I)

implements interventions in such schools that are designed to address such schools’ weaknesses; and

(II)

is implemented by local educational agencies serving such schools.

(C)

Prohibition

Nothing in this section shall be construed to permit the Secretary to establish any criteria that specifies, defines, or prescribes any aspect of a State’s accountability system developed and implemented in accordance with this paragraph.

(D)

Accountability for charter schools

The accountability provisions under this Act shall be overseen for charter schools in accordance with State charter school law.

(4)

Requirements

Each State plan shall describe—

(A)

how the State educational agency will assist each local educational agency and each public school affected by the State plan to comply with the requirements of this subpart, including how the State educational agency will work with local educational agencies to provide technical assistance; and

(B)

how the State educational agency will ensure that the results of the State assessments described in paragraph (2), the other indicators selected by the State under paragraph (3)(B)(i), and the school evaluations described in paragraph (3)(B)(ii), will be promptly provided to local educational agencies, schools, teachers, and parents in a manner that is clear and easy to understand, but not later than before the beginning of the school year following the school year in which such assessments, other indicators, or evaluations are taken or completed.

(5)

Timeline for implementation

Each State plan shall describe the process by which the State will adopt and implement the State academic standards, assessments, and accountability system required under this section within 2 years of enactment of the Student Success Act.

(6)

Existing standards

Nothing in this subpart shall prohibit a State from revising, consistent with this section, any standard adopted under this section before or after the date of enactment of the Student Success Act.

(7)

Existing State law

Nothing in this section shall be construed to alter any State law or regulation granting parents authority over schools that repeatedly failed to make adequate yearly progress under this section, as in effect on the day before the date of the enactment of the Student Success Act.

(c)

Other provisions to support teaching and learning

Each State plan shall contain assurances that—

(1)

the State will notify local educational agencies, schools, teachers, parents, and the public of the academic standards, academic assessments, and State accountability system developed and implemented under this section;

(2)

the State will participate in biennial State academic assessments of 4th and 8th grade reading and mathematics under the National Assessment of Educational Progress carried out under section 303(b)(2) of the National Assessment of Educational Progress Authorization Act if the Secretary pays the costs of administering such assessments;

(3)

the State educational agency will notify local educational agencies and the public of the authority to operate schoolwide programs;

(4)

the State educational agency will provide the least restrictive and burdensome regulations for local educational agencies and individual schools participating in a program assisted under this subpart;

(5)

the State educational agency will encourage schools to consolidate funds from other Federal, State, and local sources for schoolwide reform in schoolwide programs under section 1114;

(6)

the State educational agency will modify or eliminate State fiscal and accounting barriers so that schools can easily consolidate funds from other Federal, State, and local sources for schoolwide programs under section 1114; and

(7)

the State educational agency will inform local educational agencies in the State of the local educational agency’s authority to transfer funds under section 1002 and to obtain waivers under section 5401.

(d)

Parental involvement

Each State plan shall describe how the State educational agency will support the collection and dissemination to local educational agencies and schools of effective parental involvement practices. Such practices shall—

(1)

be based on the most current research that meets the highest professional and technical standards on effective parental involvement that fosters achievement to high standards for all children;

(2)

be geared toward lowering barriers to greater participation by parents in school planning, review, and improvement; and

(3)

be coordinated with programs funded under subpart 3 of part A of title III.

(e)

Peer review and secretarial approval

(1)

Establishment

Notwithstanding section 5543, the Secretary shall—

(A)

establish a peer-review process to assist in the review of State plans; and

(B)

appoint individuals to the peer-review process who are representative of parents, teachers, State educational agencies, and local educational agencies, and who are familiar with educational standards, assessments, accountability, the needs of low-performing schools, and other educational needs of students, and ensure that 75 percent of such appointees are practitioners.

(2)

Approval

The Secretary shall—

(A)

approve a State plan within 120 days of its submission;

(B)

disapprove of the State plan only if the Secretary demonstrates how the State plan fails to meet the requirements of this section and immediately notifies the State of such determination and the reasons for such determination;

(C)

not decline to approve a State's plan before—

(i)

offering the State an opportunity to revise its plan;

(ii)

providing technical assistance in order to assist the State to meet the requirements of this section; and

(iii)

providing a hearing; and

(D)

have the authority to disapprove a State plan for not meeting the requirements of this subpart, but shall not have the authority to require a State, as a condition of approval of the State plan, to include in, or delete from, such plan one or more specific elements of the State's academic standards or State accountability system, or to use specific academic assessments or other indicators.

(3)

State revisions

A State plan shall be revised by the State educational agency if it is necessary to satisfy the requirements of this section.

(4)

Public review

All communications, feedback, and notifications under this subsection shall be conducted in a manner that is immediately made available to the public through the website of the Department, including—

(A)

peer review guidance;

(B)

the names of the peer reviewers;

(C)

State plans submitted or resubmitted by a State, including the current approved plans;

(D)

peer review notes;

(E)

State plan determinations by the Secretary, including approvals or disapprovals, and any deviations from the peer reviewers’ recommendations with an explanation of the deviation; and

(F)

hearings.

(5)

Prohibition

The Secretary, and the Secretary’s staff, may not attempt to participate in, or influence, the peer review process. No Federal employee may participate in, or attempt to influence the peer review process, except to respond to questions of a technical nature, which shall be publicly reported.

(f)

Duration of the plan

(1)

In general

Each State plan shall—

(A)

remain in effect for the duration of the State’s participation under this subpart; and

(B)

be periodically reviewed and revised as necessary by the State educational agency to reflect changes in the State’s strategies and programs under this subpart.

(2)

Additional information

If a State makes significant changes to its State plan, such as the adoption of new State academic standards or new academic assessments, or adopts a new State accountability system, such information shall be submitted to the Secretary under subsection (e)(2) for approval.

(g)

Failure to meet requirements

If a State fails to meet any of the requirements of this section then the Secretary shall withhold funds for State administration under this subpart until the Secretary determines that the State has fulfilled those requirements.

(h)

Reports

(1)

Annual State report card

(A)

In general

A State that receives assistance under this subpart shall prepare and disseminate an annual State report card. Such dissemination shall include, at a minimum, publicly posting the report card on the home page of the State educational agency’s website.

(B)

Implementation

The State report card shall be—

(i)

concise; and

(ii)

presented in an understandable and uniform format that is developed in consultation with parents and, to the extent practicable, provided in a language that parents can understand.

(C)

Required information

The State shall include in its annual State report card information on—

(i)

the performance of students, in the aggregate and disaggregated by the categories of students described in subsection (b)(2)(B)(xii) (except that such disaggregation shall not be required in a case in which the number of students in a category is insufficient to yield statistically reliable information or the results would reveal personally identifiable information about an individual student), on the State academic assessments described in subsection (b)(2);

(ii)

the participation rate on such assessments, in the aggregate and disaggregated in accordance with clause (i);

(iii)

the performance of students, in the aggregate and disaggregated in accordance with clause (i), on other academic indicators described in subsection (b)(3)(B)(i);

(iv)

for each public high school in the State, in the aggregate and disaggregated in accordance with clause (i)—

(I)

the four-year adjusted cohort graduation rate, and

(II)

if applicable, the extended-year adjusted cohort graduation rate, reported separately for students graduating in 5 years or less, students graduating in 6 years or less, and students graduating in 7 or more years;

(v)

each public school’s evaluation results as determined in accordance with subsection (b)(3)(B)(ii);

(vi)

the acquisition of English proficiency by English learners;

(vii)

the number and percentage of teachers in each category established under clause (iii) of section 2123(1)(A), except that such information shall not reveal personally identifiable information about an individual teacher; and

(viii)

the results of the assessments described in subsection (c)(2).

(D)

Optional information

The State may include in its annual State report card such other information as the State believes will best provide parents, students, and other members of the public with information regarding the progress of each of the State’s public elementary schools and public secondary schools.

(2)

Annual local educational agency report cards

(A)

In general

A local educational agency that receives assistance under this subpart shall prepare and disseminate an annual local educational agency report card.

(B)

Minimum requirements

The State educational agency shall ensure that each local educational agency collects appropriate data and includes in the local educational agency’s annual report the information described in paragraph (1)(C) as applied to the local educational agency and each school served by the local educational agency, and—

(i)

in the case of a local educational agency, information that shows how students served by the local educational agency achieved on the statewide academic assessment and other academic indicators adopted in accordance with subsection (b)(3)(B)(i) compared to students in the State as a whole; and

(ii)

in the case of a school, the school’s evaluation under subsection (b)(3)(B)(ii).

(C)

Other information

A local educational agency may include in its annual local educational agency report card any other appropriate information, whether or not such information is included in the annual State report card.

(D)

Data

A local educational agency or school shall only include in its annual local educational agency report card data that are sufficient to yield statistically reliable information, as determined by the State, and that do not reveal personally identifiable information about an individual student.

(E)

Public dissemination

The local educational agency shall publicly disseminate the information described in this paragraph to all schools served by the local educational agency and to all parents of students attending those schools in an understandable and uniform format, and, to the extent practicable, in a language that parents can understand, and make the information widely available through public means, such as posting on the Internet, distribution to the media, and distribution through public agencies, except that if a local educational agency issues a report card for all students, the local educational agency may include the information under this section as part of such report.

(3)

Preexisting report cards

A State educational agency or local educational agency may use public report cards on the performance of students, schools, local educational agencies, or the State, that were in effect prior to the enactment of the Student Success Act for the purpose of this subsection, so long as any such report card is modified, as may be needed, to contain the information required by this subsection.

(4)

Parents right-to-know

(A)

Achievement information

At the beginning of each school year, a school that receives funds under this subpart shall provide to each individual parent information on the level of achievement of the parent’s child in each of the State academic assessments and other academic indicators adopted in accordance with this subpart.

(B)

Format

The notice and information provided to parents under this paragraph shall be in an understandable and uniform format and, to the extent practicable, provided in a language that the parents can understand.

(i)

Privacy

Information collected under this section shall be collected and disseminated in a manner that protects the privacy of individuals consistent with section 444 of the General Education Provisions Act.

(j)

Voluntary partnerships

A State may enter into a voluntary partnership with another State to develop and implement the academic standards and assessments required under this section, except that the Secretary shall not, either directly or indirectly, attempt to influence, incentivize, or coerce State—

(1)

adoption of the Common Core State Standards developed under the Common Core State Standards Initiative, any other academic standards common to a significant number of States, or assessments tied to such standards; or

(2)

participation in any such partnerships.

(k)

Construction

Nothing in this part shall be construed to prescribe the use of the academic assessments described in this part for student promotion or graduation purposes.

(l)

Special rule with respect to bureau-funded schools

In determining the assessments to be used by each school operated or funded by the Bureau of Indian Education receiving funds under this subpart, the following shall apply:

(1)

Each such school that is accredited by the State in which it is operating shall use the assessments and other academic indicators the State has developed and implemented to meet the requirements of this section, or such other appropriate assessment and academic indicators as approved by the Secretary of the Interior.

(2)

Each such school that is accredited by a regional accrediting organization shall adopt an appropriate assessment and other academic indicators, in consultation with and with the approval of, the Secretary of the Interior and consistent with assessments and academic indicators adopted by other schools in the same State or region, that meet the requirements of this section.

(3)

Each such school that is accredited by a tribal accrediting agency or tribal division of education shall use an assessment and other academic indicators developed by such agency or division, except that the Secretary of the Interior shall ensure that such assessment and academic indicators meet the requirements of this section.

.

113.

Local educational agency plans

Section 1112 (20 U.S.C. 6312) is amended to read as follows:

1112.

Local educational agency plans

(a)

Plans Required

(1)

Subgrants

A local educational agency may receive a subgrant under this subpart for any fiscal year only if such agency has on file with the State educational agency a plan, approved by the State educational agency, that is coordinated with other programs under this Act, the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, the Carl D. Perkins Career and Technical Education Act of 2006, the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act, and other Acts, as appropriate.

(2)

Consolidated application

The plan may be submitted as part of a consolidated application under section 5305.

(b)

Plan provisions

Each local educational agency plan shall describe—

(1)

how the local educational agency will monitor, in addition to the State assessments described in section 1111(b)(2), students’ progress in meeting the State’s academic standards;

(2)

how the local educational agency will identify quickly and effectively those students who may be at risk of failing to meet the State’s academic standards;

(3)

how the local educational agency will provide additional educational assistance to individual students in need of additional help in meeting the State’s academic standards;

(4)

how the local educational agency will implement the school improvement system described in section 1111(b)(3)(B)(iii) for any of the agency’s schools identified under such section;

(5)

how the local educational agency will coordinate programs under this subpart with other programs under this Act and other Acts, as appropriate;

(6)

the poverty criteria that will be used to select school attendance areas under section 1113;

(7)

how teachers, in consultation with parents, administrators, and specialized instructional support personnel, in targeted assistance schools under section 1115, will identify the eligible children most in need of services under this subpart;

(8)

in general, the nature of the programs to be conducted by the local educational agency’s schools under sections 1114 and 1115, and, where appropriate, educational services outside such schools for children living in local institutions for neglected and delinquent children, and for neglected and delinquent children in community day school programs;

(9)

how the local educational agency will ensure that migratory children who are eligible to receive services under this subpart are selected to receive such services on the same basis as other children who are selected to receive services under this subpart;

(10)

the services the local educational agency will provide homeless children, including services provided with funds reserved under section 1113(c)(3)(A);

(11)

the strategy the local educational agency will use to implement effective parental involvement under section 1118;

(12)

if appropriate, how the local educational agency will use funds under this subpart to support preschool programs for children, particularly children participating in a Head Start program, which services may be provided directly by the local educational agency or through a subcontract with the local Head Start agency designated by the Secretary of Health and Human Services under section 641 of the Head Start Act, or another comparable early childhood development program;

(13)

how the local educational agency, through incentives for voluntary transfers, the provision of professional development, recruitment programs, incentive pay, performance pay, or other effective strategies, will address disparities in the rates of low-income and minority students and other students being taught by ineffective teachers;

(14)

if appropriate, how the local educational agency will use funds under this subpart to support programs that coordinate and integrate—

(A)

career and technical education aligned with State technical standards that promote skills attainment important to in-demand occupations or industries in the State and the State’s academic standards under section 1111(b)(1); and

(B)

work-based learning opportunities that provide students in-depth interaction with industry professionals; and

(15)

if appropriate, how the local educational agency will use funds under this subpart to support dual enrollment programs and early college high schools.

(c)

Assurances

Each local educational agency plan shall provide assurances that the local educational agency will—

(1)

participate, if selected, in biennial State academic assessments of 4th and 8th grade reading and mathematics under the National Assessment of Educational Progress carried out under section 303(b)(2) of the National Assessment of Educational Progress Authorization Act;

(2)

inform schools of schoolwide program authority and the ability to consolidate funds from Federal, State, and local sources;

(3)

provide technical assistance to schoolwide programs;

(4)

provide services to eligible children attending private elementary and secondary schools in accordance with section 1120, and timely and meaningful consultation with private school officials or representatives regarding such services;

(5)

in the case of a local educational agency that chooses to use funds under this subpart to provide early childhood development services to low-income children below the age of compulsory school attendance, ensure that such services comply with the performance standards established under section 641A(a) of the Head Start Act;

(6)

inform eligible schools of the local educational agency’s authority to request waivers on the school’s behalf under Title V; and

(7)

ensure that the results of the academic assessments required under section 1111(b)(2) will be provided to parents and teachers as soon as is practicably possible after the test is taken, in an understandable and uniform format and, to the extent practicable, provided in a language that the parents can understand.

(d)

Special rule

In carrying out subsection (c)(5), the Secretary shall—

(1)

consult with the Secretary of Health and Human Services and shall establish procedures (taking into consideration existing State and local laws, and local teacher contracts) to assist local educational agencies to comply with such subparagraph; and

(2)

disseminate to local educational agencies the education performance standards in effect under section 641A(a)(1)(B) of the Head Start Act, and such agencies affected by such subsection shall plan for the implementation of such subsection (taking into consideration existing State and local laws, and local teacher contracts).

(e)

Plan development and duration

(1)

Consultation

Each local educational agency plan shall be developed in consultation with teachers, school leaders, public charter school representatives, administrators, and other appropriate school personnel, and with parents of children in schools served under this subpart.

(2)

Duration

Each such plan shall be submitted for the first year for which this part is in effect following the date of enactment of this Act and shall remain in effect for the duration of the agency’s participation under this subpart.

(3)

Review

Each local educational agency shall periodically review and, as necessary, revise its plan.

(f)

State approval

(1)

In general

Each local educational agency plan shall be filed according to a schedule established by the State educational agency.

(2)

Approval

The State educational agency shall approve a local educational agency’s plan only if the State educational agency determines that the local educational agency’s plan—

(A)

enables schools served under this subpart to substantially help children served under this subpart to meet the State’s academic standards described in section 1111(b)(1); and

(B)

meets the requirements of this section.

(3)

Review

The State educational agency shall review the local educational agency’s plan to determine if such agency’s activities are in accordance with section 1118.

(g)

Parental notification

(1)

In general

Each local educational agency using funds under this subpart and subpart 4 to provide a language instruction educational program shall, not later than 30 days after the beginning of the school year, inform parents of an English learner identified for participation, or participating in, such a program of—

(A)

the reasons for the identification of their child as an English learner and in need of placement in a language instruction educational program;

(B)

the child’s level of English proficiency, how such level was assessed, and the status of the child’s academic achievement;

(C)

the methods of instruction used in the program in which their child is, or will be participating, and the methods of instruction used in other available programs, including how such programs differ in content, instructional goals, and the use of English and a native language in instruction;

(D)

how the program in which their child is, or will be participating, will meet the educational strengths and needs of their child;

(E)

how such program will specifically help their child learn English, and meet age-appropriate academic achievement standards for grade promotion and graduation;

(F)

the specific exit requirements for the program, including the expected rate of transition from such program into classrooms that are not tailored for English learners, and the expected rate of graduation from high school for such program if funds under this subpart are used for children in secondary schools;

(G)

in the case of a child with a disability, how such program meets the objectives of the individualized education program of the child; and

(H)

information pertaining to parental rights that includes written guidance—

(i)

detailing—

(I)

the right that parents have to have their child immediately removed from such program upon their request; and

(II)

the options that parents have to decline to enroll their child in such program or to choose another program or method of instruction, if available; and

(ii)

assisting parents in selecting among various programs and methods of instruction, if more than one program or method is offered by the eligible entity.

(2)

Notice

The notice and information provided in paragraph (1) to parents of a child identified for participation in a language instruction educational program for English learners shall be in an understandable and uniform format and, to the extent practicable, provided in a language that the parents can understand.

(3)

Special rule applicable during the school year

For those children who have not been identified as English learners prior to the beginning of the school year the local educational agency shall notify parents within the first 2 weeks of the child being placed in a language instruction educational program consistent with paragraphs (1) and (2).

(4)

Parental participation

Each local educational agency receiving funds under this subpart shall implement an effective means of outreach to parents of English learners to inform the parents regarding how the parents can be involved in the education of their children, and be active participants in assisting their children to attain English proficiency, achieve at high levels in core academic subjects, and meet the State’s academic standards expected of all students, including holding, and sending notice of opportunities for, regular meetings for the purpose of formulating and responding to recommendations from parents of students assisted under this subpart.

(5)

Basis for admission or exclusion

A student shall not be admitted to, or excluded from, any federally assisted education program on the basis of a surname or language-minority status.

.

114.

Eligible school attendance areas

Section 1113 ( 20 U.S.C. 6313 ) is amended—

(1)

by striking part each place it appears and inserting subpart; and

(2)

in subsection (c)(4)—

(A)

by striking subpart 2 and inserting chapter B; and

(B)

by striking school improvement, corrective action, and restructuring under section 1116(b) and inserting school improvement under section 1111(b)(3)(B)(iii) .

115.

Schoolwide programs

Section 1114 (20 U.S.C. 6314) is amended—

(1)

in subsection (a)—

(A)

in paragraph (1)—

(i)

by striking part and inserting subpart; and

(ii)

by striking in which through such families;

(B)

in paragraph (2)—

(i)

in subparagraph (A)(i), by striking part and inserting subpart; and

(ii)

in subparagraph (B)—

(I)

by striking children with limited English proficiency and inserting English learners; and

(II)

by striking part and inserting subpart;

(C)

in paragraph (3)(B), by striking maintenance of effort, after private school children,; and

(D)

by striking paragraph (4); and

(2)

in subsection (b)—

(A)

in paragraph (1)—

(i)

in subparagraph (A)—

(I)

by striking (including and all that follows through 1309(2)); and

(II)

by striking content standards and the State student academic achievement standards and inserting standards;

(ii)

in subparagraph (B)—

(I)

in clause (i), by striking proficient and all that follows through section 1111(b)(1)(D) and inserting academic standards described in section 1111(b)(1) ;

(II)

in clause (ii), in the matter preceding subclause (I), by striking based on scientifically based research and inserting evidence-based;

(III)

in clause (iii)—

(aa)

in subclause (I)—

(AA)

by striking student academic achievement standards and inserting academic standards; and

(BB)

by striking schoolwide program, and all that follows through technical education programs; and and inserting schoolwide programs; and; and

(bb)

in subclause (II), by striking and;

(IV)

in clause (iv)—

(aa)

by striking the State and local improvement plans and inserting school improvement strategies; and

(bb)

by striking the period and inserting ; and; and

(V)

by adding at the end the following new clause:

(v)

may be delivered by nonprofit or for-profit external providers with expertise in using evidence-based or other effective strategies to improve student achievement.

;

(iii)

in subparagraph (C), by striking highly qualified and inserting effective;

(iv)

in subparagraph (D)—

(I)

by striking In accordance with section 1119 and subsection (a)(4), high-quality and inserting High-quality;

(II)

by striking pupil services and inserting specialized instructional support services; and

(III)

by striking student academic achievement and inserting academic;

(v)

in subparagraph (E), by striking high-quality highly qualified and inserting effective;

(vi)

in subparagraph (G), by striking , such as Head Start, Even Start, Early Reading First, or a State-run preschool program,;

(vii)

in subparagraph (H), by striking section 1111(b)(3) and inserting section 1111(b)(2) ;

(viii)

in subparagraph (I), by striking proficient or advanced levels of academic achievement standards and inserting State academic standards; and

(ix)

in subparagraph (J), by striking vocational and inserting career; and

(B)

in paragraph (2)—

(i)

in subparagraph (A)—

(I)

in the matter preceding clause (i)—

(aa)

by striking first develop and all that follows through 2001) and inserting have in place; and

(bb)

by striking and its school support team or other technical assistance provider under section 1117;

(II)

in clause (ii), by striking part and inserting subpart; and

(III)

in clause (iv), by striking section 1111(b)(3) and inserting section 1111(b)(2) ; and

(ii)

in subparagraph (B)—

(I)

in clause (i)—

(aa)

in subclause (I), by striking , after considering the recommendation of the technical assistance providers under section 1117,; and

(bb)

in subclause (II), by striking No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 and inserting Student Success Act ;

(II)

in clause (ii)—

(aa)

by striking (including administrators of programs described in other parts of this title); and

(bb)

by striking pupil services and inserting specialized instructional support services;

(III)

in clause (iii), by striking part and inserting subpart; and

(IV)

in clause (v), by striking Reading First, Early Reading First, Even Start,; and

(3)

in subsection (c)—

(A)

by striking part and inserting subpart; and

(B)

by striking 6, and all that follows through the period at the end and inserting 6..

116.

Targeted assistance schools

Section 1115 (20 U.S.C. 6315) is amended—

(1)

in subsection (a)—

(A)

by striking are ineligible for a schoolwide program under section 1114, or that;

(B)

by striking operate such and inserting operate; and

(C)

by striking part and inserting subpart;

(2)

in subsection (b)—

(A)

in paragraph (1)(B), by striking challenging student academic achievement and inserting academic;

(B)

in paragraph (2)—

(i)

in subparagraph (A)—

(I)

by striking limited English proficient children and inserting English learners; and

(II)

by striking part each place it appears and inserting subpart;

(ii)

in subparagraph (B)—

(I)

in the heading, by striking , Even Start, or Early Reading First ;

(II)

by striking , Even Start, or Early Reading First; and

(III)

by striking part and inserting subpart;

(iii)

in subparagraph (C)—

(I)

by amending the heading to read as follows: Subpart 3 children.— ;

(II)

by striking part C and inserting subpart 3; and

(III)

by striking part and inserting subpart;

(iv)

in subparagraphs (D) and (E), by striking part each place it appears and inserting subpart;

(C)

in paragraph (3), by striking part and inserting subpart;

(3)

in subsection (c)—

(A)

in paragraph (1)—

(i)

in the matter preceding subparagraph (A)—

(I)

by striking part and inserting subpart; and

(II)

by striking challenging student academic achievement and inserting academic;

(ii)

in subparagraph (A)—

(I)

by striking part and inserting subpart; and

(II)

by striking challenging student academic achievement and inserting academic;

(iii)

in subparagraph (B), by striking part and inserting subpart;

(iv)

in subparagraph (C)—

(I)

in the matter preceding clause (i), by striking based on scientifically based research and inserting evidence-based; and

(II)

in clause (iii), by striking part and inserting subpart;

(v)

in subparagraph (D), by striking such as Head Start, Even Start, Early Reading First or State-run preschool programs;

(vi)

in subparagraph (E), by striking highly qualified and inserting effective;

(vii)

in subparagraph (F)—

(I)

by striking in accordance with subsection (e)(3) and section 1119,;

(II)

by striking part and inserting subpart; and

(III)

by striking pupil services personnel and inserting specialized instructional support personnel; and

(viii)

in subparagraph (H), by striking vocational and inserting career; and

(B)

in paragraph (2)—

(i)

in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by striking proficient and advanced levels of achievement and inserting academic standards;

(ii)

in subparagraph (A), by striking part and inserting subpart; and

(iii)

in subparagraph (B), by striking challenging student academic achievement and inserting academic;

(4)

in subsection (d), in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking part each place it appears and inserting subpart;

(5)

in subsection (e)—

(A)

in paragraph (2)(B)—

(i)

in the matter preceding clause (i), by striking part and inserting subpart; and

(ii)

in clause (iii), by striking pupil services and inserting specialized instructional support services; and

(B)

by striking paragraph (3); and

(6)

by adding at the end the following new subsection:

(f)

Delivery of services

The elements of a targeted assistance program under this section may be delivered by nonprofit or for-profit external providers with expertise in using evidence-based or other effective strategies to improve student achievement.

.

117.

Academic assessment and local educational agency and school improvement; school support and recognition

The Act is amended by repealing sections 1116 and 1117 ( 20 U.S.C. 6316 ; 6317).

118.

Parental involvement

Section 1118 (20 U.S.C. 6318) is amended—

(1)

by striking part each place such term appears and inserting subpart;

(2)

in subsection (a)—

(A)

in paragraph (2)—

(i)

in subparagraph (A), by striking , and and all that follows through 1116; and

(ii)

in subparagraph (D), by striking , such as and all that follows through preschool programs; and

(B)

in paragraph (3)(A), by striking subpart 2 of this part each place it appears and inserting chapter B of this subpart;

(3)

by amending subsection (c)(4)(B) to read as follows:

(B)

a description and explanation of the curriculum in use at the school and the forms of academic assessment used to measure student progress; and

;

(4)

in subsection (d)(1), by striking student academic achievement and inserting academic;

(5)

in subsection (e)—

(A)

in paragraph (1), by striking State’s academic content standards and State student academic achievement standards and inserting State’s academic standards;

(B)

in paragraph (3)—

(i)

by striking pupil services personnel, and inserting specialized instructional support personnel,; and

(ii)

by striking principals, and inserting school leaders,; and

(C)

in paragraph (4), by striking Head Start, Reading First, Early Reading First, Even Start, the Home Instruction Programs for Preschool Youngsters, the Parents as Teachers Program, and public preschool and other and inserting other Federal, State, and local; and

(6)

by amending subsection (g) to read as follows:

(g)

Family engagement in education programs

In a State operating a program under subpart 3 of part A of title III, each local educational agency or school that receives assistance under this subpart shall inform such parents and organizations of the existence of such programs.

.

119.

Qualifications for teachers and paraprofessionals

The Act is amended by repealing section 1119 ( 20 U.S.C. 6319 ).

120.

Participation of children enrolled in private schools

Section 1120 ( 20 U.S.C. 6320 ) is amended to read as follows:

1120.

Participation of children enrolled in private schools

(a)

General requirement

(1)

In general

To the extent consistent with the number of eligible children identified under section 1115(b) in the school district served by a local educational agency who are enrolled in private elementary schools and secondary schools, a local educational agency shall—

(A)

after timely and meaningful consultation with appropriate private school officials or representatives, provide such service, on an equitable basis and individually or in combination, as requested by the officials or representatives to best meet the needs of such children, special educational services, instructional services, counseling, mentoring, one-on-one tutoring, or other benefits under this subpart (such as dual enrollment, educational radio and television, computer equipment and materials, other technology, and mobile educational services and equipment) that address their needs; and

(B)

ensure that teachers and families of the children participate, on an equitable basis, in services and activities developed pursuant to this subpart.

(2)

Secular, neutral, nonideological

Such educational services or other benefits, including materials and equipment, shall be secular, neutral, and nonideological.

(3)

Equity

(A)

In general

Educational services and other benefits for such private school children shall be equitable in comparison to services and other benefits for public school children participating under this subpart, and shall be provided in a timely manner.

(B)

Ombudsman

To help ensure such equity for such private school children, teachers, and other educational personnel, the State educational agency involved shall designate an ombudsman to monitor and enforce the requirements of this subpart.

(4)

Expenditures

(A)

In general

Expenditures for educational services and other benefits to eligible private school children shall be equal to the expenditures for participating public school children, taking into account the number, and educational needs, of the children to be served. The share of funds shall be determined based on the total allocation received by the local educational agency prior to any allowable expenditures authorized under this title.

(B)

Obligation of funds

Funds allocated to a local educational agency for educational services and other benefits to eligible private school children shall—

(i)

be obligated in the fiscal year for which the funds are received by the agency; and

(ii)

with respect to any such funds that cannot be so obligated, be used to serve such children in the following fiscal year.

(C)

Notice of allocation

Each State educational agency shall—

(i)

determine, in a timely manner, the proportion of funds to be allocated to each local educational agency in the State for educational services and other benefits under this subpart to eligible private school children; and

(ii)

provide notice, simultaneously, to each such local educational agency and the appropriate private school officials or their representatives in the State of such allocation of funds.

(5)

Provision of services

The local educational agency or, in a case described in subsection (b)(6)(C), the State educational agency involved, may provide services under this section directly or through contracts with public or private agencies, organizations, and institutions.

(b)

Consultation

(1)

In general

To ensure timely and meaningful consultation, a local educational agency shall consult with appropriate private school officials or representatives during the design and development of such agency’s programs under this subpart in order to reach an agreement between the agency and the officials or representatives about equitable and effective programs for eligible private school children, the results of which shall be transmitted to the designated ombudsmen under section 1120(a)(3)(B). Such process shall include consultation on issues such as—

(A)

how the children’s needs will be identified;

(B)

what services will be offered;

(C)

how, where, and by whom the services will be provided;

(D)

how the services will be academically assessed and how the results of that assessment will be used to improve those services;

(E)

the size and scope of the equitable services to be provided to the eligible private school children, and the proportion of funds that is allocated under subsection (a)(4)(A) for such services, how that proportion of funds is determined under such subsection, and an itemization of the costs of the services to be provided;

(F)

the method or sources of data that are used under subsection (c) and section 1113(c)(1) to determine the number of children from low-income families in participating school attendance areas who attend private schools;

(G)

how and when the agency will make decisions about the delivery of services to such children, including a thorough consideration and analysis of the views of the private school officials or representatives on the provision of services through a contract with potential third-party providers;

(H)

how, if the agency disagrees with the views of the private school officials or representatives on the provision of services through a contract, the local educational agency will provide in writing to such private school officials an analysis of the reasons why the local educational agency has chosen not to use a contractor;

(I)

whether the agency will provide services under this section directly or through contracts with public and private agencies, organizations, and institutions;

(J)

whether to provide equitable services to eligible private school children—

(i)

by creating a pool or pools of funds with all of the funds allocated under paragraph (4) based on all the children from low-income families who attend private schools in a participating school attendance area of the agency from which the local educational agency will provide such services to all such children; or

(ii)

by providing such services to eligible children in each private school in the agency’s participating school attendance area with the proportion of funds allocated under paragraph (4) based on the number of children from low-income families who attend such school; and

(K)

whether to consolidate and use funds under this subpart to provide schoolwide programs for a private school.

(2)

Disagreement

If a local educational agency disagrees with the views of private school officials or representatives with respect to an issue described in paragraph (1), the local educational agency shall provide in writing to such private school officials an analysis of the reasons why the local educational agency has chosen not to adopt the course of action requested by such officials.

(3)

Timing

Such consultation shall include meetings of agency and private school officials or representatives and shall occur before the local educational agency makes any decision that affects the opportunities of eligible private school children to participate in programs under this subpart. Such meetings shall continue throughout implementation and assessment of services provided under this section.

(4)

Discussion

Such consultation shall include a discussion of service delivery mechanisms a local educational agency can use to provide equitable services to eligible private school children.

(5)

Documentation

Each local educational agency shall maintain in the agency’s records and provide to the State educational agency involved a written affirmation signed by officials or representatives of each participating private school that the meaningful consultation required by this section has occurred. The written affirmation shall provide the option for private school officials or representatives to indicate that timely and meaningful consultation has not occurred or that the program design is not equitable with respect to eligible private school children. If such officials or representatives do not provide such affirmation within a reasonable period of time, the local educational agency shall forward the documentation that such consultation has, or attempts at such consultation have, taken place to the State educational agency.

(6)

Compliance

(A)

In general

A private school official shall have the right to file a complaint with the State educational agency that the local educational agency did not engage in consultation that was meaningful and timely, did not give due consideration to the views of the private school official, or did not treat the private school or its students equitably as required by this section.

(B)

Procedure

If the private school official wishes to file a complaint, the official shall provide the basis of the noncompliance with this section by the local educational agency to the State educational agency, and the local educational agency shall forward the appropriate documentation to the State educational agency.

(C)

State educational agencies

A State educational agency shall provide services under this section directly or through contracts with public or private agencies, organizations, and institutions, if—

(i)

the appropriate private school officials or their representatives have—

(I)

requested that the State educational agency provide such services directly; and

(II)

demonstrated that the local educational agency involved has not met the requirements of this section; or

(ii)

in a case in which—

(I)

a local educational agency has more than 10,000 children from low-income families who attend private elementary schools or secondary schools in a participating school attendance area of the agency that are not being served by the agency’s program under this section; or

(II)

90 percent of the eligible private school students in a participating school attendance area of the agency are not being served by the agency’s program under this section.

(c)

Allocation for equitable service to private school students

(1)

Calculation

A local educational agency shall have the final authority, consistent with this section, to calculate the number of children, ages 5 through 17, who are from low-income families and attend private schools by—

(A)

using the same measure of low income used to count public school children;

(B)

using the results of a survey that, to the extent possible, protects the identity of families of private school students, and allowing such survey results to be extrapolated if complete actual data are unavailable;

(C)

applying the low-income percentage of each participating public school attendance area, determined pursuant to this section, to the number of private school children who reside in that school attendance area; or

(D)

using an equated measure of low income correlated with the measure of low income used to count public school children.

(2)

Complaint process

Any dispute regarding low-income data for private school students shall be subject to the complaint process authorized in section 5503.

(d)

Public control of funds

(1)

In general

The control of funds provided under this subpart, and title to materials, equipment, and property purchased with such funds, shall be in a public agency, and a public agency shall administer such funds, materials, equipment, and property.

(2)

Provision of services

(A)

Provider

The provision of services under this section shall be provided—

(i)

by employees of a public agency; or

(ii)

through a contract by such public agency with an individual, association, agency, or organization.

(B)

Requirement

In the provision of such services, such employee, individual, association, agency, or organization shall be independent of such private school and of any religious organization, and such employment or contract shall be under the control and supervision of such public agency.

(e)

Standards for a bypass

If a local educational agency is prohibited by law from providing for the participation in programs on an equitable basis of eligible children enrolled in private elementary schools and secondary schools, or if the Secretary determines that a local educational agency has substantially failed or is unwilling to provide for such participation, as required by this section, the Secretary shall—

(1)

waive the requirements of this section for such local educational agency;

(2)

arrange for the provision of services to such children through arrangements that shall be subject to the requirements of this section and sections 5503 and 5504; and

(3)

in making the determination under this subsection, consider one or more factors, including the quality, size, scope, and location of the program and the opportunity of eligible children to participate.

.

121.

Fiscal requirements

Section 1120A (20 U.S.C. 6321) is amended—

(1)

by striking part each place it appears and inserting subpart; and

(2)

by striking subsection (a) and redesignating subsections (b), (c), and (d) as subsections (a), (b), and (c), respectively.

122.

Coordination requirements

Section 1120B (20 U.S.C. 6322) is amended—

(1)

by striking part each place it appears and inserting subpart;

(2)

in subsection (a), by striking such as the Early Reading First program; and

(3)

in subsection (b)—

(A)

in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking , such as the Early Reading First program,;

(B)

in paragraphs (1) through (3), by striking such as the Early Reading First program each place it appears;

(C)

in paragraph (4), by striking Early Reading First program staff,; and

(D)

in paragraph (5), by striking and entities carrying out Early Reading First programs.

123.

Grants for the outlying areas and the Secretary of the Interior

Section 1121 ( 20 U.S.C. 6331 ) is amended—

(1)

in subsection (a), by striking appropriated for payments to States for any fiscal year under section 1002(a) and 1125A(f) and inserting reserved for this chapter under section 1122(a) ; and

(2)

in subsection (b)—

(A)

in paragraph (2), by striking the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 and inserting the Student Success Act ;

(B)

in paragraph (3)—

(i)

in subparagraph (B), by striking basis, and all that follows through the period at the end and inserting basis.;

(ii)

in subparagraph (C)(ii), by striking challenging State academic content standards and inserting State academic standards; and

(iii)

by striking subparagraph (D); and

(3)

in subsection (d)(2), by striking part and inserting subpart.

124.

Allocations to States

Section 1122 (20 U.S.C. 6332) is amended—

(1)

by amending subsection (a) to read as follows:

(a)

Reservation

(1)

In general

From the amounts appropriated under section 3(a)(1), the Secretary shall reserve 91.055 percent of such amounts to carry out this chapter.

(2)

Allocation formula

Of the amount reserved under paragraph (1) for each of fiscal years 2014 to 2019 (referred to in this subsection as the current fiscal year)—

(A)

an amount equal to the amount made available to carry out section 1124 for fiscal year 2001 shall be used to carry out section 1124;

(B)

an amount equal to the amount made available to carry out section 1124A for fiscal year 2001 shall be used to carry out section 1124A; and

(C)

an amount equal to 100 percent of the amount, if any, by which the total amount made available to carry out this chapter for the fiscal year for which the determination is made exceeds the total amount available to carry out sections 1124 and 1124A for fiscal year 2001 shall be used to carry out sections 1125 and 1125A and such amount shall be divided equally between sections 1125 and 1125A.

;

(2)

in subsection (b)(1), by striking subpart and inserting chapter;

(3)

in subsection (c)(3), by striking part and inserting subpart; and

(4)

in subsection (d)(1), by striking subpart and inserting chapter.

125.

Basic grants to local educational agencies

Section 1124 ( 20 U.S.C. 6333 ) is amended—

(1)

in subsection (a)—

(A)

in paragraph (3)—

(i)

in subparagraph (B), by striking subpart and inserting chapter; and

(ii)

in subparagraph (C)(i), by striking subpart and inserting chapter; and

(B)

in paragraph (4)(C), by striking subpart each place it appears and inserting chapter; and

(2)

in subsection (c)—

(A)

in paragraph (1)(B), by striking subpart 1 of part D and inserting chapter A of subpart 3; and

(B)

in paragraph (2), by striking part and inserting subpart.

126.

Adequacy of funding of targeted grants to local educational agencies in fiscal years after fiscal year 2001

Section 1125AA (20 U.S.C. 6336) is amended to read as follows:

1125AA.

Adequacy of funding of targeted grants to local educational agencies in fiscal years after fiscal year 2001

Pursuant to section 1122, the total amount allocated in any fiscal year after fiscal year 2001 for programs and activities under this subpart shall not exceed the amount allocated in fiscal year 2001 for such programs and activities unless the amount available for targeted grants to local educational agencies under section 1125 in the applicable fiscal year meets the requirements of section 1122(a).

.

127.

Education finance incentive grant program

Section 1125A ( 20 U.S.C. 6337 ) is amended—

(1)

by striking part each place it appears and inserting subpart;

(2)

in subsection (b)(1)—

(A)

in subparagraph (A), by striking appropriated pursuant to subsection (f) and inserting made available for any fiscal year to carry out this section; and

(B)

in subparagraph (B)(i), by striking total appropriations and inserting the total amount reserved under section 1122(a) to carry out this section;

(3)

by striking subsections (a), (e), and (f) and redesignating subsections (b), (c), (d), and (g) as subsections (a), (b), (c), and (d), respectively; and

(4)

in subsection (b), as redesignated, by redesignating subparagraphs (A) and (B) as paragraphs (1) and (2), respectively.

128.

Carryover and waiver

Section 1127 (20 U.S.C. 6339) is amended by striking subpart each place it appears and inserting chapter.

C

Additional Aid to States and School Districts

131.

Additional aid

(a)

In general

Title I (20 U.S.C. 6301 et seq.), as amended by the preceding provisions of this Act, is further amended—

(1)

by striking parts B through D and F through H; and

(2)

by inserting after subpart 1 of part A the following:

2

Education of Migratory Children

1131.

Program purposes

The purposes of this subpart are as follows:

(1)

To assist States in supporting high-quality and comprehensive educational programs and services during the school year, and as applicable, during summer or intercession periods, that address the unique educational needs of migratory children.

(2)

To ensure that migratory children who move among the States, not be penalized in any manner by disparities among the States in curriculum, graduation requirements, and State academic standards.

(3)

To help such children succeed in school, meet the State academic standards that all children are expected to meet, and graduate from high school prepared for postsecondary education and the workforce without the need for remediation.

(4)

To help such children overcome educational disruption, cultural and language barriers, social isolation, various health-related problems, and other factors that inhibit the ability of such children to succeed in school.

(5)

To help such children benefit from State and local systemic reforms.

1132.

Program authorized

(a)

In General

From the amounts appropriated under section 3(a)(1), the Secretary shall reserve 2.37 percent to carry out this subpart.

(b)

Grants awarded

From the amounts reserved under subsection (a) and not reserved under section 1138(c), the Secretary shall make allotments for the fiscal year to State educational agencies, or consortia of such agencies, to establish or improve, directly or through local operating agencies, programs of education for migratory children in accordance with this subpart.

1133.

State allocations

(a)

State allocations

Except as provided in subsection (c), each State (other than the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico) is entitled to receive under this subpart an amount equal to the product of—

(1)

the sum of—

(A)

the average number of identified eligible full-time equivalent migratory children aged 3 through 21 residing in the State, based on data for the preceding 3 years; and

(B)

the number of identified eligible migratory children, aged 3 through 21, who received services under this subpart in summer or intersession programs provided by the State during the previous year; multiplied by

(2)

40 percent of the average per-pupil expenditure in the State, except that the amount determined under this paragraph shall not be less than 32 percent, nor more than 48 percent, of the average per-pupil expenditure in the United States.

(b)

Hold harmless

Notwithstanding subsection (a), for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2016, no State shall receive less than 90 percent of the State’s allocation under this section for the previous year.

(c)

Allocation to Puerto Rico

For each fiscal year, the grant which the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico shall be eligible to receive under this subpart shall be the amount determined by multiplying the number of children who would be counted under subsection (a)(1) if such subsection applied to the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico by the product of—

(1)

the percentage that the average per-pupil expenditure in the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico is of the lowest average per-pupil expenditure of any of the 50 States, except that the percentage calculated under this subparagraph shall not be less than 85 percent; and

(2)

32 percent of the average per-pupil expenditure in the United States.

(d)

Ratable reductions; reallocations

(1)

In general

(A)

Ratable Reductions

If, after the Secretary reserves funds under section 1138(c), the amount appropriated to carry out this subpart for any fiscal year is insufficient to pay in full the amounts for which all States are eligible, the Secretary shall ratably reduce each such amount.

(B)

Reallocation

If additional funds become available for making such payments for any fiscal year, the Secretary shall allocate such funds to States in amounts that the Secretary determines will best carry out the purpose of this subpart.

(2)

Special rule

(A)

Further reductions

The Secretary shall further reduce the amount of any grant to a State under this subpart for any fiscal year if the Secretary determines, based on available information on the numbers and needs of migratory children in the State and the program proposed by the State to address such needs, that such amount exceeds the amount required under section 1134.

(B)

Reallocation

The Secretary shall reallocate such excess funds to other States whose grants under this subpart would otherwise be insufficient to provide an appropriate level of services to migratory children, in such amounts as the Secretary determines are appropriate.

(e)

Consortium arrangements

(1)

In general

In the case of a State that receives a grant of $1,000,000 or less under this section, the Secretary shall consult with the State educational agency to determine whether consortium arrangements with another State or other appropriate entity would result in delivery of services in a more effective and efficient manner.

(2)

Proposals

Any State, regardless of the amount of such State’s allocation, may submit a consortium arrangement to the Secretary for approval.

(3)

Approval

The Secretary shall approve a consortium arrangement under paragraph (1) or (2) if the proposal demonstrates that the arrangement will—

(A)

reduce administrative costs or program function costs for State programs; and

(B)

make more funds available for direct services to add substantially to the educational achievement of children to be served under this subpart.

(f)

Determining numbers of eligible children

In order to determine the identified number of migratory children residing in each State for purposes of this section, the Secretary shall—

(1)

use the most recent information that most accurately reflects the actual number of migratory children;

(2)

develop and implement a procedure for monitoring the accuracy of such information;

(3)

develop and implement a procedure for more accurately reflecting cost factors for different types of summer and intersession program designs;

(4)

adjust the full-time equivalent number of migratory children who reside in each State to take into account—

(A)

the unique needs of those children participating in evidence-based or other effective special programs provided under this subpart that operate during the summer and intersession periods; and

(B)

the additional costs of operating such programs; and

(5)

conduct an analysis of the options for adjusting the formula so as to better direct services to migratory children, including the most at-risk migratory children.

(g)

Nonparticipating states

In the case of a State desiring to receive an allocation under this subpart for a fiscal year that did not receive an allocation for the previous fiscal year or that has been participating for less than 3 consecutive years, the Secretary shall calculate the State’s number of identified migratory children aged 3 through 21 for purposes of subsection (a)(1)(A) by using the most recent data available that identifies the migratory children residing in the State until data is available to calculate the 3-year average number of such children in accordance with such subsection.

1134.

State applications; services

(a)

Application required

Any State desiring to receive a grant under this subpart for any fiscal year shall submit an application to the Secretary at such time and in such manner as the Secretary may require.

(b)

Program information

Each such application shall include—

(1)

a description of how, in planning, implementing, and evaluating programs and projects assisted under this subpart, the State and its local operating agencies will ensure that the unique educational needs of migratory children, including preschool migratory children, are identified and addressed through—

(A)

the full range of services that are available for migratory children from appropriate local, State, and Federal educational programs;

(B)

joint planning among local, State, and Federal educational programs serving migratory children, including language instruction educational programs under chapter A of subpart 4; and

(C)

the integration of services available under this subpart with services provided by those other programs;

(2)

a description of the steps the State is taking to provide all migratory students with the opportunity to meet the same State academic standards that all children are expected to meet;

(3)

a description of how the State will use funds received under this subpart to promote interstate and intrastate coordination of services for migratory children, including how the State will provide for educational continuity through the timely transfer of pertinent school records, including information on health, when children move from one school to another, whether or not such a move occurs during the regular school year;

(4)

a description of the State’s priorities for the use of funds received under this subpart, and how such priorities relate to the State’s assessment of needs for services in the State;

(5)

a description of how the State will determine the amount of any subgrants the State will award to local operating agencies, taking into account the numbers and needs of migratory children, the requirements of subsection (d), and the availability of funds from other Federal, State, and local programs; and

(6)

a description of how the State will encourage programs and projects assisted under this subpart to offer family literacy services if the programs and projects serve a substantial number of migratory children whose parents do not have a regular high school diploma or its recognized equivalent or who have low levels of literacy.

(c)

Assurances

Each such application shall also include assurances that—

(1)

funds received under this subpart will be used only—

(A)

for programs and projects, including the acquisition of equipment, in accordance with section 1136; and

(B)

to coordinate such programs and projects with similar programs and projects within the State and in other States, as well as with other Federal programs that can benefit migratory children and their families;

(2)

such programs and projects will be carried out in a manner consistent with the objectives of section 1114, subsections (b) and (d) of section 1115, subsections (b) and (c) of section 1120A, and part C;

(3)

in the planning and operation of programs and projects at both the State and local agency operating level, there is consultation with parents of migratory children for programs of not less than one school year in duration, and that all such programs and projects are carried out—

(A)

in a manner that provides for the same parental involvement as is required for programs and projects under section 1118, unless extraordinary circumstances make such provision impractical; and

(B)

in a format and language understandable to the parents;

(4)

in planning and carrying out such programs and projects, there has been, and will be, adequate provision for addressing the unmet education needs of preschool migratory children;

(5)

the effectiveness of such programs and projects will be determined, where feasible, using the same approaches and standards that will be used to assess the performance of students, schools, and local educational agencies under subpart 1;

(6)

to the extent feasible, such programs and projects will provide for—

(A)

advocacy and outreach activities for migratory children and their families, including informing such children and families of, or helping such children and families gain access to, other education, health, nutrition, and social services;

(B)

professional development programs, including mentoring, for teachers and other program personnel;

(C)

high-quality, evidence-based family literacy programs;

(D)

the integration of information technology into educational and related programs; and

(E)

programs to facilitate the transition of secondary school students to postsecondary education or employment without the need for remediation; and

(7)

the State will assist the Secretary in determining the number of migratory children under paragraph (1) of section 1133(a).

(d)

Priority for services

In providing services with funds received under this subpart, each recipient of such funds shall give priority to migratory children who are failing, or most at risk of failing, to meet the State’s academic standards under section 1111 (b)(1) .

(e)

Continuation of services

Notwithstanding any other provision of this subpart—

(1)

a child who ceases to be a migratory child during a school term shall be eligible for services until the end of such term;

(2)

a child who is no longer a migratory child may continue to receive services for one additional school year, but only if comparable services are not available through other programs; and

(3)

secondary school students who were eligible for services in secondary school may continue to be served through credit accrual programs until graduation.

1135.

Secretarial approval; peer review

The Secretary shall approve each State application that meets the requirements of this subpart, and may review any such application using a peer review process.

1136.

Comprehensive needs assessment and service-delivery plan; authorized activities

(a)

Comprehensive plan

(1)

In general

Each State that receives assistance under this subpart shall ensure that the State and its local operating agencies identify and address the unique educational needs of migratory children in accordance with a comprehensive State plan that—

(A)

is integrated with other programs under this Act or other Acts, as appropriate;

(B)

may be submitted as a part of a consolidated application under section 5302, if—

(i)

the unique needs of migratory children are specifically addressed in the comprehensive State plan;

(ii)

the comprehensive State plan is developed in collaboration with parents of migratory children; and

(iii)

the comprehensive State plan is not used to supplant State efforts regarding, or administrative funding for, this subpart;

(C)

provides that migratory children will have an opportunity to meet the same State academic standards under section 1111(b)(1) that all children are expected to meet;

(D)

specifies measurable program goals and outcomes;

(E)

encompasses the full range of services that are available for migratory children from appropriate local, State, and Federal educational programs;

(F)

is the product of joint planning among such local, State, and Federal programs, including programs under subpart 1, early childhood programs, and language instruction educational programs under chapter A of subpart 4; and

(G)

provides for the integration of services available under this subpart with services provided by such other programs.

(2)

Duration of the plan

Each such comprehensive State plan shall—

(A)

remain in effect for the duration of the State’s participation under this subpart; and

(B)

be periodically reviewed and revised by the State, as necessary, to reflect changes in the State’s strategies and programs under this subpart.

(b)

Authorized activities

(1)

Flexibility

In implementing the comprehensive plan described in subsection (a), each State educational agency, where applicable through its local educational agencies, shall have the flexibility to determine the activities to be provided with funds made available under this subpart, except that such funds first shall be used to meet the identified needs of migratory children that result from their migratory lifestyle, and to permit these children to participate effectively in school.

(2)

Unaddressed needs

Funds provided under this subpart shall be used to address the needs of migratory children that are not addressed by services available from other Federal or non-Federal programs, except that migratory children who are eligible to receive services under subpart 1 may receive those services through funds provided under that subpart, or through funds under this subpart that remain after the agency addresses the needs described in paragraph (1).

(3)

Construction

Nothing in this subpart shall be construed to prohibit a local educational agency from serving migratory children simultaneously with students with similar educational needs in the same educational settings, where appropriate.

1137.

Bypass

The Secretary may use all or part of any State’s allocation under this subpart to make arrangements with any public or private agency to carry out the purpose of this subpart in such State if the Secretary determines that—

(1)

the State is unable or unwilling to conduct educational programs for migratory children;

(2)

such arrangements would result in more efficient and economic administration of such programs; or

(3)

such arrangements would add substantially to the educational achievement of such children.

1138.

Coordination of migratory education activities

(a)

Improvement of coordination

(1)

In general

The Secretary, in consultation with the States, may make grants to, or enter into contracts with, State educational agencies, local educational agencies, institutions of higher education, and other public and private entities to improve the interstate and intrastate coordination among such agencies’ educational programs, including through the establishment or improvement of programs for credit accrual and exchange, available to migratory students.

(2)

Duration

Grants or contracts under this subsection may be awarded for not more than 5 years.

(b)

Student records

(1)

Assistance

The Secretary shall assist States in developing and maintaining an effective system for the electronic transfer of student records and in determining the number of migratory children in each State.

(2)

Information system

(A)

In general

The Secretary, in consultation with the States, shall ensure the linkage of migratory student record systems for the purpose of electronically exchanging, among the States, health and educational information regarding all migratory students. The Secretary shall ensure such linkage occurs in a cost-effective manner, utilizing systems used by the States prior to, or developed after, the date of enactment of this Act. The Secretary shall determine the minimum data elements that each State receiving funds under this subpart shall collect and maintain. Such minimum data elements may include—

(i)

immunization records and other health information;

(ii)

elementary and secondary academic history (including partial credit), credit accrual, and results from State assessments required under section 1111(b)(2);

(iii)

other academic information essential to ensuring that migratory children achieve to the States’s academic standards; and

(iv)

eligibility for services under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act.

(B)

The Secretary shall consult with States before updating the data elements that each State receiving funds under this subpart shall be required to collect for purposes of electronic transfer of migratory student information and the requirements that States shall meet for immediate electronic access to such information.

(3)

No cost for certain transfers

A State educational agency or local educational agency receiving assistance under this subpart shall make student records available to another State educational agency or local educational agency that requests the records at no cost to the requesting agency, if the request is made in order to meet the needs of a migratory child.

(4)

Report to congress

(A)

In general

Not later than April 30, 2014, the Secretary shall report to the Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions of the Senate and the Committee on Education and the Workforce of the House of Representatives the Secretary’s findings and recommendations regarding the maintenance and transfer of health and educational information for migratory students by the States.

(B)

Required contents

The Secretary shall include in such report—

(i)

a review of the progress of States in developing and linking electronic records transfer systems;

(ii)

recommendations for maintaining such systems; and

(iii)

recommendations for improving the continuity of services provided for migratory students.

(c)

Availability of funds

The Secretary shall reserve not more than $10,000,000 of the amount reserved under section 1132 to carry out this section for each fiscal year.

(d)

Data collection

The Secretary shall direct the National Center for Education Statistics to collect data on migratory children.

1139.

Definitions

As used in this subpart:

(1)

Local operating agency

The term local operating agency means—

(A)

a local educational agency to which a State educational agency makes a subgrant under this subpart;

(B)

a public or private agency with which a State educational agency or the Secretary makes an arrangement to carry out a project under this subpart; or

(C)

a State educational agency, if the State educational agency operates the State’s migratory education program or projects directly.

(2)

Migratory child

The term migratory child means a child who is, or whose parent or spouse is, a migratory agricultural worker, including a migratory dairy worker, or a migratory fisher, and who, in the preceding 36 months, in order to obtain, or accompany such parent or spouse, in order to obtain, temporary or seasonal employment in agricultural or fishing work—

(A)

has moved from one school district to another;

(B)

in a State that is comprised of a single school district, has moved from one administrative area to another within such district; or

(C)

resides in a school district of more than 15,000 square miles, and migrates a distance of 20 miles or more to a temporary residence to engage in a fishing activity.

3

Prevention and Intervention Programs for Children and Youth Who Are Neglected, Delinquent, or At-Risk

1141.

Purpose and program authorization

(a)

Purpose

It is the purpose of this subpart—

(1)

to improve educational services for children and youth in local and State institutions for neglected or delinquent children and youth so that such children and youth have the opportunity to meet the same State academic standards that all children in the State are expected to meet;

(2)

to provide such children and youth with the services needed to make a successful transition from institutionalization to further schooling or employment; and

(3)

to prevent at-risk youth from dropping out of school, and to provide dropouts, and children and youth returning from correctional facilities or institutions for neglected or delinquent children and youth, with a support system to ensure their continued education.

(b)

Program authorized

From amounts appropriated under section 3(a)(1), the Secretary shall reserve 0.305 of one percent to carry out this subpart.

(c)

Grants awarded

From the amounts reserved under subsection (b) and not reserved under section 1004 and section 1159, the Secretary shall make grants to State educational agencies that have plans submitted under section 1154 approved to enable such agencies to award subgrants to State agencies and local educational agencies to establish or improve programs of education for neglected, delinquent, or at-risk children and youth.

1142.

Payments for programs under this subpart

(a)

Agency subgrants

Based on the allocation amount computed under section 1152, the Secretary shall allocate to each State educational agency an amount necessary to make subgrants to State agencies under chapter A.

(b)

Local subgrants

Each State shall retain, for the purpose of carrying out chapter B, funds generated throughout the State under subpart 1 of this part based on children and youth residing in local correctional facilities, or attending community day programs for delinquent children and youth.

A

State Agency Programs

1151.

Eligibility

A State agency is eligible for assistance under this chapter if such State agency is responsible for providing free public education for children and youth—

(1)

in institutions for neglected or delinquent children and youth;

(2)

attending community day programs for neglected or delinquent children and youth; or

(3)

in adult correctional institutions.

1152.

Allocation of funds

(a)

Subgrants to state agencies

(1)

In general

Each State agency described in section 1151 (other than an agency in the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico) is eligible to receive a subgrant under this chapter, for each fiscal year, in an amount equal to the product of—

(A)

the number of neglected or delinquent children and youth described in section 1151 who—

(i)

are enrolled for at least 15 hours per week in education programs in adult correctional institutions; and

(ii)

are enrolled for at least 20 hours per week—

(I)

in education programs in institutions for neglected or delinquent children and youth; or

(II)

in community day programs for neglected or delinquent children and youth; and

(B)

40 percent of the average per-pupil expenditure in the State, except that the amount determined under this subparagraph shall not be less than 32 percent, nor more than 48 percent, of the average per-pupil expenditure in the United States.

(2)

Special rule

The number of neglected or delinquent children and youth determined under paragraph (1) shall—

(A)

be determined by the State agency by a deadline set by the Secretary, except that no State agency shall be required to determine the number of such children and youth on a specific date set by the Secretary; and

(B)

be adjusted, as the Secretary determines is appropriate, to reflect the relative length of such agency’s annual programs.

(b)

Subgrants to state agencies in Puerto Rico

(1)

In general

For each fiscal year, the amount of the subgrant which a State agency in the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico shall be eligible to receive under this chapter shall be the amount determined by multiplying the number of children counted under subsection (a)(1)(A) for the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico by the product of—

(A)

the percentage which the average per-pupil expenditure in the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico is of the lowest average per-pupil expenditure of any of the 50 States; and

(B)

32 percent of the average per-pupil expenditure in the United States.

(2)

Minimum percentage

The percentage in paragraph (1)(A) shall not be less than 85 percent.

(c)

Ratable reductions in case of insufficient Appropriations

If the amount reserved for any fiscal year for subgrants under subsections (a) and (b) is insufficient to pay the full amount for which all State agencies are eligible under such subsections, the Secretary shall ratably reduce each such amount.

1153.

State reallocation of funds

If a State educational agency determines that a State agency does not need the full amount of the subgrant for which such State agency is eligible under this chapter for any fiscal year, the State educational agency may reallocate the amount that will not be needed to other eligible State agencies that need additional funds to carry out the purpose of this chapter, in such amounts as the State educational agency shall determine.

1154.

State plan and State agency applications

(a)

State plan

(1)

In general

Each State educational agency that desires to receive a grant under this chapter shall submit, for approval by the Secretary, a plan—

(A)

for meeting the educational needs of neglected, delinquent, and at-risk children and youth;

(B)

for assisting in the transition of children and youth from correctional facilities to locally operated programs; and

(C)

that is integrated with other programs under this Act or other Acts, as appropriate.

(2)

Contents

Each such State plan shall—

(A)

describe how the State will assess the effectiveness of the program in improving the academic, career, and technical skills of children in the program;

(B)

provide that, to the extent feasible, such children will have the same opportunities to achieve as such children would have if such children were in the schools of local educational agencies in the State;

(C)

describe how the State will place a priority for such children to obtain a regular high school diploma, to the extent feasible; and

(D)

contain an assurance that the State educational agency will—

(i)

ensure that programs assisted under this chapter will be carried out in accordance with the State plan described in this subsection;

(ii)

carry out the evaluation requirements of section 1171; and

(iii)

ensure that the State agencies receiving subgrants under this chapter comply with all applicable statutory and regulatory requirements.

(3)

Duration of the plan

Each such State plan shall—

(A)

remain in effect for the duration of the State’s participation under this chapter; and

(B)

be periodically reviewed and revised by the State, as necessary, to reflect changes in the State’s strategies and programs under this chapter.

(b)

Secretarial approval and peer review

(1)

Secretarial approval

The Secretary shall approve each State plan that meets the requirements of this chapter.

(2)

Peer review

The Secretary may review any State plan with the assistance and advice of individuals with relevant expertise.

(c)

State agency applications

Any State agency that desires to receive funds to carry out a program under this chapter shall submit an application to the State educational agency that—

(1)

describes the procedures to be used, consistent with the State plan under section 1111, to assess the educational needs of the children to be served under this chapter;

(2)

provide an assurance that in making services available to children and youth in adult correctional institutions, priority will be given to such children and youth who are likely to complete incarceration within a 2-year period;

(3)

describes the program, including a budget for the first year of the program, with annual updates to be provided to the State educational agency;

(4)

describes how the program will meet the goals and objectives of the State plan;

(5)

describes how the State agency will consult with experts and provide the necessary training for appropriate staff, to ensure that the planning and operation of institution-wide projects under section 1156 are of high quality;

(6)

describes how the programs will be coordinated with other appropriate State and Federal programs, such as programs under title I of Public Law 105–220 , career and technical education programs, State and local dropout prevention programs, and special education programs;

(7)

describes how the State agency will encourage correctional facilities receiving funds under this chapter to coordinate with local educational agencies or alternative education programs attended by incarcerated children and youth prior to and after their incarceration to ensure that student assessments and appropriate academic records are shared jointly between the correctional facility and the local educational agency or alternative education program;

(8)

describes how appropriate professional development will be provided to teachers and other staff;

(9)

designates an individual in each affected correctional facility or institution for neglected or delinquent children and youth to be responsible for issues relating to the transition of such children and youth from such facility or institution to locally operated programs;

(10)

describes how the State agency will endeavor to coordinate with businesses for training and mentoring for participating children and youth;

(11)

provides an assurance that the State agency will assist in locating alternative programs through which students can continue their education if the students are not returning to school after leaving the correctional facility or institution for neglected or delinquent children and youth;

(12)

provides assurances that the State agency will work with parents to secure parents’ assistance in improving the educational achievement of their children and youth, and preventing their children’s and youth’s further involvement in delinquent activities;

(13)

provides an assurance that the State agency will work with children and youth with disabilities in order to meet an existing individualized education program and an assurance that the agency will notify the child’s or youth’s local school if the child or youth—

(A)

is identified as in need of special education services while the child or youth is in the correctional facility or institution for neglected or delinquent children and youth; and

(B)

intends to return to the local school;

(14)

provides an assurance that the State agency will work with children and youth who dropped out of school before entering the correctional facility or institution for neglected or delinquent children and youth to encourage the children and youth to reenter school and obtain a regular high school diploma once the term of the incarceration is completed, or provide the child or youth with the skills necessary to gain employment, continue the education of the child or youth, or obtain a regular high school diploma or its recognized equivalent if the child or youth does not intend to return to school;

(15)

provides an assurance that effective teachers and other qualified staff are trained to work with children and youth with disabilities and other students with special needs taking into consideration the unique needs of such students;

(16)

describes any additional services to be provided to children and youth, such as career counseling, distance education, and assistance in securing student loans and grants; and

(17)

provides an assurance that the program under this chapter will be coordinated with any programs operated under the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 1974 (42 U.S.C. 5601 et seq.) or other comparable programs, if applicable.

1155.

Use of funds

(a)

Uses

(1)

In general

A State agency shall use funds received under this chapter only for programs and projects that—

(A)

are consistent with the State plan under section 1154(a); and

(B)

concentrate on providing participants with the knowledge and skills needed to make a successful transition to secondary school completion, career and technical education, further education, or employment without the need for remediation.

(2)

Programs and projects

Such programs and projects—

(A)

may include the acquisition of equipment;

(B)

shall be designed to support educational services that—

(i)

except for institution-wide projects under section 1156, are provided to children and youth identified by the State agency as failing, or most at-risk of failing, to meet the State’s academic standards;

(ii)

supplement and improve the quality of the educational services provided to such children and youth by the State agency; and

(iii)

afford such children and youth an opportunity to meet State academic standards; and

(C)

shall be carried out in a manner consistent with section 1120A and part C (as applied to programs and projects under this chapter).

(b)

Supplement, not supplant

A program under this chapter that supplements the number of hours of instruction students receive from State and local sources shall be considered to comply with the supplement, not supplant requirement of section 1120A (as applied to this chapter) without regard to the subject areas in which instruction is given during those hours.

1156.

Institution-wide projects

A State agency that provides free public education for children and youth in an institution for neglected or delinquent children and youth (other than an adult correctional institution) or attending a community day program for such children and youth may use funds received under this chapter to serve all children in, and upgrade the entire educational effort of, that institution or program if the State agency has developed, and the State educational agency has approved, a comprehensive plan for that institution or program that—

(1)

provides for a comprehensive assessment of the educational needs of all children and youth in the institution or program serving juveniles;

(2)

provides for a comprehensive assessment of the educational needs of youth aged 20 and younger in adult facilities who are expected to complete incarceration within a 2-year period;

(3)

describes the steps the State agency has taken, or will take, to provide all children and youth under age 21 with the opportunity to meet State academic standards in order to improve the likelihood that the children and youth will complete secondary school, obtain a regular high school diploma or its recognized equivalent, or find employment after leaving the institution;

(4)

describes the instructional program, specialized instructional support services, and procedures that will be used to meet the needs described in paragraph (1), including, to the extent feasible, the provision of mentors for the children and youth described in paragraph (1);

(5)

specifically describes how such funds will be used;

(6)

describes the measures and procedures that will be used to assess and improve student achievement;

(7)

describes how the agency has planned, and will implement and evaluate, the institution-wide or program-wide project in consultation with personnel providing direct instructional services and support services in institutions or community day programs for neglected or delinquent children and youth, and with personnel from the State educational agency; and

(8)

includes an assurance that the State agency has provided for appropriate training for teachers and other instructional and administrative personnel to enable such teachers and personnel to carry out the project effectively.

1157.

Three-year programs or projects

If a State agency operates a program or project under this chapter in which individual children or youth are likely to participate for more than one year, the State educational agency may approve the State agency’s application for a subgrant under this chapter for a period of not more than 3 years.

1158.

Transition services

(a)

Transition services

Each State agency shall reserve not less than 15 percent and not more than 30 percent of the amount such agency receives under this chapter for any fiscal year to support—

(1)

projects that facilitate the transition of children and youth from State-operated institutions to schools served by local educational agencies; or

(2)

the successful re-entry of youth offenders, who are age 20 or younger and have received a regular high school diploma or its recognized equivalent, into postsecondary education, or career and technical training programs, through strategies designed to expose the youth to, and prepare the youth for, postsecondary education, or career and technical training programs, such as—

(A)

preplacement programs that allow adjudicated or incarcerated youth to audit or attend courses on college, university, or community college campuses, or through programs provided in institutional settings;

(B)

worksite schools, in which institutions of higher education and private or public employers partner to create programs to help students make a successful transition to postsecondary education and employment; and

(C)

essential support services to ensure the success of the youth, such as—

(i)

personal, career and technical, and academic counseling;

(ii)

placement services designed to place the youth in a university, college, or junior college program;

(iii)

information concerning, and assistance in obtaining, available student financial aid;

(iv)

counseling services; and

(v)

job placement services.

(b)

Conduct of projects

A project supported under this section may be conducted directly by the State agency, or through a contract or other arrangement with one or more local educational agencies, other public agencies, or private organizations.

(c)

Rule of construction

Nothing in this section shall be construed to prohibit a school that receives funds under subsection (a) from serving neglected and delinquent children and youth simultaneously with students with similar educational needs, in the same educational settings where appropriate.

1159.

Technical assistance

The Secretary shall reserve not more than 1 percent of the amount reserved under section 1141 to provide technical assistance to and support State agency programs assisted under this chapter.

B

Local Agency Programs

1161.

Purpose

The purpose of this chapter is to support the operation of local educational agency programs that involve collaboration with locally operated correctional facilities—

(1)

to carry out high quality education programs to prepare children and youth for secondary school completion, training, employment, or further education;

(2)

to provide activities to facilitate the transition of such children and youth from the correctional program to further education or employment; and

(3)

to operate programs in local schools for children and youth returning from correctional facilities, and programs which may serve at-risk children and youth.

1162.

Programs operated by local educational agencies

(a)

Local subgrants

With funds made available under section 1142(b), the State educational agency shall award subgrants to local educational agencies with high numbers or percentages of children and youth residing in locally operated (including county operated) correctional facilities for children and youth (including facilities involved in community day programs).

(b)

Special rule

A local educational agency that serves a school operated by a correctional facility is not required to operate a program of support for children and youth returning from such school to a school that is not operated by a correctional agency but served by such local educational agency, if more than 30 percent of the children and youth attending the school operated by the correctional facility will reside outside the boundaries served by the local educational agency after leaving such facility.

(c)

Notification

A State educational agency shall notify local educational agencies within the State of the eligibility of such agencies to receive a subgrant under this chapter.

(d)

Transitional and academic services

Transitional and supportive programs operated in local educational agencies under this chapter shall be designed primarily to meet the transitional and academic needs of students returning to local educational agencies or alternative education programs from correctional facilities. Services to students at-risk of dropping out of school shall not have a negative impact on meeting the transitional and academic needs of the students returning from correctional facilities.

1163.

Local educational agency applications

Each local educational agency desiring assistance under this chapter shall submit an application to the State educational agency that contains such information as the State educational agency may require. Each such application shall include—

(1)

a description of the program to be assisted;

(2)

a description of formal agreements, regarding the program to be assisted, between—

(A)

the local educational agency; and

(B)

correctional facilities and alternative school programs serving children and youth involved with the juvenile justice system;

(3)

as appropriate, a description of how participating schools will coordinate with facilities working with delinquent children and youth to ensure that such children and youth are participating in an education program comparable to one operating in the local school such youth would attend;

(4)

a description of the program operated by participating schools for children and youth returning from correctional facilities and, as appropriate, the types of services that such schools will provide such children and youth and other at-risk children and youth;

(5)

a description of the characteristics (including learning difficulties, substance abuse problems, and other needs) of the children and youth who will be returning from correctional facilities and, as appropriate, other at-risk children and youth expected to be served by the program, and a description of how the school will coordinate existing educational programs to meet the unique educational needs of such children and youth;

(6)

as appropriate, a description of how schools will coordinate with existing social, health, and other services to meet the needs of students returning from correctional facilities and at-risk children or youth, including prenatal health care and nutrition services related to the health of the parent and the child or youth, parenting and child development classes, child care, targeted reentry and outreach programs, referrals to community resources, and scheduling flexibility;

(7)

as appropriate, a description of any partnerships with local businesses to develop training, curriculum-based youth entrepreneurship education, and mentoring services for participating students;

(8)

as appropriate, a description of how the program will involve parents in efforts to improve the educational achievement of their children, assist in dropout prevention activities, and prevent the involvement of their children in delinquent activities;

(9)

a description of how the program under this chapter will be coordinated with other Federal, State, and local programs, such as programs under title I of Public Law 105–220 and career and technical education programs serving at-risk children and youth;

(10)

a description of how the program will be coordinated with programs operated under the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 1974 and other comparable programs, if applicable;

(11)

as appropriate, a description of how schools will work with probation officers to assist in meeting the needs of children and youth returning from correctional facilities;

(12)

a description of the efforts participating schools will make to ensure correctional facilities working with children and youth are aware of a child’s or youth’s existing individualized education program; and

(13)

as appropriate, a description of the steps participating schools will take to find alternative placements for children and youth interested in continuing their education but unable to participate in a traditional public school program.

1164.

Uses of funds

Funds provided to local educational agencies under this chapter may be used, as appropriate, for—

(1)

programs that serve children and youth returning to local schools from correctional facilities, to assist in the transition of such children and youth to the school environment and help them remain in school in order to complete their education;

(2)

dropout prevention programs which serve at-risk children and youth;

(3)

the coordination of health and social services for such individuals if there is a likelihood that the provision of such services, including day care, drug and alcohol counseling, and mental health services, will improve the likelihood such individuals will complete their education;

(4)

special programs to meet the unique academic needs of participating children and youth, including career and technical education, special education, career counseling, curriculum-based youth entrepreneurship education, and assistance in securing student loans or grants for postsecondary education; and

(5)

programs providing mentoring and peer mediation.

1165.

Program requirements for correctional facilities receiving funds under this section

Each correctional facility entering into an agreement with a local educational agency under section 1163(2) to provide services to children and youth under this chapter shall—

(1)

where feasible, ensure that educational programs in the correctional facility are coordinated with the student’s home school, particularly with respect to a student with an individualized education program under part B of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act;

(2)

if the child or youth is identified as in need of special education services while in the correctional facility, notify the local school of the child or youth of such need;

(3)

where feasible, provide transition assistance to help the child or youth stay in school, including coordination of services for the family, counseling, assistance in accessing drug and alcohol abuse prevention programs, tutoring, and family counseling;

(4)

provide support programs that encourage children and youth who have dropped out of school to re-enter school and obtain a regular high school diploma once their term at the correctional facility has been completed, or provide such children and youth with the skills necessary to gain employment or seek a regular high school diploma or its recognized equivalent;

(5)

work to ensure that the correctional facility is staffed with effective teachers and other qualified staff who are trained to work with children and youth with disabilities taking into consideration the unique needs of such children and youth;

(6)

ensure that educational programs in the correctional facility are related to assisting students to meet the States’s academic standards;

(7)

to the extent possible, use technology to assist in coordinating educational programs between the correctional facility and the community school;

(8)

where feasible, involve parents in efforts to improve the educational achievement of their children and prevent the further involvement of such children in delinquent activities;

(9)

coordinate funds received under this chapter with other local, State, and Federal funds available to provide services to participating children and youth, such as funds made available under title I of Public Law 105–220 , and career and technical education funds;

(10)

coordinate programs operated under this chapter with activities funded under the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 1974 and other comparable programs, if applicable;

(11)

if appropriate, work with local businesses to develop training, curriculum-based youth entrepreneurship education, and mentoring programs for children and youth; and

(12)

consult with the local educational agency for a period jointly determined necessary by the correctional facility and local educational agency upon discharge from that facility to coordinate educational services so as to minimize disruption to the child’s or youth’s achievement.

1166.

Accountability

The State educational agency—

(1)

may require correctional facilities or institutions for neglected or delinquent children and youth to demonstrate, after receiving assistance under this chapter for 3 years, that there has been an increase in the number of children and youth returning to school, obtaining a regular high school diploma or its recognized equivalent, or obtaining employment after such children and youth are released; and

(2)

may reduce or terminate funding for projects under this chapter if a local educational agency does not show progress in the number of children and youth obtaining a regular high school diploma or its recognized equivalent.

C

General Provisions

1171.

Program evaluations

(a)

Scope of evaluation

Each State agency or local educational agency that conducts a program under chapters A or B shall evaluate the program, disaggregating data on participation by gender, race, ethnicity, and age, not less than once every 3 years, to determine the program’s impact on the ability of participants—

(1)

to maintain and improve educational achievement;

(2)

to accrue school credits that meet State requirements for grade promotion and high school graduation;

(3)

to make the transition to a regular program or other education program operated by a local educational agency;

(4)

to complete high school (or high school equivalency requirements) and obtain employment after leaving the correctional facility or institution for neglected or delinquent children and youth; and

(5)

as appropriate, to participate in postsecondary education and job training programs.

(b)

Exception

The disaggregation required under subsection (a) shall not be required in a case in which the number of students in a category is insufficient to yield statistically reliable information or the results would reveal personally identifiable information about an individual student.

(c)

Evaluation measures

In conducting each evaluation under subsection (a), a State agency or local educational agency shall use multiple and appropriate measures of student progress.

(d)

Evaluation results

Each State agency and local educational agency shall—

(1)

submit evaluation results to the State educational agency and the Secretary; and

(2)

use the results of evaluations under this section to plan and improve subsequent programs for participating children and youth.

1172.

Definitions

In this subpart:

(1)

Adult correctional institution

The term adult correctional institution means a facility in which persons (including persons under 21 years of age) are confined as a result of a conviction for a criminal offense.

(2)

At-risk

The term at-risk, when used with respect to a child, youth, or student, means a school-aged individual who—

(A)

is at-risk of academic failure; and

(B)

has a drug or alcohol problem, is pregnant or is a parent, has come into contact with the juvenile justice system in the past, is at least 1 year behind the expected grade level for the age of the individual, is an English learner, is a gang member, has dropped out of school in the past, or has a high absenteeism rate at school.

(3)

Community day program

The term community day program means a regular program of instruction provided by a State agency at a community day school operated specifically for neglected or delinquent children and youth.

(4)

Institution for neglected or delinquent children and youth

The term institution for neglected or delinquent children and youth means—

(A)

a public or private residential facility, other than a foster home, that is operated for the care of children who have been committed to the institution or voluntarily placed in the institution under applicable State law, due to abandonment, neglect, or death of their parents or guardians; or

(B)

a public or private residential facility for the care of children who have been adjudicated to be delinquent or in need of supervision.

4

English Language Acquisition, Language Enhancement, and Academic Achievement

1181.

Purposes

The purposes of this subpart are—

(1)

to help ensure that English learners, including immigrant children and youth, attain English proficiency and develop high levels of academic achievement in English;

(2)

to assist all English learners, including immigrant children and youth, to achieve at high levels in the core academic subjects so that those children can meet the same State academic standards that all children are expected to meet, consistent with section 1111(b)(1);

(3)

to assist State educational agencies, local educational agencies, and schools in establishing, implementing, and sustaining high-quality, flexible, evidence-based language instruction educational programs designed to assist in teaching English learners, including immigrant children and youth;

(4)

to assist State educational agencies and local educational agencies to develop and enhance their capacity to provide high-quality, evidence-based instructional programs designed to prepare English learners, including immigrant children and youth, to enter all-English instruction settings; and

(5)

to promote parental and community participation in language instruction educational programs for the parents and communities of English learners.

A

Grants and Subgrants for English Language Acquisition and Language Enhancement

1191.

Formula grants to States

(a)

In general

In the case of each State educational agency having a plan approved by the Secretary for a fiscal year under section 1192, the Secretary shall reserve 4.4 percent of funds appropriated under section 3(a)(1) to make a grant for the year to the agency for the purposes specified in subsection (b). The grant shall consist of the allotment determined for the State educational agency under subsection (c).

(b)

Use of funds

(1)

Subgrants to eligible entities

The Secretary may make a grant under subsection (a) only if the State educational agency involved agrees to expend at least 95 percent of the State educational agency’s allotment under subsection (c) for a fiscal year—

(A)

to award subgrants, from allocations under section 1193, to eligible entities to carry out the activities described in section 1194 (other than subsection (e)); and

(B)

to award subgrants under section 1193(d)(1) to eligible entities that are described in that section to carry out the activities described in section 1194(e).

(2)

State activities

Subject to paragraph (3), each State educational agency receiving a grant under subsection (a) may reserve not more than 5 percent of the agency’s allotment under subsection (c) to carry out the following activities:

(A)

Professional development activities, and other activities, which may include assisting personnel in—

(i)

meeting State and local certification and licensing requirements for teaching English learners; and

(ii)

improving teacher skills in meeting the diverse needs of English learners, including in how to implement evidence-based programs and curricula on teaching English learners.

(B)

Planning, evaluation, administration, and interagency coordination related to the subgrants referred to in paragraph (1).

(C)

Providing technical assistance and other forms of assistance to eligible entities that are receiving subgrants from a State educational agency under this chapter, including assistance in—

(i)

identifying and implementing evidence-based language instruction educational programs and curricula for teaching English learners;

(ii)

helping English learners meet the same State academic standards that all children are expected to meet;

(iii)

identifying or developing, and implementing, measures of English proficiency; and

(iv)

strengthening and increasing parent, family, and community engagement.

(D)

Providing recognition, which may include providing financial awards, to subgrantees that have significantly improved the achievement and progress of English learners in—

(i)

reaching English language proficiency, based on the State’s English language proficiency assessment under section 1111(b)(2)(D); and

(ii)

meeting the State academic standards under section 1111(b)(1).

(3)

Administrative expenses

From the amount reserved under paragraph (2), a State educational agency may use not more than 40 percent of such amount or $175,000, whichever is greater, for the planning and administrative costs of carrying out paragraphs (1) and (2).

(c)

Reservations and allotments

(1)

Reservations

From the amount reserved under section 1191(a) for each fiscal year, the Secretary shall reserve—

(A)

0.5 percent of such amount for payments to outlying areas, to be allotted in accordance with their respective needs for assistance under this chapter, as determined by the Secretary, for activities, approved by the Secretary, consistent with this chapter; and

(B)

6.5 percent of such amount for national activities under sections 1211 and 1222, except that not more than $2,000,000 of such amount may be reserved for the National Clearinghouse for English Language Acquisition and Language Instruction Educational Programs described in section 1222.

(2)

State allotments

(A)

In general

Except as provided in subparagraph (B), from the amount reserved under section 1191(a) for each fiscal year that remains after making the reservations under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall allot to each State educational agency having a plan approved under section 1192(c)

(i)

an amount that bears the same relationship to 80 percent of the remainder as the number of English learners in the State bears to the number of such children in all States, as determined by data available from the American Community Survey conducted by the Department of Commerce or State-reported data; and

(ii)

an amount that bears the same relationship to 20 percent of the remainder as the number of immigrant children and youth in the State bears to the number of such children and youth in all States, as determined based only on data available from the American Community Survey conducted by the Department of Commerce.

(B)

Minimum allotments

No State educational agency shall receive an allotment under this paragraph that is less than $500,000.

(C)

Reallotment

If any State educational agency described in subparagraph (A) does not submit a plan to the Secretary for a fiscal year, or submits a plan (or any amendment to a plan) that the Secretary, after reasonable notice and opportunity for a hearing, determines does not satisfy the requirements of this chapter, the Secretary shall reallot any portion of such allotment to the remaining State educational agencies in accordance with subparagraph (A).

(D)

Special rule for Puerto Rico

The total amount allotted to Puerto Rico for any fiscal year under subparagraph (A) shall not exceed 0.5 percent of the total amount allotted to all States for that fiscal year.

(3)

Use of data for determinations

In making State allotments under paragraph (2) for each fiscal year, the Secretary shall determine the number of English learners in a State and in all States, using the most accurate, up-to-date data, which shall be—

(A)

data from the American Community Survey conducted by the Department of Commerce, which may be multiyear estimates;

(B)

the number of students being assessed for English language proficiency, based on the State’s English language proficiency assessment under section 1111(b)(2)(D), which may be multiyear estimates; or

(C)

a combination of data available under subparagraphs (A) and (B).

1192.

State educational agency plans

(a)

Plan required

Each State educational agency desiring a grant under this chapter shall submit a plan to the Secretary at such time and in such manner as the Secretary may require.

(b)

Contents

Each plan submitted under subsection (a) shall—

(1)

describe the process that the agency will use in awarding subgrants to eligible entities under section 1193(d)(1);

(2)

provide an assurance that—

(A)

the agency will ensure that eligible entities receiving a subgrant under this chapter comply with the requirement in section 1111(b)(2)(B)(x) to annually assess in English learners who have been in the United States for 3 or more consecutive years;

(B)

the agency will ensure that eligible entities receiving a subgrant under this chapter annually assess the English proficiency of all English learners participating in a program funded under this chapter, consistent with section 1111(b)(2)(D);

(C)

in awarding subgrants under section 1193, the agency will address the needs of school systems of all sizes and in all geographic areas, including school systems with rural and urban schools;

(D)

subgrants to eligible entities under section 1193(d)(1) will be of sufficient size and scope to allow such entities to carry out high-quality, evidence-based language instruction educational programs for English learners;

(E)

the agency will require an eligible entity receiving a subgrant under this chapter to use the subgrant in ways that will build such recipient’s capacity to continue to offer high-quality evidence-based language instruction educational programs that assist English learners in meeting State academic standards;

(F)

the agency will monitor the eligible entity receiving a subgrant under this chapter for compliance with applicable Federal fiscal requirements; and

(G)

the plan has been developed in consultation with local educational agencies, teachers, administrators of programs implemented under this chapter, parents, and other relevant stakeholders;

(3)

describe how the agency will coordinate its programs and activities under this chapter with other programs and activities under this Act and other Acts, as appropriate;

(4)

describe how eligible entities in the State will be given the flexibility to teach English learners—

(A)

using a high-quality, evidence-based language instruction curriculum for teaching English learners; and

(B)

in the manner the eligible entities determine to be the most effective; and

(5)

describe how the agency will assist eligible entities in increasing the number of English learners who acquire English proficiency.

(c)

Approval

The Secretary, after using a peer review process, shall approve a plan submitted under subsection (a) if the plan meets the requirements of this section.

(d)

Duration of plan

(1)

In general

Each plan submitted by a State educational agency and approved under subsection (c) shall—

(A)

remain in effect for the duration of the agency’s participation under this chapter; and

(B)

be periodically reviewed and revised by the agency, as necessary, to reflect changes to the agency’s strategies and programs carried out under this subpart.

(2)

Additional information

(A)

Amendments

If the State educational agency amends the plan, the agency shall submit such amendment to the Secretary.

(B)

Approval

The Secretary shall approve such amendment to an approved plan, unless the Secretary determines that the amendment will result in the agency not meeting the requirements, or fulfilling the purposes, of this subpart.

(e)

Consolidated plan

A plan submitted under subsection (a) may be submitted as part of a consolidated plan under section 5302.

(f)

Secretary assistance

The Secretary shall provide technical assistance, if requested, in the development of English proficiency standards and assessments.

1193.

Within-State allocations

(a)

In general

After making the reservation required under subsection (d)(1), each State educational agency receiving a grant under section 1191(c)(2) shall award subgrants for a fiscal year by allocating in a timely manner to each eligible entity in the State having a plan approved under section 1195 an amount that bears the same relationship to the amount received under the grant and remaining after making such reservation as the population of English learners in schools served by the eligible entity bears to the population of English learners in schools served by all eligible entities in the State.

(b)

Limitation

A State educational agency shall not award a subgrant from an allocation made under subsection (a) if the amount of such subgrant would be less than $10,000.

(c)

Reallocation

Whenever a State educational agency determines that an amount from an allocation made to an eligible entity under subsection (a) for a fiscal year will not be used by the entity for the purpose for which the allocation was made, the agency shall, in accordance with such rules as it determines to be appropriate, reallocate such amount, consistent with such subsection, to other eligible entities in the State that the agency determines will use the amount to carry out that purpose.

(d)

Required reservation

A State educational agency receiving a grant under this chapter for a fiscal year—

(1)

shall reserve not more than 15 percent of the agency’s allotment under section 1191(c)(2) to award subgrants to eligible entities in the State that have experienced a significant increase, as compared to the average of the 2 preceding fiscal years, in the percentage or number of immigrant children and youth, who have enrolled, during the fiscal year preceding the fiscal year for which the subgrant is made, in public and nonpublic elementary schools and secondary schools in the geographic areas under the jurisdiction of, or served by, such entities; and

(2)

in awarding subgrants under paragraph (1)—

(A)

shall equally consider eligible entities that satisfy the requirement of such paragraph but have limited or no experience in serving immigrant children and youth; and

(B)

shall consider the quality of each local plan under section 1195 and ensure that each subgrant is of sufficient size and scope to meet the purposes of this subpart.

1194.

Subgrants to eligible entities

(a)

Purposes of subgrants

A State educational agency may make a subgrant to an eligible entity from funds received by the agency under this chapter only if the entity agrees to expend the funds to improve the education of English learners, by assisting the children to learn English and meet State academic standards. In carrying out activities with such funds, the eligible entity shall use evidence-based approaches and methodologies for teaching English learners and immigrant children and youth for the following purposes:

(1)

Developing and implementing new language instruction educational programs and academic content instruction programs for English learners and immigrant children and youth, including programs of early childhood education, elementary school programs, and secondary school programs.

(2)

Carrying out highly focused, innovative, locally designed, evidence-based activities to expand or enhance existing language instruction educational programs and academic content instruction programs for English learners and immigrant children and youth.

(3)

Implementing, within an individual school, schoolwide programs for restructuring, reforming, and upgrading all relevant programs, activities, and operations relating to language instruction educational programs and academic content instruction for English learners and immigrant children and youth.

(4)

Implementing, within the entire jurisdiction of a local educational agency, agencywide programs for restructuring, reforming, and upgrading all relevant programs, activities, and operations relating to language instruction educational programs and academic content instruction for English learners and immigrant children and youth.

(b)

Administrative expenses

Each eligible entity receiving funds under section 1193(a) for a fiscal year shall use not more than 2 percent of such funds for the cost of administering this chapter.

(c)

Required subgrantee activities

An eligible entity receiving funds under section 1193(a) shall use the funds—

(1)

to increase the English language proficiency of English learners by providing high-quality, evidence-based language instruction educational programs that meet the needs of English learners and have demonstrated success in increasing—

(A)

English language proficiency; and

(B)

student academic achievement in the core academic subjects;

(2)

to provide high-quality, evidence-based professional development to classroom teachers (including teachers in classroom settings that are not the settings of language instruction educational programs), school leaders, administrators, and other school or community-based organization personnel, that is—

(A)

designed to improve the instruction and assessment of English learners;

(B)

designed to enhance the ability of teachers and school leaders to understand and implement curricula, assessment practices and measures, and instruction strategies for English learners;

(C)

evidence-based in increasing children’s English language proficiency or substantially increasing the subject matter knowledge, teaching knowledge, and teaching skills of teachers; and

(D)

of sufficient intensity and duration (which shall not include activities such as one-day or short-term workshops and conferences) to have a positive and lasting impact on the teachers’ performance in the classroom, except that this subparagraph shall not apply to an activity that is one component of a long-term, comprehensive professional development plan established by a teacher and the teacher’s supervisor based on an assessment of the needs of the teacher, the supervisor, the students of the teacher, and any local educational agency employing the teacher, as appropriate; and

(3)

to provide and implement other evidence-based activities and strategies that enhance or supplement language instruction educational programs for English learners, including parental and community engagement activities and strategies that serve to coordinate and align related programs.

(d)

Authorized subgrantee activities

Subject to subsection (c), an eligible entity receiving funds under section 1193(a) may use the funds to achieve one of the purposes described in subsection (a) by undertaking one or more of the following activities:

(1)

Upgrading program objectives and effective instruction strategies.

(2)

Improving the instruction program for English learners by identifying, acquiring, and upgrading curricula, instruction materials, educational software, and assessment procedures.

(3)

Providing to English learners—

(A)

tutorials and academic or career education for English learners; and

(B)

intensified instruction.

(4)

Developing and implementing elementary school or secondary school language instruction educational programs that are coordinated with other relevant programs and services.

(5)

Improving the English language proficiency and academic achievement of English learners.

(6)

Providing community participation programs, family literacy services, and parent outreach and training activities to English learners and their families—

(A)

to improve the English language skills of English learners; and

(B)

to assist parents in helping their children to improve their academic achievement and becoming active participants in the education of their children.

(7)

Improving the instruction of English learners by providing for—

(A)

the acquisition or development of educational technology or instructional materials;

(B)

access to, and participation in, electronic networks for materials, training, and communication; and

(C)

incorporation of the resources described in subparagraphs (A) and (B) into curricula and programs, such as those funded under this chapter.

(8)

Carrying out other activities that are consistent with the purposes of this section.

(e)

Activities by agencies experiencing substantial increases in immigrant children and youth

(1)

In general

An eligible entity receiving funds under section 1193(d)(1) shall use the funds to pay for activities that provide enhanced instructional opportunities for immigrant children and youth, which may include—

(A)

family literacy, parent outreach, and training activities designed to assist parents to become active participants in the education of their children;

(B)

support for personnel, including paraprofessionals who have been specifically trained, or are being trained, to provide services to immigrant children and youth;

(C)

provision of tutorials, mentoring, and academic or career counseling for immigrant children and youth;

(D)

identification, development, and acquisition of curricular materials, educational software, and technologies to be used in the program carried out with awarded funds;

(E)

basic instruction services that are directly attributable to the presence in the local educational agency involved of immigrant children and youth, including the payment of costs of providing additional classroom supplies, costs of transportation, or such other costs as are directly attributable to such additional basic instruction services;

(F)

other instruction services that are designed to assist immigrant children and youth to achieve in elementary schools and secondary schools in the United States, such as programs of introduction to the educational system and civics education; and

(G)

activities, coordinated with community-based organizations, institutions of higher education, private sector entities, or other entities with expertise in working with immigrants, to assist parents of immigrant children and youth by offering comprehensive community services.

(2)

Duration of subgrants

The duration of a subgrant made by a State educational agency under section 1193(d)(1) shall be determined by the agency in its discretion.

(f)

Selection of method of instruction

(1)

In general

To receive a subgrant from a State educational agency under this chapter, an eligible entity shall select one or more methods or forms of instruction to be used in the programs and activities undertaken by the entity to assist English learners to attain English language proficiency and meet State academic standards.

(2)

Consistency

Such selection shall be consistent with sections 1204 through 1206.

(g)

Supplement, not supplant

Federal funds made available under this chapter shall be used so as to supplement the level of Federal, State, and local public funds that, in the absence of such availability, would have been expended for programs for English learners and immigrant children and youth and in no case to supplant such Federal, State, and local public funds.

1195.

Local plans

(a)

Plan required

Each eligible entity desiring a subgrant from the State educational agency under section 1193 shall submit a plan to the State educational agency at such time, in such manner, and containing such information as the State educational agency may require.

(b)

Contents

Each plan submitted under subsection (a) shall—

(1)

describe the evidence-based programs and activities proposed to be developed, implemented, and administered under the subgrant that will help English learners increase their English language proficiency and meet the State academic standards;

(2)

describe how the eligible entity will hold elementary schools and secondary schools receiving funds under this chapter accountable for annually assessing the English language proficiency of all children participating under this subpart, consistent with section 1111(b);

(3)

describe how the eligible entity will promote parent and community engagement in the education of English learners;

(4)

contain an assurance that the eligible entity consulted with teachers, researchers, school administrators, parents and community members, public or private organizations, and institutions of higher education, in developing and implementing such plan;

(5)

describe how language instruction educational programs carried out under the subgrant will ensure that English learners being served by the programs develop English language proficiency; and

(6)

contain assurances that—

(A)

each local educational agency that is included in the eligible entity is complying with section 1112(g) prior to, and throughout, each school year; and

(B)

the eligible entity is not in violation of any State law, including State constitutional law, regarding the education of English learners, consistent with sections 1205 and 1206.

(c)

Teacher English fluency

Each eligible entity receiving a subgrant under section 1193 shall include in its plan a certification that all teachers in any language instruction educational program for English learners that is, or will be, funded under this subpart are fluent in English and any other language used for instruction, including having written and oral communications skills.

B

Administration

1201.

Reporting

(a)

In general

Each eligible entity that receives a subgrant from a State educational agency under chapter A shall provide such agency, at the conclusion of every second fiscal year during which the subgrant is received, with a report, in a form prescribed by the agency, on the activities conducted and students served under this subpart that includes—

(1)

a description of the programs and activities conducted by the entity with funds received under chapter A during the two immediately preceding fiscal years, including how such programs and activities supplemented programs funded primarily with State or local funds;

(2)

a description of the progress made by English learners in learning the English language and in meeting State academic standards;

(3)

the number and percentage of English learners in the programs and activities attaining English language proficiency based on the State English language proficiency standards established under section 1111(b)(1)(E) by the end of each school year, as determined by the State’s English language proficiency assessment under section 1111(b)(2)(D);

(4)

the number of English learners who exit the language instruction educational programs based on their attainment of English language proficiency and transitioned to classrooms not tailored for English learners;

(5)

a description of the progress made by English learners in meeting the State academic standards for each of the 2 years after such children are no longer receiving services under this subpart;

(6)

the number and percentage of English learners who have not attained English language proficiency within five years of initial classification as an English learner and first enrollment in the local educational agency; and

(7)

any such other information as the State educational agency may require.

(b)

Use of report

A report provided by an eligible entity under subsection (a) shall be used by the entity and the State educational agency—

(1)

to determine the effectiveness of programs and activities in assisting children who are English learners—

(A)

to attain English language proficiency; and

(B)

to make progress in meeting State academic standards under section 1111(b)(1); and

(2)

upon determining the effectiveness of programs and activities based on the criteria in paragraph (1), to decide how to improve programs.

1202.

Annual report

(a)

States

Based upon the reports provided to a State educational agency under section 1201, each such agency that receives a grant under this subpart shall prepare and submit annually to the Secretary a report on programs and activities carried out by the State educational agency under this subpart and the effectiveness of such programs and activities in improving the education provided to English learners.

(b)

Secretary

Annually, the Secretary shall prepare and submit to the Committee on Education and the Workforce of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions of the Senate a report—

(1)

on programs and activities carried out to serve English learners under this subpart, and the effectiveness of such programs and activities in improving the academic achievement and English language proficiency of English learners;

(2)

on the types of language instruction educational programs used by local educational agencies or eligible entities receiving funding under this subpart to teach English learners;

(3)

containing a critical synthesis of data reported by eligible entities to States under section 1201(a);

(4)

containing a description of technical assistance and other assistance provided by State educational agencies under section 1191(b)(2)(C);

(5)

containing an estimate of the number of effective teachers working in language instruction educational programs and educating English learners, and an estimate of the number of such teachers that will be needed for the succeeding 5 fiscal years;

(6)

containing the number of programs or activities, if any, that were terminated because the entities carrying out the programs or activities were not able to reach program goals;

(7)

containing the number of English learners served by eligible entities receiving funding under this subpart who were transitioned out of language instruction educational programs funded under this subpart into classrooms where instruction is not tailored for English learners; and

(8)

containing other information gathered from other reports submitted to the Secretary under this subpart when applicable.

1203.

Coordination with related programs

In order to maximize Federal efforts aimed at serving the educational needs of English learners, the Secretary shall coordinate and ensure close cooperation with other entities carrying out programs serving language-minority and English learners that are administered by the Department and other agencies.

1204.

Rules of construction

Nothing in this subpart shall be construed—

(1)

to prohibit a local educational agency from serving English learners simultaneously with children with similar educational needs, in the same educational settings where appropriate;

(2)

to require a State or a local educational agency to establish, continue, or eliminate any particular type of instructional program for English learners; or

(3)

to limit the preservation or use of Native American languages.

1205.

Legal authority under State law

Nothing in this subpart shall be construed to negate or supersede State law, or the legal authority under State law of any State agency, State entity, or State public official, over programs that are under the jurisdiction of the State agency, entity, or official.

1206.

Civil rights

Nothing in this subpart shall be construed in a manner inconsistent with any Federal law guaranteeing a civil right.

1207.

Prohibition

In carrying out this subpart, the Secretary shall neither mandate nor preclude the use of a particular curricular or pedagogical approach to educating English learners.

1208.

Programs for Native Americans and Puerto Rico

Notwithstanding any other provision of this subpart, programs authorized under this subpart that serve Native American (including Native American Pacific Islander) children and children in the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico may include programs of instruction, teacher training, curriculum development, evaluation, and assessment designed for Native American children learning and studying Native American languages and children of limited Spanish proficiency, except that an outcome of programs serving such children shall be increased English proficiency among such children.

C

National Activities

1211.

National professional development project

The Secretary shall use funds made available under section 1191(c)(1)(B) to award grants on a competitive basis, for a period of not more than 5 years, to institutions of higher education or public or private organizations with relevant experience and capacity (in consortia with State educational agencies or local educational agencies) to provide for professional development activities that will improve classroom instruction for English learners and assist educational personnel working with such children to meet high professional standards, including standards for certification and licensure as teachers who work in language instruction educational programs or serve English learners. Grants awarded under this subsection may be used—

(1)

for preservice, evidence-based professional development programs that will assist local schools and institutions of higher education to upgrade the qualifications and skills of educational personnel who are not certified or licensed, especially educational paraprofessionals;

(2)

for the development of curricula or other instructional strategies appropriate to the needs of the consortia participants involved;

(3)

to support strategies that strengthen and increase parent and community member engagement in the education of English learners; and

(4)

to share and disseminate evidence-based practices in the instruction of English learners and in increasing their student achievement.

D

General Provisions

1221.

Definitions

Except as otherwise provided, in this subpart:

(1)

Child

The term child means any individual aged 3 through 21.

(2)

Community-based organization

The term community-based organization means a private nonprofit organization of demonstrated effectiveness, Indian tribe, or tribally sanctioned educational authority, that is representative of a community or significant segments of a community and that provides educational or related services to individuals in the community. Such term includes a Native Hawaiian or Native American Pacific Islander native language educational organization.

(3)

Eligible entity

The term eligible entity means—

(A)

one or more local educational agencies; or

(B)

one or more local educational agencies, in consortia (or collaboration) with an institution of higher education, community-based organization, or State educational agency.

(4)

Immigrant children and youth

The term immigrant children and youth means individuals who—

(A)

are age 3 through 21;

(B)

were not born in any State; and

(C)

have not been attending one or more schools in any one or more States for more than 3 full academic years.

(5)

Indian tribe

The term Indian tribe means any Indian tribe, band, nation, or other organized group or community, including any Native village or Regional Corporation or Village Corporation as defined in or established pursuant to the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act, that is recognized as eligible for the special programs and services provided by the United States to Indians because of their status as Indians.

(6)

Language instruction educational program

The term language instruction educational program means an instruction course—

(A)

in which an English learner is placed for the purpose of developing and attaining English language proficiency, while meeting State academic standards, as required by section 1111(b)(1); and

(B)

that may make instructional use of both English and a child’s native language to enable the child to develop and attain English language proficiency, and may include the participation of English language proficient children if such course is designed to enable all participating children to become proficient in English and a second language.

(7)

Native language

The term native language, when used with reference to English learner, means—

(A)

the language normally used by such individual; or

(B)

in the case of a child or youth, the language normally used by the parents of the child or youth.

(8)

Paraprofessional

The term paraprofessional means an individual who is employed in a preschool, elementary school, or secondary school under the supervision of a certified or licensed teacher, including individuals employed in language instruction educational programs, special education, and migratory education.

(9)

State

The term State means each of the 50 States, the District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico.

1222.

National clearinghouse

The Secretary shall establish and support the operation of a National Clearinghouse for English Language Acquisition and Language Instruction Educational Programs, which shall collect, analyze, synthesize, and disseminate information about language instruction educational programs for English learners, and related programs. The National Clearinghouse shall—

(1)

be administered as an adjunct clearinghouse of the Educational Resources Information Center Clearinghouses system supported by the Institute of Education Sciences;

(2)

coordinate activities with Federal data and information clearinghouses and entities operating Federal dissemination networks and systems;

(3)

develop a system for improving the operation and effectiveness of federally funded language instruction educational programs; and

(4)

collect and disseminate information on—

(A)

educational research and processes related to the education of English learners; and

(B)

accountability systems that monitor the academic progress of English learners in language instruction educational programs, including information on academic content and English language proficiency assessments for language instruction educational programs; and

(5)

publish, on an annual basis, a list of grant recipients under this subpart.

1223.

Regulations

In developing regulations under this subpart, the Secretary shall consult with State educational agencies and local educational agencies, organizations representing English learners, and organizations representing teachers and other personnel involved in the education of English learners.

5

Rural Education Achievement Program

1230.

Purpose

It is the purpose of this subpart to address the unique needs of rural school districts that frequently—

(1)

lack the personnel and resources needed to compete effectively for Federal competitive grants; and

(2)

receive formula grant allocations in amounts too small to be effective in meeting their intended purposes.

A

Small, Rural School Achievement Program

1231.

Grant program authorized

(a)

In general

From amounts appropriated under section 3(a)(1) for a fiscal year, the Secretary shall reserve 0.54 of one percent to award grants to eligible local educational agencies to enable the local educational agencies to carry out activities authorized under any of the following provisions:

(1)

Part A of title I.

(2)

Title II.

(3)

Title III.

(b)

Allocation

(1)

In general

Except as provided in paragraph (3), the Secretary shall award a grant under subsection (a) to a local educational agency eligible under subsection (d) for a fiscal year in an amount equal to the initial amount determined under paragraph (2) for the fiscal year minus the total amount received by the agency in subpart 2 of part A of title II for the preceding fiscal year.

(2)

Determination of initial amount

The initial amount referred to in paragraph (1) is equal to $100 multiplied by the total number of students in excess of 50 students, in average daily attendance at the schools served by the local educational agency, plus $20,000, except that the initial amount may not exceed $60,000.

(3)

Ratable adjustment

(A)

In general

If the amount made available to carry out this section for any fiscal year is not sufficient to pay in full the amounts that local educational agencies are eligible to receive under paragraph (1) for such year, the Secretary shall ratably reduce such amounts for such year.

(B)

Additional amounts

If additional funds become available for making payments under paragraph (1) for such fiscal year, payments that were reduced under subparagraph (A) shall be increased on the same basis as such payments were reduced.

(c)

Disbursement

The Secretary shall disburse the funds awarded to a local educational agency under this section for a fiscal year not later than July 1 of that fiscal year.

(d)

Eligibility

(1)

In general

A local educational agency shall be eligible to use the applicable funding in accordance with subsection (a) if—

(A)
(i)
(I)

the total number of students in average daily attendance at all of the schools served by the local educational agency is fewer than 600; or

(II)

each county in which a school served by the local educational agency is located has a total population density of fewer than 10 persons per square mile; and

(ii)

all of the schools served by the local educational agency are designated with a school locale code of 41, 42, or 43, as determined by the Secretary; or

(B)

the agency meets the criteria established in subparagraph (A)(i) and the Secretary, in accordance with paragraph (2), grants the local educational agency’s request to waive the criteria described in subparagraph (A)(ii).

(2)

Certification

The Secretary shall determine whether to waive the criteria described in paragraph (1)(A)(ii) based on a demonstration by the local educational agency, and concurrence by the State educational agency, that the local educational agency is located in an area defined as rural by a governmental agency of the State.

(3)

Hold harmless

For a local educational agency that is not eligible under this chapter but met the eligibility requirements under this subsection as it was in effect prior to the date of the enactment of the Student Success Act, the agency shall receive—

(A)

for fiscal year 2014, 75 percent of the amount such agency received for fiscal year 2013;

(B)

for fiscal year 2015, 50 percent of the amount such agency received for fiscal year 2013; and

(C)

for fiscal year 2016, 25 percent of the amount such agency received for fiscal year 2013.

(e)

Special eligibility rule

A local educational agency that receives a grant under this chapter for a fiscal year is not eligible to receive funds for such fiscal year under chapter B.

B

Rural and Low-Income School Program

1235.

Program authorized

(a)

Grants to states

(1)

In general

From amounts appropriated under section 3(a)(1) for a fiscal year, the Secretary shall reserve 0.54 of one percent for this chapter for a fiscal year that are not reserved under subsection (c) to award grants (from allotments made under paragraph (2)) for the fiscal year to State educational agencies that have applications submitted under section 1237 approved to enable the State educational agencies to award grants to eligible local educational agencies for local authorized activities described in section 1236(a).

(2)

Allotment

From amounts described in paragraph (1) for a fiscal year, the Secretary shall allot to each State educational agency for that fiscal year an amount that bears the same ratio to those amounts as the number of students in average daily attendance served by eligible local educational agencies in the State for that fiscal year bears to the number of all such students served by eligible local educational agencies in all States for that fiscal year.

(3)

Specially qualified agencies

(A)

Eligibility and Application

If a State educational agency elects not to participate in the program under this subpart or does not have an application submitted under section 1237 approved, a specially qualified agency in such State desiring a grant under this subpart may submit an application under such section directly to the Secretary to receive an award under this subpart.

(B)

Direct awards

The Secretary may award, on a competitive basis or by formula, the amount the State educational agency is eligible to receive under paragraph (2) directly to a specially qualified agency in the State that has submitted an application in accordance with subparagraph (A) and obtained approval of the application.

(C)

Specially qualified agency defined

In this subpart, the term specially qualified agency means an eligible local educational agency served by a State educational agency that does not participate in a program under this subpart in a fiscal year, that may apply directly to the Secretary for a grant in such year under this subsection.

(b)

Local awards

(1)

Eligibility

A local educational agency shall be eligible to receive a grant under this subpart if—

(A)

20 percent or more of the children ages 5 through 17 years served by the local educational agency are from families with incomes below the poverty line; and

(B)

all of the schools served by the agency are designated with a school locale code of 32, 33, 41, 42, 43, as determined by the Secretary.

(2)

Award basis

A State educational agency shall award grants to eligible local educational agencies—

(A)

on a competitive basis;

(B)

according to a formula based on the number of students in average daily attendance served by the eligible local educational agencies or schools in the State; or

(C)

according to an alternative formula, if, prior to awarding the grants, the State educational agency demonstrates, to the satisfaction of the Secretary, that the alternative formula enables the State educational agency to allot the grant funds in a manner that serves equal or greater concentrations of children from families with incomes below the poverty line, relative to the concentrations that would be served if the State educational agency used the formula described in subparagraph (B).

(c)

Reservations

From amounts reserved under section 1235(a)(1) for this chapter for a fiscal year, the Secretary shall reserve—

(1)

one-half of 1 percent to make awards to elementary schools or secondary schools operated or supported by the Bureau of Indian Education, to carry out the activities authorized under this chapter; and

(2)

one-half of 1 percent to make awards to the outlying areas in accordance with their respective needs, to carry out the activities authorized under this chapter.

1236.

Uses of funds

(a)

Local awards

Grant funds awarded to local educational agencies under this chapter shall be used for activities authorized under any of the following:

(1)

Part A of title I.

(2)

Title II.

(3)

Title III.

(b)

Administrative costs

A State educational agency receiving a grant under this chapter may not use more than 5 percent of the amount of the grant for State administrative costs and to provide technical assistance to eligible local educational agencies.

1237.

Applications

(a)

In general

Each State educational agency or specially qualified agency desiring to receive a grant under this chapter shall submit an application to the Secretary at such time and in such manner as the Secretary may require.

(b)

Contents

Each application submitted under subsection (a) shall include—

(1)

a description of how the State educational agency or specially qualified agency will ensure eligible local educational agencies receiving a grant under this chapter will use such funds to help students meet the State academic standards under section 1111(b)(1);

(2)

if the State educational agency or specially qualified agency will competitively award grants to eligible local educational agencies, as described in section 1235(b)(2)(A), the application under the section shall include—

(A)

the methods and criteria the State educational agency or specially qualified agency will use for reviewing applications and awarding funds to local educational agencies on a competitive basis; and

(B)

how the State educational agency or specially qualified agency will notify eligible local educational agencies of the grant competition; and

(3)

a description of how the State educational agency or specially qualified agency will provide technical assistance to eligible local educational agencies to help such agencies implement the activities described in section 1236(a).

1238.

Accountability

Each State educational agency or specially qualified agency that receives a grant under this chapter shall prepare and submit an annual report to the Secretary. The report shall describe—

(1)

the methods and criteria the State educational agency or specially qualified agency used to award grants to eligible local educational agencies, and to provide assistance to schools, under this chapter;

(2)

how local educational agencies and schools used funds provided under this chapter; and

(3)

the degree to which progress has been made toward having all students meet the State academic standards under section 1111(b)(1).

1239.

Choice of participation

(a)

In general

If a local educational agency is eligible for funding under chapters A and B of this subpart, such local educational agency may receive funds under either chapter A or chapter B for a fiscal year, but may not receive funds under both chapters.

(b)

Notification

A local educational agency eligible for both chapters A and B of this subpart shall notify the Secretary and the State educational agency under which of such chapters such local educational agency intends to receive funds for a fiscal year by a date that is established by the Secretary for the notification.

C

General Provisions

1241.

Annual average daily attendance determination

(a)

Census determination

Each local educational agency desiring a grant under section 1231 and each local educational agency or specially qualified agency desiring a grant under chapter B shall—

(1)

not later than December 1 of each year, conduct a census to determine the number of students in average daily attendance in kindergarten through grade 12 at the schools served by the agency; and

(2)

not later than March 1 of each year, submit the number described in paragraph (1) to the Secretary (and to the State educational agency, in the case of a local educational agency seeking a grant under subpart 2).

(b)

Penalty

If the Secretary determines that a local educational agency or specially qualified agency has knowingly submitted false information under subsection (a) for the purpose of gaining additional funds under section 1231 or chapter B, then the agency shall be fined an amount equal to twice the difference between the amount the agency received under this section and the correct amount the agency would have received under section 1231 or chapter B if the agency had submitted accurate information under subsection (a).

1242.

Supplement, not supplant

Funds made available under chapter A or chapter B shall be used to supplement, and not supplant, any other Federal, State, or local education funds.

1243.

Rule of construction

Nothing in this subpart shall be construed to prohibit a local educational agency that enters into cooperative arrangements with other local educational agencies for the provision of special, compensatory, or other education services, pursuant to State law or a written agreement, from entering into similar arrangements for the use, or the coordination of the use, of the funds made available under this subpart.

6

Indian Education

1251.

Statement of policy

It is the policy of the United States to fulfill the Federal Government’s unique and continuing trust relationship with and responsibility to the Indian people for the education of Indian children. The Federal Government will continue to work with local educational agencies, Indian tribes and organizations, postsecondary institutions, and other entities toward the goal of ensuring that programs that serve Indian children are of the highest quality and provide for not only the basic elementary and secondary educational needs, but also the unique educational and culturally related academic needs of these children.

1252.

Purpose

It is the purpose of this subpart to support the efforts of local educational agencies, Indian tribes and organizations, postsecondary institutions, and other entities—

(1)

to meet the unique educational and culturally related academic needs of American Indian and Alaska Native students, so that such students can meet the State academic standards that all students are expected to meet; and

(2)

to ensure that school leaders, teachers, and other staff who serve Indian and Alaska Native students have the ability and training to provide appropriate instruction to meet the unique academic needs of such students.

A

Formula Grants to Local Educational Agencies

1261.

Purpose

It is the purpose of this chapter to support local educational agencies in their efforts to reform elementary school and secondary school programs that serve Indian students in order to ensure that such programs are designed to—

(1)

meet the unique educational needs of such students; and

(2)

ensure that such students have the opportunity to meet the State academic standards.

1262.

Grants to local educational agencies and tribes

(a)

In general

From amounts appropriated under section 3(a)(1), the Secretary shall reserve 0.59 of one percent to local educational agencies and Indian tribes in accordance with this section and section 1263.

(b)

Local educational agencies

(1)

Enrollment requirements

A local educational agency shall be eligible for a grant under this chapter for any fiscal year if the number of Indian children eligible under section 1267 who were enrolled in the schools of the agency, and to whom the agency provided free public education, during the preceding fiscal year—

(A)

was at least 10; or

(B)

constituted not less than 25 percent of the total number of individuals enrolled in the schools of such agency.

(2)

Exclusion

The requirement of paragraph (1) shall not apply in Alaska, California, or Oklahoma, or with respect to any local educational agency located on, or in proximity to, an Indian reservation.

(c)

Indian tribes

(1)

In general

If a local educational agency that is otherwise eligible for a grant under this chapter does not establish a committee under section 1264(c)(4) for such grant, an Indian tribe or a consortium of such entities that represents not less than 1/3 of the eligible Indian children who are served by such local educational agency may apply for such grant.

(2)

Special rule

The Secretary shall treat each Indian tribe or consortium of such entities applying for a grant pursuant to paragraph (1) as if such Indian tribe were a local educational agency for purposes of this chapter, except that any such tribe is not subject to section 1264(c)(4) or section 1269.

(3)

Eligibility

If more than 1 Indian tribe qualifies to apply for a grant under paragraph (1), the entity that represents the most eligible Indian children who are served by the local educational agency shall be eligible to receive the grant or the tribes may choose to apply in consortium.

1263.

Amount of grants

(a)

Amount of grant awards

(1)

In general

Except as provided in subsection (b) and paragraph (2), the Secretary shall allocate to each local educational agency that has an approved application under this chapter an amount equal to the product of—

(A)

the number of Indian children who are eligible under section 1267 and served by such agency; and

(B)

the greater of—

(i)

the average per pupil expenditure of the State in which such agency is located; or

(ii)

80 percent of the average per pupil expenditure of all the States.

(2)

Reduction

The Secretary shall reduce the amount of each allocation otherwise determined under this section in accordance with subsection (e).

(b)

Minimum grant

(1)

In general

Notwithstanding subsection (e), an entity that is eligible for a grant under section 1262, and a school that is operated or supported by the Bureau of Indian Education that is eligible for a grant under subsection (d), that submits an application that is approved by the Secretary, shall, subject to appropriations, receive a grant under this chapter in an amount that is not less than $3,000.

(2)

Consortia

Local educational agencies may form a consortium with other local educational agencies or Indian tribes for the purpose of obtaining grants under this chapter.

(3)

Increase

The Secretary may increase the minimum grant under paragraph (1) to not more than $4,000 for all grantees if the Secretary determines such an increase is necessary to ensure the quality of the programs provided.

(c)

Definition

For the purpose of this section, the term average per pupil expenditure, used with respect to a State, means an amount equal to—

(1)

the sum of the aggregate current expenditures of all the local educational agencies in the State, plus any direct current expenditures by the State for the operation of such agencies, without regard to the sources of funds from which such local or State expenditures were made, during the second fiscal year preceding the fiscal year for which the computation is made; divided by

(2)

the aggregate number of children who were included in average daily attendance for whom such agencies provided free public education during such preceding fiscal year.

(d)

Schools operated or supported by the Bureau of Indian Education

(1)

In general

Subject to subsection (e), in addition to the grants awarded under subsection (a), the Secretary shall allocate to the Secretary of the Interior an amount equal to the product of—

(A)

the total number of Indian children enrolled in schools that are operated by—

(i)

the Bureau of Indian Education; or

(ii)

an Indian tribe, or an organization controlled or sanctioned by an Indian tribal government, for the children of that tribe under a contract with, or grant from, the Department of the Interior under the Indian Self-Determination Act or the Tribally Controlled Schools Act of 1988; and

(B)

the greater of—

(i)

the average per pupil expenditure of the State in which the school is located; or

(ii)

80 percent of the average per pupil expenditure of all the States.

(2)

Special rule

Any school described in paragraph (1)(A) that wishes to receive an allocation under this chapter shall submit an application in accordance with section 1264, and shall otherwise be treated as a local educational agency for the purpose of this chapter, except that such school shall not be subject to section 1264(c)(4) or section 1269.

(e)

Ratable reductions

If the sums reserved for any fiscal year under section 1262(a) are insufficient to pay in full the amounts determined for local educational agencies under subsection (a)(1) and for the Secretary of the Interior under subsection (d), each of those amounts shall be ratably reduced.

1264.

Applications

(a)

Application required

Each local educational agency that desires to receive a grant under this chapter shall submit an application to the Secretary at such time and in such manner as the Secretary may reasonably require.

(b)

Comprehensive program required

Each application submitted under subsection (a) shall include a description of a comprehensive program for meeting the needs of Indian children served by the local educational agency, including the language and cultural needs of the children, that—

(1)

describes how the comprehensive program will offer programs and activities to meet the culturally related academic needs of American Indian and Alaska Native students;

(2)
(A)

is aligned with and supports the State and local plans submitted under other provisions of this Act; and

(B)

includes academic standards for such children that are based on the State academic standards adopted under subpart 1 for all children;

(3)

explains how the local educational agency will use the funds made available under this chapter to supplement other Federal, State, and local programs, especially programs carried out under subpart 1, to meet the needs of such students;

(4)

demonstrates how funds made available under this chapter will be used for activities described in section 1265;

(5)

describes the professional development opportunities that will be provided, as needed, to ensure that—

(A)

teachers, school leaders, and other school professionals who are new to the Indian community are prepared to work with Indian children; and

(B)

all teachers who will be involved in programs assisted under this chapter have been properly trained to carry out such programs; and

(6)

describes how the local educational agency—

(A)

will periodically assess the progress of all Indian children enrolled in the schools of the local educational agency, including Indian children who do not participate in programs assisted under this chapter, in meeting the standards described in paragraph (2);

(B)

will provide the results of each assessment referred to in subparagraph (A) to—

(i)

the committee described in subsection (c)(4); and

(ii)

the community, including Indian tribes, whose children are served by the local educational agency; and

(C)

is responding to findings of any previous assessments that are similar to the assessments described in subparagraph (A); and

(7)

describes the processes the local educational agency used to collaborate with Indian tribes in the community in the development of the comprehensive programs.

(c)

Assurances

Each application submitted under subsection (a) shall include assurances that—

(1)

the local educational agency will use funds received under this chapter only to supplement the funds that, in the absence of the Federal funds made available under this chapter, such agency would make available for the education of Indian children, and not to supplant such funds;

(2)

the local educational agency will prepare and submit to the Secretary such reports in such form as the Secretary may require to—

(A)

carry out the functions of the Secretary under this chapter; and

(B)

determine the extent to which activities carried out with funds provided to the local educational agency under this chapter are effective in improving the educational achievement of Indian students served by such agency;

(3)

the program for which assistance is sought—

(A)

is based on a comprehensive local assessment and prioritization of the unique educational and culturally related academic needs of the American Indian and Alaska Native students for whom the local educational agency is providing an education;

(B)

will use the best available talents and resources, including individuals from the Indian community; and

(C)

was developed by such agency in open consultation with parents of Indian children and teachers, and, if appropriate, Indian students from secondary schools, including through public hearings held by such agency to provide to the individuals described in this subparagraph a full opportunity to understand the program and to offer recommendations regarding the program; and

(4)

the local educational agency developed the program with the participation and written approval of a committee—

(A)

that is composed of, and selected by—

(i)

parents of Indian children in the local educational agency’s schools;

(ii)

teachers in the schools; and

(iii)

if appropriate, Indian students attending secondary schools of the agency;

(B)

a majority of whose members are parents of Indian children;

(C)

that has set forth such policies and procedures, including policies and procedures relating to the hiring of personnel, as will ensure that the program for which assistance is sought will be operated and evaluated in consultation with, and with the involvement of, parents of the children, and representatives of the area, to be served;

(D)

with respect to an application describing a schoolwide program in accordance with section 1265(c), that has—

(i)

reviewed in a timely fashion the program; and

(ii)

determined that the program will not diminish the availability of culturally related activities for American Indian and Alaska Native students; and

(E)

that has adopted reasonable bylaws for the conduct of the activities of the committee and abides by such bylaws.

1265.

Authorized services and activities

(a)

General requirements

Each local educational agency that receives a grant under this chapter shall use the grant funds, in a manner consistent with the purpose specified in section 1261, for services and activities that—

(1)

are designed to carry out the comprehensive program of the local educational agency for Indian students, and described in the application of the local educational agency submitted to the Secretary under section 1264(a);

(2)

are designed with special regard for the language and cultural needs of the Indian students; and

(3)

supplement and enrich the regular school program of such agency.

(b)

Particular activities

The services and activities referred to in subsection (a) may include—

(1)

culturally related activities that support the program described in the application submitted by the local educational agency;

(2)

early childhood and family programs that emphasize school readiness;

(3)

enrichment programs that focus on problem solving and cognitive skills development and directly support the attainment of State academic standards;

(4)

integrated educational services in combination with other programs that meet the needs of Indian children and their families;

(5)

programs that help engage parents and tribes to meet the unique educational needs of Indian children;

(6)

career preparation activities to enable Indian students to participate in programs such as the programs supported by the Carl D. Perkins Career and Technical Education Act of 2006;

(7)

activities to educate individuals concerning the prevention of substance abuse, violence, and suicide;

(8)

the acquisition of equipment, but only if the acquisition of the equipment is essential to achieve the purpose described in section 1261;

(9)

activities that promote the incorporation of culturally responsive teaching and learning strategies into the educational program of the local educational agency;

(10)

activities that incorporate American Indian and Alaska Native specific curriculum content, consistent with State academic standards into the curriculum used by the local educational agency;

(11)

family literacy services; and

(12)

activities that recognize and support the unique cultural and educational needs of Indian children, and incorporate appropriately qualified tribal elders and seniors.

(c)

Schoolwide programs

Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a local educational agency may use funds made available to such agency under this chapter to support a schoolwide program under section 1114 if—

(1)

the committee established pursuant to section 1264(c)(4) approves the use of the funds for the schoolwide program; and

(2)

the schoolwide program is consistent with the purpose described in section 1261.

(d)

Limitation on administrative costs

Not more than 5 percent of the funds provided to a grantee under this chapter for any fiscal year may be used for administrative purposes.

(e)

Limitation on Use of Funds

Funds provided to a grantee under this chapter may not be used for long-distance travel expenses for training activities available locally or regionally.

1266.

Integration of services authorized

(a)

Plan

An entity receiving funds under this chapter may submit a plan to the Secretary for the integration of education and related services provided to Indian students.

(b)

Consolidation of programs

Upon the receipt of an acceptable plan under subsection (a), the Secretary, in cooperation with each Federal agency providing grants for the provision of education and related services to the entity, shall authorize the entity to consolidate, in accordance with such plan, the federally funded education and related services programs of the entity and the Federal programs, or portions of the programs, serving Indian students in a manner that integrates the program services involved into a single, coordinated, comprehensive program and reduces administrative costs by consolidating administrative functions.

(c)

Programs affected

The funds that may be consolidated in a demonstration project under any such plan referred to in subsection (a) shall include funds for any Federal program exclusively serving Indian children, or the funds reserved under any Federal program to exclusively serve Indian children, under which the entity is eligible for receipt of funds under a statutory or administrative formula for the purposes of providing education and related services that would be used to serve Indian students.

(d)

Plan requirements

For a plan to be acceptable pursuant to subsection (b), the plan shall—

(1)

identify the programs or funding sources to be consolidated;

(2)

be consistent with the objectives of this section concerning authorizing the services to be integrated in a demonstration project;

(3)

describe a comprehensive strategy that identifies the full range of potential educational opportunities and related services to be provided to assist Indian students to achieve the objectives set forth in this chapter;

(4)

describe the way in which services are to be integrated and delivered and the results expected from the plan;

(5)

identify the projected expenditures under the plan in a single budget;

(6)

identify the State, tribal, or local agency or agencies to be involved in the delivery of the services integrated under the plan;

(7)

identify any statutory provisions, regulations, policies, or procedures that the entity believes need to be waived in order to implement the plan;

(8)

set forth measures for student academic achievement consistent with State academic standards under section 1111(b)(1); and

(9)

be approved by a committee formed in accordance with section 1264(c)(4), if such a committee exists.

(e)

Plan review

Upon receipt of the plan from an eligible entity, the Secretary shall consult with the Secretary of each Federal department providing funds to be used to implement the plan, and with the entity submitting the plan. The parties so consulting shall identify any waivers of statutory requirements or of Federal departmental regulations, policies, or procedures necessary to enable the entity to implement the plan. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary of the affected department shall have the authority to waive any regulation, policy, or procedure promulgated by that department that has been so identified by the entity or department, unless the Secretary of the affected department determines that such a waiver is inconsistent with the objectives of this chapter or those provisions of the statute from which the program involved derives authority that are specifically applicable to Indian students.

(f)

Plan Approval

Within 90 days after the receipt of an entity’s plan by the Secretary, the Secretary shall inform the entity, in writing, of the Secretary’s approval or disapproval of the plan. If the plan is disapproved, the entity shall be informed, in writing, of the reasons for the disapproval and shall be given an opportunity to amend the plan or to petition the Secretary to reconsider such disapproval.

(g)

Responsibilities of Department of Education

The Secretary of Education, the Secretary of the Interior, and the head of any other Federal department or agency identified by the Secretary of Education, shall enter into an interdepartmental memorandum of agreement providing for the implementation and coordination of the demonstration projects authorized under this section. The lead agency head for a demonstration project under this section shall be—

(1)

the Secretary of the Interior, in the case of an entity meeting the definition of a contract or grant school under title XI of the Education Amendments of 1978; or

(2)

the Secretary of Education, in the case of any other entity.

(h)

Responsibilities of lead agency

The responsibilities of the lead agency shall include—

(1)

the use of a single report format related to the plan for the individual project, which shall be used by an eligible entity to report on the activities undertaken under the project;

(2)

the use of a single report format related to the projected expenditures for the individual project which shall be used by an eligible entity to report on all project expenditures;

(3)

the development of a single system of Federal oversight for the project, which shall be implemented by the lead agency; and

(4)

the provision of technical assistance to an eligible entity appropriate to the project, except that an eligible entity shall have the authority to accept or reject the plan for providing such technical assistance and the technical assistance provider.

(i)

Report requirements

A single report format shall be developed by the Secretary, consistent with the requirements of this section. Such report format shall require that reports described in subsection (h), together with records maintained on the consolidated program at the local level, shall contain such information as will allow a determination that the eligible entity has complied with the requirements incorporated in its approved plan, including making a demonstration of student academic achievement, and will provide assurances to each Secretary that the eligible entity has complied with all directly applicable statutory requirements and with those directly applicable regulatory requirements that have not been waived.

(j)

No reduction in amounts

In no case shall the amount of Federal funds available to an eligible entity involved in any demonstration project be reduced as a result of the enactment of this section.

(k)

Interagency fund transfers authorized

The Secretary is authorized to take such action as may be necessary to provide for an interagency transfer of funds otherwise available to an eligible entity in order to further the objectives of this section.

(l)

Administration of funds

(1)

In general

Program funds for the consolidated programs shall be administered in such a manner as to allow for a determination that funds from a specific program are spent on allowable activities authorized under such program, except that the eligible entity shall determine the proportion of the funds granted that shall be allocated to such program.

(2)

Separate records not required

Nothing in this section shall be construed as requiring the eligible entity to maintain separate records tracing any services or activities conducted under the approved plan to the individual programs under which funds were authorized for the services or activities, nor shall the eligible entity be required to allocate expenditures among such individual programs.

(m)

Overage

The eligible entity may commingle all administrative funds from the consolidated programs and shall be entitled to the full amount of such funds (under each program’s or agency’s regulations). The overage (defined as the difference between the amount of the commingled funds and the actual administrative cost of the programs) shall be considered to be properly spent for Federal audit purposes, if the overage is used for the purposes provided for under this section.

(n)

Fiscal accountability

Nothing in this subpart shall be construed so as to interfere with the ability of the Secretary or the lead agency to fulfill the responsibilities for the safeguarding of Federal funds pursuant to chapter 75 of title 31, United States Code.

(o)

Report on statutory obstacles to program integration

(1)

In general

The Secretary of Education shall annually submit a report to the Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions and the Committee on Indian Affairs of the Senate, and the Committee on Education and the Workforce and the Committee on Natural Resources of the House of Representatives on the status of the implementation of the demonstration projects authorized under this section.

(2)

Contents

Such report shall identify—

(A)

statutory barriers to the ability of participants to more effectively integrate their education and related services to Indian students in a manner consistent with the objectives of this section; and

(B)

the effective practices for program integration that result in increased student achievement and other relevant outcomes for Indian students.

(p)

Definitions

For the purposes of this section, the term Secretary means—

(1)

the Secretary of the Interior, in the case of an entity meeting the definition of a contract or grant school under title XI of the Education Amendments of 1978; or

(2)

the Secretary of Education, in the case of any other entity.

1267.

Student eligibility forms

(a)

In general

The Secretary shall require that, as part of an application for a grant under this chapter, each applicant shall maintain a file, with respect to each Indian child for whom the local educational agency provides a free public education, that contains a form that sets forth information establishing the status of the child as an Indian child eligible for assistance under this chapter, and that otherwise meets the requirements of subsection (b).

(b)

Forms

The form described in subsection (a) shall include—

(1)

either—

(A)
(i)

the name of the tribe or band of Indians (as defined in section 1291) with respect to which the child claims membership;

(ii)

the enrollment number establishing the membership of the child (if readily available); and

(iii)

the name and address of the organization that maintains updated and accurate membership data for such tribe or band of Indians; or

(B)

the name, the enrollment number (if readily available), and the name and address of the organization responsible for maintaining updated and accurate membership data, of any parent or grandparent of the child from whom the child claims eligibility under this chapter, if the child is not a member of the tribe or band of Indians (as so defined);

(2)

a statement of whether the tribe or band of Indians (as so defined), with respect to which the child, or parent or grandparent of the child, claims membership, is federally recognized;

(3)

the name and address of the parent or legal guardian of the child; and

(4)

a signature of the parent or legal guardian of the child that verifies the accuracy of the information supplied.

(c)

Statutory construction

Nothing in this section shall be construed to affect a definition contained in section 1291.

(d)

Forms and standards of proof

The forms and the standards of proof (including the standard of good faith compliance) that were in use during the 1985–1986 academic year to establish the eligibility of a child for entitlement under the Indian Elementary and Secondary School Assistance Act shall be the forms and standards of proof used—

(1)

to establish eligibility under this chapter; and

(2)

to meet the requirements of subsection (a).

(e)

Documentation

For purposes of determining whether a child is eligible to be counted for the purpose of computing the amount of a grant award under section 1263, the membership of the child, or any parent or grandparent of the child, in a tribe or band of Indians (as so defined) may be established by proof other than an enrollment number, notwithstanding the availability of an enrollment number for a member of such tribe or band. Nothing in subsection (b) shall be construed to require the furnishing of an enrollment number.

(f)

Monitoring and evaluation review

(1)

In general

(A)

Review

For each fiscal year, in order to provide such information as is necessary to carry out the responsibility of the Secretary to provide technical assistance under this chapter, the Secretary shall conduct a monitoring and evaluation review of a sampling of the recipients of grants under this chapter. The sampling conducted under this subparagraph shall take into account the size of and the geographic location of each local educational agency.

(B)

Exception

A local educational agency may not be held liable to the United States or be subject to any penalty, by reason of the findings of an audit that relates to the date of completion, or the date of submission, of any forms used to establish, before April 28, 1988, the eligibility of a child for an entitlement under the Indian Elementary and Secondary School Assistance Act.

(2)

False information

Any local educational agency that provides false information in an application for a grant under this chapter shall—

(A)

be ineligible to apply for any other grant under this chapter; and

(B)

be liable to the United States for any funds from the grant that have not been expended.

(3)

Excluded children

A student who provides false information for the form required under subsection (a) shall not be counted for the purpose of computing the amount of a grant under section 1263.

(g)

Tribal grant and contract schools

Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, in calculating the amount of a grant under this chapter to a tribal school that receives a grant or contract from the Bureau of Indian Education, the Secretary shall use only one of the following, as selected by the school:

(1)

A count of the number of students in the schools certified by the Bureau.

(2)

A count of the number of students for whom the school has eligibility forms that comply with this section.

(h)

Timing of child counts

For purposes of determining the number of children to be counted in calculating the amount of a local educational agency’s grant under this chapter (other than in the case described in subsection (g)(1)), the local educational agency shall—

(1)

establish a date on, or a period not longer than 31 consecutive days during, which the agency counts those children, if that date or period occurs before the deadline established by the Secretary for submitting an application under section 1264; and

(2)

determine that each such child was enrolled, and receiving a free public education, in a school of the agency on that date or during that period, as the case may be.

1268.

Payments

(a)

In general

Subject to subsections (b) and (c), the Secretary shall pay to each local educational agency that submits an application that is approved by the Secretary under this chapter the amount determined under section 1263. The Secretary shall notify the local educational agency of the amount of the payment not later than June 1 of the year for which the Secretary makes the payment.

(b)

Payments taken into account by the state

The Secretary may not make a grant under this chapter to a local educational agency for a fiscal year if, for such fiscal year, the State in which the local educational agency is located takes into consideration payments made under this chapter in determining the eligibility of the local educational agency for State aid, or the amount of the State aid, with respect to the free public education of children during such fiscal year or the preceding fiscal year.

(c)

Reallocations

The Secretary may reallocate, in a manner that the Secretary determines will best carry out the purpose of this chapter, any amounts that—

(1)

based on estimates made by local educational agencies or other information, the Secretary determines will not be needed by such agencies to carry out approved programs under this chapter; or

(2)

otherwise become available for reallocation under this chapter.

1269.

State educational agency review

Before submitting an application to the Secretary under section 1264, a local educational agency shall submit the application to the State educational agency, which may comment on such application. If the State educational agency comments on the application, the agency shall comment on all applications submitted by local educational agencies in the State and shall provide those comments to the respective local educational agencies, with an opportunity to respond.

B

Special Programs and Projects To Improve Educational Opportunities for Indian Children

1271.

Improvement of educational opportunities for Indian children

(a)

Purpose

(1)

In general

It is the purpose of this section to support projects to develop, test, and demonstrate the effectiveness of services and programs to improve educational opportunities and achievement of Indian children.

(2)

Coordination

The Secretary shall take the necessary actions to achieve the coordination of activities assisted under this chapter with—

(A)

other programs funded under this Act; and

(B)

other Federal programs operated for the benefit of American Indian and Alaska Native children.

(b)

Eligible entities

In this section, the term eligible entity means a State educational agency, local educational agency, Indian tribe, Indian organization, federally supported elementary school or secondary school for Indian students, Indian institution (including an Indian institution of higher education), or a consortium of such entities.

(c)

Grants authorized

(1)

In general

From amounts appropriated under section 3(a)(1), the Secretary shall reserve 0.2 of one percent to award grants to eligible entities to enable such entities to carry out activities under this section and section 1272.

(2)

Uses of funds

An eligible entity that receives a grant under this section shall use the funds for one or more activities, including—

(A)

innovative programs related to the educational needs of educationally disadvantaged children;

(B)

educational services that are not available to such children in sufficient quantity or quality, including remedial instruction, to raise the achievement of Indian children in one or more of the core academic subjects;

(C)

bilingual and bicultural programs and projects;

(D)

special health and nutrition services, and other related activities, that address the special health, social, and psychological problems of Indian children;

(E)

special compensatory and other programs and projects designed to assist and encourage Indian children to enter, remain in, or reenter school, and to increase the rate of high school graduation for Indian children;

(F)

comprehensive guidance, counseling, and testing services;

(G)

early childhood and kindergarten programs, including family-based preschool programs that emphasize school readiness and parental skills, and the provision of services to Indian children with disabilities;

(H)

partnership projects between local educational agencies and institutions of higher education that allow secondary school students to enroll in courses at the postsecondary level to aid such students in the transition from secondary to postsecondary education;

(I)

partnership projects between schools and local businesses for career preparation programs designed to provide Indian youth with the knowledge and skills such youth need to make an effective transition from school to a high-skill, high-wage career;

(J)

programs designed to encourage and assist Indian students to work toward, and gain entrance into, an institution of higher education;

(K)

family literacy services;

(L)

activities that recognize and support the unique cultural and educational needs of Indian children, and incorporate appropriately qualified tribal elders and seniors; or

(M)

other services that meet the purpose described in this section.

(3)

Professional development

Evidence based professional development of teaching professionals and paraprofessionals may be a part of any program assisted under this section.

(d)

Grant requirements and Applications

(1)

Grant requirements

(A)

In general

The Secretary may make multiyear grants under subsection (c) for the planning, development, pilot operation, or demonstration of any activity described in subsection (c) for a period not to exceed 5 years.

(B)

Priority

In making multiyear grants described in this paragraph, the Secretary shall give priority to entities submitting applications that present a plan for combining two or more of the activities described in subsection (c) over a period of more than 1 year.

(C)

Progress

The Secretary shall make a grant payment for a grant described in this paragraph to an eligible entity after the initial year of the multiyear grant only if the Secretary determines that the eligible entity has made substantial progress in carrying out the activities assisted under the grant in accordance with the application submitted under paragraph (3) and any subsequent modifications to such application.

(2)

Dissemination grants

(A)

In general

In addition to awarding the multiyear grants described in paragraph (1), the Secretary may award grants under subsection (c) to eligible entities for the dissemination of exemplary materials or programs assisted under this section.

(B)

Determination

The Secretary may award a dissemination grant described in this paragraph if, prior to awarding the grant, the Secretary determines that the material or program to be disseminated—

(i)

has been adequately reviewed;

(ii)

has demonstrated educational merit; and

(iii)

can be replicated.

(3)

Application

(A)

In general

Any eligible entity that desires to receive a grant under this section shall submit an application to the Secretary at such time and in such manner as the Secretary may reasonably require.

(B)

Contents

Each application submitted to the Secretary under subparagraph (A), other than an application for a dissemination grant under paragraph (2), shall contain—

(i)

a description of how parents of Indian children and representatives of Indian tribes have been, and will be, involved in developing and implementing the activities for which assistance is sought;

(ii)

assurances that the applicant will participate, at the request of the Secretary, in any national evaluation of activities assisted under this section;

(iii)

information demonstrating that the proposed program for the activities is an evidence-based program, which may include a program that has been modified to be culturally appropriate for students who will be served; and

(iv)

a description of how the applicant will incorporate the proposed activities into the ongoing school program involved once the grant period is over.

(e)

Administrative costs

Not more than 5 percent of the funds provided to a grantee under this chapter for any fiscal year may be used for administrative purposes.

1272.

Professional development for teachers and education professionals

(a)

Purposes

The purposes of this section are—

(1)

to increase the number of qualified Indian teachers, school leaders, or other education professionals serving Indian students, including through recruitment strategies;

(2)

to provide training to qualified Indian individuals to enable such individuals to become effective teachers, school leaders, administrators, teacher aides, social workers, and ancillary educational personnel; and

(3)

to improve the skills of qualified Indian individuals who serve in the capacities described in paragraph (2).

(b)

Eligible entities

For the purpose of this section, the term eligible entity means—

(1)

an institution of higher education, including an Indian institution of higher education;

(2)

a State educational agency or local educational agency, in consortium with an institution of higher education;

(3)

an Indian tribe or organization, in consortium with an institution of higher education; and

(4)

a Bureau-funded school (as defined in section 1146 of the Education Amendments of 1978).

(c)

Program authorized

The Secretary is authorized to award grants from funds reserved under section 1271(c)(1) to eligible entities having applications approved under this section to enable those entities to carry out the activities described in subsection (d).

(d)

Authorized activities

(1)

In general

Grant funds under this section shall be used for activities to provide support and training for Indian individuals in a manner consistent with the purposes of this section.

(2)

Special rules

(A)

Type of training

For education personnel, the training received pursuant to a grant under this section may be inservice or preservice training.

(B)

Program

For individuals who are being trained to enter any education-related field other than teaching, the training received pursuant to a grant under this section shall be in a program that results in a graduate degree.

(e)

Application

Each eligible entity desiring a grant under this section shall submit an application to the Secretary at such time and in such manner as the Secretary may reasonably require. An application shall include how the eligible entity will—

(1)

recruit qualified Indian individuals, such as students who may not be of traditional college age, to become teachers or school leaders;

(2)

use funds made available under the grant to support the recruitment, preparation, and professional development of Indian teachers or school leaders in local educational agencies that serve a high proportion of Indian students; and

(3)

assist participants in meeting the requirements under subsection (h).

(f)

Special rule

In awarding grants under this section, the Secretary

(1)

shall consider the prior performance of the eligible entity; and

(2)

may not limit eligibility to receive a grant under this section on the basis of—

(A)

the number of previous grants the Secretary has awarded such entity; or

(B)

the length of any period during which such entity received such grants.

(g)

Grant period

Each grant under this section shall be awarded for an initial period of not more than three years, and may be renewed for not more than an additional two years if the Secretary finds that the grantee is meeting the grant objectives.

(h)

Service obligation

(1)

In general

The Secretary shall require, by regulation, that an individual who receives training pursuant to a grant made under this section—

(A)

perform work—

(i)

related to the training received under this section; and

(ii)

that benefits Indian people; or

(B)

repay all or a prorated part of the assistance received.

(2)

Reporting

The Secretary shall establish, by regulation, a reporting procedure under which a grant recipient under this section shall, not later than 12 months after the date of completion of the training, and periodically thereafter, provide information concerning compliance with the work requirement under paragraph (1).

C

Federal Administration

1281.

National Advisory Council on Indian Education

(a)

Membership

There is established a National Advisory Council on Indian Education (hereafter in this section referred to as the Council), which shall—

(1)

consist of 15 Indian members, who shall be appointed by the President from lists of nominees furnished, from time to time, by Indian tribes and organizations; and

(2)

represent different geographic areas of the United States.

(b)

Duties

The Council shall—

(1)

advise the Secretary concerning the funding and administration (including the development of regulations and administrative policies and practices) of any program, including any program established under this subpart—

(A)

with respect to which the Secretary has jurisdiction; and

(B)
(i)

that includes Indian children or adults as participants; or

(ii)

that may benefit Indian children or adults;

(2)

make recommendations to the Secretary for filling the position of Director of Indian Education whenever a vacancy occurs; and

(3)

submit to Congress, not later than June 30 of each year, a report on the activities of the Council, including—

(A)

any recommendations that the Council considers appropriate for the improvement of Federal education programs that include Indian children or adults as participants, or that may benefit Indian children or adults; and

(B)

recommendations concerning the funding of any program described in subparagraph (A).

1282.

Peer review

The Secretary may use a peer review process to review applications submitted to the Secretary under chapter B.

1283.

Preference for Indian applicants

In making grants and entering into contracts or cooperative agreements under chapter B, the Secretary shall give a preference to Indian tribes, organizations, and institutions of higher education under any program with respect to which Indian tribes, organizations, and institutions are eligible to apply for grants, contracts, or cooperative agreements.

1284.

Minimum grant criteria

The Secretary may not approve an application for a grant, contract, or cooperative agreement under chapter B unless the application is for a grant, contract, or cooperative agreement that is—

(1)

of sufficient size, scope, and quality to achieve the purpose or objectives of such grant, contract, or cooperative agreement; and

(2)

based on relevant research findings.

D

Definitions

1291.

Definitions

For the purposes of this subpart:

(1)

Adult

The term adult means an individual who—

(A)

has attained the age of 16 years; or

(B)

has attained an age that is greater than the age of compulsory school attendance under an applicable State law.

(2)

Alaska Native

The term Alaska Native has the same meaning as the term Native has in section 3(b) of the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act.

(3)

Free public education

The term free public education means education that is—

(A)

provided at public expense, under public supervision and direction, and without tuition charge; and

(B)

provided as elementary or secondary education in the applicable State or to preschool children.

(4)

Indian

The term Indian means an individual who is—

(A)

a member of an Indian tribe or band, as membership is defined by the tribe or band, including—

(i)

any tribe or band terminated since 1940; and

(ii)

any tribe or band recognized by the State in which the tribe or band resides;

(B)

a descendant, in the first or second degree, of an individual described in subparagraph (A);

(C)

considered by the Secretary of the Interior to be an Indian for any purpose;

(D)

an Eskimo, Aleut, or other Alaska Native; or

(E)

a member of an organized Indian group that received a grant under the Indian Education Act of 1988 as in effect the day preceding the date of enactment of the Improving America’s Schools Act of 1994.

.

(b)

Strike

The Act is amended by striking title VII ( 20 U.S.C. 7401 et seq. ).

D

National assessment

141.

National assessment of title I

(a)

In general

Part E of title I (20 U.S.C. 6491 et seq.) is redesignated as part B of title I.

(b)

Repeals

Sections 1502 and 1504 ( 20 U.S.C. 6492 ; 6494) are repealed.

(c)

Redesignations

Sections 1501 and 1503 ( 20 U.S.C. 6491 ; 6493) are redesignated as sections 1301 and 1302, respectively.

(d)

Amendments to section 1301

Section 1301 ( 20 U.S.C. 6491 ), as so redesignated, is amended—

(1)

in subsection (a)—

(A)

in paragraph (1), by inserting , acting through the Director of the Institute of Education Sciences (in this section and section 1302 referred to as the Director), after The Secretary ;

(B)

in paragraph (2)—

(i)

by striking Secretary and inserting Director;

(ii)

in subparagraph (A), by striking reaching the proficient level and all that follows and inserting graduating high school prepared for postsecondary education or the workforce.;

(iii)

in subparagraph (B), by striking reach the proficient and all that follows and inserting meet State academic standards.;

(iv)

by striking subparagraphs (D) and (G) and redesignating subparagraphs (E), (F), and (H) through (O) as subparagraphs (D) through (M), respectively;

(v)

in subparagraph (D)(v) (as so redesignated), by striking help schools in which and all that follows and inserting address disparities in the percentages of effective teachers teaching in low-income schools.

(vi)

in subparagraph (G) (as so redesignated)—

(I)

by striking section 1116 and inserting section 1111(b)(3)(B)(iii) ; and

(II)

by striking , including the following and all that follows and inserting a period;

(vii)

in subparagraph (I) (as so redesignated), by striking qualifications and inserting effectiveness;

(viii)

in subparagraph (J) (as so redesignated), by striking , including funds under section 1002,;

(ix)

in subparagraph (L) (as so redesignated), by striking section 1111(b)(2)(C)(v)(II) and inserting section 1111(b)(3)(B)(ii)(II) ; and

(x)

in subparagraph (M) (as so redesignated), by striking Secretary and inserting Director;

(C)

in paragraph (3), by striking Secretary and inserting Director;

(D)

in paragraph (4), by striking Secretary and inserting Director;

(E)

in paragraph (5), by striking Secretary and inserting Director; and

(F)

in paragraph (6)—

(i)

by striking No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 each place it appears and inserting Student Success Act ; and

(ii)

by striking Secretary each place it appears and inserting Director;

(2)

in subsection (b), by striking Secretary each place it appears and inserting Director;

(3)

in subsection (c)—

(A)

in paragraph (1)—

(i)

by striking Secretary and inserting Director; and

(ii)

by striking part A and inserting subpart 1 of part A ;

(B)

in paragraph (2)—

(i)

by striking Secretary and inserting Director;

(ii)

in subparagraph (B), by striking challenging academic achievement standards and inserting State academic standards;

(iii)

in subparagraph (E), by striking effects of the availability and all that follows and inserting extent to which actions authorized under section 1111(b)(3)(B)(iii) improve the academic achievement of disadvantaged students and low-performing schools.; and

(iv)

in subparagraph (F), by striking Secretary and inserting Director; and

(C)

in paragraph (3)—

(i)

by striking Secretary and inserting Director; and

(ii)

by striking subparagraph (C) and inserting the following:

(C)

analyzes varying models or strategies for delivering school services, including schoolwide and targeted services.

; and

(4)

in subsection (d), by striking Secretary each place it appears and inserting Director.

(e)

Amendments to section 1302

Section 1302 (20 U.S.C. 6493), as so redesignated, is amended—

(1)

in subsection (a)—

(A)

by striking Secretary and inserting Director; and

(B)

by striking and for making decisions about the promotion and graduation of students;

(2)

in subsection (b)—

(A)

by striking Secretary the first place it appears and inserting Director;

(B)

by striking process, and inserting process consistent with section 1206,; and

(C)

by striking Assistant Secretary of Educational Research and Improvement and inserting Director;

(3)

in subsection (d)—

(A)

in paragraph (1)—

(i)

in subparagraph (A), by striking to the State-defined level of proficiency and inserting toward meeting the State academic standards; and

(ii)

in subparagraph (C), by striking pupil-services and inserting specialized instructional support services;

(B)

in paragraph (3), by striking limited and nonlimited English proficient students and inserting English learners; and

(C)

in paragraph (6), by striking Secretary and inserting Director; and

(4)

in subsection (f)—

(A)

by striking Secretary and inserting Director; and

(B)

by striking authorized to be appropriated for this part and inserting appropriated under section 3(a)(2) .

E

Title I general provisions

151.

General provisions for title I

Part I of title I (20 U.S.C. 6571 et seq.)

(1)

is transferred to appear after part B (as redesignated); and

(2)

is amended to read as follows:

C

General Provisions

1401.

Federal regulations

(a)

In General

The Secretary may, in accordance with subsections (b) through (d), issue such regulations as are necessary to reasonably ensure there is compliance with this title.

(b)

Negotiated Rulemaking Process

(1)

In general

Before publishing in the Federal Register proposed regulations to carry out this title, the Secretary shall obtain the advice and recommendations of representatives of Federal, State, and local administrators, parents, teachers, and members of local school boards and other organizations involved with the implementation and operation of programs under this title.

(2)

Meetings and electronic exchange

Such advice and recommendations may be obtained through such mechanisms as regional meetings and electronic exchanges of information.

(3)

Proposed regulations

After obtaining such advice and recommendations, and before publishing proposed regulations, the Secretary shall—

(A)

establish a negotiated rulemaking process;

(B)

select individuals to participate in such process from among individuals or groups that provided advice and recommendations, including representation from all geographic regions of the United States, in such numbers as will provide an equitable balance between representatives of parents and students and representatives of educators and education officials; and

(C)

prepare a draft of proposed policy options that shall be provided to the individuals selected by the Secretary under subparagraph (B) not less than 15 days before the first meeting under such process.

(c)

Proposed Rulemaking

If the Secretary determines that a negotiated rulemaking process is unnecessary or the individuals selected to participate in the process under paragraph (3)(B) fail to reach unanimous agreement, the Secretary may propose regulations under the following procedure:

(1)

Not less than 30 days prior to beginning a rulemaking process, the Secretary shall provide to Congress, including the Committee on Education and the Workforce of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions of the Senate, notice that shall include—

(A)

a copy of the proposed regulations;

(B)

the need to issue regulations;

(C)

the anticipated burden, including the time, cost, and paperwork burden, the regulations will have on State educational agencies, local educational agencies, schools, and other entities that may be impacted by the regulations; and

(D)

any regulations that will be repealed when the new regulations are issued.

(2)

30 days after giving notice of the proposed rule to Congress, the Secretary may proceed with the rulemaking process after all comments received from the Congress have been addressed and publishing how such comments are addressed with the proposed rule.

(3)

The comment and review period for any proposed regulation shall be 90 days unless an emergency requires a shorter period, in which case such period shall be not less than 45 days and the Secretary shall—

(A)

designate the proposed regulation as an emergency with an explanation of the emergency in the notice and report to Congress under paragraph (1); and

(B)

publish the length of the comment and review period in such notice and in the Federal Register.

(4)

No regulation shall be made final after the comment and review period until the Secretary has published in the Federal Register an independent assessment of—

(A)

the burden, including the time, cost, and paperwork burden, the regulation will impose on State educational agencies, local educational agencies, schools and other entities that may be impacted by the regulation; and

(B)

an explanation of how the entities described in subparagraph (A) may cover the cost of the burden assessed under subparagraph (A).

(d)

Limitation

Regulations to carry out this title may not require local programs to follow a particular instructional model, such as the provision of services outside the regular classroom or school program.

1402.

Agreements and records

(a)

Agreements

In the case in which a negotiated rule making process is established under subsection (b) of section 1401, all published proposed regulations shall conform to agreements that result from the rulemaking described in section 1401 unless the Secretary reopens the negotiated rulemaking process.

(b)

Records

The Secretary shall ensure that an accurate and reliable record of agreements reached during the negotiations process is maintained.

1403.

State administration

(a)

Rulemaking

(1)

In general

Each State that receives funds under this title shall—

(A)

ensure that any State rules, regulations, and policies relating to this title conform to the purposes of this title and provide any such proposed rules, regulations, and policies to the committee of practitioners created under subsection (b) for review and comment;

(B)

minimize such rules, regulations, and policies to which the State’s local educational agencies and schools are subject;

(C)

eliminate or modify State and local fiscal accounting requirements in order to facilitate the ability of schools to consolidate funds under schoolwide programs;

(D)

identify any such rule, regulation, or policy as a State-imposed requirement; and

(E)
(i)

identify any duplicative or contrasting requirements between the State and Federal rules or regulations;

(ii)

eliminate the rules and regulations that are duplicative of Federal requirements; and

(iii)

report any conflicting requirements to the Secretary and determine which Federal or State rule or regulation shall be followed.

(2)

Support and facilitation

State rules, regulations, and policies under this title shall support and facilitate local educational agency and school-level systemic reform designed to enable all children to meet the State academic standards.

(b)

Committee of Practitioners

(1)

In general

Each State educational agency that receives funds under this title shall create a State committee of practitioners to advise the State in carrying out its responsibilities under this title.

(2)

Membership

Each such committee shall include—

(A)

as a majority of its members, representatives from local educational agencies;

(B)

administrators, including the administrators of programs described in other parts of this title;

(C)

teachers from public charter schools, traditional public schools, and career and technical educators;

(D)

parents;

(E)

members of local school boards;

(F)

representatives of private school children; and

(G)

specialized instructional support personnel.

(3)

Duties

The duties of such committee shall include a review, before publication, of any proposed or final State rule or regulation pursuant to this title. In an emergency situation where such rule or regulation must be issued within a very limited time to assist local educational agencies with the operation of the program under this title, the State educational agency may issue a regulation without prior consultation, but shall immediately thereafter convene the State committee of practitioners to review the emergency regulation before issuance in final form.

1404.

Rule of construction on equalized spending

Nothing in this title shall be construed to mandate equalized spending per pupil for a State, local educational agency, or school.

.

II

Teacher Preparation and Effectiveness

201.

Teacher preparation and effectiveness

(a)

Heading

The title heading for title II (20 U.S.C. 6601 et seq.) is amended to read as follows:

II

Teacher Preparation and Effectiveness

.

(b)

Part A

Part A of title II ( 20 U.S.C. 6601 et seq. ) is amended to read as follows:

A

Supporting Effective Instruction

2101.

Purpose

The purpose of this part is to provide grants to State educational agencies and subgrants to local educational agencies to—

(1)

increase student achievement consistent with State academic standards under section 1111(b)(1);

(2)

improve teacher and school leader effectiveness in classrooms and schools, respectively;

(3)

provide evidence-based, job-embedded, continuous professional development; and

(4)

develop and implement teacher evaluation systems that use, in part, student achievement data to determine teacher effectiveness.

1

Grants to States

2111.

Allotments to States

(a)

In general

Of the amounts appropriated under section 3(b), the Secretary shall reserve 75 percent to make grants to States with applications approved under section 2112 to pay for the Federal share of the cost of carrying out the activities specified in section 2113 . Each grant shall consist of the allotment determined for a State under subsection (b).

(b)

Determination of allotments

(1)

Reservation of funds

Of the amount reserved under subsection (a) for a fiscal year, the Secretary shall reserve—

(A)

not more than 1 percent to carry out national activities under section 2132;

(B)

one-half of 1 percent for allotments to outlying areas on the basis of their relative need, as determined by the Secretary, in accordance with the purpose of this part; and

(C)

one-half of 1 percent for the Secretary of the Interior for programs under this part in schools operated or funded by the Bureau of Indian Education.

(2)

State allotments

(A)

In general

Subject to subparagraph (B), from the funds reserved under subsection (a) for any fiscal year and not reserved under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall allot to each State the sum of—

(i)

an amount that bears the same relationship to 50 percent of the funds as the number of individuals age 5 through 17 in the State, as determined by the Secretary on the basis of the most recent satisfactory data, bears to the number of those individuals in all such States, as so determined; and

(ii)

an amount that bears the same relationship to 50 percent of the funds as the number of individuals age 5 through 17 from families with incomes below the poverty line in the State, as determined by the Secretary on the basis of the most recent satisfactory data, bears to the number of those individuals in all such States, as so determined.

(B)

Small State Minimum

No State receiving an allotment under subparagraph (A) may receive less than one-half of 1 percent of the total amount of funds allotted under such subparagraph for a fiscal year.

(c)

Alternate distribution of funds

(1)

In general

Subject to paragraphs (2) through (5), if a State does not apply to the Secretary for an allotment under this section, a local educational agency located in such State may apply to the Secretary for a portion of the funds that would have been allotted to the State had such State applied for an allotment under this section to carry out the activities under this part.

(2)

Application

In order to receive an allotment under paragraph (1), a local educational agency shall submit to the Secretary an application at such time, in such manner, and containing the information described in section 2122.

(3)

Use of funds

A local educational agency receiving an allotment under paragraph (1)—

(A)

shall use such funds to carry out the activities described in section 2123(1); and

(B)

may use such funds to carry out the activities described in section 2123(2).

(4)

Reporting requirements

A local educational agency receiving an allotment under paragraph (1) shall carry out the reporting requirements described in section 2131(a), except that annual reports shall be submitted to the Secretary and not a State educational agency.

(5)

Amount of allotment

An allotment made to a local educational agency under paragraph (1) for a fiscal year shall be equal to the amount of subgrant funds that the local educational agency would have received under subpart 2 had such agency applied for a subgrant under such subpart for such fiscal year.

(d)

Reallotment

If a State does not apply for an allotment under this section for any fiscal year or only a portion of the State’s allotment is allotted under subsection (c), the Secretary shall reallot the State’s entire allotment or the remaining portion of its allotment, as the case may be, to the remaining States in accordance with subsection (b).