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H.R. 5316 (113th): Safely Exacting Cautious Useful Rules for Immigration This Year (SECURITY) Act

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The summary below was written by the Congressional Research Service, which is a nonpartisan division of the Library of Congress, and was published on Jul 31, 2014.

Safely Exacting Cautious Useful Rules for Immigration This Year (SECURITY) Act - Directs the Secretary of Homeland Security (DHS) (Secretary) to submit to Congress a plan to achieve operational control of the international land and maritime borders of the United States.

Directs the Secretary to submit to Congress a plan to construct and finish within 10 years double-layered reinforced fencing on the southern border.

Directs the Secretary of Defense (DOD) to: (1) deploy at least an additional 10,000 members of the National Guard for border control activities along the U.S.-Mexico border until the Secretary certifies that the federal government has achieved operational control of the southern border, and (2) provide funds to the governor of a state who submits a qualifying state border control activities plan.

Amends the Immigration and Nationality Act to expand the grounds for extending an alien's removal (and detention) period beyond 90 days.

Directs the Secretary to establish an administrative review process (for aliens who are not subject to mandatory detention) to determine whether and how to release aliens who have received, and attempted to comply with, a final order of removal but have been unable to be returned by the United States to their country of origin.

Establishes visa, trade, and foreign assistance sanctions against a country that refuses or unreasonably delays U.S. repatriation of an alien who is a citizen, national, subject, or resident of that country.

Authorizes the Secretary to designate groups as criminal street gangs. Requires detention for anyone found inadmissible or deportable for criminal street gang membership. Bars individuals found inadmissible or deportable for such membership from withholding of removal, asylum, or temporary protected status.

Requires annual reports to Congress regarding: (1) the number, if any, of additional immigration judges needed to process the backlog of removal cases; and (2) the number, if any, of additional detention beds and detention space needed to hold criminal aliens and aliens without lawful presence or lawful status.

Amends the Internal Revenue Code to expand the identification requirements for the child tax credit to require taxpayers to provide valid identification numbers on their tax returns in addition to the names and identification numbers of each qualifying child.

States that any alien who is an illegal entrant or who is in possession of invalid entry documents and who gains lawful status pursuant to an Act of Congress, or lawful status or lawful presence pursuant to an executive order or policy directive shall not be qualified for public benefits.

Taxes at a 10% rate monetary remittances sent from U.S. senders to recipients in any of the top ten remittance recipient nations.

Prohibits a federal agency or instrumentality from using federal funding or resources to: (1) adjudicate any new or previously denied application of any alien requesting consideration of deferred action for childhood arrivals, as authorized by executive memorandum on August 15, 2012; or (2) authorize any alien to work in the United States who was not lawfully admitted into the United States and who is not in lawful U.S. status on the date of enactment of this Act.