< Back to H.R. 74 (113th Congress, 2013–2015)

Text of the Traffic Stops Along the Border Statistics Study Act of 2013

This bill was assigned to a congressional committee on January 3, 2013, which will consider it before possibly sending it on to the House or Senate as a whole. The text of the bill below is as of Jan 03, 2013 (Introduced).

I

113th CONGRESS

1st Session

H. R. 74

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

January 3, 2013

introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on the Judiciary

A BILL

To provide for the collection of data on traffic stops, and for other purposes.

1.

Short title

This Act may be cited as the Traffic Stops Along the Border Statistics Study Act of 2013 .

2.

Attorney general study

(a)

Study

(1)

In general

The Attorney General shall conduct a nationwide study of stops for traffic violations by law enforcement officers.

(2)

Initial analysis

The Attorney General shall perform an initial analysis of existing data, including complaints alleging, and other information concerning, traffic stops motivated by race and other bias.

(3)

Data collection

After completion of the initial analysis under paragraph (2), the Attorney General shall gather the following data on traffic stops from a nationwide sample of jurisdictions, including jurisdictions identified in the initial analysis:

(A)

The traffic infraction alleged to have been committed that led to the stop.

(B)

Identifying characteristics of the driver stopped, including the race, gender, ethnicity, and approximate age of the driver.

(C)

Whether immigration status was questioned, immigration documents were requested, or an inquiry was made to the Immigration and Naturalization Service with regard to any individual in the vehicle and whether any individual in the vehicle was turned over to immigration officials.

(D)

The number of stops conducted within 25 miles of the United States border with Mexico compared with the number of stops conducted within 25 miles of the United States border with Canada.

(E)

The number of individuals in the stopped vehicle.

(F)

Whether a search was instituted as a result of the stop and whether consent was requested for the search.

(G)

Any alleged criminal behavior by the driver that justified the search.

(H)

Any items seized, including contraband or money.

(I)

Whether any warning or citation was issued as a result of the stop.

(J)

Whether an arrest was made as a result of either the stop or the search and the justification for the arrest.

(K)

The duration of the stop.

(b)

Reporting

(1)

Initial analysis

Not later than 120 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Attorney General shall report the results of the Attorney General’s initial analysis under subsection (a)(2) to Congress and make such report available to the public, and identify the jurisdictions for which the study is to be conducted.

(2)

Data collection

Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of this Act, the Attorney General shall report the results of the data collected under subsection (a)(3) to Congress, a copy of which shall also be published in the Federal Register.

3.

Grant program

In order to complete the study described in section 2, the Attorney General may provide grants to law enforcement agencies to collect and submit the data described in section 2 to the appropriate agency as designated by the Attorney General.

4.

Limitation on use of data

Information released pursuant to section 2 shall not reveal the identity of any individual who is stopped or any law enforcement officer involved in a traffic stop.

5.

Definition

For purposes of this Act, the term law enforcement agency means an agency of a State or political subdivision of a State, authorized by law or by a Federal, State, or local government agency to engage in or supervise the prevention, detection, or investigation of violations of criminal laws.

6.

Authorization of appropriations

There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary to carry out this Act .