< Back to S. 1057 (113th Congress, 2013–2015)

Text of the Safeguarding Privacy and Fostering Aerospace Innovation Act of 2013

This bill was introduced on May 23, 2013, in a previous session of Congress, but was not enacted. The text of the bill below is as of May 23, 2013 (Introduced).

II

113th CONGRESS

1st Session

S. 1057

IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

May 23, 2013

introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on the Judiciary

A BILL

To prohibit the use of unmanned aircraft systems by private persons to conduct surveillance of other private persons, and for other purposes.

1.

Short title

This Act may be cited as the Safeguarding Privacy and Fostering Aerospace Innovation Act of 2013 .

2.

Protection of privacy from surveillance by civil unmanned aircraft systems

(a)

In general

Part I of title 18, United States Code, is amended by inserting after chapter 13 the following:

14

Civil unmanned aircraft systems

Sec.

261. Definitions.

262. Prohibition on surveillance using civil unmanned aircraft systems.

263. Identification of civil unmanned aircraft systems.

261.

Definitions

In this chapter—

(1)

the term civil unmanned aircraft system means an unmanned aircraft system that is not a public unmanned aircraft system;

(2)

the term governmental entity means—

(A)

an agency (as defined in section 551 of title 5);

(B)

an agency of a State; and

(C)

an agency of a unit of local government of a State;

(3)

the term public unmanned aircraft system has the meaning given the term in section 331 of the FAA Modernization and Reform Act of 2012 (49 U.S.C. 40101 note);

(4)

the term State means each of the 50 States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, and the Northern Mariana Islands;

(5)

the term surveillance means observation of the activities of a person for the purpose of viewing, recording, or monitoring that person; and

(6)

the term unmanned aircraft system

(A)

has the meaning given the term in section 331 of the FAA Modernization and Reform Act of 2012 ( 49 U.S.C. 40101 note); and

(B)

does not include—

(i)

an unmanned aircraft system used in mapping or resource management; or

(ii)

a model flying airplane that is used only for sport or recreational purposes.

262.

Prohibition on surveillance using civil unmanned aircraft systems

(a)

Prohibition

(1)

In general

It shall be unlawful for any person to use a civil unmanned aircraft system to willfully conduct surveillance of another person (referred to in this subsection as a targeted person).

(2)

Exceptions

Paragraph (1) shall not apply to the use of a civil unmanned aircraft system to conduct surveillance of a targeted person—

(A)

if the person conducting the surveillance obtains the prior express written consent of the targeted person;

(B)

in an emergency situation in which the life of an individual is threatened; or

(C)

if the targeted person is in a place of public use (as defined in section 2332f(e)) where surveillance would not be highly offensive to a reasonable person.

(b)

Penalties

Any person who violates subsection (a)

(1)

shall be fined not more than $10,000; and

(2)

in the case of a second or subsequent violation, shall be fined not more than $15,000.

(c)

Enforcement

Any aggrieved party may in a civil action obtain all appropriate relief to prevent or remedy a violation of subsection (a).

263.

Identification of civil unmanned aircraft systems

The owner of a civil unmanned aircraft system shall clearly mark the civil unmanned aircraft system with the name, address, and telephone number of the owner.

.

(b)

Technical and conforming amendment

The table of chapters for part I of title 18, United States Code, is amended by inserting after the item relating to chapter 13 the following:

14. Civil unmanned aircraft systems 261

.

3.

Severability

If any provision of this Act, an amendment made by this Act, or the application of such provision or amendment to any person or circumstance is held to be unconstitutional, the remainder of this Act, the amendments made by this Act, and the application of the provisions of such to any person or circumstance shall not be affected thereby.