Makes appropriations for FY2014 to the Department of Energy (DOE) for energy and science programs, including:
(1) energy efficiency and renewable energy,
(2) electricity delivery and energy reliability,
(3) nuclear energy,
(4) fossil energy research and development,
(5) naval petroleum and oil shale reserves,
(6) the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR),
(7) the Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve,
(8) the Energy Information Administration,
(9) non-defense environmental cleanup,
(10) the Uranium Enrichment Decontamination and Decommissioning Fund,
(11) science activities,
(12) the Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy (ARPA-E),
(13) the Title 17 Innovative Technology Loan Guarantee Loan Program,
(14) the Advanced Technology Vehicles Manufacturing Loan Program,
(15) departmental administration,
(16) the Office of the Inspector General,
(17) the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) and atomic energy defense weapons activities,
(18) defense nuclear nonproliferation activities,
(19) naval reactors activities,
(20) Office of the NNSA Administrator,
(21) atomic energy defense environmental cleanup, and
(22) other defense activities including plant and capital expenses for atomic energy defense and classified activities.
Approves expenditures from the Bonneville Power Administration Fund for high voltage line construction to specified service areas. Prohibits any new direct loan obligations from the Fund during FY2014.
Makes FY2014 appropriations for operation and maintenance of: (1) the Southeastern Power Administration; (2) the Southwestern Power Administration; (3) the Western Area Power Administration, including construction and rehabilitation; (4) the Falcon and Amistad Dams Operating and Maintenance Fund; and (5) the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC).
Permits the availability to the same appropriation accounts of unexpended balances of prior appropriations provided for in this Act.
Deems funds appropriated for intelligence activities to be specifically authorized by Congress during FY2014 until enactment of the Intelligence Authorization Act for FY 2014.
Prohibits: (1) the transfer of funds that exceed 5% or $100,000, whichever is less, between appropriations for DOE activities in this Act or subsequent Energy and Water Development and Related Agencies Appropriations Acts; and (2) the increase or decrease by more than 5% by such transfers. Requires any such proposed transfers to be submitted promptly to the congressional appropriations committees.
Prohibits the use of funds to: (1) construct specified high-hazard nuclear facilities unless independent oversight is conducted by the Office of Health, Safety, and Security to ensure compliance with nuclear safety requirements; or (2) approve a Critical Decision-2 or Critical Decision-3 under a specified DOE Order for construction projects where the total project cost exceeds $100 million, until a separate independent cost estimate has been developed.
Restricts to a maximum period of two calendar years the validity of any DOE determination that the sale or transfer of uranium will not have an adverse material impact on the domestic uranium mining, conversion, or enrichment industry.
Requires the Secretary of Energy (Secretary in this title) to report to congressional appropriations committees 30 days before the provision of uranium in any form: (1) the amount of uranium involved and the expected provision date, (2) an estimate of its gross market value on the transaction date, (3) the value of the services DOE expects to receive in exchange for the uranium, and (4) the recipient of the uranium.
Requires DOE to report to congressional appropriations committees regarding a revised excess uranium inventory management plan for FY2015-FY2019.
Amends the Continuing Appropriations Resolution, 2007 to change from annual to once every three years the mandatory review by Comptroller General (GAO) of DOE's execution of the program of Incentives for Innovative Technologies under the Energy Policy Act of 2005, consisting of guarantees for certain projects, including gasification and liquefaction projects, that:
(1) avoid, reduce, or sequester air pollutants or anthropogenic emissions of greenhouse gases; and
(2) employ new or significantly improved technologies as compared to commercial technologies in service in the United States at the time the guarantee is issued.
Authorizes the Secretary to appoint for up to 4 years exceptionally well-qualified individuals to as many as 120 scientific, engineering, or other critical technical positions, without regard to specified requirements.
Authorizes the Secretary to conduct a pilot program through private sector partners to license, construct, and operate government or privately owned consolidated storage facilities to provide interim storage for spent nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive waste, with priority given to spent nuclear fuel located on sites without an operating nuclear reactor.
Directs the Secretary to issue a request for proposals for cooperative agreements to:
(1) obtain any license necessary from the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) for the construction of consolidated storage facilities,
(2) demonstrate the safe transportation of spent nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive waste, and
(3) demonstrate safe storage of spent nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive waste at consolidated storage facilities pending the construction and operation of deep geologic disposal capacity for the permanent disposal of the spent nuclear fuel.
Authorizes DOE to make expenditures from the Nuclear Waste Fund to implement the pilot program, subject to appropriations.
Amends the Energy Independence and Security Act to repeal the requirement that DOE make available to refinery operators information on planned refinery outages to encourage reductions of the quantity of refinery capacity that is out of service at any time.
Amends the Department of Energy Organization Act to change to once every four years the surveys the Administrator of the Energy Information Administration is required to conduct regarding: (1) energy consumption in U.S. manufacturing industries (currently every two years), and (2) residential and commercial energy use (currently every three years).
Authorizes DOE to use appropriated funds to study possible conversion to contractor performance of functions performed by federal employees at the New Brunswick Laboratory.
Reduces by $7 million funds appropriated in this Act for non-defense programs in order to reflect savings from limiting foreign travel for DOE contractors.
Declares that first tier subcontracts awarded by Management and Operating contractors sponsored by DOE to small business concerns, small businesses concerns owned and controlled by service disabled veterans, qualified HUBZone small business concerns, small business concerns owned and controlled by socially and economically disadvantaged individuals, and small business concerns owned and controlled by women shall be considered toward the annually established agency and government-wide goals for small business participation in procurement contracts awarded.
Establishes an independent Commission to Review the Effectiveness of the National Energy Laboratories.
Requires that the Senate Committee on Appropriations receive a 30-day advance notification of at-risk award fees for Management and Operating contractors that result in award term extensions, including a detailed explanation of any waiver or adjustment made to such extensions by the NNSA's Fee Determining Official.