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Text of the Newborn Screening Saves Lives Reauthorization Act of 2013

This bill was introduced in a previous session of Congress and was passed by the Senate on January 29, 2014 but was never passed by the House. The text of the bill below is as of Jan 31, 2014 (Referred to House Committee).

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Source: GPO

IC

113th CONGRESS

2d Session

S. 1417

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

January 31, 2014

Referred to the Committee on Energy and Commerce

AN ACT

To amend the Public Health Service Act to reauthorize programs under part A of title XI of such Act.

1.

Short title; table of contents

(a)

Short title

This Act may be cited as the Newborn Screening Saves Lives Reauthorization Act of 2013.

(b)

Table of contents

The table of contents of this Act is as follows:

Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents.

Sec. 2. Improved newborn and child screening and follow-up for heritable disorders.

Sec. 3. Evaluating the effectiveness of newborn and child screening and follow-up programs.

Sec. 4. Advisory Committee on Heritable Disorders in Newborns and Children.

Sec. 5. Clearinghouse of Newborn Screening Information.

Sec. 6. Laboratory quality and surveillance.

Sec. 7. Interagency Coordinating Committee on Newborn and Child Screening.

Sec. 8. National contingency plan for newborn screening.

Sec. 9. Hunter Kelly Research Program.

Sec. 10. Authorization of appropriations.

Sec. 11. Reports to Congress

2.

Improved newborn and child screening and follow-up for heritable disorders

Section 1109 of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 300b–8) is amended—

(1)

in subsection (a)—

(A)

in the matter preceding paragraph (1)—

(i)

by striking subsection (j) and inserting section 1117; and

(ii)

by striking and in consultation with the Advisory Committee and inserting and taking into consideration the expertise of the Advisory Committee;

(B)

in paragraph (2), by striking screening and training and inserting screening, counseling, and training;

(C)

in paragraph (3), by striking and at the end;

(D)

in paragraph (4)—

(i)

by striking treatment and inserting follow-up and treatment; and

(ii)

by striking the period and inserting ; and; and

(E)

by adding at the end the following:

(5)

to improve the timely collection, delivery, receipt, and screening of specimens, and the timely diagnosis of heritable disorders in newborns.

;

(2)

in subsection (h), by striking subsection (c)(2) each place that such appears and inserting subsection (c); and

(3)

by striking subsection (j) (relating to authorization of appropriations).

3.

Evaluating the effectiveness of newborn and child screening and follow-up programs

Section 1110 of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 300b–9) is amended—

(1)

in the section heading, by inserting and follow-up after child screening;

(2)

in subsection (a), by striking of screening, and inserting , including with respect to timeliness, of screening, follow-up,;

(3)

in subsection (b)—

(A)

in paragraph (1)—

(i)

by striking counseling, testing and inserting treatment, counseling, testing, follow-up,; and

(ii)

by inserting before the semicolon the following: , including, as appropriate, through the assessment of health and development outcomes for such children through adolescence;

(B)

in paragraph (2)—

(i)

by striking counseling, testing and inserting treatment, counseling, testing, follow-up,; and

(ii)

by striking or at the end;

(C)

in paragraph (3), by striking the period at the end and inserting a semicolon; and

(D)

by adding at the end the following:

(4)

methods that may be identified to improve quality in the diagnosis, treatment, and disease management of heritable disorders based on gaps in services or care; or

(5)

methods or best practices by which the eligible entities described in section 1109 can achieve the timely collection, delivery, receipt, and screening of newborn screening specimens, and the timely diagnosis of heritable disorders in newborns.

; and

(4)

by striking subsection (d) (relating to authorization of appropriations).

4.

Advisory committee on heritable disorders in newborns and children

Section 1111 of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 300b–10) is amended—

(1)

in subsection (b)—

(A)

by redesignating paragraphs (4) through (6) as paragraphs (5) through (7), respectively;

(B)

by inserting after paragraph (3), the following:

(4)

provide technical assistance, as appropriate, to individuals and organizations regarding the submission of nominations to the uniform screening panel, including prior to the submission of such nominations;

;

(C)

in paragraph (5) (as so redesignated), by inserting , including the cost after public health impact; and

(D)

in paragraph (7) (as so redesignated)—

(i)

in subparagraph (A), by striking achieve rapid diagnosis and inserting achieve best practices in rapid diagnosis and appropriate treatment;

(ii)

in subparagraph (D), by inserting before the semicolon , including information on cost and incidence;

(iii)

in subparagraph (J), by striking and at the end;

(iv)

in subparagraph (K), by striking the period and inserting ; and; and

(v)

by adding at the end the following:

(L)

the timely collection, delivery, receipt, and screening of specimens to be tested for heritable disorders in newborns in order to ensure rapid diagnosis and follow-up.

;

(2)

in subsection (d)—

(A)

in paragraph (1)—

(i)

by striking 180 and inserting 120; and

(ii)

by adding at the end the following: If the Secretary is unable to make a determination to adopt or reject such recommendation within such 120-day period, the Secretary shall notify the Advisory Committee and the appropriate committees of Congress of such determination together with an explanation for why the Secretary was unable to comply within such 120-day period, as well as a plan of action for consideration of such pending recommendations.;

(B)

by striking paragraph (2);

(C)

by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (2); and

(D)

by adding at the end the following:

(3)

Deadline for review

For each nomination to the recommended uniform screening panel, the Advisory Committee on Heritable Disorders in Newborns and Children shall review and vote on the nominated condition within 9 months of the date on which the Advisory Committee referred the nomination to the condition review workgroup.

;

(3)

by redesignating subsections (f) and (g) as subsections (g) and (h), respectively;

(4)

by inserting after subsection (e) the following new subsection:

(f)

Meetings

The Advisory Committee shall meet at least 4 times each calendar year, or as subject to the discretion of the Designated Federal Officer in consultation with the Chair.

;

(5)

in subsection (g) (as so redesignated), by striking Newborn Screening Saves Lives Act of 2008 and inserting Newborn Screening Saves Lives Reauthorization Act of 2013; and

(6)

by striking subsection (h) (relating to authorization of appropriations), as redesignated by paragraph (3).

5.

Clearinghouse of Newborn Screening Information

Section 1112 of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 300b–11) is amended—

(1)

in subsection (a)—

(A)

in paragraph (2), by striking ; and and inserting a semicolon;

(B)

in paragraph (3)—

(i)

by striking data and inserting information; and

(ii)

by striking the period at the end and inserting a semicolon; and

(C)

by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:

(4)

maintain current information on the number of conditions for which screening is conducted in each State; and

(5)

disseminate available evidence-based guidelines related to diagnosis, counseling, and treatment with respect to conditions detected by newborn screening.

;

(2)

in subsection (b)(4)(D), by striking Newborn Screening Saves Lives Act of 2008 and inserting Newborn Screening Saves Lives Reauthorization Act of 2013;

(3)

in subsection (c)—

(A)

by striking developing the clearinghouse and inserting carrying out activities; and

(B)

by striking clearinghouse minimizes and inserting activities minimize; and

(4)

by striking subsection (d) (relating to authorization of appropriations).

6.

Laboratory quality and surveillance

Section 1113 of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 300b–12) is amended—

(1)

in the section heading, by inserting and surveillance before the period;

(2)

in subsection (a)—

(A)

by striking the subsection enumerator and heading;

(B)

in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking and in consultation with the Advisory Committee and inserting and taking into consideration the expertise of the Advisory Committee;

(C)

in paragraph (1)—

(i)

by inserting timeliness for processing such tests, after newborn screening tests; and

(ii)

by striking and at the end; and

(D)

in paragraph (2), by striking the period and inserting ; and; and

(3)

by striking subsection (b) (relating to authorization of appropriations) and inserting the following:

(b)

Surveillance activities

The Secretary, acting through the Director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and taking into consideration the expertise of the Advisory Committee on Heritable Disorders in Newborns and Children established under section 1111, may provide, as appropriate, for the coordination of surveillance activities, including—

(1)

through standardized data collection and reporting, as well as the use of electronic health records; and

(2)

by promoting data sharing regarding newborn screening with State-based birth defects and developmental disabilities monitoring programs.

.

7.

Interagency Coordinating Committee on Newborn and Child Screening

Section 1114 of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 300b–13) is amended—

(1)

in subsection (c), by striking the Administrator, the Director of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality and inserting the Administrator of the Health Resources and Services Administration, the Director of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, the Commissioner of Food and Drugs,; and

(2)

by striking subsection (e) (relating to authorization of appropriations).

8.

National contingency plan for newborn screening

Section 1115(a) of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 300b–14(a)) is amended by adding at the end the following: The plan shall be updated as needed and at least every five years..

9.

Hunter Kelly Research Program

Section 1116(a)(1) of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 300b–15(a)(1)) is amended—

(1)

in subparagraph (B), by striking ; and and inserting a semicolon;

(2)

by redesignating subparagraph (C) as subparagraph (E); and

(3)

by inserting after subparagraph (B) the following:

(C)

by providing research findings and data for newborn conditions under review by the Advisory Committee on Heritable Disorders in Newborns and Children to be added to the recommended uniform screening panel;

(D)

conducting pilot studies on conditions recommended by the Advisory Committee on Heritable Disorders in Newborns and Children to ensure that screenings are ready for nationwide implementation; and

.

10.

Authorization of appropriations

Part A of title XI of the Public Health Service Act is amended by adding at the end, the following:

1117.

Authorization of appropriations for newborn screening programs and activities

There are authorized to be appropriated—

(1)

to carry out sections 1109, 1110, 1111, and 1112, $18,334,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018; and

(2)

to carry out section 1113, $7,500,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018.

.

11.

Reports to Congress

(a)

GAO report on timeliness of newborn screening

(1)

In general

Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United States shall submit a report to the Committee on Health, Education, Labor and Pensions of the Senate and the Committee on Energy and Commerce of the House of Representatives concerning the timeliness of screening for heritable disorders in newborns.

(2)

Contents

The report submitted under paragraph (1) shall include the following:

(A)

An analysis of information regarding the timeliness of newborn screening, which may include the time elapsed from birth to specimen collection, specimen collection to receipt by laboratory, specimen receipt to reporting, reporting to follow-up testing, and follow-up testing to confirmed diagnosis.

(B)

A summary of any guidelines, recommendations, or best practices available to States and health care providers intended to support a timely newborn screening system.

(C)

An analysis of any barriers to maintaining a timely newborn screening system which may exist and recommendations for addressing such barriers.

(b)

Report by Secretary

(1)

In general

The Secretary of Health and Human Services shall—

(A)

not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of the Newborn Screening Saves Lives Reauthorization Act of 2013, submit to the Committee on Health, Education, Labor and Pensions of the Senate and the Committee on Energy and Commerce of the House of Representatives a report on activities related to—

(i)

newborn screening; and

(ii)

screening children who have or are at risk for heritable disorders; and

(B)

not less than every 2 years, shall submit to such committees an updated version of such report.

(2)

Contents

The report submitted under this subsection shall contain a description of—

(A)

the ongoing activities under sections 1109, 1110, and 1112 through 1115 of the Public Health Service Act; and

(B)

the amounts expended on such activities.

Passed the Senate January 29, 2014.

Nancy Erickson,

Secretary