GovTrack’s Bill Summary
The Assault Weapons Ban of 2013 bill prohibits the sale, manufacture, transfer and importation of 157 of the most commonly-owned military-style assault weapons. It bans an additional group of assault weapons that can accept a detachable ammunition magazine and have one or more military characteristics. In addition, the bill bans large-capacity magazines and other ammunition feeding devices that hold more than 10 rounds of ammunition.
The following information was adapted from Sen. Dianne Feinstein's (D-CA) summary.
The legislation bans the sale, transfer, manufacturing and importation of:
- All semiautomatic rifles that can accept a detachable magazine and have at least one military feature (e.g. pistol grip, detachable stock, grenade launcher).
- All semiautomatic pistols that can accept a detachable magazine and have at least one military feature (e.g. threaded barrel, a semiautomatic version of an automatic firearm).
- All semiautomatic rifles and handguns that have a fixed magazine with the capacity to accept more than 10 rounds.
- All semiautomatic shotguns that have a folding, telescoping, or detachable stock; pistol grip; fixed magazine with the capacity to accept more than 5 rounds; ability to accept a detachable magazine; forward grip; grenade launcher or rocket launcher; or shotgun with a revolving cylinder.
- All ammunition feeding devices (magazines, strips, and drums) capable of accepting more than 10 rounds.
- 157 specifically-named firearms.
But it exempts:
- Any weapon that is lawfully possessed at the date of the bill’s enactment;
- Any firearm manually operated by a bolt, pump, lever or slide action;
- Assault weapons used by military, law enforcement, and retired law enforcement; and
- Antique weapons.
- 2,258 hunting and sporting rifles and shotguns by specific make and model.
The bill strengthens the 1994 Assault Weapons Ban and state bans by:
- Moving from a 2-characteristic test to a 1-characteristic test.
- Banning dangerous aftermarket modifications and workarounds.
- Adding a ban on the importation of assault weapons and large-capacity magazines.
- Eliminating the 10-year sunset that allowed the original federal ban to expire.
Additionally the bill:
- Requires a background check on all sales or transfers of a grandfathered assault weapon.
- Prohibits the sale or transfer of large-capacity ammunition feeding devices lawfully possessed on the date of enactment of the bill.
- Allows states and localities to use federal Byrne JAG grant funds to conduct a voluntary buy-back program for grandfathered assault weapons and large-capacity ammunition feeding devices.
- Imposes a safe storage requirement for grandfathered firearms, to keep them away from prohibited persons.
- Requires that assault weapons and large-capacity ammunition feeding devices manufactured after the date of the bill’s enactment be engraved with the serial number and date of manufacture of the weapon.